Michael Joe Jackson
Michael Joseph Jackson
|净资产||▲ 2.36亿美元 （于2007年3月估算）|
|配偶||莉萨·玛丽·普雷斯利（結 1994年；離 1996年）
黛比·若薇（結 1996年；離 1999年）
迈克尔是杰克逊家族的第八个孩子，他于1968年作为杰克逊五人组的成员和他的兄弟一起在职业音乐舞台上初次登台，并于1971年开始了他的单飞生涯。在20世纪80年代初期，杰克逊成为流行音乐的主导人物。他歌曲的音乐录像带，包括《Beat It》、《Billie Jean》以及《Thriller》，对打破种族障碍和将媒体转化为一种艺术形式和宣传工具有着巨大贡献。这些音乐录像带的流行促使当时创立不久的电视频道MTV的出名。随着《Black or White》和《Scream》等音乐录像带的制作，标志着他在20世纪90年代的持续创新，这一阶段的大量巡演让他在外国同样名利双收。通过舞台和视频的表演，杰克逊普及了一些他所命名的像“机械步”和“月球漫步”（又称“太空步”）等舞蹈技术。他独特的声音和风格影响了很多嘻哈音乐、后迪斯科、当代节奏布鲁斯、流行音乐及摇滚音乐的艺术家。
杰克逊于1982年所发行的专辑《Thriller》是迄今为止全球销量最高的专辑。其它的专辑，包括《Off the Wall》（1979年）、《Bad》（1987年）、《Dangerous》（1991年）以及《HIStory》（1995年）也跻身全球销量最高的专辑行列。杰克逊是为数不多的已两次入选摇滚名人堂的艺术家之一，他也是首个也是唯一进入舞蹈名人堂的流行艺人。他的其它成就包括了多项吉尼斯世界纪录；13个格莱美奖以及格莱美传奇奖和格莱美终身成就奖；26个全美音乐奖，为所有艺人之最，包括“世纪艺术家”和“20世纪80年代艺术家”；在他单飞生涯中，他拥有13个美国冠军单曲，在公告牌百强单曲榜中超过其他任何一位男歌手；以及超过4亿的全球销量记录。[注释 1]杰克逊赢得了数百个奖项，使他成为流行音乐历史上获奖最多的艺人。在杰克逊去世之后的2010年8月29日，他成为诺基亚音乐商店有史以来下载次数最多的艺术家。杰克逊不断地在世界各地出席人道主义活动，2000年吉尼斯世界纪录大全里认证他资助过39个慈善机构。
杰克逊的个人生活方面，包括他的外观变化、个人关系以及个人行为引起了许多争议。在90年代中期，他受到儿童性侵害案件的指控，但却以大约2500万美元庭外和解，没有正式起诉。2005年，他受到更多性侵犯儿童以及其他几项指控，陪审团认定其所有罪名均不成立。当正为他的复出演唱会“就是这样”（This Is It）做筹备时，杰克逊因急性丙泊酚和苯二氮平类药物中毒导致心脏骤停于2009年6月25日逝世。洛杉矶法医裁定这是一宗凶杀案，他的私人医生康拉德·墨瑞被判定过失致死。杰克逊的逝世引发了全球性的悲痛，全球各地电视台都进行了他的公众悼念仪式的转播。
- 1 生活和事业
- 1.1 1958 - 74：早年生活及杰克逊五人组
- 1.2 1975 - 81：转签EPIC唱片及专辑《Off The Wall》
- 1.3 1982 - 83：专辑《Thriller》及摩城唱片25周年演出
- 1.4 1984 - 85：拍摄广告烧伤、歌曲《We Are the World》及商业经历
- 1.5 1986 - 90：外貌变化、小报谣言、专辑《Bad》、电影、自传及梦幻庄园
- 1.6 1991 - 93：专辑《Dangerous》、治愈世界基金会及第二十七届超级碗
- 1.7 1993 - 94：第一次被指控性侵犯儿童及第一次婚姻
- 1.8 1995 - 99：专辑《HIStory》、第二次婚姻及成为父亲
- 1.9 2000 - 03：商标纠纷、专辑《Invincible》及第三个孩子
- 1.10 2003 - 05：第二次被指控性侵犯儿童并宣判无罪
- 1.11 2006 - 09：关闭梦幻庄园、晚期及“就是这样”演唱会
- 2 逝世和纪念
- 3 艺术和技巧
- 4 传承和影响
- 5 荣誉和奖项
- 6 收入和身价
- 7 美国联邦遗产税问题
- 8 家庭
- 9 专辑列表
- 10 电影列表
- 11 巡回演出
- 12 轶事
- 13 参见
- 14 注释
- 15 参考
- 16 延伸阅读
- 17 外部链接
1958 - 74：早年生活及杰克逊五人组[编辑]
1964年，迈克尔和马龙加入杰克逊兄弟乐队，乐队由他们的哥哥杰基、蒂托和杰梅因创立，主要是做和声，并负责演奏康加鼓和手鼓。杰克逊后来负责伴唱和跳舞。在他8岁时，他与杰梅因成了主唱，乐队就此更名为杰克逊五人组。1966至1968年间，乐队在美国中西部巡演，经常在“chitlin' circuit”黑人俱乐部演出，俱乐部中经常有脱衣舞等成人表演。1966年，乐队凭借杰克逊主唱的几首摩城音乐与翻唱詹姆士·布朗的歌曲《I Got You (I Feel Good)》赢得了当地的一个才艺比赛。
杰克逊五人组录制了几首歌，包括为当地的唱片公司“钢铁城”录制歌曲《Big Boy》，当时是1967年，次年，乐队签约摩城唱片公司。《滚石》杂志后来形容年轻的迈克尔是个天才，有“惊人的音乐天赋”会很快“成为主流明星”。乐队的前四只单曲都登上热榜100榜首。1972到1975年间，杰克逊与摩城唱片合作发行了四张个人专辑，其中的《Got to Be There》和《Ben》都是杰克逊五人组专辑的一部分，其中包括了很多成功的单曲，包括《Got to Be There》、《Ben》以及翻唱鲍比·戴的歌曲《Rockin' Robin》。
1975 - 81：转签EPIC唱片及专辑《Off The Wall》[编辑]
1975年6月，杰克逊五人组与CBS旗下的EPIC唱片签约并重新命名组合，兰迪在此期间加入乐队，杰梅因则选择留守摩城唱片并单飞。他们继续全球巡演，在1976到1984年间又发布了6张专辑。此时，迈克尔成为了乐队主创，写下了诸如《Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)》、《This Place Hotel》和》Can You Feel It》等歌曲。1978年，杰克逊出演音乐剧稻草人，电影新绿野仙踪，在电影中，他与昆西·琼斯合作，琼斯负责电影的音乐制作，并答应杰克逊做他下一张专辑Off the Wall的出品人。在1979年一次舞蹈排练时，杰克逊鼻子受伤，随后的鼻整形手术并不成功，他总觉得呼吸困难，并认为这会影响他的音乐生涯，杰克逊随后的鼻部手术都是由史蒂芬·赫夫林主刀。
琼斯和杰克逊共同出品了专辑《Off the Wall》。专辑中的歌曲由迈克尔·杰克逊、鲁德·坦普尔顿、史提夫·汪达与保罗·麦卡特尼创作。1979年专辑发布后，专辑成为首张诞生了4支美国前十单曲的专辑，单曲中《Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough》和《Rock with You》成为冠军单曲。专辑登上“公告牌”第三位，全球销量超过2000万。1980年，杰克逊获得三项美国音乐奖。同年，他也斩获公告牌年终奖与一项格莱美奖。杰克逊于1981年再次获得两项美国音乐奖。尽管专辑在商业上取得了重大成功，杰克逊认为专辑应该取得更大的影响，于是鼓足干劲制作下一张专辑。1980年，他依靠版权取得了丰厚利益，专辑利润的37%来自版税。
1982 - 83：专辑《Thriller》及摩城唱片25周年演出[编辑]
1982年，杰克逊为电影E.T.外星人的故事书演唱了歌曲《Someone In the Dark》；这张专辑赢得了1984年格莱美最佳儿童唱片奖。同年他还赢得了另外七个格莱美奖和八个全美音乐奖（包括最佳新人奖，是赢得该奖项的最年轻的艺术家），使他成为同一夜两大颁奖典礼上获奖最多的艺术家。这些奖项归功于1982年末的专辑《Thriller》，这张专辑成为1983年全球范围内的最热销专辑，，并且成为美国有史以来销量最高的专辑，也是全球销量最高的专辑，据估计销量达到6500万张。专辑在公告牌二百强专辑榜占据第一名的位置长达37个周并且在前十停留了连续80个星期。这也是第一张专辑拥有7首公告牌一百强歌曲榜十强单曲，包括《Billie Jean》、《Beat it》及《Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'》Thriller被美国唱片业协会认定为2900万的销量，在美国范围内被认证为音乐唱片销售认证双钻石唱片。这张专辑在1984年也获得了格莱美非古典类最佳技术奖，布鲁斯·斯维顿获得了此奖项。
On March 25, 1983, Michael Jackson reunited with his brothers for a legendary live performance which was taped for a Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever television special. The show aired on May 16, 1983, to an audience of 47 million viewers, and featured the Jacksons and a number of other Motown stars. It is best remembered for Jackson's solo performance of "Billie Jean" which gave him his first Emmy nomination. Wearing a distinctive black sequin jacket and golf glove decorated with rhinestones, he debuted his signature dance move, the moonwalk, which former Soul Train dancer and Shalamar member Jeffrey Daniel had taught him three years before. The performance almost did not happen with Jackson originally turning down the invitation to perform, however at Berry Gordy's request, Jackson agreed to do the show. Jackson's performance drew comparisons to Elvis Presley's and The Beatles' appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show. Anna Kisselgoff of The New York Times later wrote, "The moonwalk that he made famous is an apt metaphor for his dance style. How does he do it? As a technician, he is a great illusionist, a genuine mime. His ability to keep one leg straight as he glides while the other bends and seems to walk requires perfect timing." Berry Gordy said of the performance, "from the first beat of Billie Jean, I was mesmerized, and when he did his iconic moonwalk, I was shocked, it was magic, Michael Jackson went into orbit, and never came down."
1984 - 85：拍摄广告烧伤、歌曲《We Are the World》及商业经历[编辑]
1984年5月4日，杰克逊受邀到白宫接受罗纳德·里根颁发的为表彰他资助致力为人们戒烟戒酒的慈善机构的奖章。在同年的格莱美奖上，杰克逊获得八项大奖，与他之后的个人专辑不同，专辑《Thriller》并没有官方巡演来进行宣传，但1984年的胜利巡演，向超过两百万美国人宣传了他的新专辑。巡演期间筹集到的大约八百万的善款最终被捐献出去。1985年他与莱昂纳尔·里奇合作的以关爱美国和非洲的贫困儿童为主题的慈善歌曲《We Are the World》跻身历史上销量最高的单曲行列，销量接近三千万，两人决定捐赠数百万美元以救济贫困儿童。1986年，两人因《We Are the World》赢得四项格莱美奖（杰克逊获得格莱美年度歌曲奖）。美国音乐奖负责人没有将词曲列入竞奖单元，因为他们认为这并不合适，但杰克逊因作曲获得荣誉奖项。
1986 - 90：外貌变化、小报谣言、专辑《Bad》、电影、自传及梦幻庄园[编辑]
专辑《Bad》中有7首歌作为单曲最终在美国发行，其中五只（《I Just Can't Stop Loving You》、《Bad》、《The Way You Make Me Feel》、《Man in the Mirror》以及《Dirty Diana》）最终成为了冠军单曲，这张专辑也是在Hot 100榜单上拥有冠军单曲最多的专辑，《Thriller》也没有取得这样的成绩。虽然同名单曲的音乐录影带与之前歌曲《Beat It》大同小异，《Bad》的音乐录影带仍然是杰克逊标志性作品之一。录像的主题是对纽约地铁系统的讽刺，编舞以服装设计深受西区故事的启发，截止到2012年，这张专辑在全球销量约为3000-4500万。凭借专辑《Bad》，布鲁斯·斯维顿和霍伯特·贾提卡于1988年获得一项格莱美奖，迈克尔·杰克逊凭借《Leave Me Alone》于1989年获得最佳音乐录像带奖。同年，杰克逊凭借该专辑中有5支冠军单曲并在25个国家成为冠军专辑的开创性表现，也因为《Bad》是1987-1988年全球最畅销专辑而获得美国音乐奖的成就奖。1988年，歌曲《Bad》获得美国音乐奖最受欢迎的灵魂节奏布鲁斯单曲。
他的成功为他赢得了“流行音乐之王”的称号。伊丽莎白·泰勒在1989年灵魂列车音乐奖的颁奖典礼上的致辞使这一称号广为人知，宣称他是“流行乐、摇滚乐和灵乐的真正王者”。乔治·赫伯特·沃克·布什总统为他颁发白宫“十年最佳艺术家”奖。自1985至1990年，他为联合黑人学院基金会捐款超过50万美元，通过单曲《Man In The Mirror》取得的收入全部捐献。杰克逊在小萨米·戴维斯60岁生日上的演奏为他赢得了他第二个艾美奖提名。
1991 - 93：专辑《Dangerous》、治愈世界基金会及第二十七届超级碗[编辑]
In March 1991, Jackson renewed his contract with Sony for $65 million, a record-breaking deal at the time,displacing Neil Diamond's renewal contract with Columbia Records.He released his eighth album, Dangerous, in 1991. The Dangerous album was co-produced with Teddy Riley, who convinced Michael to feature a rapper on his album for the first time. As of 2013, the album has shipped seven million copies in the U.S. and has sold approximately 30 million copies worldwide.In the United States, the album's first single "Black or White" was its biggest hit, reaching number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and remaining there for seven weeks, with similar chart performances worldwide.The album's second single "Remember the Time" spent eight weeks in the top five in the United States, peaking at number three on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart.At the end of 1992, Dangerous was awarded the best-selling album of the year worldwide and "Black or White" was awarded best-selling single of the year worldwide at the Billboard Music Awards. Additionally, he won an award as best-selling artist of the 1980s.In 1993, Jackson performed the song at the Soul Train Music Awards in a chair, saying he had suffered an injury in rehearsals.In the UK and other parts of Europe, "Heal the World" was the biggest hit from the album; it sold 450,000 copies in the UK and spent five weeks at number two in 1992.
