^Adkins,Lesley Adkins,Roy A.（1998）. Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome.Oxford University Press,USA.ISBN:9780195123326.
^As recorded in a poem once erroneously attributed to him; English translation by Richard Lovelace.
^F.J. Gonzalez Ponce, Avieno y el Periplo (Ejica 1995) compares Avienus' literary archaising to Claudian, whose enumeration of German tribes loyal to Stilicho included many purely literary references of tribes that had long ceased to exist.