非火箭航天发射

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非火箭航天发射是一种部分或全部的采用火箭发动机外的其他推进方式的航天发射方式。如在火箭橇发射空中发射中,在通过其他手段获得初始速度或高度后,火箭才被应用。

比较[编辑]

非火箭航天发射方法对比
新系统的初始设定
方法(a) 发表
时间
估计
造价
10亿美元(b)
负载
大小
千克
估计
近地轨道发射花费
美元/每公斤(b)
吞吐量
吨/每年
技术
成熟度
一般火箭[1] &0000000000118000.000000118,000 Error: 3273 This is not a valid number. Please refer to the documentation at {{number table sorting}} for correct input. 200~ 9
太空电梯[來源請求] 2004 6.2-40 18,000+ 220-400 2,000 &0000000000000003.0000002-4
Hypersonic Skyhook[2] 1993 &0000000000000001.000000<1(c) 1,500(d) 30(e) 2
Rotovator[3] 1977 2
HASTOL[4],[5] 2000 15,000(f) 2
Space fountain[來源請求] 2+
Orbital ring[6] 1980 15 &-1000000000000000.050000<0.05 2
发射环[7] (小) 1985 10 5,000 300 40,000 2+
发射环[7] (大) 1985 30 5,000 3 6,000,000 2+
KITE Launcher[8] 2005 2
星际列车[9] Error: 20(g) This is not a valid number. Please refer to the documentation at {{number table sorting}} for correct input. 35,000 43 150,000 −-6
質量投射器[來源請求] 4
Ram accelerator[來源請求] 2004 &0000000000000500.000000<500 6[10]
Space gun[11] 1865(h) 0.5 450 500 6
Slingatron[12] 100 2
太空飛機[來源請求] 1992 10-15 12,000 3,000 7
激光推进系统英语Laser propulsion[來源請求] &0000000000000004.000000up to 4

(a) References in this column apply to entire row unless specifically replaced
(b) All monetary values in un-inflated dollars based on reference publication date except as noted
(c) CY2008 estimate from description in 1993 reference system
(d) Requires first stage to ~5 km/s
(e) Subject to very rapid increase via bootstrapping
(f) Requires Boeing proposed DF-9 vehicle first stage to ~4 km/s
(g) Based on Gen-1 reference design, 2010 version
(h) Jules Verne's novel, From the Earth to the Moon. Newton's cannonball in the 1728 book A Treatise of the System of the World was considered a thought experiment.[13]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^
  2. ^ "The Hypersonic Skyhook," Analog Science Fiction/Science Fact, Vol. 113, No. 11, September 1993, pp. 60-70.
  3. ^ "A Non-Synchronous Orbital Skyhook," Hans P. Moravec, Journal of the Astronautical Sciences, Vol. 25, Oct-Dec 1977
  4. ^ Paper, AIAA 00-3615 "Design and Simulation of Tether Facilities for HASTOL Architecture" R. Hoyt, 17-19 Jul 00.
  5. ^ Paper, NIAC 3rd Ann. Mtg, NIAC Subcontract No. 07600-040, “Hypersonic Airplane Space Tether Orbital Launch – HASTOL”, John E. Grant, 6 Jun 01.
  6. ^ "Orbital Ring Systems and Jacob's Ladders - I-III" Note: in 1980s money
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Launch Loop slides for the ISDC2002 conference
  8. ^ Johansen, US Patent #6913224, Method and system for accelerating an object, 5 Jul 05
  9. ^ "The Startram Project"
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "Quicklaunch Inc."
  12. ^ "Slingatron, A Mechanical Hypervelocity Mass Accelerator"
  13. ^ vectorsite.net > [4.0 Space Guns] v1.1.4 / chapter 4 of 7 / 01 jun 08 / greg goebel / public domain