Jackson founded the Heal the World Foundation in 1992. The charity organization brought underprivileged children to Jackson's ranch to enjoy theme park rides that Jackson had built on the property. The foundation also sent millions of dollars around the globe to help children threatened by war, poverty, and disease. In the same year Jackson published his second book, the bestselling collection of poetry, Dancing the Dream. While it was a commercial success and revealed a more intimate side to Jackson's nature, the collection was mostly critically unacclaimed at the time of release. In 2009, the book was republished by Doubleday and was more positively received by some critics in the wake of Jackson's untimely death. The Dangerous World Tour grossed $100 million. The tour began on June 27, 1992, and finished on November 11, 1993. Jackson performed to 3.5 million people in 70 concerts.He sold the broadcast rights to his Dangerous world tour to HBO for $20 million, a record-breaking deal that still stands.
Following the illness and death of Ryan White, Jackson helped draw public attention to HIV/AIDS, something that was still controversial at the time. He publicly pleaded with the Clinton Administration at Bill Clinton's Inaugural Gala to give more money to HIV/AIDS charities and research.In a high-profile visit to Africa, Jackson visited several countries, among them Gabon and Egypt.His first stop to Gabon was greeted with a sizable and enthusiastic reception of more than 100,000 people, some of them carrying signs that read, "Welcome Home Michael."In his trip to Côte d'Ivoire, Jackson was crowned "King Sani" by a tribal chief.He then thanked the dignitaries in French and English, signed official documents formalizing his kingship and sat on a golden throne while presiding over ceremonial dances.
In January 1993, Jackson made a memorable appearance at the halftime show at Super Bowl XXVII. Because of dwindling interest during halftime in the years before, the NFL decided to seek big-name talent that would keep viewers and ratings high, with Jackson being selected because of his popularity and universal appeal.It was the first Super Bowl where the audience figures increased during the half-time show to more than the game itself. The performance began with Jackson catapulting onto the stage as fireworks went off behind him. As he landed on the canvas, he maintained a motionless "clenched fist, standing statue stance", dressed in a gold and black military outfit and sunglasses; he remained completely motionless for a minute and a half while the crowd cheered. He then slowly removed his sunglasses, threw them away and sang four songs: "Jam", "Billie Jean", "Black or White" and "Heal the World". Jackson's Dangerous album rose 90 places up the album chart.Jackson was given the "Living Legend Award" at the 35th Grammy Awards in Los Angeles. "Black or White" was Grammy-nominated for best vocal performance. "Jam" gained two nominations: Best R&B Vocal Performance and Best R&B Song.The Dangerous album won a Grammy for Best Engineered – Non Classical, awarding the work of Bruce Swedien and Teddy Riley. In the same year, Michael Jackson won three American Music Awards for Favorite Pop/Rock Album (Dangerous), Favorite Soul/R&B Single ("Remember the Time") and was the first to win the International Artist Award, for his global performances and humanitarian concerns. This award will bear his name in the future.
1993 - 94：第一次被指控性侵犯儿童及第一次婚姻[编辑]
Jackson gave a 90-minute interview to Oprah Winfrey on February 10, 1993, his second television interview since 1979. He grimaced when speaking of his childhood abuse at the hands of his father; he believed he had missed out on much of his childhood years, admitting that he often cried from loneliness. He denied tabloid rumors that he had bought the bones of the Elephant Man, slept in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber, or bleached his skin, stating for the first time that he had vitiligo. Dangerous re-entered the album chart in the top 10, more than a year after its original release.
In the summer of 1993, Jackson was accused of child sexual abuse by a 13-year-old boy named Jordan Chandler and his father, Dr. Evan Chandler, a dentist. The Chandler family demanded payment from Jackson, and the singer initially refused. Jordan Chandler eventually told the police that Jackson had sexually abused him. Dr. Chandler was tape-recorded discussing his intention to pursue charges, saying, "If I go through with this, I win big-time. There's no way I lose. I will get everything I want and they will be destroyed forever..... Michael's career will be over". Jordan's mother was, however, adamant at the time that there had been no wrongdoing on Jackson's part. Jackson later used the recording to argue that he was the victim of a jealous father whose only goal was to extort money from the singer.
In August 1993, Jackson's home was raided by the police who, according to court documents, found books, and photographs in his bedroom featuring young boys with little or no clothing. In December 1993, Jackson was strip searched. Jordan Chandler had reportedly given police a description of Jackson's intimate parts, and the strip search revealed that Jordan had correctly claimed Jackson had patchy-colored buttocks, short pubic hair, and pink and brown marked testicles. Reportedly, Jordan had also previously drawn accurate pictures of a dark spot on Jackson's penis only visible when his penis was lifted. This dark spot was corroborated by the sheriff's photographer and the District Attorney in affidavits.
Jackson's friends said he never recovered from the humiliation of the strip search. The investigation was inconclusive and no charges were ever filed. Jackson described the search in an emotional public statement, and proclaimed his innocence. On January 1, 1994, Jackson settled with the Chandlers out of court for $22 million. A Santa Barbara County grand jury and a Los Angeles County grand jury disbanded on May 2, 1994 without indicting Jackson, after which time the Chandlers stopped co-operating with the criminal investigation around July 6, 1994. The out-of-court settlement's documentation specifically stated Jackson admitted no wrongdoing and no liability; the Chandlers and their family lawyer Larry Feldman signed it without contest. Feldman also explicitly stated "nobody bought anybody's silence". A decade after the fact, during the second round of child abuse allegations, Jackson's lawyers would file a memo stating that the 1994 settlement was done without his consent.
In May 1994, Jackson married Lisa Marie Presley, the daughter of Elvis Presley and Priscilla Ann Wagner. They had first met in 1975, when a seven-year-old Presley attended one of Jackson's family engagements at the MGM Grand Hotel and Casino, and were reconnected through a mutual friend. According to a friend of Presley's, "their adult friendship began in November 1992 in L.A." They stayed in contact every day over the telephone. As the child molestation accusations became public, Jackson became dependent on Presley for emotional support; she was concerned about his faltering health and addiction to drugs. Presley explained, "I believed he didn't do anything wrong and that he was wrongly accused and yes I started falling for him. I wanted to save him. I felt that I could do it." She eventually persuaded him to settle the allegations out of court and go into rehabilitation to recover.
Jackson proposed to Presley over the telephone towards the fall of 1993, saying, "If I asked you to marry me, would you do it?" They married in the Dominican Republic in secrecy, denying it for nearly two months afterwards. The marriage was, in her words, "a married couple's life..... that was sexually active". At the time, the tabloid media speculated that the wedding was a ploy to prop up Jackson's public image. The marriage lasted less than two years and ended with an amicable divorce settlement. In a 2010 interview with Oprah, Presley admitted that they spent four more years after the divorce "getting back together and breaking up", until she decided to stop.
1995 - 99：专辑《HIStory》、第二次婚姻及成为父亲[编辑]
In 1995, Jackson merged his ATV Music catalog with Sony's music publishing division creating Sony/ATV Music Publishing. Jackson retained half-ownership of the company, earned $95 million upfront as well as the rights to even more songs.He then released the double album HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I. The first disc, HIStory Begins, was a 15-track greatest hits album, and was later reissued as Greatest Hits: HIStory, Volume I in 2001, while the second disc, HIStory Continues, contained 13 new songs and 2 cover versions. The album debuted at number one on the charts and has been certified for seven million shipments in the US.It is the best-selling multiple-disc album of all-time, with 20 million copies (40 million units) sold worldwide.HIStory received a Grammy nomination for Album of the Year.
"Scream/Childhood". "Scream" was a duet, performed with Jackson's youngest sister Janet. The song fights against the media, mainly for what the media made him out to be during his 1993 child abuse allegations. The single had the highest debut on the Billboard Hot 100 at number five, and received a Grammy nomination for "Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals"."You Are Not Alone" was the second single released from HIStory; it holds the Guinness World Record for the first song ever to debut at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.It was seen as a major artistic and commercial success, receiving a Grammy nomination for "Best Pop Vocal Performance".In late 1995, Jackson was rushed to a hospital after collapsing during rehearsals for a televised performance; the incident was caused by a stress-related panic attack."Earth Song" was the third single released from HIStory, and topped the UK Singles Chart for six weeks over Christmas 1995; it sold a million copies, making it Jackson's most successful single in the UK.The track "They Don't Care About Us" became controversial when the Anti-Defamation League and other groups criticized its allegedly antisemitic lyrics. Jackson quickly put out a revised version of the song without the offending lyrics.In 1996, Jackson won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form for "Scream" and an American Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist.
The album was promoted with the successful HIStory World Tour. The tour began on September 7, 1996, and finished on October 15, 1997. Jackson performed 82 concerts in 58 cities to over 4.5 million fans, and grossed a total of $165 million. The show, which visited five continents and 35 countries, became Jackson's most successful in terms of audience figures.During the tour, Jackson married his longtime friend Deborah Jeanne Rowe, a dermatology nurse, in an impromptu ceremony in Sydney, Australia. Rowe was approximately six months pregnant with the couple's first child at the time. Originally, Rowe and Jackson had no plans to marry, but Jackson's mother Katherine persuaded them to do so.Michael Joseph Jackson Jr (commonly known as Prince) was born on February 13, 1997; his sister Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson was born a year later on April 3, 1998.The couple divorced in 1999, and Jackson got full custody of the children. The divorce was relatively amicable, but a subsequent custody suit was not settled until 2006.Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix, which contained remixes of hit singles from HIStory and five new songs. Worldwide sales stand at 6 million copies, it is the best selling remix album ever released.It reached number one in the UK, as did the title track.In the US, the album was certified platinum, but only reached number 24.Forbes placed his annual income at $35 million in 1996 and $20 million in 1997.Throughout June 1999, Jackson was involved in a number of charitable events. He joined Luciano Pavarotti for a benefit concert in Modena, Italy. The show was in support of the nonprofit organization War Child, and raised a million dollars for the refugees of Kosovo, FR Yugoslavia, as well as additional funds for the children of Guatemala.Later that month, Jackson organized a set of "Michael Jackson & Friends" benefit concerts in Germany and Korea. Other artists involved included Slash, The Scorpions, Boyz II Men, Luther Vandross, Mariah Carey, A. R. Rahman, Prabhu Deva Sundaram, Shobana, Andrea Bocelli and Luciano Pavarotti. The proceeds went to the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, the Red Cross and UNESCO. From August 1999 through 2000, he lived in New York City at 4 East 74th Street.
2000 - 03：商标纠纷、专辑《Invincible》及第三个孩子[编辑]
At the turn of the century, Jackson won an American Music Award as Artist of the 1980s.Throughout 2000 and 2001, Jackson worked in the studio with Teddy Riley and Rodney Jerkins, as well as other collaborators. These sessions would result in the album Invincible, released in October 2001. Invincible was Jackson's first full-length album in six years, and it would be the last album of new material he released while still alive. The release of the album was preceded by a dispute between Jackson and his record label, Sony Music Entertainment. Jackson had expected the licenses to the masters of his albums to revert to him sometime in the early 2000s. Once he had the licenses, he would be able to promote the material however he pleased and keep all the profits. However, due to various clauses in the contract, the revert date turned out to be many years away. Jackson discovered that the attorney who represented him in the deal was also representing Sony.Jackson was also concerned about the fact that for a number of years, Sony had been pressuring him to sell his share in their music catalog venture. Jackson feared that Sony might have a conflict of interest, since if Jackson's career failed, he would have to sell his share of the catalog at a low price.Jackson sought an early exit from his contract.Just before the release of Invincible, Jackson informed the head of Sony Music Entertainment, Tommy Mottola, that he was leaving Sony.As a result, all singles releases, video shootings and promotions concerning the Invincible album were suspended.
In September 2001, two 30th Anniversary concerts were held at Madison Square Garden to mark the singer's 30th year as a solo artist. Jackson appeared onstage alongside his brothers for the first time since 1984. The show also featured performances by Mýa, Usher, Whitney Houston, 'N Sync, Destiny's Child, Monica, Luther Vandross, and Slash, among other artists.The second of the two shows took place the night before the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.After 9/11, Jackson helped organize the United We Stand: What More Can I Give benefit concert at RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C. The concert took place on October 21, 2001, and included performances from dozens of major artists, including Jackson, who performed his song "What More Can I Give" as the finale.Jackson's solo performances were omitted from the televised version of the benefit concert, although he could still be seen singing background vocals. This omission happened because of contractual issues related to the earlier 30th Anniversary concerts: those concerts were boiled down into a two-hour TV special titled Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Celebration which debuted in November 2001.
