鼻行动物

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鼻行動物(原文snoutersRhinogrades)是一個由虛擬人物——德國自然學家Harald Stümpke所描述的科幻哺乳。本目的最大特徵是從其始祖特化而來的子,擁有各式各樣可想像的演化發展。[1][2]

关于这种虚构鼻行動物以及研究它们的科學家皆是由卡尔斯鲁厄大學動物學教授Gerolf Steiner所創造。

虚构描述[编辑]

在虚构作品中,鼻行动物属哺乳类动物,使用鼻子行走,四肢基本退化,繁殖能力不强,妊娠期一般为七个月到一年。根据作者的描述,它们以前生活在南太平洋的哈伊艾伊群岛,并且于1957年因为人类的武器试验而灭绝。

分类系统[编辑]

  • 鼻行动物目 Rhinogradentia 14科189種
    • 単鼻亚目 Monorrhina (Uni-Snouters),
      • 大便類 Pedestria (Foot-Walkers),
        • 原鼻族 Archirrhiniformes (Primitive Snouter Types),
          • 科 Archirrhinidae (Primitive Snouters sens. lat.),
            • Archirrhinos (Primitive Snouters proper), 1种
              • Archirrhnos haeckelii (Haeckel’s Primitive Snouter)
      • 鼻歩類 Nasestria (Snout-Walkers),
        • 软鼻族 Asclerorrhina (Soft-nosed Snouters),
          • 地面亚族 Epigeonasida (Surface Snouters),
            • 科 Nasolimacidae (Snail-like Snouters),
              • Nasolimaceus (Slime Snouters), 4种
                • Nasolimaceus palustris (the Fadelacha Slime Snouter)
                • Nasolimaceus conchicauda (the Armor-tailed slime Snouter)
              • Rhinolimaceus (Sugarmice), 14种
                • Rhimolimaceus fodiens
            • 科 Rhinocolumnidae (Pillar-nosed Snouters sens. lat.),
              • Emunctator (Snufflers) 1种
                • Emunctator sorbens (the Snuffling Sniffler)
              • Dulcicauda (Honeytails), 19种
                • Dulcicauda griseaurella (the Greyish-Golden Honeytail)
                • Dulcicauda aromaturus (the Perfumed Honeytail)
              • Dulcidauca (Sugartails), 1种
              • Columnifax (Pillar-nosed Snouters proper) 11种
                • Columnifax lactans
          • 管鼻亚族 Hypogeonasida (Mud Snouters),
            • 科 Rhinosiphonidae (Siphon Snouters Sens. Lat.),
              • Rhinotaenia (Ribbon Snouters), 2种
                • Rhinotaenia asymmetrica (the Snorkeling Ribbon Snouter)
                • Rhinotaenia tridacnae (the Shell-inhabiting Ribbon Snouter)
              • Rhinosiphonia (Siphon Snouters Proper), 3种
            • 科 Rhinostentoridae (Trumpet Snouters Sens. Lat.),
              • Rhinostentor (Trumpet Snouters Proper), 3种
                • Rhinostentor submersus(the Cladoceran-like Trumpet Snouter)
                • Rhinostentor spumonasus (the Frothing Trumpet Snouter)
                • Rhinostentor foetidus (the Stinking Trumpet Snouter)
          • 地鼻亚族 Georrhinidae (Burrowing Snouters),
            • 科 Rhinotalpidae (Mole-Like Snouters),
              • Rhinotalpa (Mole Snouters), 4种
                • Rhinotalpa phallonasus
                • Rhinotalpa angustinasus
              • Enterorrhinus (Gut Snouters), 5种
                • Enterorrhinus dubius
            • 科 Holorrhinidae (Allsnouters),
              • Holorrhinus (Wholesnouters), 18种
                • Holorrhinus variegatus (the Variable Wholesnouter)
                • Holorrhinus rhinenterus (Pinnochio’s Wholesnouter)
                • Holorrhinus ammophilus
              • Remanonasus (Dwarf Snouters), 1种
                • Remanonasus menorrhinus
          • 跳鼻亚族 Hopsorrhinida (Snout Leapers sens. lat.),
            • 科 Amphihopsidae (Two-way Snout Leapers or Arboreal Snout Leapers);
              • Phyllohopla (Leaf Leapers), 2种
                • Phyllohopla bambola
            • 科 Hopsorrhinidae (Snout Leapers sens. strict.),
              • Hopsorrhinus (Toothed Snout Leapers), 14种
