鱂屬

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Cyprinodon
鹽鱂正在產卵
鹽鱂正在產卵
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 脊索動物門 Chordata
亞門: 脊椎動物亞門 Vertebrata
綱: 輻鰭魚綱 Actinopterygii
目: 鯉齒目 Cyprinodontiformes
亞目: 鯉齒亞目 Cyprinodontoidei
科: 鯉齒鱂科 Cyprinodontidae
屬: 鱂屬 Cyprinodon
Lacépède, 1803
模式種
Cyprinodon variegatus
Lacépède, 1803
異名
  • Encrates Gistel, 1848
  • Lebia Oken, 1817
  • Prinodon Rafinesque, 1815
  • Trifarcius Poey, 1860

鱂屬Cyprinodon)是鯉齒鱂科下的一個。其下生物主要發現於墨西哥加勒比地區美國南部各地。其下有的分佈並不集中,有些是特有種[1][2]

其下許多種的生存環境都受到了威脅,有的已經瀕臨滅絕。[3][4][5][6] C. alvareziC. longidorsalis 已經在野外滅絕。[7][8]

鱂屬生物個體都較小,最大的不10厘米(3.9英寸),平均長度只有此數據的一半。[9]

[编辑]

該屬下現有49種:[9][10]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Contreras Balderas, S., and W. Bussing (2013). Yucatan. Freshwater Ecoregions of the World. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  2. ^ Martin, C. H., and P. C. Wainwright (2013). Multiple Fitness Peaks on the Adaptive Landscape Drive Adaptive Radiation in the Wild. Science 339(6116): 208-211.
  3. ^ Contreras-Balderas, S. & Almada-Villela, P. Cyprinodon ceciliae. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 1996 [1 March 2013]. 
  4. ^ Contreras-Balderas, S. & Almada-Villela, P. Cyprinodon inmemoriam. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 1996 [1 March 2013]. 
  5. ^ Contreras-Balderas, S. & Almada-Villela, P. Cyprinodon latifasciatus. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 1996 [1 March 2013]. 
  6. ^ Contreras-Balderas, S. & Almada-Villela, P. Cyprinodon spp.. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 1996 [1 March 2013]. 
  7. ^ Contreras-Balderas, S. & Almada-Villela, P. Cyprinodon alvarezi. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 1996 [1 March 2013]. 
  8. ^ Contreras-Balderas, S. & Almada-Villela, P. Cyprinodon longidorsalis. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 1996 [1 March 2013]. 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Cyprinodon in FishBase. 2013年August月版本.
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 10.2 Martin, C.H. & Wainwright, P.C. (2013): A Remarkable Species Flock of Cyprinodon Pupfishes Endemic to San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History, 54 (2): 231–240.