In spite of the events preceding its release, Invincible came out in October 2001 to much anticipation. Invincible proved to be a hit, debuting atop the charts in 13 countries and going on to sell approximately 13 million copies worldwide. It received double-platinum certification in the U.S.However, the sales for Invincible were lower than those of his previous releases, due in part to a lack of promotion, no supporting world tour and the label dispute. The album also came out at a bad time for the music industry in general.The album cost $30 million to record, not including promotional expenditures.Invincible spawned three singles, "You Rock My World", "Cry" and "Butterflies", the latter without a music video. Jackson alleged in July 2002 that Mottola was a "devil" and a "racist" who did not support his African-American artists, using them merely for his own personal gain.He charged that Mottola had called his colleague Irv Gotti a "fat nigger".Sony refused to renew Jackson's contract, and claimed that a $25 million promotional campaign had failed because Jackson refused to tour in the United States.
In 2002, Michael Jackson won his 22nd American Music Award for Artist of the Century.In the same year, Jackson's third child, Prince Michael Jackson II (nicknamed "Blanket") was born.The mother's identity is unknown, but Jackson has said the child was the result of artificial insemination from a surrogate mother and his own sperm.On November 20 of that year, Jackson brought his infant son onto the balcony of his room at the Hotel Adlon in Berlin, as fans stood below, holding him in his right arm, with a cloth loosely draped over the baby's face. The baby was briefly extended over a railing, four stories above ground level, causing widespread criticism in the media. Jackson later apologized for the incident, calling it "a terrible mistake".Sony released Number Ones, a compilation of Jackson's hits on CD and DVD. In the U.S., the album was certified triple platinum by the RIAA; in the UK it was certified six times platinum for shipments of at least 1.2 million units.
2003 - 05：第二次被指控性侵犯儿童并宣判无罪[编辑]
Beginning in May 2002, Jackson allowed a documentary film crew, led by British TV personality Martin Bashir, to follow him around just about everywhere he went. Bashir's film crew was with Jackson during the "baby-dangling incident" in Berlin. The program was broadcast in March 2003 as Living with Michael Jackson, and painted an extraordinarily unflattering portrait of the singer.
In a particularly controversial scene, Jackson was seen holding hands and discussing sleeping arrangements with a young boy.As soon as the documentary aired, the Santa Barbara county attorney's office began a criminal investigation. Jackson was arrested in November 2003, and was charged with seven counts of child molestation and two counts of administering an intoxicating agent in relation to the 13-year old boy shown in the film.Jackson denied the allegations, saying the sleepovers were not sexual in nature. The People v. Jackson trial began on January 31, 2005, in Santa Maria, California, and lasted five months, until the end of May. On June 13, 2005, Jackson was acquitted on all counts.After the trial, in a highly publicized relocation he moved to the Persian Gulf island of Bahrain, as a guest of Sheikh Abdullah.Bahrain was also where the family intended to send Jackson if he was convicted (though Jackson did not know about the plan), according to a statement by Jermaine Jackson printed in The Times of London in September 2011.
2006 - 09：关闭梦幻庄园、晚期及“就是这样”演唱会[编辑]
In March 2006, the main house at the Neverland Ranch was closed as a cost-cutting measure.There were numerous reports around that time that Jackson was having financial problems. Jackson had been delinquent on his repayments of a $270 million loan secured against his music publishing holdings, even though those holdings were reportedly making him as much as $75 million a year.Bank of America sold the debt to Fortress Investments. Sony reportedly proposed a restructuring deal which would give them a future option to buy half of Jackson's stake in their jointly owned publishing company (leaving Jackson with a 25% stake).Jackson agreed to a Sony-backed refinancing deal in April 2006, although the exact details were not made public.Jackson did not have a recording contract in place with Sony or any other major record label at the time.
In early 2006, there was an announcement that Jackson had signed a contract with a Bahrain-based startup called Two Seas Records. However, nothing ever came of that deal, and the CEO of Two Seas, Guy Holmes, later stated that the deal had never been finalized.Throughout 2006, Sony repackaged 20 singles from the 1980s and 1990s as the Michael Jackson: Visionary series, which subsequently became a box set. Most of those singles returned to the charts as a result. In September 2006, Jackson and his ex-wife Debbie Rowe confirmed reports that they had settled their long-running child custody suit. The terms were never made public. Jackson continued to be the custodial parent of the couple's two children.In October 2006, Fox News entertainment reporter Roger Friedman said that Jackson had been recording at a studio in rural Westmeath, Ireland. It was not known at the time what Jackson might be working on, or who might be paying for the sessions, since his publicist had recently issued a statement claiming that he had left Two Seas.
In November 2006, Jackson invited an Access Hollywood camera crew into the studio in Westmeath, and MSNBC broke the story that he was working on a new album, produced by will.i.am of The Black Eyed Peas.Jackson performed at the World Music Awards, in London on November 15, 2006, and accepted a Diamond Award for selling over 100 million records.Jackson returned to the United States after Christmas 2006 to attend James Brown's funeral in Augusta, Georgia. He gave one of the eulogies, saying that "James Brown is my greatest inspiration."In the spring of 2007, Jackson and Sony teamed up to buy yet another music publishing company: Famous Music LLC, formerly owned by Viacom. This deal gave him the rights to songs by Eminem, Shakira and Beck, among others.Jackson recorded extensively during this period in New York with songwriter and producer will.i.am and also in Las Vegas with producers Akon and RedOne.In March 2007, Jackson gave a brief interview to the Associated Press in Tokyo, where he said, "I've been in the entertainment industry since I was 6 years old, and as Charles Dickens would say, 'It's been the best of times, the worst of times.' But I would not change my career ... While some have made deliberate attempts to hurt me, I take it in stride because I have a loving family, a strong faith and wonderful friends and fans who have, and continue, to support me."
In March 2007, Jackson visited a U.S. Army post in Japan named Camp Zama to greet 3,000 plus U.S. troops and their families. The hosts presented Jackson with a Certificate of Appreciation for his devotion to U.S. Military troops and their families.
In September 2007, Jackson was reportedly still working with will.i.am, but the album was apparently never completed.However, in 2008, Jackson and Sony released Thriller 25 to mark the 25th anniversary of the original Thriller. This album featured the previously unreleased song "For All Time" (an outtake from the original sessions) as well as remixes, where Jackson collaborated with younger artists who had been inspired by his work.Two of the remixes were released as singles with only modest success: "The Girl Is Mine 2008" (with will.i.am) and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin' 2008" (with Akon). The first single was based on an early demo version, without Paul McCartney. The album itself was a hit, however.In anticipation of Jackson's 50th birthday, Sony BMG released a series of greatest-hits albums called King of Pop. Slightly different versions were released in various countries, based on polls of local fans.King of Pop reached the top 10 in most countries where it was issued, and also sold well as an import in other countries (such as the United States.)Neverland Ranch, which Jackson used as collateral for loans running into many tens of millions of dollars. However, Fortress opted to sell Jackson's debts to Colony Capital LLC. In November, Jackson transferred Neverland Ranch's title to Sycamore Valley Ranch Company LLC, which was a joint venture between Jackson and Colony Capital LLC. This deal cleared Jackson's debt, and he reportedly even gained an extra $35 million from the venture. At the time of his death, Jackson still owned a stake in Neverland/Sycamore Valley, but it is unknown how large that stake was.In September 2008, Jackson entered negotiations with Julien's Auction House to display and auction a large collection of memorabilia amounting to approximately 1,390 lots. The auction was scheduled to take place between April 22 and 25.An exhibition of the lots opened as scheduled on April 14, but the actual auction was eventually cancelled at Jackson's request.
In March 2009, Jackson held a press conference at London's O2Arena and announced a series of comeback concerts titled This Is It. The shows would be Jackson's first major series of concerts since the HIStory World Tour finished in 1997. Jackson suggested possible retirement after the shows; he said it would be his "final curtain call". The initial plan was for 10 concerts in London, followed by shows in Paris, New York City and Mumbai. Randy Phillips, president and chief executive of AEG Live, stated that the first 10 dates alone would earn the singer approximately £50 million.The London residency was increased to 50 dates after record breaking ticket sales: over one million were sold in less than two hours.Jackson rehearsed in Los Angeles in the weeks leading up to the tour under the direction of choreographer Kenny Ortega. Most of these rehearsals took place at the Staples Center, which was owned by AEG.The concerts would have commenced on July 13, 2009, and finished on March 6, 2010. Less than three weeks before the first show was due to begin in London and with all concerts being sold out, Jackson died after suffering cardiac arrest.Some time before his death, it was widely stated that he was starting a clothing line with Christian Audigier; due to his death, the current status of the label remains unknown.
Jackson's first posthumous song released entirely by his Estate was titled "This Is It" which Jackson cowrote in the 1980s with Paul Anka. It was not on the set lists for the concerts, and the recording was based on an old demo tape. The surviving brothers reunited in the studio for the first time since 1989 to record backing vocals. On October 28, 2009, a documentary film about the rehearsals titled Michael Jackson's This Is It was released.Even though it ran for a limited two-week engagement, it became the highest grossing documentary or concert movie of all time, with earnings of more than $260 million worldwide.Jackson's estate received 90% of the profits.The film was accompanied by a compilation album of the same name. Two versions of the new song appear on the album, which also featured original masters of Jackson's hits in the order in which they appear in the movie, along with a bonus disc with previously unreleased versions of more Jackson hits as well as a spoken-word poem titled "Planet Earth".At the 2009 American Music Awards Jackson won four posthumous awards, two for him and two for his album Number Ones, bringing his total American Music Awards to 26.
2009年6月25日，杰克逊在他位于洛杉矶荷尔贝山租赁的住处逝世。他的私人医生康拉德·墨瑞曾试图急救但没有成功。洛杉矶消防队救护人员于12:22（太平洋时区，19:22 UTC）接到911电话，并于三分钟后抵达杰克逊的住所。据报道，当时杰克逊已停止了呼吸，救护人员对他进行了心肺复苏术。杰克逊被紧急送往加州大学洛杉矶分校附属医疗中心急救，于1:13（20:13 UTC）抵达医院。当地时间2:26（21:26 UTC）迈克尔·杰克逊被宣告死亡。杰克逊的逝世引发了全球性的悲痛。
玛丽亚·凯莉、史提夫·汪达、莱昂纳尔·里奇、约翰·梅尔、珍妮弗·赫德森、亚瑟小子、杰梅因·杰克逊以及夏恩·贾法戈利上场表演。伯瑞·高迪和斯莫基·罗宾逊献上了颂词，奎恩·拉提法朗读了由马娅·安杰卢为杰克逊写的诗《我们曾拥有他》（We had him）。艾尔·夏普顿牧师告诉杰克逊的孩子“你们的父亲不是怪物，你们的父亲被迫对付的那些东西才是怪物。但是他不得不对付”时，赢得了全场的起立鼓掌和欢呼。追思会最让人难忘的是杰克逊11岁的女儿帕丽斯·凯瑟琳首次公开发言，她哭着说出“从我出生以来，爸爸一直就是你所能想象出的最好的父亲……我只想说我爱他……那么的爱他。”西奥斯·史密斯牧师做出了最后的祈祷。8月24日，几个新闻媒体援引匿名的消息来源指出，洛杉矶验尸官已经决定将杰克逊的死亡看做一起杀人案；这一消息随后于8月28日由验尸官证实。在杰克逊死亡的时候已经被施用异丙酚、劳拉西泮以及咪达唑仑。执法人员对他的私人医生康拉德·默里就过失杀人进行了调查。2010年2月8日，默里被洛杉矶检察机指控过失杀人罪。杰克逊于2009年9月3日在加州格伦代尔的森林草坪纪念公园下葬。
2010年6月25日，在杰克逊去世一周年之际，歌迷来到洛杉矶以表达对他的敬意。他们参观了好莱坞星光大道上的杰克逊星、杰克逊的家以及森林草坪纪念公园。很多歌迷携带着向日葵和其他纪念物品。杰克逊的家庭和密友前来瞻仰。凯瑟琳回到了印第安纳州加里市揭幕了放置在杰克逊家前院的花岗岩纪念碑。纪念持续成一个烛光守夜活动和进行了《We Are the World》特殊表演。6月26日，人们在洛杉矶警察局前的老帕克中心举行了抗议游行，并递交了要求公正的数千人签名的请愿书。杰克逊家族基金会和VoicePlate制作公司举办了一场名为“永远的迈克尔”（Forever Michael）的纪念活动，活动集合了杰克逊的家人、名人、歌迷、支持者和社区人士，歌颂并荣耀他一生的成就。活动所得收入的一部分捐献给了杰克逊最热衷的慈善事业。凯瑟琳还介绍了她的新书《永不说再见》（Never Can Say Goodbye）。
在杰克逊逝世后，他成为了2009年最畅销专辑的艺术家。在他去世后的12个月内，他在全美国的专辑销量超过820万张，以及全球范围内总计3500万的销量。杰克逊成为在下载历史上首位在一周内下载量达到100万的艺术家，以及歌曲打破260万下载量的记录。在他去世后，三张专辑的销量超过了任何一张新出的专辑，这也是首次过去的专辑比任何新专辑更卖座。杰克逊也成为美国历史上首位在单独一年内4张专辑登上最畅销专辑前20位。由于销量的激增，索尼公司宣布他们已和遗产公司延长持有的发行权。由索尼音乐所持有的经销权原本将于2015年到期。2010年3月16日，索尼音乐娱乐公司率先在其旗下的哥伦比亚/史诗唱片集团签订了新的杰克逊歌曲发行权，并扩展他们的分销权至少到2017年，并获准发行10张有关以前未发行歌曲材料的专辑或已发行作品的收藏辑。2010年11月4日，索尼宣布杰克逊的第一张遗作专辑《迈克尔》（Michael），并于12月14日发行，专辑的宣传单曲《突发新闻《（Breaking News）于11月8日在电台播放。这份协议是音乐行业里前所未有的，因为它是涉及到单一艺术家的史上最贵的音乐合同；据报道索尼音乐为这份协议支付了2.5亿美元。视频游戏公司育碧软件宣布会在2010年假日季发布一款有关迈克尔·杰克逊的舞蹈音乐游戏。游戏的名称为“Michael Jackson: The Experience”（迈克尔·杰克逊：体验），率先在Kinect和PlayStation Move平台发行，微软Xbox 360和索尼PlayStation 3平台于同年的后期发布。
2010年11月3日，戏剧表演公司太阳马戏团宣布于2011年10月在蒙特利尔首次公演“Michael Jackson: The Immortal World Tour”（迈克尔·杰克逊：不朽世界之旅），并在拉斯维加斯进行固定性表演。这场时长90分钟，耗资5700万美元的巡回舞台秀将杰克逊的标志性音乐作品和编舞与太阳马戏团的艺术、舞蹈以及空中表演结合起来，包含了65名艺术家，由杰米·金编导。2011年10月3日，原声专辑《不朽》（Immortal）被宣布发布，专辑包含40首由凯文·安图尼斯重新制作的杰克逊的原创录音。2013年2月21日，太阳马戏团宣布了第二场更大更具戏剧性的表演，定名为“Michael Jackson: One”（迈克尔·杰克逊：第一），成为拉斯维加斯曼德勒海湾度假村的常驻表演。表演依旧由杰米·金编导，于2013年5月23日在新装修的剧场开始运作，在评价和商业上都是一次成功。
年轻的迈克尔·杰克逊把他演唱技巧的很大一部分归功于戴安娜·罗斯。罗斯对他不仅给他以母亲一般的形象，她还在排练时作为一位多才多艺的表演者一样观察。他后来表示：“我认识她真好。她教给我很多东西。我以前只是坐在角落里看她的动作。她是在运动当中的艺术。我学习她的动作，她唱歌的方式 - 就是她做的那样。”他告诉她：“我想成为像你那样，戴安娜。"她说：“你只要做自己就好。”杰克逊将他延长音的演唱方式 - 特别是他对“oooh”插入音的使用- 归功于罗斯。从年轻的时候开始，杰克逊就经常在小节的停顿处加入一个突然的插入音“oooh”。戴安娜·罗斯曾在乐队《The Supremes》录制的很多歌曲中使用过这种效果。
有别于很多艺术家，杰克逊并不在纸上写歌，而是会用录音机将声音录下来，录制时会将脑海中想到的歌词唱出来。他大多数的歌曲，例如《Billie Jean》、《Who Is It》和《Tabloid Junkie》，都会用到节奏口技（Beatbox）并用人声模仿乐器及其他声音，而不是演奏真正的乐器。杰克逊曾提到用人声演唱鼓声和贝斯要比演奏乐器更为简单。有几位评论家曾说过杰克逊清晰的嗓音能够令人信服的代替乐器。Allmusic的史蒂芬·休伊说过，贯穿他整个的单飞生涯，杰克逊的多才多艺使他能够体验各种类型的音乐主题和流派。作为一位音乐家，他涉猎的范围从摩城时期的舞曲和情歌，到铁克诺音乐（Techno）及结合了放克节奏和硬式摇滚吉他的浩室音乐周边的新杰克摇摆。
休伊指出专辑《Thriller》要比专辑《Off the Wall》更具优点；舞曲和摇滚更加激烈，而流行曲调和情歌更加柔和深情。比较有名曲目包括情歌《The Lady in My Life》、《Human Nature》和《The Girl Is Mine》；放克曲目《Billie Jean》和《Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'》；及后迪斯科作品《Baby Be Mine》和《P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)》。随着《Thriller》的发行，《滚石》杂志的克里斯托弗·康奈利评论道杰克逊形成了他日后长期使用的更加偏执并更具黑暗意象的潜意识主旋律。Allmusic的斯蒂芬·托马斯·埃尔文提到这在歌曲《Billie Jean》和《Wanna Be Startin' Somethin’》中有明显的体现。在《Billie Jean》中，杰克逊演唱的是关于一位痴狂的歌迷声称他是她孩子的父亲。在《Wanna Be Startin' Somethin’》中，他对八卦和媒体进行了争论。在《Beat It》中公开谴责了帮派暴力，对《西区故事》表示敬意，据休伊称这也是杰克逊第一首成功的摇滚跨界作品。他还指出，主打歌《Thriller》开始了杰克逊对超自然现象主题的兴趣，这一主题在随后的几年中也有提及。1985年，杰克逊合作谱写了慈善歌曲《四海一家》（We Are the World）；人道主义成为后来成为他歌词和公众人物中反复出现的主题
在专辑《Bad》中，摇滚歌曲《Dirty Diana》表现出杰克逊掠夺情人的概念。主打单曲《I Just Can't Stop Loving You》是一首传统的情歌，而《Man in the Mirror》是一首关于忏悔和决心的使人唤醒和振奋的情歌。《Smooth Criminal》是一首有关血腥的攻击、蹂躏及谋杀的歌曲。Allmusic的斯蒂芬·托马斯·埃尔文指出专辑《Dangerous》表现出杰克逊是一个自身充满矛盾的个体。他评论道这张专辑比《Bad》更为多元化，因为专辑在吸引普通市民的同时，像歌曲《治愈世界》（Heal the World）也能吸引中产阶级。专辑的前半部分曲风为新杰克摇摆，包括歌曲《Jam》和《Remember the Time》。这是杰克逊首张以社会弊病为主题的专辑；例如歌曲《Why You Wanna Trip on Me》抗议了世界饥饿、艾滋病、无家可归和毒品问题。专辑收录了关于他受到性犯罪指控所创作的歌曲《In the Closet》专辑的同名歌曲继承了先前掠夺式的爱与心中失控欲望的主题。专辑的第二部分包括了像《Will You Be There》、《Heal the World》和《Keep the Faith》这样有关内省与虔诚的歌曲；这些歌曲表明杰克逊对个人的艰难和担忧向世人敞开心扉。在情歌《Gone Too Soon》中，杰克逊向他的好友瑞安·怀特及其他处在艾滋病困境中的人表达敬意。
HIStory creates an atmosphere of paranoia.Its content focuses on the hardships and public struggles Jackson went through just prior to its production. In the new jack swing-funk-rock efforts "Scream" and "Tabloid Junkie", along with the R&B ballad "You Are Not Alone", Jackson retaliates against the injustice and isolation he feels, and directs much of his anger at the media.In the introspective ballad "Stranger in Moscow", Jackson laments over his "fall from grace", while songs like "Earth Song", "Childhood", "Little Susie" and "Smile" are all operatic pop pieces.In the track "D.S.", Jackson launched a verbal attack against Tom Sneddon. He describes Sneddon as an antisocial, white supremacist who wanted to "get my ass, dead or alive". Of the song, Sneddon said, "I have not—shall we say—done him the honor of listening to it, but I've been told that it ends with the sound of a gunshot".Invincible found Jackson working heavily with producer Rodney Jerkins.It is a record made up of urban soul like "Cry" and "The Lost Children", ballads such as "Speechless", "Break of Dawn" and "Butterflies" and mixes hip-hop, pop and R&B in "2000 Watts", "Heartbreaker" and "Invincible".
Jackson sang from childhood, and over time his voice and vocal style changed noticeably. Between 1971 and 1975, Jackson's voice descended from boy soprano to high tenor.His vocal range as an adult was F2-E♭6. Jackson first used a technique called the "vocal hiccup" in 1973, starting with the song "It's Too Late to Change the Time" from The Jackson 5's G.I.T.: Get It Together album.Jackson did not use the hiccup technique— somewhat like a gulping for air or gasping— fully until the recording of Off the Wall: it can be seen in full force in the "Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)" promotional video.With the arrival of Off the Wall in the late 1970s, Jackson's abilities as a vocalist were well regarded. At the time, Rolling Stone compared his vocals to the "breathless, dreamy stutter" of Stevie Wonder. Their analysis was also that "Jackson's feathery-timbred tenor is extraordinarily beautiful. It slides smoothly into a startling falsetto that's used very daringly".1982 saw the release of Thriller, and Rolling Stone was of the opinion that Jackson was then singing in a "fully adult voice" that was "tinged by sadness".
A distinctive deliberate mispronunciation of "come on", used frequently by Jackson, occasionally spelled "c'mon", "cha'mone" or "shamone", is also a staple in impressions and caricatures of him.The turn of the 1990s saw the release of the introspective album Dangerous. The New York Times noted that on some tracks, "he gulps for breath, his voice quivers with anxiety or drops to a desperate whisper, hissing through clenched teeth" and he had a "wretched tone".When singing of brotherhood or self-esteem the musician would return to "smooth" vocals.When commenting on Invincible, Rolling Stone were of the opinion that—at the age of 43—Jackson still performed "exquisitely voiced rhythm tracks and vibrating vocal harmonies".Nelson George summed up Jackson's vocals by stating "The grace, the aggression, the growling, the natural boyishness, the falsetto, the smoothness—that combination of elements mark him as a major vocalist".
音乐视频和编舞[编辑]Steve Huey of Allmusic observed how Jackson transformed the music video into an art form and a promotional tool through complex story lines, dance routines, special effects and famous cameo appearances; simultaneously breaking down racial barriers.Before Thriller, Jackson struggled to receive coverage on MTV, allegedly because he was African American.Pressure from CBS Records persuaded MTV to start showing "Billie Jean" and later "Beat It", leading to a lengthy partnership with Jackson, also helping other black music artists gain recognition.MTV employees deny any racism in their coverage, or pressure to change their stance. MTV maintains that they played rock music, regardless of race.The popularity of his videos on MTV helped to put the relatively young channel "on the map"; MTV's focus shifted in favor of pop and R&B.His performance on Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever changed the scope of live stage show; "That Jackson lip-synced 'Billie Jean' is, in itself, not extraordinary, but the fact that it did not change the impact of the performance is extraordinary; whether the performance was live or lip-synced made no difference to the audience" thus creating an era in which artists re-create the spectacle of music video imagery on stage.Short films like Thriller largely remained unique to Jackson, while the group dance sequence in "Beat It" has frequently been imitated.The choreography in Thriller has become a part of global pop culture, replicated everywhere from Indian films to prisons in the Philippines.The Thriller short film marked an increase in scale for music videos, and has been named the most successful music video ever by the Guinness World Records.
In the 19-minute music video for "Bad"—directed by Martin Scorsese—Jackson began using sexual imagery and choreography not previously seen in his work. He occasionally grabbed or touched his chest, torso and crotch. When asked by Oprah in the 1993 interview about why he grabbed his crotch, he replied, "I think it happens subliminally" and he described it as something that was not planned, but rather, as something that was compelled by the music. "Bad" garnered a mixed reception from both fans and critics; Time magazine described it as "infamous". The video also featured Wesley Snipes; in the future Jackson's videos would often feature famous cameo roles.For the "Smooth Criminal" video, Jackson experimented with an anti-gravity lean where the performer leans forward at a 45 degree angle, beyond the performer's center of gravity. To accomplish this move live, Jackson and designers developed a special shoe that locks the performer's feet to the stage, allowing them to lean forward. They were granted 美國專利 5,255,452 for the device.Although the music video for "Leave Me Alone" was not officially released in the US, in 1989, it was nominated for three Billboard Music Video Awards;the same year it won a Golden Lion Award for the quality of the special effects used in its production. In 1990, "Leave Me Alone" won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form.
He received the MTV Video Vanguard Award in 1988 and the MTV Video Vanguard Artist of the Decade Award in 1990 to celebrate his accomplishments in the art form in the 1980s; in 1991 the first award was renamed in his honor."Black or White" was accompanied by a controversial music video, which, on November 14, 1991, simultaneously premiered in 27 countries with an estimated audience of 500 million people, the largest viewing ever for a music video at that time.It featured scenes construed as having a sexual nature as well as depictions of violence. The offending scenes in the final half of the 14-minute version were edited out to prevent the video from being banned, and Jackson apologized.Along with Jackson, it featured Macaulay Culkin, Peggy Lipton and George Wendt. It helped usher in morphing as an important technology in music videos.
"Remember the Time" was an elaborate production, and became one of his longest videos at over nine minutes. Set in ancient Egypt, it featured groundbreaking visual effects and appearances by Eddie Murphy, Iman and Magic Johnson, along with a distinct complex dance routine.The video for "In the Closet" was Jackson's most sexually provocative piece. It featured supermodel Naomi Campbell in a courtship dance with Jackson. The video was banned in South Africa because of its imagery.