                • Hopsorrhinus mercator (= Mercatorrhinus galactophilus, Healey’s Snout Leaper)
                • Hopsorrhinus aureus (the Golden Snout Leaper)
                • Hopsorrhinus macrohopsus (Pike’s Snout Leaper)
              • Mercatorrhinus (Suctorial Snout leapers),11种
              • Otopteryx (Earwings), 1种
                • Otopteryx volitans (= Hopsorrhinus viridiauratus),
            • 科 Orchidiopsidae (Orchidsnouter-like Snouters),
              • Orchidiopsis (Orchidsnouters), 5种
                • Orchidiopsis rapax
              • Liliopsis (Lilysnouters), 3种
                • Liliopsis thaumatonasus
    • 多鼻亚目 Polyrrhina (Multi-Snouters), Polyrrhina
      • 短吻類 Brachyproata (Short-nosed Snouters),
        • 四鼻族 Tetrarrhinida (Four-Snouters),
          • 科 Nasobemidae (Snout Walkers sens. lat.),
            • Nasobema (Snout Walkers), 5种
              • Nasobema lyricum
              • Nasobema aeolus (The Bluenosed Nasobame).
              • Nasobema morgensternii
            • Stella (The Small Snout Walker), l种
              • Stella matutina
          • 科 Tyrannonasidae (Predacious Snouters sens. lat.)
            • Tyrannonasus (The Predacious Snouter), l种
              • Tyrannonasus imperator (= Nasobema tyrannonasus)
        • 六鼻族 Hexarrhinida (Six-Snouters sens. lat.), Hexarhinida
          • 科 Isorrhinidae (Equal-snouted Snouters),
            • Eledonopsis (Ribbon Snouters), 5种
              • Eledonopsis terebellum (The Tubeworm-snouted Ribbon Snouter)
              • Eledonopsis suavis
            • Hexanthus (Six-flowered Snouters), = Ranunculonasus 3种
              • Hexanthus ranunculonasus = Ranunculonasus pulcher
              • Hexanthus regma-noctis
            • Cephalanthus (Flower-faced Snouters), = Corbulonasus 7种
              • Cephalanthus thaumasios = Corbulonasus longicauda
              • Cephalanthus ineps = Corbulonasus ineps
              • Cephalanthus piger = Corbulonasus acaulis
          • 科 Anisorrhinidae (Unequal-snouted Snouters),
            • Mammontops (Shaggy-faced Snouters), 1种
              • Mammontops ursulus (The Bearlike Shaggyfaced Snouter)
          • 科 Hydroidopsidae
            • Rhizoidonasus
              • Rhizoidonasus euphorbiformis
          • 科 Hydroidopsidae
            • Larvanasus
              • Larvanasus haleciformis
          • 科 Scyphoidopsidae
            • Nudirhinus
              • Nudirhinus medusiformis
      • 長吻類 Dolichoproata (Long-nosed Snouters),
        • 科 Rhinochilopidae (Tasselsnouter-like Snouters),
          • Rhinochilopus (Tasselsnouters), 2种
            • Rhinochilopus musicus


参考[编辑]

虛擬書目[编辑]

  • E. Petterson-Skämtkvist, Aventyrer pa Haiaiai-öerna. Nyströms Förlag och Bokhandel, Lilleby (1946).
  • J. Bromeante De Burlas Y Tonterias. "A systematica dos Rhinogradentes". Bull. Darwin Inst. Hi. 2: 45 (1948).

真實文章[编辑]

  • Les rhinogrades, un canular qui sent la vraie question scientifique à plein nez, article in Le Monde.

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Harald Stümpke [=Gerolf Steiner] (1981), Bau und Leben der Rhinogradentia. With preface and illustrations by Gerolf Steiner. Gustav-Fischer-Verlag, Stuttgart,. ISBN 3-437-30083-0.
  2. ^ Harald Stümpke [=Gerolf Steiner] (1967), The Snouters: Form and Life of the Rhinogrades. Translated by Leigh Chadwick. The University of Chicago Press.

外部連結[编辑]