電子道路收費系統 (新加坡)

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ERP gantry at North Bridge Road

電子道路收費系統(新加坡),(英語: Electronic Road Pricing,簡稱ERP), (馬來文: Sistem Elektronik Kadar Jalan), 是新加坡的市街道路為了徵收通行費所使用的電子道路收費制度。相當於日本中華民國的高速公路的ETC設置。

系統[编辑]

一個車載接收器被安裝在Comfort德士所管理的計程車上

該計畫主要是由通往新加坡中央商業區的道路上所裝設的ERP門架所組成。目前有80座ERP門架來監控一般道路與高速公路的交通流量。

一個被稱作車載單元(IU)的裝置被固定在視線內的駕駛員的前方擋風玻璃,再行駛道路時,必須把儲值卡現金卡插入在其中的右下角以支付道路使用費。而第二代IU可以接受非接觸式NETS現金卡與EZ-LINK。一個IU的成本是150新加坡元。如果駕駛者希望使用道路,責所有在新加坡註冊的車輛強制性地被要求必須配備IU。

三菱重工有限公司]是這項IU技術的提供商。

如果一台車輛通過ERP時,儲值卡裡面沒有足額的價值在他們的現金卡(或EZ -Link),車主會在兩週內後收到罰款,違者必須在兩週內支付所有ERP費用並另加10元行政費。而在網上支付是被允許的。

圖集[编辑]

Night works during the installation of a new ERP gantry at Hill View
An Electronic Parking System at Yishun

在其他都會區的類似系統[编辑]

  1. 在加拿大安大略省多倫多:Ontario Highway 407[1]
  2. 倫敦交通擁擠稅:2003年2月17日導入,2007年範圍擴大[2]
  3. 斯德哥爾摩擁擠稅: is also a congestion pricing system implemented as a tax which is levied on most vehicles entering and exiting central Stockholm, Sweden.[3] The congestion tax was implemented on a permanent basis on August 1, 2007,[4][5] after a seven-month trial period was held between January 3, 2006 and July 31, 2006.[6]
  4. 阿拉伯聯合大公國杜拜:在2007年, implemented a corridor congestion pricing scheme called Salik which works on similar principles.
  5. 意大利米蘭:Since January 2008, introduced a traffic charge scheme as a one-year trial, called Ecopass, and exempts high emission standard vehicles and some alternate fuel vehicles.[7][8][9]
  6. 香港Hong Kong first conducted a pilot test on its Electronic Road Pricing system between 1983 and 1985 with positive results. However, public opposition against the move stalled its implementation. New studies conducted in the 1990s and the opposition towards further reclamation of the Victoria Harbour recently has led to advocates of the ERP as a possible alternative for road management.

參考[编辑]

  1. ^ 407 Express Toll Route. Retrieved on 1 July 2008.
  2. ^ Simon Jeffery and Sarah Phillips. Q&A: The congestion charge. The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. 2006-08-07 [2007-05-26]. 
  3. ^ Congestion tax in Stockholm from 1 August. Swedish Road Administration. [2007-08-02]. 
  4. ^ Trängselskatt i Stockholm. Swedish Road Administration. [2007-08-01]. 
  5. ^ Odramatisk start för biltullarna. Dagens Nyheter. 2007-08-01 [2007-08-01]. [失效連結]
  6. ^ Stockholmsförsöket. Stockholmsförsöket. [2007-07-18]. 
  7. ^ Toll Discounts for Going Green, The New York Times, January 27, 2008
  8. ^ Milan introduces traffic charge. BBC News (2008-01-02). Retrieved on 2012-06-12.
  9. ^ Milan Introduces Congestion Charge To Cut Pollution. Nysun.com (2008-01-03). Retrieved on 2012-06-12.

外部連結[编辑]