The music video for "Scream", directed by Mark Romanek and production designer Tom Foden, is one of Jackson's most critically acclaimed. In 1995, it gained 11 MTV Video Music Award Nominations—more than any other music video—and won "Best Dance Video", "Best Choreography", and "Best Art Direction".The song and its accompanying video are a response to the backlash Jackson received from the media after being accused of child molestation in 1993.A year later, it won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form; shortly afterwards Guinness World Records listed it as the most expensive music video ever made at a cost of $7 million.
"Earth Song" was accompanied by an expensive and well-received music video that gained a Grammy nomination for Best Music Video, Short Form in 1997. The video had an environmental theme, showing images of animal cruelty, deforestation, pollution and war. Using special effects, time is reversed so that life returns, wars end, and the forests re-grow.Released in 1997 and premiering at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival, Michael Jackson's Ghosts was a short film written by Jackson and Stephen King and directed by Stan Winston. The video for Ghosts is over 38 minutes long and holds the Guinness World Record as the world's longest music video.
媒体经常尊称杰克逊为“流行音乐之王”（King of Pop），因为在他整个演艺生涯中，因为他改变了音乐录像带的艺术方式并为现代流行音乐铺平了道路。每日电讯报作者汤姆·厄特利在2003年称杰克逊“极度重要”以及“天才”。对于他部分的生涯来讲，他对全世界范围内的年轻一代通过他的音乐和人道主义贡献有着“无与伦比”的影响。杰克逊的音乐和视频，例如《Thriller》，在MTV中促进了种族的多元化，帮助将较新的频道进入公众意识，将频道的重点由摇滚乐转移到流行乐及节奏布鲁斯上，并将频道塑造成一种持久的形式。杰克逊的作品持续的影响着许多嘻哈音乐、摇滚音乐、流行音乐以及节奏布鲁斯的音乐家。BET称杰克逊为“有史以来最伟大的艺术家”以及“创造了革命性的音乐和像太空步一样的舞蹈传向世界。杰克逊的声音、风格、运动以及传奇将继续激励所有流派的艺术家”。
迈克尔·杰克逊分别于1980年和1984年以杰克逊五人组成员的身份和个人艺术家的身份登上好莱坞星光大道。在整个演艺生涯中，他获得了无数的荣誉和奖项，包括世界音乐奖的“千年流行歌曲销量最高男歌手奖”，全美音乐奖的“世纪歌手奖”以及斑比奖的“千年流行歌手奖”。他两次入选摇滚名人堂，第一次是1997年作为杰克逊五人组的成员，第二次是2001年以个人的身份入选。杰克逊也入选了其它名人堂，包括1999年进入音乐组合名人堂（作为杰克逊五人组的成员）以及2002年进入作曲家名人堂。2010年，杰克逊进入舞蹈名人堂，他是第一个也是目前为止唯一一个从事流行音乐和摇滚音乐的舞者进入到舞蹈名人堂的艺术家。他获得的奖项包括很多吉尼斯世界纪录（在2006年这一年获得了8个）；13个格莱美奖（以及格莱美传奇奖和格莱美终身成就奖）；26个全美音乐奖（包括“世纪艺术家”和“20世纪80年代艺术家”）超过其他任何艺术家；单飞生涯中13个全美单曲销量第一（在公告牌百强单曲榜中超过其他任何一位男歌手）以及全球销量超过4亿的记录，[注释 1]使他成为有史以来销量最高歌手之一。2009年12月29日，美国电影协会称杰克逊的逝世是“有意义的时刻”，还称“迈克尔·杰克逊在六月份的突然死亡让全世界流露着悲伤，并且有关他演唱会彩排的电影《就是这样》（This Is It）是前所未有的世界悼词”。迈克尔·杰克逊也获得了联合黑人学院基金会的人道文学博士学位和菲斯克大学的人道文学博士荣誉学位。
|2003||5.5亿美元 （包括梦幻庄园、恩西诺和拉斯维加斯的房屋以及其它资产为1亿美元，4.5亿美元包括索尼ATV 50%的控股以及其它音乐出版）||2亿美元||3.5亿美元||“福布斯”杂志，2003年11月21日|
|2007||5.676亿美元（包括50%和Sony/ATV共享的份额达到3.906亿美元，梦幻庄园价值3300万美元，汽车、古董、收藏品和其他财产价值2000万美元，以及668,215美元现金）||3.31亿美元||2.36亿美元||迈克尔·杰克逊于2007年3月由总部位于华盛顿的汤普森会计师事务所、Cobb、Bazilio & Associates公司编制的，CBS新闻描述的财务状况声明|
迈克尔·杰克逊一生有两段婚姻： 第一任妻子是猫王的独生女莉萨·玛丽·普雷斯利(1994–1996)，两人无子女。 第二任妻子是杰克逊在治疗白癜风时候的护士Debbie Rowe (1996–1999)，两人生有两个孩子：
- 长子：Prince Michael Jackson I(1997年2月13日生)
- 长女：Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson(1998年4月3日生)
- 《Got to Be There》（1972）
- 《Music & Me》（1973）
- 《Forever, Michael》（1975）
- 《Off the Wall》（1979）
- 《HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I》（1995）
|1982||《Michael Jackson's Thriller》||饰演自己、猫人、僵尸||约翰·兰迪斯|||
- ^ 1.0 1.1 Family: Michael Jackson Had A Will. CBS News. June 30, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ County of Los Angeles Department of Health Services. (2009). Michael Jackson death certificate.
- ^ 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 Huey, Steve. Michael Jackson—Biography. Allmusic. [November 11, 2006].
- ^ Biography for Michael Jackson. Internet Movie Database. [October 15, 2011].
- ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 Lara, David. Michael Jackson's 'Bad' Gets a Revamp and More Inflated Sales!. Impre (ImpreMedia). May 12, 2012 [January 17, 2013].
- ^ 6.0 6.1 Michael Jackson verklagt Auktionshaus. N24. March 5, 2009 [January 10, 2013] （German）.
- ^ 7.0 7.1 Ansturm auf Tickets für Michael Jackson-Konzerte. Kleine Zeitung (Austria). March 8, 2009 [January 10, 2013] （German）.
- ^ Lewis, Monica. 20 People Who Changed Black Music: Michael Jackson, the Child Star-Turned-Adult Enigma. The Miami Herald. June 14, 2007 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Michael Jackson tops global download sales list. NME. August 30, 2010 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Michael Jackson Is Most Downloaded Artist Of All Time. MTV UK. August 29, 2010 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Orth, Maureen. Losing His Grip. Vanity Fair. April 2003 [March 17, 2013].
- ^ Mankiewicz, Josh. New details about 1993 Jackson case. NBC News. September 3, 2004 [December 13, 2012].
- ^ Hazarika's funeral creates world record. MSN. July 8, 2009.
- ^ Jackson, Michael. Moonwalk. Random House. 2009. 26 [First published 1988]. ISBN 0-307-71698-8.
- ^ 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 George, p. 20
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 14
- ^ 17.0 17.1 Michael Jackson's Secret Childhood, VH1, June 20, 2008.
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 20–22
- ^ 19.0 19.1 Can Michael Jackson's demons be explained?, BBC, June 27, 2009.
- ^ Jackson interview seen by 14m. BBC News. February 4, 2003 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Daniel Schechter, Erica Willheim (2009). "The Effects of Violent Experience and Maltreatment on Infants and Young Children". In Charles H. Zeanah (Ed.). Handbook of Infant Mental Health—3rd Edition. New York: Guilford Press, Inc. pp. 197–214.
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 602
- ^ 23.0 23.1 Lewis, pp. 165–168
- ^ 24.0 24.1 The Jackson Five, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
- ^ Michael jackson bio. Rolling Stone. 1. [October 4, 2012].
- ^ Alban, Debra. Michael Jackson Broke Down Racial Barriers. Black in America 2 (CNN). June 28, 2009 [January 24, 2012].
- ^ 27.0 27.1 27.2 George, p. 22
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 138–144
- ^ 29.0 29.1 George, p. 23
- ^ 30.0 30.1 Taraborrelli, pp. 205–210
- ^ 31.0 31.1 George, pp. 37–38
- ^ Michael Jackson is born – History.com This Day in History – August 29, 1958. The History Channel. [December 26, 2010].
- ^ Michael Jackson: Off the Wall, Virgin Media. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
- ^ Donna Summer and Michael Jackson sweep Annual American Music Awards. Lakeland Ledger. January 20, 1980 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ Donna No. 1, Pop and Soul; Michael Jackson King of Soul. The Afro American. February 2, 1980 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ Few Surprises In Music Awards. Sarasota Herald. February 1, 1981 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 188
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 191
- ^ 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 39.4 Grammy Awards Past Winners Search, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 14, 2008.
- ^ Michael Jackson sweeps American Music Awards. Daily News. January 17, 1984 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ MICHAEL HE'S NOT JUST THE ROCK STAR OF THE YEAR, HE'S THE ROCK STAR OF THE '80S. Philadelphia Inquirer. December 20, 1983 [July 5, 2010].
- ^ Cash register's ring sweet music to record industry. Gasden Times. March 26, 1984 [July 5, 2010].
- ^ RIAA Diamond Awards, Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
- ^ Gitlin, Martin. The Baby Boomer Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. March 1, 2011. 196 [January 15, 2013].
- ^ Lewis, p. 47
- ^ 46.0 46.1 46.2 Grammy Awards Past Winners Search, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 14, 2008.
- ^ 47.0 47.1 47.2 Cocks, Jay. Why He's a Thriller. Time. March 19, 1984 [April 25, 2010].
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 226
- ^ Michael Jackson. CNN. December 30, 2009 [April 17, 2010].
- ^ Dobuzinskis, Alex. Jackson "Thriller" film picked for U.S. registry. Thomas Reuters. Reuters. December 30, 2009 [July 2, 2011].
- ^ Itzkoff, Dave. 'Thriller' Video Added to U.S. Film Registry. The New York Times. December 30, 2009 [April 28, 2010].
- ^ Pareles, John. Michael Jackson at 25: A Musical Phenomenon, The New York Times, January 14, 1984.
- ^ 53.0 53.1 Fatal Cardiac Arrest Strikes Michael Jackson. Emmys.tv. June 25, 2009 [June 11, 2012].
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 238–41
- ^ Kisselgoff, Anna. Dancing feet of Michael Jackson, The New York Times, March 6, 1988.
- ^ Berry Gordy Addresses Michael Jackson Memorial Service Sound Clip and Quote. Hark. [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Story, Louise. Philip B. Dusenberry, 71, Adman, Dies. The New York Times. December 31, 2007 [July 17, 2009].
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 279–287
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 304–307
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 315–320
- ^ Grammy Awards Past Winners Search, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 14, 2008.
- ^ Bruce shows who's Boss. The Gazette. Montreal. January 28, 1986 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ Campbell, Lisa D. Michael Jackson: the King of Pop. Branden Books. 1993. 114 [June 16, 2010]. ISBN 978-0-8283-1957-7.
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 340–344
- ^ 65.0 65.1 65.2 65.3 65.4 65.5 65.6 65.7 Hilburn, Robert. The long and winding road. Los Angeles Times. September 22, 1985.
- ^ 66.0 66.1 66.2 66.3 Doyle, Jack. Michael & McCartney, 1990s–2009. The Pop History Dig. July 7, 2009.
- ^ 67.0 67.1 67.2 Taraborrelli, pp. 333–338
- ^ 68.0 68.1 68.2 Paul McCartney refused an offer to buy the ATV Catalog for £20 million. Audio & transcript of McCartney at a 1990 press conference. November 13, 2010.
- ^ 69.0 69.1 Michael Jackson 1958–2009. Today Tonight. 2009-06-25: Coverage of the sale of ATV Music at 2:36 minutes in [January 12, 2011].
- ^ 70.0 70.1 70.2 Campbell (1995), pp. 14–16
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 434–436
- ^ Michael Jackson case report. TMZ.com. [September 10, 2010].
- ^ Surgeon: Michael Jackson A 'Nasal Cripple', ABC News, February 8, 2003.
- ^ 74.0 74.1 74.2 74.3 Jackson, pp. 229–230
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 312–313
- ^ Michael Jackson Secret Boyfriend Claims Draw Fury. National Ledger. May 8, 2010 [July 2, 2011].
- ^ 77.0 77.1 Taraborrelli, pp. 355–361
- ^ 78.0 78.1 78.2 Music's misunderstood superstar. BBC. June 13, 2005 [July 14, 2008].
- ^ Goldberg, Michael; Handelman, David. Is Michael Jackson for Real?. Rolling Stone. September 24, 1987.
- ^ 80.0 80.1 Taraborrelli, pp. 370–373
- ^ Abimboye, Demola. The Man, His Weird Ways. Newswatch. July 5, 2009 [October 24, 2009]. （原始内容存档于October 22, 2012）.
- ^ Jackson, Michael. 访谈 with Barbara Walters. 20/20. ABC. September 12, 1997.
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. vii
- ^ George, p. 41
- ^ Captain EO is Back to Change the World. Movies.ign.com. February 23, 2010 [August 22, 2010].
- ^ Ebony. 1987.September, 42 (11): 143, 149. ISSN 0012-9011., Ebony. 1990.October, 45 (12): 66. ISSN 0012-9011.
- ^ 87.0 87.1 87.2 Cocks, Jay. The Badder They Come, Time, September 14, 1987.
- ^ Leopold, Todd. Michael Jackson: A life in the spotlight. CNN. June 6, 2005 [May 5, 2008].
