象属

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象属
亚洲象 Elephas maximus
亚洲象 Elephas maximus
科學分類
界: 动物界 Animalia
門: 脊索動物門 Chordata
綱: 哺乳綱 Mammalia
目: 長鼻目 Proboscidea
科: 象科 Elephantidae
屬: 象屬 Elephas
Linnaeus, 1758
模式種
亚洲象
Elephas maximus
Linnaeus, 1758
现存亚洲象的分佈情況
现存亚洲象的分佈情況

象属学名Elephas)又名亚洲象属,是象科现存的两属之一,亚洲象是其唯一现存物种。[1]

本属还包含若干灭绝物种,已知有Elephas recki古菱齿象亚属中的古象Elephas antiquus)、欧洲矮象Elephas falconeri)、塞浦路斯侏儒象E. cypriotes)等等。本属物种曾遍布欧亚非大陆,但现在仅剩南亚东南亚有分布。本属也与猛犸象属有密切的亲缘关系。[2]

分类[编辑]

象属属于长鼻目象科,下列为现存及已灭绝的物种、亚种及亚属:

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Shoshani, Jeheskel. Order Proboscidea (pp. 90-91). (编) Wilson, Don E., and Reeder, DeeAnn M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2 vols. (2142 pp.). 16 November 2005: 90. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ Fleischer, R. C.; Perry, E. A.; Muralidharan, K.; Stevens, E. E.; Wemmer, C. M. (2001). Phylogeography of the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) based on mitochondrial DNA. Evolution 55(9): 1882–1892
  3. ^ Fernando, P., Vidya, T.N.C., Payne, J., Stuewe, M., Davison, G., et al. (2003) DNA Analysis Indicates That Asian Elephants Are Native to Borneo and Are Therefore a High Priority for Conservation. PLoS Biol 1(1): e6
  4. ^ Bate, D.M.A. 1905. Further note on the remains of Elephas cypriotes from a cave-deposit in Cyprus, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London, Series B 197: 347–360
  • Todd, N. E. 2001. African Elephas recki: Time, space and taxonomy, In: Cavarretta, G., P. Gioia, M. Mussi, and M. R. Palombo. The World of Elephants, Proceedings of the 1st International Congress, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. Rome, Italy. Online pdf
  • Todd, N. E. 2005. Reanalysis of African Elephas recki: Implications for time, space and taxonomy, Quaternary International 126-128:65-72
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维基物种中的分类信息: