脱线喜剧

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脱线喜剧英语screwball comedy)是一种美国喜剧电影类型,流行于大萧条时期,在1930年代起源,繁荣至1940年代早期。该类型的很多次要特征类似于黑色电影,但不同之处在于有一个女性角色在和男主角的关系中占主导地位,挑战他的男子气概[1]。男女主角陷于幽默搞笑的两性斗争之中,这对于当时的好莱坞和观众来说是新颖的主题[2]。其他元素包括快节奏的妙语连珠的对话、滑稽的情形、逃避现实的主题,以及涉及爱情和婚姻的情节[2]。脱线喜剧经常描绘社会阶层之间的冲突,如在《一夜风流》(1934)和《我的高德弗里英语My Man Godfrey》(1936)中[2]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Dancyger, Ken; Rush, Jeff. Alternative Scriptwriting Fourth Edition. Focal Press. 2006: 85–85. ISBN 978-0240808499. "The screwball comedy is funny film noir that has a happy ending... The premise of the film is about the struggle in their relationship. During the course of the struggle, which is highly sexually charged, the maleness of the central character is challenged. The female is the dominant character in the relationship. This role reversion is central to the screwball comedy." 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Cele Otnes; Elizabeth Hafkin PleckCele Otnes, Elizabeth Hafkin Pleck (2003) Cinderella dreams: the allure of the lavish wedding University of California Press, p. 168 ISBN 0-520-24008-1