- ^ Michael Jackson Bad album set for re-release. Telegraphy. 2011 [May 25, 2012].
- ^ 50 fastest selling albums ever. NME. 2011 [May 25, 2012].
- ^ Kaufman, Gil. Michael Jackson's New Album Cover Decoded Painting is packed with iconic MJ images. MTV. 2010 [May 25, 2012].
- ^ Sinha-Roy, Piya. Michael Jackson is still "Bad," 25 years after. Reuters. May 21, 2012 [May 22, 2012].
- ^ 25th Anniversary Of Michael Jackson’s Landmark Album Bad Celebrated With September 18 Release Of New Bad 25 Packages. Yahoo!. May 21, 2012 [May 24, 2012]. （原始内容存档于November 14, 2012）.
- ^ Michael Jackson's Bad To Get 25th Anniversary Release. contactmusic. May 21, 2012 [May 25, 2012].
- ^ Michael, Travis top Music Award winners. Lodi News-Sentinel. January 30, 1989 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ American Music Awards Monday. The Modesto Bee. January 27, 1989 [June 18, 2010].[失效連結]
- ^ Campbell, Lisa D. Michael Jackson: the King of Pop. Branden Books. 1993. 251 [July 5, 2010]. ISBN 978-0-8283-1957-7.
- ^ JACKSON TOUR ON ITS WAY TO U.S.. San Josè Mercury News. January 12, 1988 [July 5, 2010].
- ^ Winners of American Music Awards. Lodi News-Sentinel. January 26, 1988 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ 100.0 100.1 Lewis, pp. 95–96
- ^ Harrington, Richard. Jackson to Make First Solo U.S. Tour. The Washington Post. January 12, 1988 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ 16 of Michael Jackson's Greatest Non-Musical Achievements. brainz.org. [April 12, 2013].
- ^ Michael Jackson Career Statistics. statisticbrain.com. [April 12, 2013].
- ^ Michael Jackson The Immortal World Tour. cirquedusoleil.com. [April 12, 2013].
- ^ Shanahan, Mark and Golstein, Meredith. Remembering Michael. Boston Globe. June 27, 2009 [March 14, 2010].
- ^ Jackson, pp. 29–31
- ^ George, p. 42
- ^ 108.0 108.1 108.2 108.3 108.4 George, pp. 43–44
- ^ 109.0 109.1 109.2 "Michael Jackson: Biography", Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 14, 2008.
- ^ 110.0 110.1 Gunderson, Edna. For Jackson, scandal could spell financial ruin. USA Today. February 19, 2007 [March 14, 2010].
- ^ 111.0 111.1 111.2 Jackson receives his World Records. Yahoo!. November 14, 2006 [November 16, 2006]. （原始内容存档于May 27, 2011）.
- ^ Press references to Jackson as a music "king" appeared as early as 1984 after he swept the Grammy Awards, and "king of pop" appeared as early as 1987. MTV and Fox used the title in joint press releases and ads for the "Black or White" video at Jackson's request, but MTV denied a report that VJs were required to use it on-camera. Writers described the title as self-proclaimed from then on.
- ^ Arar, Yardena. Michael Jackson coronated latest king of rock 'n' roll. Boca Raton News. February 29, 1984: (7A).
- ^ Staff writer. Is the thrill gone for singer Michael Jackson?. Sacramento Bee. July 27, 1987: (B3).
- ^ Browne, David. Michael Jackson's Black or White Blues. Entertainment Weekly. November 29, 1991.
- ^ Campbell (1993) pp. 260–263
- ^ Remarks on the Upcoming Summit With President Mikhail Gorbachev of the Soviet Union, April 5, 1990.
- ^ Blacks who give back. Ebony. 1990.March [March 14, 2010]. （原始内容存档于July 8, 2012）.[失效連結]
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 382
- ^ Michael Jackson's Life & Legacy: The Eccentric King Of Pop (1986–1999). MTV News. July 6, 2009 [August 22, 2010].
- ^ Gray, Chris; Shah, Saeed. Robbie swings historic record deal with EMI. The Independent (London). October 3, 2002 [March 24, 2010].[失效連結]
- ^ 122.0 122.1 122.2 122.3 Gold and Platinum. Recording Industry Association of America. [April 27, 2008].
- ^ Michael Jackson sulla sedia a rotelle. Affaritaliani. August 11, 2008 [May 10, 2009].
- ^ Carter, Kelley L. New jack swing. Chicago Tribune. August 10, 2008 [December 19, 2010].
- ^ 125.0 125.1 125.2 125.3 125.4 125.5 The return of the King of Pop. MSNBC. November 2, 2006 [June 8, 2008].
- ^ 126.0 126.1 126.2 126.3 126.4 126.5 126.6 George, pp. 45–46
- ^ Garth Brooks ropes in most Billboard awards. Allegheny Times. December 10, 1992 [July 4, 2010].
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 459
- ^ Harrington, Richard. Jackson to Tour Overseas. The Washington Post. February 5, 1992.
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 452–454
- ^ Stars line up for Clinton celebration. Daily News of Los Angeles. (January 19, 1993).
- ^ Smith, Patricia. Facing the music and the masses at the presidential gala. Boston Globe. January 20, 1992.
- ^ 133.0 133.1 133.2 133.3 Johnson, Robert. Michael Jackson: crowned in Africa. Ebony. 1992.May [July 23, 2008].[失效連結]
- ^ Sandomir, Richard. How Jackson Redefined the Super Bowl. The New York Times. June 29, 2009 [June 8, 2013].
- ^ Cyrus, Bolton please the fans. Toledo Blade. January 27, 1993 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ 136.0 136.1 1993: Michael Jackson accused of child abuse. BBC. February 8, 2003 [November 11, 2006].
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 485–486
- ^ 138.0 138.1 138.2 Taraborrelli, pp. 477–478
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 496–498
- ^ Jackson Vs. the State of California – Michael Jackson. Superior Court of California. 2005.
- ^ 141.0 141.1 141.2 Taraborrelli, pp. 534–540
- ^ Orth, Maureen. The Importance of Being Famous: Behind the Scenes of the Celebrity-Industial Complex. Henry Holt and Company. May 1, 2005. 331. ISBN 978-0-8050-7847-3.
- ^ Dimond, Diane. Be Careful Who You Love: Inside the Michael Jackson Case. : 13–15.
- ^ Superior Court of the State of California For the County of Santa Barbara Santa Maria Division. 4. 2005.
- ^ Photos May Contradict Michael's Accuser. USA Today. Mjeol.com. January 28, 1994 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Campbell (1995), pp. 47–50
- ^ Jackson Grand Jury Disbanded – 1994.. May 2, 1994 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ STATEMENT OF DECLINATION ISSUED JOINTLY BY THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S OFFICES OF LOS ANGELES AND SANTA BARABARA COUNTIES. September 21, 1994. atgbook.net. [October 26, 2010]. （原始内容存档于December 25, 2005）.
- ^ 149.0 149.1 Attorneys for Michael Jackson. Objection to Subpoena of Settlement Document. Superior Court of California. March 22, 2005.
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 540–545
- ^ Michael Jackson's $15 Million Payoff. The Smoking Gun. June 16, 2004 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Newton, Jim. Grand Jury to convene in Jackson Case Law: Sources close to the investigation say a panel in Santa Barbara will hear testimony next week about alleged molestation of boy.. Los Angeles Times. February 5, 1994 [June 25, 2010].
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 500–507
- ^ Gliatto, Tom. Neverland Meets Graceland. People. August 15, 1994.
- ^ 155.0 155.1 155.2 Taraborrelli, pp. 518–520
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 510
- ^ 157.0 157.1 She's Out Of His Life. CNN. January 18, 1996 [July 24, 2008].
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 562–564
- ^ 159.0 159.1 Taraborrelli, pp. 580–581
- ^ Lisa Marie Presley Opens Up About Michael Jackson. Oprah.com. October 21, 2010 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Michael Jackson sells rights to Beatles songs to Sony. The New York Times. Associated Press. November 8, 1995 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ 162.0 162.1 Leeds, Jeff. Michael Jackson Bailout Said to Be Close. The New York Times. April 13, 2006 [July 23, 2008].
- ^ Top 100 Albums (Page 2). Recording Industry Association of America. [April 16, 2008].
- ^ Putti, Laura. Il nuovo Michael Jackson fa un tuffo nel passato. La Repubblica. August 24, 2001 [May 10, 2009].
- ^ 165.0 165.1 165.2 165.3 165.4 165.5 165.6 165.7 George, pp. 48–50
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 576–577
- ^ 167.0 167.1 ADL happy with Michael Jackson decision. Anti-Defamation League. June 22, 1995 [July 1, 2008].
- ^ Brooks turns down award for favorite artist of the year. Rome News-Tribune. January 30, 1996 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 570–586
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 597
- ^ 171.0 171.1 Taraborrelli, pp. 599–600
- ^ 172.0 172.1 Jackson child custody battle ends. BBC News. September 30, 2006 [April 25, 2010].
- ^ 173.0 173.1 Rojek, Chris. Cultural Studies. Polity. 2007. 74. ISBN 0-7456-3683-7.
- ^ 174.0 174.1 174.2 174.3 174.4 Taraborrelli, pp. 610–612
- ^ Ricky Martin, Mariah Carey, Michael Jackson, Others To Join Pavarotti For Benefit. VH1. May 5, 1999 [May 30, 2008].
- ^ Slash, Scorpions, Others Scheduled For 'Michael Jackson & Friends'. VH1. May 27, 1999 [May 30, 2008].
- ^ Tracie Rozhon. BIG DEAL; An Old Chagall Haunt, Repainted. The New York Times. November 16, 2000 [April 10, 2013].
- ^ Lauryn Hill, Backstreet Boys, DMX Honored With American Music Awards. MTV. January 18, 2000 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ 179.0 179.1 179.2 179.3 Taraborrelli, pp. 614–617
- ^ 180.0 180.1 180.2 George, pp. 50–53
- ^ 181.0 181.1 Burkeman, Oliver. Liveblogging Michael Jackson's funeral and memorial service. The Guardian. July 7, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Conniff, Tamara. We Killed Michael Jackson. Huffington Post. August 30, 2009 [August 30, 2009].
- ^ 183.0 183.1 Burkeman, Oliver. Jacko gets tough: but is he a race crusader or just a falling star?. The Guardian (London). July 8, 2002 [July 23, 2008].
- ^ Jackson, Jermaine. 访谈 with Connie Chung. Interview with Jermaine Jackson. Connie Chung Tonight. December 31, 2002. [July 2, 2008]
- ^ Keys, Destiny's Child, McGraw win at American Music Awards. Lodi-News Sentinel. January 10, 2002 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ Michael Jackson. Daily Mirror. [May 29, 2009].[失效連結]
- ^ Vineyard, Jennifer. Michael Jackson Calls Baby-Dangling Incident A 'Terrible Mistake'. MTV. November 20, 2002 [March 3, 2009].
- ^ BPI Searchable database—Gold and Platinum. British Phonographic Industry.
- ^ 189.0 189.1 Taraborrelli, p. 640
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 661
- ^ Davis, Matthew. Michael Jackson health concerns. BBC. June 6, 2005 [April 14, 2008].
- ^ Michael Jackson jury reaches verdict. The Guardian (London). Associated Press. June 13, 2005 [July 12, 2008].
- ^ Toumi, Habib. Jackson settles down to his new life in the Persian Gulf. Gulf News. January 23, 2006 [November 11, 2006]. （原始内容存档于February 12, 2006）.
- ^ Jermaine Jackson reveals escape plan for Michael. Associated Press. September 10, 2011 [September 24, 2011].
- ^ McNamara, Melissa. Jackson Closes Neverland House. CBS News. March 17, 2006 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Ackman, Dan. Really Odd Facts About Michael Jackson. Forbes. June 14, 2005 [October 7, 2009].
- ^ Jackson strikes deal over loans. BBC News. April 14, 2006 [April 25, 2010].
- ^ Michael Jackson Sails With Two Seas. Billboard. [March 16, 2013].
- ^ 199.0 199.1 Jackson parts with Bahrain label. BBC News. September 26, 2006 [April 25, 2010].
- ^ Friedman, Roger. Who's Funding Jackson's Retreat to Irish Recording Studio?. Fox News Channel. October 21, 2006 [September 2, 2009].
- ^ 2006 World Music Awards. Chiff. [February 13, 2008]. （原始内容存档于February 4, 2008）.
- ^ Reid, Shaheem. James Brown Saluted By Michael Jackson at Public Funeral Service. MTV. December 30, 2006 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Michael Jackson buys rights to Eminem tunes and more,. Rolling Stone. May 31, 2007.
- ^ Wardrop, Murray. Michael Jackson: the unreleased album. The Daily Telegraph (London). June 27, 2009 [March 19, 2010].
- ^ Interview With RedOne. HitQuarters. March 23, 2009 [March 19, 2010].
- ^ Talmadge, Eric. Michael Jackson 'wouldn't change' career. USA Today. Associated Press. March 8, 2007 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Halaby, Valerie. Michael Jackson was long-time U.S. Military supporter. Clarity Digital Group LLC. [August 7, 2013].
- ^ Will.i.am On Working With Michael Jackson. Rolling Stone. September 24, 2007.
