薩丕爾-沃夫假說

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薩丕爾-沃夫假說英语Sapir–Whorf hypothesis、語言相對論,Linguistic relativity)是一個關於人類語言的假說,由語言學家兼人類學萨丕尔(Edward Sapir)及其學生本杰明·李·沃夫(Benjamin Whorf)所提出,是一門心理學語言學的假說。這項學說認為,人類的思考模式受到其使用語言的影響,因而對同一事物時可能會有不同的看法,不過這項學說引起了一些爭議,也招致了一些批評。

現今有一些人造語言的發明的部份而生,如邏輯語道本語等。

语言相对性原理(萨丕尔-沃夫假说)认为不同语言裡所包含的文化概念和分类会影响语言使用者对于现实世界的认知,也就是说不同的语言的使用者会因语言差异而产生思考方式,行为方式的不同。这个语言结构影响语者认知结构的说法涉及到人类语言学,心理学,语言心理学,神经语言学,认知科学,语言人类学,语言社会学,语言哲学等多个领域并在这些领域中被广泛学习。

此假說已被臺灣高中公民教科書採用。

參考文獻[编辑]

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延伸閱讀[编辑]

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O'Neill, Sean, Cultural Contact and Linguistic Relativity Among the Indians of Northwestern California, University of Oklahoma Press. 2008, ISBN 0-8061-3922-6 

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