Analysts differ as to the political ramifications of the deployment. One view is that it represents the emergence of Japan as a close military ally of the United States, strategically positioned as a counterweight to China's growing regional power. This position asserts that the Iraq deployment offers a constitutional model for future overseas deployment in circumvention of Article 9. Another interpretation is that the deployment is entirely symbolic as it comes at little financial or human cost to the Koizumi administration, has a negligible effect on the strategic situation in Iraq, and is simply aimed at maintaining positive relations with the U.S. so as to perpetuate a favorable economic relationship.
At the height of the deployment, on September 19, 2005, a senior Defense Agency official succinctly gave his opinion on the future prospects for overseas Japanese military deployments, drawing on his opinion of the Iraq mission: "It isn’t worth it". Analysts said that the restrictive rules of engagement and reliance on the constant protection of others effectively renders meaningful Japanese participation in international operations impossible for the foreseeable future.
One opposition member had said that the JIRSG deployment "wouldn't be a problem if it really were for humanitarian reasons. But it is first and foremost a show of support to the U.S. The U.S. invaded Iraq without a U.N. resolution, and Japan is now aiding in that act."
Although all Japanese soldiers have left Iraq, 航空自衛隊 forces continue to play a minor support role. As of November 2006, JASDF transport aircraft were assisting coalition forces by airlifting materials and personnel between Iraq and Kuwait. The airlift mission was extended until July 31, 2007, at which point it was extended again for another two years. As of November 26, 2008, 671.1 tons of supplies have been transported since March 2004.
On April 17, 2008, Nagoya High Court ruled that dispatch of troops was partly unconstitutional.
Due to rising anti-Iraq war sentiment from the opposition, the Japanese government announced it JASDF forces in Kuwait would withdraw soon, though it was announced that the withdrawal was due to the improving security situation and the nearing expiration of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1790, which allows multinational forces to stay in Iraq until December 2008. The last JASDF forces left Kuwait on December 18, 2008.
|本章节需要扩充 (January 2007)|
- (Formerly Lieutenant Colonel) Colonel Masahisa Sato - Commander of advance JGSDF forces (January 16, 2004 - February 27, 2004)
- Colonel Koichiro Bansho - 2nd Commander of JGSDF forces (February 27, 2004 - May 26, 2004)
- Colonel Yuki Imaura - 3rd Commander of JGSDF forces (May 26, 2004 - ?)
- Colonel Masato Taura - 4th Commander of JGSDF forces?
|1st Contingent||February 3 - May 26, 2004|
|2nd Contingent||May 27 - August 29, 2004|
|3rd Contingent||August 30 - December 5, 2004|
|4th Contingent||August 30, 2004 - February 27, 2005|
|5th Contingent||February 28 - May 27, 2005|
|6th Contingent||May 28 - August 22, 2005|
|7th Contingent||August 23 - November 11, 2005|
|8th Contingent||November 12, 2005 - February 17, 2006|
|9th Contingent||February 18 - May 25, 2006|
|10th Contingent||May 26 - July 16, 2006|
- ^ 
- ^ 2.0 2.1 Fresh troops for southern Iraq. Retrieved on December 5, 2008.
- ^ Australia Deploys More Troops to Iraq. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
- ^ Prime Minister Koizumi Encourages Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) to be Dispatched to Iraq. Retrieved on January 27, 2008.
- ^ USATODAY.com - Two Japanese diplomats killed in Iraq
- ^ Japanese hostage trio freed in Iraq | The Japan Times Online
- ^ USATODAY.com - Two remaining Japanese hostages freed in Iraq
- ^ USATODAY.com - Al-Zarqawi's group warns Japan to withdraw troops
- ^ Shosei Koda was the first Japanese killed in Iraq - Pravda.Ru
- ^ Iraq Coalition Casualties: Contractor Fatalities
- ^ Christopher W. Hughes, Japan's Re-emergence as a 'Normal' Military Power. Oxford University Press, 2004
- ^ Eric Heginbotham and Richard J. Samuels, "Japan's Dual Hedge," Foreign Affairs, Vol 81, No. 5 (September/October, 2002), pp. 110-121
- ^ AEI - Short Publications
- ^ Asia Enters the Fray, Page 3. Retrieved on January 27, 2008.
- ^ 15.0 15.1 日本決定撤回駐伊拉克陸上自衛隊－美國之音
- ^ Prime Minister Encourages Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) to be Dispatched to Iraq. Retrieved on January 27, 2008.
- ^ Xinhua - English
- ^ Robert Catley and David Mosler, The American Challenge: The World Resists US Liberalism Ashgate Publishing, 2007), 148.
- ^ Japan: A Liberal, Nationalistic Defense Transformation Retrieved on April 3, 2007
- ^ MINISTER VISITS TROOPS IN AL MUTHANNA PROVINCE. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
- ^ Japanese Forces Begin Iraq Pullout
- ^ 22.0 22.1 Japan Begins Withdrawal from Iraq Retrieved on April 1, 2007
- ^ Japan to extend air mission in Iraq until next July
- ^ 2-year extension for airlift operations in Iraq approved
- ^ Results of Transport Activities by the Iraq Reconstruction Assistance by the dispatched Air Transport Squadron.
- ^ Court says Japan's Iraq operation unconstitutional (Reuters, April 17, 2008); Major ruling on SDF's Iraq mission (The Japan Times, April 20, 2008); The Nagoya High Court Decision on Japanese Forces in Iraq (Craig Martin, April 24, 2008); the court's decision in Japanese (Google translation)
- ^ Japan to end Iraq mission in 2009? Retrieved on October 6, 2008.
- ^ Japan may withdraw military from Iraq. Retrieved on October 6, 2008.
- ^ Japan to end Iraq mission. Retrieved on October 6, 2008.
- ^ Japan ends five-year Iraq mission