黑酵母菌

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黑酵母菌
Aureobasidium pullulans
Aureobasidium pullulans 44026.jpg
科學分類
域: 真核生物域 (Eukaryota)
界: 真菌界 (Fungi)
門: 子囊菌門 (Ascomycota)
亞門: 盤菌亞門 (Pezizomycotina)
綱: 座囊菌綱 (Dothideomycetes)
亞綱: 座囊菌亞綱 (Dothideomycetidae)
目: 座囊菌目/小穴殼菌目(Dothideales)
科: 小穴殼菌科(Dothioraceae)
屬: 黑管狀黃柄黴菌屬(Aureobasidium)
種: A. pullulans
二名法
Aureobasidium pullulans
異名

Aureobasidium oleae
Aureobasidium pullulans
Azymocandida malicola
Candida malicola
Cladosporium pullulans
Dematium pullulans
Exobasidium vitis
Hormonema oleae
Hormonema pullulans
Pullularia fermentans
Pullularia fermentans var. schoenii
Pullularia pullulans
Torula oleae
Torula schoenii

黑酵母菌Aureobasidium pullulans),又名茁芽短梗霉,是一種類似酵母真菌,存在於多種生活環境。

黑酵母菌的細胞壁的周邊會產生多糖類物質,當中最重要的是β-葡聚醣(β-Glucan)[1]

參考資料[编辑]

  • Themis J. Michailides. "Above ground fungal diseases", Chapter 27.. 
  • Chi, Z., Wang, F., Chi, Z., Yue, L., Lui, G. and Zhang, T., 2009. Bioproducts from Aureobasidium pulluulans, a biotechnologically important yeast. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 82:793-804.
  • Fleet, G.H., 2003. Yeast interactions and wine flavour. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 86:11-22.
  • Falconi, C.J. and Mendgen, K., 1994. Epiphytic fungi on apple leaves and their value for control of the postharvest pathogens Botrytis cinerea, Monilinia fructigena and Penicillium expansum. Z.PflKrankh. PflSchutz 101:38-47.
  • Andrews, J.H., Spear, R.N. and Nordheim, E.V., 2002. Population biology of Aureobasidium pullulans on apple leaf surfaces. Can. J. Microbiol. 48:500-513.
  • Webb, T.A. and Mundt, J.O., 1978. Molds on vegetables at the time of harvest. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 35:655-658.
  • Simon, L., Caye-Vaugien, C. and Bouchonneau, M., 1993. Relation between pullulan production, morphological state and growth conditions in Aureobasidium pullulans: new observations. Journal of General Microbiology 139:979-985.

外部連結[编辑]

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