華倫委員會

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索
沃倫報告封面

總統特別調查甘迺迪遇刺事件委員會英語The President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy),又稱沃倫委員會英語:Warren Commission)。是由美國總統林登·詹森下令成立的總統委員會(Presidential Commission),成立於1963年11月29日,以調查發生於1963年11月22日的美國前總統约翰·肯尼迪遇刺事件。該委員會的結論為李·哈維·奧斯瓦爾德是獨自一人刺殺了甘迺迪;但此一結論經常被質疑。1964年9月24日,該委員會解散。

該委員會的非正式名稱「沃倫委員會」係來自於該委員會的主席:美國首席大法官厄爾·沃倫

该报告现在美国政府网站上全文刊登。在《信息自由法案》和1992年《肯尼迪档案法案》推动下,在1992年98%的华伦委员会档案都已开放。在同一年成立的暗杀档案复核小组工作(英语:Assassination Records Review Board)下六年后,凡华伦委的档案除了那些与税务估计有关,由税务局签发的外都向民众开放了。但不包括肯尼迪的尸检照片和X光照片,它们是由肯尼迪家族附加了限制条件于1966年捐给海军档案库的。[1]剩余的华伦报告相关档案将于2017年开放。[2]

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ ARRB Final Report, p. 2. Redacted text includes the names of living intelligence sources, intelligence gathering methods still used today and not commonly known, and purely private matters. The Kennedy autopsy photographs and X-rays were never part of the Warren Commission records, and were deeded separately to the National Archives by the Kennedy family in 1966 under restricted conditions.
  2. ^ "[U]nless the president certifies that continued postponement is made necessary by an identifiable harm to the military defense, intelligence operations, law enforcement, or conduct of foreign relations, and the identifiable harm is of such gravity that it outweighs the public interest in disclosure.” — JFK Records Act. Both the National Archives and the former chairman of the ARRB estimate that 7.6 percent of all identified Kennedy assassination records have been released kent to the public. The great majority of the unreleased records are from subsequent investigations, including the Rockefeller Commission, the Church Committee, and the House Select Committee on Assassinations.