- ^ 209.0 209.1 Zona Musical. zm.nu. [April 5, 2008] （Spanish）.[失效連結]
- ^ Thriller the best selling album of all time. digitalproducer. February 20, 2008 [April 6, 2008].
- ^ Michael Jackson Thriller 25. ultratop.be. [April 6, 2008].
- ^ Friedman, Roger. Jacko: Neverland East in Upstate New York. Fox News Channel. May 16, 2008 [May 22, 2008].
- ^ Choose The Tracks On Michael Jackson's 50th Birthday Album!. Sony BMG. June 20, 2008 [June 20, 2008]. （原始内容存档于June 30, 2009）.
- ^ Michael Jackson—King of Pop. acharts.us. [September 11, 2008].
- ^ King of Pop. ultratop.be. [September 5, 2008].
- ^ Neverland peters out for pop's Peter Pan. The Sydney Morning Herald. November 13, 2008 [November 20, 2008].
- ^ "Jacko gives up Neverland ranch deed". Press Association. (November 16, 2008).
- ^ Adams, Susan. Ten Most Expensive Michael Jackson Collectibles. Forbes. April 14, 2009 [April 14, 2009].
- ^ Michael Jackson Exhibition – 2009. Juliensauctions.com. April 25, 2009 [September 2, 2009].
- ^ Michael Jackson: The fantastic possessions revealed – Americas, World. The Independent (London). June 26, 2009 [September 2, 2009].
- ^ Foster, Patrick. Michael Jackson grand finale curtain-raiser. The Times (London). March 6, 2009 [March 24, 2009]. （原始内容存档于March 6, 2009）.
- ^ Kreps, Daniel. Michael Jackson's "This Is It!" Tour Balloons to 50-Show Run Stretching Into 2010. Rolling Stone. March 12, 2009.
- ^ Michael Jackson: The Last Rehearsal. Life. June 29, 2009 [August 28, 2009]. （原始内容存档于July 4, 2009）.
- ^ Michael Jackson dead at 50 after cardiac arrest. CNN. June 25, 2009 [August 31, 2009].
- ^ Christian Audigier Michael Jackson Clothing Collection Confirmed. Popcrunch.com. June 24, 2008 [January 4, 2011].
- ^ Michael Jackson Christian Audigier Clothing Line Was in the Works. Popcrunch.com. July 2, 2009 [January 4, 2011].
- ^ Eng, Joyce. Judge Approves Michael Jackson Film. TV Guide. August 10, 2009 [August 10, 2009].
- ^ This is It (2009). Box Office Mojo. [January 16, 2010].
- ^ Judge OKs Jackson performance film deal. MSNBC. Associated Press. August 10, 2009 [March 3, 2010].
- ^ Herrera, Monica. New Michael Jackson Song, Album Due In October. Billboard. September 23, 2009 [March 3, 2010].
- ^ Taylor Swift, Michael Jackson dominate American Music Awards nominations (Updated). Los Angeles Times. October 13, 2009 [October 14, 2009].
- ^ 2009 American Music Awards: Scorecard. Los Angeles Times. November 22, 2009 [November 23, 2009].
- ^ 233.0 233.1 Harvey, Michael. Fans mourn artist for whom it didn't matter if you were black or white. The Times (London). June 26, 2009 [June 26, 2009]. （原始内容存档于June 26, 2009）.
- ^ Los Angeles Fire Department recording of the emergency phone call made from Michael Jackson's home. BBC. June 26, 2009 [June 27, 2009].
- ^ Transcript of 911 call. Yahoo! News. June 26, 2009.
- ^ Singer Michael Jackson dead at 50-Legendary pop star had been preparing for London comeback tour. MSNBC. June 25, 2009 [June 25, 2009].
- ^ Moore, Matthew. Michael Jackson, King of Pop, dies of cardiac arrest in Los Angeles. The Daily Telegraph (London). June 26, 2009 [June 27, 2009].
- ^ Tourtellotte, Bob. King of Pop Michael Jackson is dead: official. Reuters. June 25, 2009 [June 25, 2009].
- ^ Rawlinson, Linnie; Hunt, Nick. Jackson dies, almost takes Internet with him. CNN. June 27, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Shiels, Maggie. Web slows after Jackson's death, BBC News, June 26, 2009.
- ^ Phoebe. "The King of Pop vs. Wikipedia", The Wikipedia Signpost, June 29, 2009; see Template:Stats.grok.se
- ^ Wood, Daniel B. Outpouring over Michael Jackson unlike anything since Princess Di. The Christian Science Monitor. June 27, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ 243.0 243.1 Skok, David. Internet stretched to limit as fans flock for Michael Jackson news. The Vancouver Sun. June 26, 2009. （原始内容存档于July 3, 2009）.
- ^ 244.0 244.1 Wortham, Jenna. Michael Jackson Tops the Charts on Twitter. The New York Times. June 25, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Krazit, Tim; McCullagh, Declan. Debate: Can the Internet handle big breaking news?. CNET. June 26, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Stelter, Brian. MTV's Jackson Marathon. The New York Times. June 26, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Jacko news spreads to Eastenders. MSN Entertainment. June 28, 2009.
- ^ The Sun, July 8, 2009, pp. 10–11.
- ^ Poor, Jeff. Jacko Telethon: Primetime Broadcast Network Coverage Devotes One Third of All News to Pop Star's Death. NewsBusters. July 10, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Time Magazine to Publish Special Jackson Issue. People. June 27, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Hill, Catey. Scene with Michael Jackson, LaToya Jackson cut from Sacha Baron Cohen's "Bruno". Daily News (New York). June 26, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Over 1.6M apply for Jackson memorial tickets. TODAY.com. Associated Press. July 4, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Michael Jackson memorial draws crowds online. CNN. [June 11, 2012].
- ^ Michael Jackson Memorial Earns 31 Million Viewers & More TV News. Aoltv.com. July 9, 2009 [June 11, 2012].
- ^ 255.0 255.1 Allen, Nick. Michael Jackson memorial service: the biggest celebrity send-off of all time. The Daily Telegraph. July 7, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Potter, Andrew. "There was nothing strange about your daddy". Maclean's. July 7, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Top Moments: Michael Jackson Memorial. TV Guide. July 7, 2009 [March 17, 2013].
- ^ Rev Lucious Smith on conducting the memorial service for Michael Jackson. Radio Live. June 28, 2010 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Burgess, Kaya. LA coroner to treat Michael Jackson's death as a homicide. The Times (London). August 24, 2009 [August 24, 2009].
- ^ Jackson 'had lethal drug levels'. BBC News. August 25, 2009 [August 25, 2009].
- ^ Doheny, Kathleen; Louise Chang, Hector Vila Jr. Propofol Linked to Michael Jackson's Death. WebMD. August 24, 2009 [August 25, 2009].
- ^ Michael Jackson Homicide Ruling. [August 24, 2009].[失效連結]
- ^ Michael Jackson's doctor charged with manslaughter. BBC News. February 9, 2010 [February 8, 2010].
- ^ Coleman, Mark. Michael Jackson finally laid to rest in Los Angeles. The Daily Telegraph (London). September 4, 2009 [September 8, 2009].
- ^ Wells, Jason. One year later: Fans gather to pay tribute to Michael Jackson. Glendale News-Press (Los Angeles). June 25, 2010 [June 25, 2010].
- ^ EFE. Familia y fans de Jackson le recuerdan en el aniversario de su muerte. La Vanguardia (Los Angeles). June 26, 2010 [June 26, 2010].
- ^ Judd, Amy. Gary Indiana Hosts Michael Jackson Tribute June 25, 2010. Glendale News-Press (Gary, Indiana). June 25, 2010 [June 25, 2010].
- ^ Baichwal, Ravi. Fans honor Michael Jackson in Gary, Indiana. WLS (Gary, Ind.). June 25, 2010 [June 25, 2010].
- ^ Mccartney, Anthony. A year after Michael Jackson's death, fan base remains committed to keeping memory alive. Los Angeles. Associated Press. June 23, 2010 [June 23, 2010].
- ^ Romero, Dennis. MJ fans plan to march in downtown L.A. one day after anniversary. LAWeekly (Los Angeles). June 4, 2010 [June 5, 2010].
- ^ Gimenez-Llort, Lydia. M4mj 'forever Michael' 4 For Fans Use Only! from WN. WN (Los Angeles). June 26, 2010 [July 20, 2010].
- ^ An amazing tribute: The Jackson Family Foundation & VoicePlate Productions presents "Forever Michael.". Michael Jackson Official site (Los Angeles). June 26, 2010 [June 6, 2010].
- ^ Aniversario de muerte de Michael Jackson pasará sin grandes homenajes. EFE (Los Angeles). June 26, 2010 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Caulfield, Keith. Taylor Swift Edges Susan Boyle for 2009's Top-Selling Album. Billboard. January 6, 2010 [January 7, 2010].
- ^ Jackson sells 35 million albums since death – Entertainment – Access Hollywood. MSNBC. June 25, 2010 [June 30, 2010].
- ^ Van, Eliot. Michael Jackson First Artist to Sell Over 1 Million Downloads in a Single Week. Wired. July 1, 2009 [June 11, 2012].
- ^ Caulfield, Keith. Taylor Swift Edges Susan Boyle For 2009's Top-Selling Album. Billboard. September 14, 2009 [June 11, 2012].
- ^ 278.0 278.1 Smith, Ethan. Sony Places Big Bet on a Fallen 'King'. The Wall Street Journal. March 16, 2010 [March 17, 2010].
- ^ Kreps, Daniel. Michael Jackson Estate, Sony Strike Massive 250 Million Deal to Release King of Pop's Music. Rolling Stone. March 16, 2010 [November 9, 2011].
- ^ MICHAEL Album Announcement. Breakingnews.michaeljackson.com. [November 4, 2010].
- ^ Michael Jackson in 'record' $200m music deal. BBC News. March 16, 2009 [March 17, 2010].
- ^ Michael Jackson Fans Will Moonwalk In Motion-Sensing Game. Billboard. Associated Press. September 14, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Hicks, Tony. People: Cirque du Soleil mounting Michael Jackson tour. San Jose Mercury News. [November 7, 2010].
- ^ Cirque plans $57M touring Jackson show. CBC News. November 3, 2010 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Where to see Cirque du Soleil's Michael Jackson tour. The Independent. [November 7, 2010].
- ^ Michael Jackson 'Immortal' tour opens advance ticket sales. The Independent. [November 7, 2010].
- ^ Jones, Chris. Review: 'Michael Jackson ONE' by Cirque du Soleil. Chicago Tribune. July 13, 2013 [September 27, 2013].
- ^ Lane, Richard. Michael Jackson ONE Becomes The One Show You Must See In Vegas. VegasChatter. July 3, 2013 [September 27, 2013].
- ^ Michael Jackson's New Vegas Show 'One' Will Double The Fun. Forbes. February 22, 2013 [September 27, 2013].
- ^ Yancey, Kitty. Cirque tells more about new Michael Jackson Vegas show. USA Today. February 21, 2013 [March 19, 2013].
- ^ English Premier League: Fans can 'go to hell', says Fulham owner Mohamed Al Fayed. BBC News. April 3, 2011 [July 6, 2012].
- ^ Ronay, Barney. Fulham fans cry foul over 'bizarre' Michael Jackson statue. The Guardian. [April 20, 2011].
- ^ Michael Jackson Fulham FC statue defended by Al Fayed. BBC. April 3, 2011 [April 20, 2011].
- ^ Michael Jackson is HIStory: Controversial statue removed from Fulham stadium Craven Cottage. The Independent. September 25, 2013 [September 26, 2013].
- ^ Jermaine calls for an end to Jackson family feud. BBC News. [October 3, 2012].
- ^ Michael Jackson nephew made co-guardian of children. BBC News. August 23, 2012 [October 3, 2012].
- ^ Pow, Helen. Wade Robson: Michael Jackson 'molested me for SEVEN years and said I'd go to jail for the rest of my life if I told anyone'. Daily Mail. May 16, 2013 [January 16, 2014].
- ^ Broder, John. 2 Witnesses Say They Shared Jackson's Bed and Were Never Molested. New York Times. May 6, 2005 [January 16, 2014].
- ^ 'Outrageous and pathetic': Michael Jackson lawyer rails against new claims of sexual abuse against the pop star. Daily Mail. May 9, 2013 [January 16, 2014].
- ^ Heger, Jen. D-Day For Michael Jackson Molestation Accuser: Trial Scheduled To Determine If Wade Robson Can Sue Estate. Radar Online. October 10, 2013 [January 16, 2014].
- ^ Gottlieb, Jeff. Michael Jackson estate embroiled in tax fight with IRS. Los Angeles Times. February 7, 2014 [February 10, 2014].
- ^ 303.0 303.1 Tucker, Ken. SUMMER READING; FIRING YOUR FATHER ISN'T EASY. The New York Times. June 5, 1988: (2) [July 26, 2012]. （原始内容存档于July 26, 2012）.
- ^ Why People Still Dance Like Gene Kelly. slate.com. [October 5, 2012].
- ^ 100 Greatest Singers: David Ruffin. Rolling Stone. 2008 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Jones, Jel D. Lewis. Michael Jackson, the king of pop: the big picture : the music! the man! the legend! the interviews : an anthology. Amber Books Publishing. June 1, 2005 [August 16, 2011]. ISBN 978-0-9749779-0-4.
- ^ David Winters remembers Michael Jackson " Magick Papers & Nightlife Thailand. Magickpapers.com. [May 16, 2011].
- ^ Thank you BigBearJohn: here's also David Winters. Democratic Underground. [May 16, 2011].
- ^ Remembering Michael Jackson, On Screen. indieWIRE. [May 16, 2011].
- ^ Michael Jackson saved my life. Scarborough Evening News. [June 28, 2009].
- ^ IMDb Search
- ^ James Brown – Jackson Attends Brown's Public Funeral. Contactmusic.com. January 2, 2007 [September 2, 2009].
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 60
- ^ Taraborrelli, p. 64
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 209–210
- ^ 316.0 316.1 Heyliger, M. Thriller by Michael Jackson. Consumerhelpweb.com. [March 12, 2011]. （原始内容存档于December 4, 2008）. "Not many artists could pull off such a variety of styles (funk, post-disco, rock, easy listening, ballads) back then...."
- ^ 317.0 317.1 317.2 Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Thriller Overview. Allmusic. [June 15, 2008].
- ^ Henderson, Eric. Michael Jackson:Thriller. Slant Magazine. 2003 [June 15, 2008].
- ^ 319.0 319.1 319.2 319.3 Connelly, Christopher. Michael Jackson: Thriller. Rolling Stone. January 28, 1983.
- ^ 320.0 320.1 George, p.24
- ^ Michael Jackson Dangerous Review. Sony Music Entertainment. 2001 [August 27, 2008]. （原始内容存档于December 4, 2005）.
- ^ Ramage, John D.; Bean, John C.; Johnson, June. Writing arguments: a rhetoric with readings. Allyn and Bacon. 2001. 491 [July 14, 2009]. ISBN 0-205-31745-6. "'Black or White', described by the record company as 'a rock 'n' roll dance song about racial harmony'"
- ^ Pareles, Jon. How good is Jackson's Bad?. The New York Times. September 3, 1987 [July 23, 2008].
- ^ 324.0 324.1 Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Dangerous Overview. Allmusic. [June 15, 2008].
- ^ 325.0 325.1 325.2 325.3 325.4 325.5 325.6 Pareles, Jon. Michael Jackson in the Electronic Wilderness. The New York Times. November 24, 1991 [July 23, 2008].
- ^ Harrington, Richard. Jackson's 'Dangerous' Departures; Stylistic Shifts Mar His First Album in 4 Years. The Washington Post. November 24, 1991.
- ^ 327.0 327.1 Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Michael Jackson HIStory Overview. Allmusic. [June 15, 2008].
- ^ 328.0 328.1 Hunter, James. Michael Jackson HIStory. Rolling Stone. August 10, 1995.
- ^ Thomas W. (Tom) Sneddon, Jr. ndaa.org. [July 12, 2008]. （原始内容存档于January 2, 2008）.
- ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Michael Jackson:Invincible. Allmusic. [September 9, 2007].
- ^ Beaumont, Mark. Michael Jackson: Invincible. NME. November 30, 2001 [July 23, 2008].
- ^ Brackett, pp. 414
- ^ The Complete Guide to the Music of Michael Jackson & The Jackson Family by Geoff Brown. 164 pages, Omnibus Press
- ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Off the Wall Overview. Allmusic. [June 15, 2008].
- ^ Holden, Stephen. Off the Wall: Michael Jackson. Rolling Stone. November 1, 1979.
- ^ Lewarne, Rory. Pink Grease. Music News. July 26, 2004 [August 10, 2008].
- ^ Hunter, James. Michael Jackson: Invincible. Rolling Stone. December 6, 2001.
- ^ Chery, Carl: XXL: Michael Jackson Special Collecters Edition, page 95. American Press.
- ^ Michael Jackson, "Billie Jean," directed by Steve Barron, produced by Simon Fields & Paul Flattery,. Blender. October 2005.
- ^ 340.0 340.1 Gundersen, Edna. Music videos changing places. USA Today. August 25, 2005 [July 23, 2008].
- ^ Why it took MTV so long to play black music videos. Findarticles.com. October 9, 2006 [September 2, 2009]. （原始内容存档于May 25, 2012）.[失效連結]
- ^ Robinson, Bryan. Why Are Michael Jackson's Fans So Devoted?. ABC News. February 23, 2005 [April 6, 2007].
- ^ Inglis, Ian. Performance and popular music: history, place and time. Ashgate Publishing. 2006: 119, 127. ISBN 978-0-7546-4057-8.
- ^ Jackson, Michael. Thriller Special Edition Audio.
- ^ Philippine jailhouse rocks to Thriller. BBC. July 27, 2007 [April 11, 2009].
- ^ Corliss, Richard. Who's Bad?. Time. September 6, 1993 [April 23, 2008].
- ^ US patent Michael J. Jackson, Michael L. Bush, Dennis Tompkins: "Method and means for creating anti-gravity illusion", filed June 29, 1992, issued October 26, 1993 5255452
- ^ Campbell, Lisa D. Michael Jackson: The King of Pop, p. 273.
- ^ Michael Jackson Dangerous on Film VHS/DVD
- ^ Campbell (1993), p. 303
- ^ Campbell (1993), pp. 313–314
- ^ Boepple, Leanne. Scream: Space Odyssey, Jackson-Style.(video production; Michael and Janet Jackson video) 29. Theatre Crafts International. November 1, 1995. 52. ISSN 1063-9497.
- ^ Bark, Ed. Michael Jackson Interview Raises Questions, Answers. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. June 26, 1995: (06E).
- ^ Guinness World Records 2006
- ^ Michael Jackson HIStory on Film volume II VHS/DVD
- ^ Lewis, pp. 125–126
- ^ Guinness World Records 2004
- ^ Michael Jackson. Search.bet.com. [June 11, 2012].
- ^ Monroe, Bryan. Michael Jackson in His Own Words. Ebony. December 2007.
- ^ Barnes, Brokes. A Star Idolized and Haunted, Michael Jackson Dies at 50. The New York Times. June 25, 2009 [July 12, 2009].
- ^ More adds, loose ends, and lament. The 120 Minutes Archive. July 25, 2009 [July 26, 2009].[失效連結]
- ^ Farewell to a King. People. July 20, 2009.
- ^ Berry Gordy-Brings Mourners To Their Feet With Jackson Tribute. Contact Music. July 7, 2009 [November 26, 2009].
- ^ Michael Jackson hailed as greatest entertainer, best dad. Reuters UK. July 8, 2009 [November 26, 2009].
- ^ 365.0 365.1 Chandler, Cory. Librarians Prove Michael Jackson Was a Rock Star in Academic Literature. Texas Tech University. [June 6, 2010].
- ^ Hidalgo, Susan and Weiner, Robert G. Wanna Be Startin' Somethin': MJ in the Scholarly Literature: A Selected Bibliographic Guide. The Journal of Pan African Studies. 2010, 3 (7): 14–28.
- ^ Hidalgo and Weiner (2010), p. 25.
- ^ Michael Jackson and Halle Berry Pick Up Bambi Awards in Berlin. Hello!. November 22, 2002 [July 23, 2008].
- ^ Photos: Michael Jackson induction ceremony. NewsTimes. August 15, 2010 [September 10, 2010].
- ^ Michael Jackson Named Most Successful Entertainer Of All Time. CityNews. November 15, 2006 [March 19, 2010].
- ^ Hot 100 Anniversary: Most No. 1s By Artist. Billboard. [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Michael Jackson to add concerts after sellout. Reuters. March 11, 2009 [November 10, 2010].
- ^ GRAMMY Legend Award. National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. [September 5, 2011].
- ^ Lifetime Achievement Award. National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. [September 5, 2011].
- ^ List of American Music Awards winners. Sun Journal. January 18, 2000 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ Santana wins top album honors at American Music Awards. Times Daily. January 18, 2000 [June 16, 2010].
- ^ Serjeant, Jill. Michael Jackson's Death Among 2009's Major Moments. ABC News. December 29, 2009.
- ^ Michael Jackson Achievements. Michael Jackson. [January 4, 2011].
- ^ Pop Star Michael Jackson Influenced Academics, Received PhD. Discovery.com. June 23, 2010 [January 4, 2011].
- ^ Stress killed MJ, says ex-publicist. The Times of India. June 27, 2009 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ O'Brien, Timothy L. What Happened to the Fortune Michael Jackson Made?. The New York Times. May 14, 2006: (1) [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Deutsch, Linda. Forensic accountant tells court Jackson is in financial straits. U-T San Diego. March 4, 2005 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Pulley, Brett. Michael Jackson's Ups And Downs. Forbes. November 21, 2003 [March 16, 2013].
- ^ Jeff Gottlieb, "Michael Jackson estate embroiled in tax fight with IRS," Los Angeles Times, Feb. 7, 2014, at .
- ^ Estate of Michael J. Jackson v. Commissioner, case no. 017152-13, U.S. Tax Court.
- ^ Jones, pp. 229, 259
- ^ 387.0 387.1 Taraborrelli, p. 610
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 355–356
- ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 413–414
- ^ Stark Raving Dad. IMDB. September 19, 1991.
- ^ Scott, A. O. Defending Earth, With Worms and a Talking Pug. The New York Times. July 3, 2002 [February 7, 2009].
- ^ Chaney, Jen. 'Miss Cast Away': You Know It's Bad. The Washington Post. July 19, 2005 [February 7, 2009].
- ^ Le, Danny. 'Michael Jackson's "This Is It," to be Presented In Theaters Around The World. MichaelJackson.com. August 11, 2009 [August 11, 2009].
- ^ Bliss, Karen. Spike Lee Revisits Michael Jackson's Career for 'BAD 25' Documentary. Rolling Stone. September 17, 2012 [November 11, 2012].
- ^ 麦可访残障儿童好快乐、跟孩子玩作堆麦可最乐. 民生报. October 20, 1996 [November 11, 2006].
- ^ .cn/system/2009/06/26/050222088.shtml 杰克逊1987年香港行.
- ^ 杰克逊曾赴港度假汪明荃难忘与其同坐龙椅. 网易娱乐. 2009年6月27日 [2011年1月5日] （中文（简体））.
- ^ /0629/14/5D00QF5D00031H2L.html 杰克逊唯一一次中国大陆行：22年前访中山. 网易. 2009年6月29日 [2012年8月29日] （中文（简体））.
- ^ 酥鱼. yahoo.com/dyuisu73/article?mid=1434&prev=-2&next=-2&page=1&sc=1#yartcmt 再见了MICHAEL JACKSON还好有看13年前高雄场麦可杰克森的HISTORY WORLD TOUR！一切都成为历史了～. 2009年7月8日 [2011年1月5日] （中文（繁體））.
- ^ Bain, Raymone. Michael To Give Away 200 FREE Tickets To Fans, And Discounted Rates (Website from fanclub of Michael Jackson). Kingofpop.info. [January 17, 2013]. （原始内容存档于2006）.
- ^ Bain, Raymone. Statement from Raymone Bain to all fans and fanclubs (Website from fanclub of Michael Jackson). Mjtmc.com. October 31, 2006 [January 10, 2013]. （原始内容存档于February 26, 2012）.
- ^ Bialik, Carl. Spun: The Off-the-Wall Accounting of Record Sales. The Wall Street Journal. July 15, 2009 [January 17, 2013].
- ^ Bialik, Carl. How Many Albums Did Michael Jackson Sell?. The Wall Street Journal. July 14, 2009 [January 17, 2013].
- Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian. The Rolling Stone Album Guide. Fireside. 2004. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Campbell, Lisa. Michael Jackson: The King of Pop. Branden. 1993. ISBN 0-8283-1957-X.
- Campbell, Lisa. Michael Jackson: The King of Pop's Darkest Hour. Branden. 1995. ISBN 0-8283-2003-9.
- George, Nelson. Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection booklet. Sony BMG. 2004.
- Guinness World Records. Guinness World Records 2004. Guinness. 2003. ISBN 1-892051-20-6.
- Guinness World Records. Guinness World Records 2006. Guinness. 2005. ISBN 1-904994-02-4.
- Jackson, Michael. Moonwalk. Random House. 2009 [First published 1988]. ISBN 978-0-307-71698-9.
- Ramage, John D.; Bean, John C.; Johnson, June. Writing arguments: a rhetoric with readings. Allyn and Bacon. 2001. ISBN 0-205-31745-6.
- Taraborrelli, J. Randy. Michael Jackson: The Magic, The Madness, The Whole Story, 1958–2009. Terra Alta, WV: Grand Central Publishing, 2009. 2009. ISBN 0-446-56474-5.
- Dineen, Catherine. Michael Jackson: In His Own Words. Omnibus Press. 1993. ISBN 0-7119-3216-6.
- Grant, Adrian. Michael Jackson: The Visual Documentary. Omnibus Press. 1994, 1997, 2002 and 2005. ISBN 1-84449-432-2.
- Giambusso, David. Michael Jackson memorabilia owner recalls turbulent past with musical family. The Star-Ledger (New Jersey). June 25, 2009.
- Jackson, Michael. My World, The Official Photobook, Vol. 1. Triumph International. 2006. ISBN 0-9768891-1-0.
- Jones, Bob. Michael Jackson: The Man Behind the Mask. Select Books Inc. 2005. ISBN 1-59079-072-3.
- Jefferson, Margo. On Michael Jackson. Vintage Books. 2007. ISBN 978-0-307-27765-7.
- Noonan, Damien. Michael Jackson, Audio book. Carlton Books. 1994. ISBN 1-85797-587-1.