長臂蝦科

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索
 
長臂蝦科
Palaemonidae
Periclimenes pedersoni, a cleaner shrimp of the Pontoniinae
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 節肢動物門 Arthropoda
亞門: 甲殼亞門 Crustacea
綱: 軟甲綱 Malacostraca
目: 十足目 Decapoda
下目: 真蝦下目 Caridea
總科: 長臂蝦總科 Palaemonoidea
科: 長臂蝦科 Palaemonidae
Rafinesque, 1815
亞科

長臂蝦科學名Palaemonidae)是十足目真蝦下目長臂蝦總科的一個科,以下有兩個亞科:PalaemoninaePontoniinae。當中長臂蝦亞科的成員都是肉食者,以較小的無脊椎動物為食,除了深海以外,幾乎在所有水體均有發現。當中最重要的品種要數沼蝦屬Macrobrachium),因為它包括多種極具商業價值的物種,例如:淡水長臂大蝦M. rosenbergii)。The Pontoniinae inhabit coral reefs, where they associate with certain invertebrates such as sponges, cnidarians, mollusks and echinoderms. This group includes cleaner shrimps as well as parasites and commensals. They generally feed on detritus, though some are carnivores and hunt tiny animals.

分類[编辑]

Macrobrachium carcinus, a freshwater species in the Palaemoninae
Miopontonia yongei from Bali with unidentified bopyrid.

長臂蝦科之下有137個屬,950個品種[1][2],分為以下兩個亞科[3][4]

長臂蝦亞科[编辑]

長臂蝦亞科 Palaemoninae Rafinesque, 1815

Pontoniinae[编辑]

Pontoniinae Kingsley, 1879

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Shane T. Ahyong, James K. Lowry, Miguel Alonso, Roger N. Bamber, Geoffrey A. Boxshall, Peter Castro, Sarah Gerken, Gordan S. Karaman, Joseph W. Goy, Diana S. Jones, Kenneth Meland, D. Christopher Rogers & Jörundur Svavarsson. Subphylum Crustacea Brünnich, 1772 (PDF)//In Z.-Q. Zhang. Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa. 2011, 3148: 165–191. 
  2. ^ Sammy De Grave, N. Dean Pentcheff, Shane T. Ahyong et al.. A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 2009,. Suppl. 21: 1–109. 
  3. ^ Sammy De Grave. Palaemoninae. World Register of Marine Species. 2012 [2012-06-01]. 
  4. ^ Charles Fransen & Sammy De Grave. Pontoniinae. World Register of Marine Species. 2012 [2012-06-01]. 

外部連結[编辑]

Wikispecies-logo.svg
维基物种中的分类信息: