蘇丹阿拉伯語

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蘇丹阿拉伯語
Sudanese Arabic
使用国家和地区 蘇丹
区域 蘇丹
当地使用人数 1千7百萬人(1991年)[1]
語系
亞非
文字 阿拉伯字母
語言代碼
ISO 639-3 apd

蘇丹阿拉伯語(Sudanese Arabic)是蘇丹使用的阿拉伯語變體。一些蘇丹部落仍保持著與沙特阿拉伯相近的口音。

歷史[编辑]

1888年,英國的皇家人類學學會誌(Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute)稱蘇丹阿拉伯語是「純淨而古老的阿拉伯語」。其某些字母的發音更像敘利亞,而不是埃及的。如ق發作g音,而ج發作j音。[2]

努比安語系的影響[编辑]

在蘇丹的北部和中部,蘇丹阿拉伯語受到了努比安語系(Nubian languages)的影響。努比安語系語言古時是埃及南部和蘇丹北部的強勢語言。蘇丹阿拉伯語中有許多關於農業的詞彙來自努比安語系。

方言[编辑]

蘇丹阿拉伯語由於受到了當地語言的影響,產生了多種方言。蘇丹阿拉伯語通常指的是蘇丹北部的口語。蘇丹南部所講的混雜阿拉伯語也叫朱巴阿拉伯語(Juba Arabic),受當地語言影響更為強烈。

註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ Template:Ethnologue16
  2. ^ Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, JSTOR (Organization) (1888). Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 17. p. 11. Retrieved 2011-05-08.

參考文獻[编辑]

  •  這篇文章包含Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 17中的文字,作者是Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, JSTOR (Organization),於1888年出版,目前於美國屬於公有領域
  • Arlette Roth, 1969–1972, Lexique des parlers arabes tchado-soudanais. An Arabic-English-French lexicon of dialects spoken in the Chad-Sudan area compiled by Arlette Roth-Laly, Paris: Editions du Centre Nationale de la recherche scientifique.

英語[编辑]

  • Victoria Bernal, 1991, Cultivating Workers, Peasants and Capitalism in a Sudanese Village, New York: Colombia University Press, see glossary of Sudanese Arabic words pp 203–206.
  • James Dickins. 2008. Online Arabic/English Dictionary of Sudanese Arabic, and English/Arabic Dictionary of Sudanese Arabic available at http://www.languages.salford.ac.uk/staff/dickins.php.
  • James Dickins. 2007a. Sudanese Arabic: Phonematics and Syllable Structure. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
  • James Dickins. 2007b. Khartoum Arabic. In The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics (Vol. 2) (K. Versteegh et al. eds.). Leiden: Brill. pp. 559–571, available at http://www.languages.salford.ac.uk/staff/KhartoumArabicArticleDickins.pdf
  • James Dickins, 2006. The Verb Base in Central Urban Sudanese Arabic. In Grammar as a Window onto Arabic Humanism: A Collection of Articles in Honour of Michael G. Carter (L. Edzard and Janet Watson, eds.). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. pp. 155–195.
  • Elizabeth M. Bergman, 2004. Spoken Sudanese Arabic, Grammar, Dialogues and Glossary, Springfield, VA, Dunwoody Press.
  • Abdel-Hadi Mohammed Omer, 1984, Arabic in the Sudanese setting: A Sociolinguistic study (Language Planning, Diglossia, Standardisation), Unpublished dissertation, Indiana University (available on Proquest).
  • Andrew and Janet Persson with Ahmad Hussein, 1979, Sudanese Colloquial Arabic for beginners, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Horsleys Green, High Wycombe, United Kingdom: This book is a good introduction to Sudanese colloquial Arabic as spoken in Khartoum. Text is in both Arabic and Latin scripts, making it accessible to those that do not read Arabic but want basic conversational skills.
  • Alan S. Kaye, 1976, Chadian and Sudanese Arabic in the light of comparative Arabic dialectology, Mouton: The Hague, ISBN 90-279-3324-3.
  • El Rashid Abubakr, 1970, The noun phrase in the spoken Arabic of Sudan, Unpublished dissertation, University of London, UK.
  • J. Spenser Trimmingham, 1946, Sudan Colloquial Arabic, London, Oxford University Press, G. Cumberlege.
  • Vincent Llewllyn Grifiths & Abdel Rahman Ali Taha, 1936, Sudan courtesy customs; a foreigner's guide to polite phrases in common use among sophisticated Arabic speaking population of Northern Sudan, Khartoum, published by the Sudan Government.
  • S. Hillelson, 1935, Sudan Arabic texts, Cambridge, UK: The University Press.

法語[编辑]

  • Michel Baumer, 1968, Les noms vernaculaires soudanais utiles a l'ecologiste, Unpublished dissertation, Universite de Montpelier, France.

德語[编辑]

  • Randolph Galla, 1997, Kauderwelsch, Sudanesisch-Arabisch Wort für Wort, Reise Know How Verlag, Bielefeld, 1. Auflage, 1997, ISBN 3-89416-302-X
  • Stefan Reichmuth, 1983, Der arabische Dialekt der Sukriyya in Ostsudan, Hildsheim, New York: G. Olms (originally authors thesis Freie Universitat, Berlin), ISBN 3-487-07457-5.

外部鏈接[编辑]