镭补

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镭补,又译作镭水,是一种专利药品英语patent medicine,以放射性骗局英语radioactive quackery的一种著名例子而广为人知。它是一种含有至少1毫居里(合37千贝克勒尔)的226或228同位素的三重蒸馏水。

历史[编辑]

镭补是1918至1928年间,由位于新泽西的东奥兰治市英语East Orange, New Jersey的Bailey Radium Laboratories公司生产的产品。公司的拥有者是威廉·J. A. 贝利英语William J. A. Bailey博士,一个哈佛大学的辍学生,[1]并且不是一个医生。[2]这种产品被宣传为“治愈活死人的良方”[3]和“永恒的阳光”。

埃本·拜尔斯英语Eben Byers,一个富有的美国运动员,实业家及耶鲁大学毕业生,在1932年因镭补引起的辐射中毒而死去。[4]

华尔街日报上的文章这样评论拜尔斯的死亡:“镭补一直很管用,直到他的下巴掉下来为止。”[5] 拜尔斯的死亡使得美国食品药品管理局强化了对专利药品的管制。

参考来源[编辑]

  1. ^ Medicine: Radium Drinks. Time. Apr. 11, 1932 [11 July 2010]. 
  2. ^ Literary Digest, 16 April 1932
  3. ^ Radium Cures - museumofquackery.com
  4. ^ Death Stirs Action on Radium 'Cures'. Trade Commission Speeds Its Inquiry. Health Department Checks Drug Wholesalers. Autopsy Shows Symptoms. Maker of "Radithor" Denies It Killed Byers, as Does Victim's Physician in Pittsburgh. Walker Uses Apparatus. Friends Alarmed to Find Mayor Has Been Drinking Radium-Charged Water for Last Six Months.. New York Times. April 2, 1932 [2011-10-01]. "Federal and local agencies, as well as medical authorities in various parts of the country, were stirred to action yesterday as a result of the death of Eben M. Byers, wealthy Pittsburgh steel manufacturer and sportsman, who died here Wednesday at the Doctors' Hospital from causes attributed to radium poisoning resulting from the drinking of water containing radium in solution. ..." 
  5. ^ http://www.case.edu/affil/MeMA/MCA/11-20/1991-Nov.pdf
  • Radithor (ca. 1918). 15 Sep. 2004. Oak Ridge Associated Universities. 12 Apr. 2005 [1].

外部链接[编辑]