2009年歐洲議會選舉

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歐洲聯盟
Flag of the European Union

本文是關於
歐洲聯盟的政治與政府

2009年歐洲議會選舉於2009年6月4日至7日在歐盟的27個成員國中舉行。[1][2] 本屆歐洲議會由超過5億的歐盟選民,選舉出736席歐洲議會議員 (MEPs)及18席觀察議員("virtual MEPs")。[3] ,這屆選舉是歷史上最大的一次跨國選舉。

概況[编辑]

主要的議會席次是在6月7日選舉產生,不過因為各國之間選舉投票規定和習慣的不同,因此選舉投票日進行了四天。


有幾個歐盟成員國也藉這次歐洲議會選舉同時舉行其他選舉投票:盧森堡舉行國會改選拉脫維亞舉行地方政府選舉[6] ;聯合王國部分地區舉行地方選舉[7]德國部分地區、義大利及馬耳他地方議會選舉;愛爾蘭地方選舉[8] (兩場中期選舉南都伯林中央都伯林);比利時區域選舉。而丹麥則舉行一項公投,來表決是否給予女性同等權利擁有長子繼承權

羅馬尼亞與保加利亞是首度與其他歐盟成員國家一同參與歐洲議會選舉,兩國在2007年加入歐盟時,曾個別舉辦過歐洲議會議員的選舉。

投票[编辑]

2009年歐洲議會選舉各成員國投票率

根據目前投票結果已經確定的90%的席次情形:EPP265席、PES195席、ALDE95席、GUE–NGL40席、Greens-EFA35席、UEN35席。目前尚有70席議員尚未產生,不過一般預期極右派和Libertas能增加20席的空間,反之IND/DEM的席次則會消退。[9]


全部席次[编辑]

736席議會席次分佈情況:

政治團體
國家
EPP-ED PES ALDE Greens-EFA EUL-NGL UEN ID 其他黨派與無黨人士 席次 選舉情況 投票率 註記
 奥地利 (詳情) 6 (ÖVP) 5 (SPÖ) 1 (Grüne) 3 (Martin)
2 (FPÖ)
17 Incomplete
(postal votes missing)
42.2% [10][11]
 比利时 (詳情) 3 (CD&V)
1 (N-VA)
1 (CDH)
1 (CSP-EVP)
3 (PS)
2 (SP.A)
3 (OpenVLD)
2 (MR)
1 (Green!)
2 (Ecolo)
2 (VB)
1 (LDD)
22 全部選出 91% [12]
 保加利亚 (詳情) 5 (GERB)
1 (SDS/DSB)
4 (BSP) 3 (DPS)
2 (NDSV)
2 (Attack) 17 全部選出 37.49% [13][14]
 塞浦路斯 (詳情) 2 (DISY) 1 (EDEK) 1 (DIKO) 2 (AKEL) 6 全部選出 58.88% [15][16]
 捷克 (詳情) 2 (KDU–ČSL) 7 (ČSSD) 4 (KSČM) 9 (ODS) 22 全部選出 28.22% [17][18]
 丹麦 (詳情) 1 (C) 4 (A) 3 (V) 2 (F) 1 (N) 2 (O) 13 全部選出 59.5% [19]
 爱沙尼亚 (詳情) 1 (IRL) 1 (SDE) 1 (RE)
2 (KE)
1 (Tarand) 6 全部選出 43.2% [20][21]

[22]

