超新星候選列表

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超新星候選列表天文學家提出將成為超新星前身的恆星II型超新星的前身包括演化至最後階段的質量仍然大於10倍太陽質量的恆星(在這個質量範圍內的恆星,著名的例子包括心宿二角宿一[1]天社一[2] 仙王座μ五合星團中的一些成員[3]。)。Ia型超新星的前身是接近錢卓極限,經由伴星吸積至大約是1.38太陽質量的白矮星。這張表也包括大質量的沃夫-瑞葉星,它們可能會成為Ia/Ib超新星


超新星前身候選者
名稱 曆元 J2000 星座 距離
(光年)
光譜
分類
註解
R. A. Dec.
飛馬座IK 21h 26m 26.7s +19° 22′ 32″ 飛馬座 150 A8m:/DA [4][5]
参宿四 05h 55m 10.3s +07° 24′ 25″ 獵戶座 640 M2Iab [1][6]
蛇夫座RS 17h 50m 13.2s –06° 42′ 28″ 蛇夫座 1,950–5,200 M2III/D [7][8]
HD 168625 18h 21m 19.5s −16° 22′ 26″ 人馬座 2,200 B6Ia [9]
羅盤座T 09h 04m 41.5s −32° 22′ 48″ 羅盤座 3,260 [10][11]
HD 179821 19h 13m 58.6s +00° 07′ 32″ 天鷹座 3,300 G5Ia [12][13]
大犬座VY 07h 22m 58.3s −25° 46′ 03″ 大犬座 4,900 M5eIa [6][14]
Sher 25 11h 15m 07.8s −61° 15′ 17″ 船底座 ~20,000 B1.5Iab [15]
海山二 10h 45m 03.6s −59° 41′ 04″ 船底座 7,000–8,000 Wolf-rayet [16][17]
WR 104 18h 02m 04.1s –23° 37′ 41″ 人馬座 8,000 WC9d/OB [18][19]
IRC+10420 19h 26m 48.1s +11° 21′ 17″ 天鷹座 10,000-23,000 F8Ia+ [20][21]
仙后座ρ 23h 54m 23.0s +57° 29′ 58″ 仙后座 12,000 G2Ia0e [22]
HD 179821 19h 13m 58.6s +00° 07′ 32″ 天鷹座 20,000 G5Ia [13][23]
船尾座V445 07h 37m 56.9s –25° 56′ 59″ 船尾座 27,000 [24]
天蝎座U 16h 22m 30.7s –17° 52′ 42″ 天蝎座 39,000 [25]
KPD1930+2752 19h 32m 14.9s +27° 58′ 35″ 天鵝座 sdB/D [nb 1][26][27]

註解[编辑]

  1. ^ The Kitt Peak Downes star.

參考資料[编辑]

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  16. ^ van Boekel, R.; Schöller, M.; Herbst, T. Biggest Star in Our Galaxy Sits within a Rugby-Ball Shaped Cocoon. European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere (ESO). 2003-11-18 [2007-01-08]. 
  17. ^ Milan, Wil. Possible Hypernova Could Affect Earth. space.com. 2000-03-07 [2007-01-06]. 
  18. ^ Tuthill, Peter G.; et al.. The Prototype Colliding-Wind Pinwheel WR 104. The Astrophysical Journal. 2008.March, 675 (1): 698–710. Bibcode:2008ApJ...675..698T. doi:10.1086/527286. 
  19. ^ Kaler, Jim. WR 104: Pinwheel Star. Astronomy Picture of the Day. 1999-04-09 [2007-01-08]. 
  20. ^ Jones, Terry Jay; et al.. IRC +10420 - A cool hypergiant near the top of the H-R diagram. Astrophysical Journal, Part 1. 1993.July, 411 (1): 323–335. Bibcode:1993ApJ...411..323J. doi:10.1086/172832. 
  21. ^ Than, Ker. Astronomers Demonstrate a Global Internet Telescope. University of Manchester. 2004-10-04 [2007-01-08]. 
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  24. ^ Woudt, P. A.; et al.. The Expanding Bipolar Shell of the Helium Nova V445 Puppis. The Astrophysical Journal. 2009.November, 706 (1): 738–746. Bibcode:2009ApJ...706..738W. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/706/1/738. 
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