# 零點能量

## 歷史

$\epsilon = \frac{h\nu}{ e^{\frac{h\nu}{kT}} - 1 }$

$\epsilon = \frac{h\nu}{ e^{\frac{h\nu}{kT}} - 1} + \frac{h\nu}{2}$

## 重力與宇宙學

 未解決的物理學問題：為何真空的零點能量不會造成一個大的宇宙常數？是什麼將它抵銷，而使得宇宙常數接近於零？

## 推進理論

Rueda、Haisch及Puthoff[3][4][5]三人提出了一個加速中的質量體會與零點場交互作用，製造出一種電磁阻滯力(electromagnetic drag force)，而產生了「慣性」此一現象；細節參見隨機電動力學(stochastic electrodynamics)。

## 參考文獻

1. ^ Laidler, Keith, J. The World of Physical Chemistry. Oxford University Press. 2001. ISBN 0198559194.
2. ^ 零點能量介紹Introduction to Zero-Point Energy - Calphysics Institute
3. ^ Haisch, Bernard; Alphonso Rueda, H.E. Puthoff. Inertia as a zero-point-field Lorentz force. Physical Review A. 1994-02, 49 (2): 678–694.
4. ^ Rueda, Alfonso; Bernhard Haisch. Contribution to inertial mass by reaction of the vacuum to accelerated motion. Found.Phys. 1998, 28: 1057–1108.
5. ^ Rueda, Alfonso; Bernhard Haisch. Inertia as reaction of the vacuum to accelerated motion. Phys.Lett. 1998, A240: 115–126.

## 延伸閱讀

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• Bernard Haisch, Alfonso Rueda and York Dobyns. Inertial mass and the quantum vacuum fields. Annalen der Physik. 2001, 10: 393–414.
• Loudon, R. The Quantum Theory of Light Third Edition. Oxford: Clarendon Press. September 2000. ISBN 0-19-850176-5.
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• Nernst, W. —. Verh. Deutsch Phys. Ges. 1916, 18: 83.
• Alfonso Rueda and Bernard Haisch. Gravity and the Quantum Vacuum Inertia Hypothesis. Annalen der Physik. 2005, 14: 479–498.
• Sciama, D. W. Simon Saunders and Henry R. Brown, eds, 编. The Philosophy of Vacuum. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1991. ISBN 0-19-824449-5