 芬兰 (詳情) 3 (Kok.)
1 (KD)
2 (SDP) 3 (Kesk.)
1 (SFP)
2 (Vihr.) 1 (PS) 13 全部選出 40.3% [23]
 法国 (詳情) 29 (UMP) 14 (PS) 6 (MoDem) 14 (E-É) 5 (FG) 1 (Libertas) 3 (FN) 72 全部選出 40.48% [24][25]
 德国 (詳情) 34 (CDU)
8 (CSU)
23 (SPD) 12 (FDP) 14 (Grüne) 8 (Linke) 99 全部選出 42.5% [26]
 希臘 (詳情) 8 (ND) 8 (PASOK) 1 (Greens) 2 (KKE)
1 (SYRIZA)
2 (LAOS) 22 全部選出 52.63% [27]
 匈牙利 (詳情) 14 (Fidesz-MPP)
1 (MDF)
4 (MSZP) 3 (Jobbik) 22 全部選出 36.28% [28][29]
 爱尔兰 (詳情) 3 (FG) 2 (Lab) 2 (FF) 1 (SP) 12 全部選出 57.6% [30][31][32][33]
 義大利 (詳情) 29 (PdL)
5 (UDC)
7 (IdV) 9 (LN) 22 (PD) 72 全部選出 65.05% [34][35]
拉脫維亞 拉脱维亚 (詳情) 1 (JL) 1 (LPP/LC) 1 (PCTVL) 1 (TB/LNKK) 2 (SC)
2 (PS)
8 全部選出 52.57% [36][37]
 立陶宛 (詳情) 4 (TS-LKD) 3 (LSDP) 1 (DP)
1 (LRLS)
2 (TT) 1 (LLRA) 12 全部選出 20.54% [38]
 卢森堡 (詳情) 3 (CSV) 1 (LSAP) 1 (DP) 1 (déi gréng) 6 全部選出 91% [39]
 马耳他 (詳情) 2 (PN) 3 (PL) 5 全部選出 78.8% [40][41]
 荷兰 (詳情) 5 (CDA) 3 (PvdA) 3 (VVD)
3 (D66)
3 (GL) 2 (SP) 2 (CU-SGP) 4 (PVV) 25 全部選出 36.5% [42][43][44]
 波兰 (詳情) 25 (PO)
3 (PSL)
7 (SLD-UP) 15 (PiS) 50 全部選出 24.53% [45][46]
 葡萄牙 (詳情) 8 (PSD)
2 (CDS)
7 (PS) 2 (CDU)
3 (BE)
22 幾乎完成(Missing some consulates in Europe, Asia, Africa and America) 36.48% [47]
 罗马尼亚 (詳情) 11 (PD-L)
3 (UDMR)
11 (PSD-PC) 5 (PNL) 3 (PRM) 33 全部選出 27.52% [48]
 斯洛伐克 (詳情) 2 (SDKÚ-DS)
2 (KDH)
2 (SMK)
5 (Smer-SD) 1 (SNS)
1 (LS-HZDS)
13 全部選出 19.63% [49][50]
 斯洛文尼亚 (詳情) 2 (SDS)
1 (NSi)
2 (SD) 1 (LDS)
1 (Zares)
7 全部選出 28.02% [51][52]
 西班牙 (詳情) 23 (PP) 21 (PSOE) 2 (CpE) 1 (EdP)
1 (ICV)
1 (IU) 1 (UPyD) 50 全部選出 46.00% [53][54]
 瑞典 (詳情) 4 (M)
1 (KD)
5 (S) 3 (FP)
1 (C)
2 (MP) 1 (V) 1 (PP) 18 全部選出 43.8% [55]
 英國 (詳情,details) 13 (Lab) 11 (LD) 2 (GPEW)
2 (SNP)
1 (PC)
1 (SF) 13 (UKIP) 25 (Con)
2 (BNP)
1 (UCUNF)
1 (DUP)
72 全部選出 34.48% [56]
全部席次 265 162 83 51 34 14 18 109 736 尚未完全完成 42.94% [57][58]
政治團體 EPP-ED PES ALDE Greens-EFA EUL-NGL UEN ID 其他黨派與無黨人士 席次 選舉情況 投票率 註記
先前席次
(確定)
288 (−23) 217 (−55) 100 (−17) 43 (+8) 41 (−7) 44 (−30) 22 (−4) 30 (+79) 785 (–47)
先前席次
(調整後)
244 (+21) 196 (−34) 88 (−5) 40 (+11) 38 (−4) 24 (−10) 21 (−3) 85 (+24) 736 (±0)


參考[编辑]

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  3. ^ CIA — The World Factbook — European Union. Cia.gov. [2009-04-06]. 
  4. ^ In the order of the time zones : Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Guyane, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, French Polynesia
  5. ^ "Wyjasnienia Państwowej Komisji Wyborczej z dnia 10 marca 2009 r. o zasadach gospodarki finansowej, uzyskiwaniu przychodów oraz o wydatkach związanych z finansowaniem kampanii wyborczej w wyborach do Parlamentu Europejskiego, zarządzonych na dzień 7 czerwca 2009 r."/"Notice from the State Electoral Commission of 10 March 2009 by decree of the President of the Republic of Poland to the election of the members of the European Parliament and of the constituencies and the premises of district election commission", pkw.gov.pl, 10 March 2009, English translation here [1], pdf copy here [2]
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  8. ^ News — Department of the Environment, Heritage & Local Government. Environ.ie. [2009-04-06]. 
  9. ^ Philippa Runner. EUobserver. EUobserver. 2009-02-24 [2009-04-06]. 
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  13. ^ European election results 2009 for Bulgaria. Results of the 2009 European Elections. TNS opinion. [2009-06-07]. 
  14. ^ http://www.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=104439
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  16. ^ http://www.express.gr/news/world/177938oz_20090606177938.php3
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  22. ^ Hääletamis- ja valimistulemus (爱沙尼亚文)
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  29. ^ http://index.hu/kulfold/eu/2009/valasztas/ep-valasztas_2009/gyozott_a_fidesz_kiesett_az_szdsz_bejutott_a_jobbik/
  30. ^ http://www.rte.ie/news/elections/european/dublin.html
  31. ^ http://www.rte.ie/news/elections/european/east.html
  32. ^ http://www.rte.ie/news/elections/european/west.html
  33. ^ http://www.rte.ie/news/elections/european/south.html
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  36. ^ European election results 2009 for Latvia. Results of the 2009 European Elections. TNS opinion. [2009-06-07]. 
  37. ^ http://www.regnum.ru/news/1172796.html
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  40. ^ European election results 2009 for Malta. Results of the 2009 European Elections. TNS opinion. [2009-06-07]. 
  41. ^ http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20090607/local/turnout
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  48. ^ European election results 2009 for Romania. Results of the 2009 European Elections. TNS opinion. [2009-06-07]. 
  49. ^ European election results 2009 for Slovakia. Results of the 2009 European Elections. TNS opinion. [2009-06-07]. 
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  52. ^ http://archive.is/20120527014825/volitve.gov.si/ep2009/udel_ve.html
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  55. ^ Preliminary European election results 2009 for Sweden. Valmyndigheten. [2009-06-07]. 
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  57. ^ Results of the 2009 European election. Results of the 2009 European Elections. TNS opinion. [2009-06-07]. 
  58. ^ Composition of the 2009 European Parliament (historical data). [2009-06-07]. 

外部連結[编辑]