軟體考古學

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索

軟體考古學Software archaeology)是指對於文檔化不佳或甚至沒有說明文檔的舊有系統英语legacy system軟體的研究,是軟體維護的一部份[1][2] 。軟體考古學的內容包括對軟體模組的逆向工程[3]、應用許多不同的工具及程序來發掘程式架構,並且還原設計的相關資訊[1][4]。軟體考古學可能會找出功能失常的團隊流桯,以及其產生的設計不佳或是未使用的軟體模組[5]。「軟體考古學」一詞反映一個很自然的比喻:閱讀舊有程式的程式設計師會感覺自然像是一個正在探索古代文明的考古學家一様[6]

相關條目[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Gregorio Robles, Jesus M. Gonzalez-Barahona, and Israel Herraiz, "An Empirical Approach to Software Archaeology," Poster Proceedings of the International Conference on Software Maintenance, 2005.
  2. ^ "Agile Legacy System Analysis and Integration Modeling" by Scott W. Ambler at agilemodeling.com, accessed 20 August 2010: "Without accurate documentation, or access to knowledgeable people, your last resort may be to analyze the source code for the legacy system... This effort is often referred to as software archaeology."
  3. ^ Bryon Moyer, "Software Archeology: Modernizing Old Systems," Embedded Technology Journal, March 4, 2009.
  4. ^ Richard Hopkins and Kevin Jenkins, Eating the IT Elephant: Moving from greenfield development to brownfield, Addison-Wesley, 2008, ISBN 0-13-713012-0, p. 93.
  5. ^ Diomidis Spinellis and Georgios Gousios, Beautiful Architecture, O'Reilly, 2009, ISBN 0-596-51798-X, p. 29.
  6. ^ Andy Hunt and Dave Thomas, "Software Archaeology", IEEE Software, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 20-22, Mar./Apr. 2002, doi:10.1109/52.991327.

外部連結[编辑]