Linux发行版比较

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从技术方面来说,Linux发行版的不同之处在于支持的硬件设备和系统或者软件包配置不同。由于历史原因,不同的组织也会导致不同的发行版。其他的原因有安全性方面的,如安全更新的频率;软件包管理的易用性;可用软件包的数量。

这些表格根据客观的准则比较了一些值得注意的发行版的最新稳定版。不包含操作系统的主观评价,标记为不稳定或测试版的分支以及Linux发行版与其他操作系统的比较。

概况[编辑]

各发行版的基本信息:创造者或生产者,发行日期,最新版本等等。

发行版 创造者 生产者 首次公開發行日 (年-月-日) 基礎發行版 最近更新日期 目的
64 Studio Daniel James, Free Ekanayaka 64 Studio Ltd. 2005-05-09 Debian 2008-06-09 多媒体
Alinex Alinex Team, University of Évora Alinex Team, University of Évora 2005-12-06 Ubuntu 2008-03-07 通用
aLinux Jay Klepacs Jay Klepacs ? pre-1999-08-19 (1.1) Red Hat Linux 2006-11-08 桌面
ALT Linux ALT Linux Team ALT Linux Team / ALT Linux LLC 2001-03-21 none 2009-02-20 桌面, 工作站, 服务器
Annvix Vincent Danen Vincent Danen 2003-11-? Mandrake Linux 服务器
Arch Linux Judd Vinet dev team 2002-03-11 none 2013-07-1 通用
Ark Linux Bernhard Rosenkraenzer dev team 2003-01-25 none 2008-05-14 桌面
Arudius Haidut dev team 2005-11-04 none 2006-02-06 信息保护, 安全
Asianux Red Flag Linux, Miracle Linux, Haansoft Linux dev team 2004-06-? RHEL 2007-09-22 工作站, 服务器
Aurox Software-Wydawnictwo Sp. z oo Aurox Sp. z oo 2002-09-? Fedora 2006-08-31 通用
BLAG Brixton Linux Action Group Brixton Linux Action Group 2002-10-22 Fedora 2008-07-21 [1] 桌面
Caixa Mágica Daniel Neves, José Guimarães, Paulo Trezentos Caixa Mágica Software 2000-10-28 Mandriva Linux 2008-02-20 桌面, 服务器
CentOS CentOS Project CentOS Project 2003-12-? RHEL 2013-03-09 服务器
CrunchBang Philip Newborough Philip Newborough 2008-01-30 Debian 2013-05-14 桌面
CRUX Per Liden CRUX Linux community 2001-01-20 none 2008-12-18 通用
Damn Small Linux John Andrews dev team 2003-?-? Knoppix 2008-04-22 便携
Debian Ian Murdock Debian Project 1993-08-16 none 2014-02-08 通用
Desktop Light Linux Henry Jensen Henry Jensen 2002-10-? none 2008-05-28 桌面
DeMuDi AGNULA AGNULA 2002-04-? Debian 2005-11-03 音频,视频制作
dyne:bolic Jaromil Jaromil 2001-06-? none 2007-09-22 音频,视频制作
Easy Peasy Jon Ramvi, Easy Peasy community Jon Ramvi, Easy Peasy community 2008-07-04 Ubuntu 2009-04-20 上网本通用
Elive Thanatermesis Thanatermesis 2005-01-01 Debian 2007-07-05 桌面
EnGarde Secure Linux Guardian Digital, Inc. Guardian Digital, Inc. 2001-?-? none 2008-04-? 服务器
Fedora Fedora Project Fedora Project 2003-11-05 Red Hat Linux 2013-07-02 通用
Finnix Ryan Finnie Ryan Finnie 2000-03-22 Debian 2008-01-29 服务器管理
Foresight Linux Ken VanDine dev team 2004-12-? rPath 2008-11-24 桌面, 工作站, 展示GNOME技术
Frugalware Miklos Vajna dev team 2004-09-02 Slackware 2009-03-22 通用
Gentoo Linux Daniel Robbins Gentoo Foundation, Inc. 2002-3-? none 2012-12-21 通用
gNewSense Brian Brazil and Paul O'Malley dev team 2006-11-02 Ubuntu (8.04) 2008-04-30 桌面
Gnoppix Klaus Knopper dev team ? pre-2003-07-17 (0.4) Knoppix 2005-09-07 Live CD
gnuLinEx Regional Government of Extremadura dev team 2002-06-09 Debian 2006-06-20 桌面
GoboLinux Hisham Muhammad, Andre Detsch dev team 2002-03-20 none 2008-03-30 桌面
gOS Good OS LLC Good OS LLC 2007-11-01 Ubuntu 2008-02-07 桌面
Impi Linux Gauteng Linux Users Group Impi Linux (Pty) Ltd. 2003-11-? Debian 2006-01-31 桌面
Kanotix Jörg Schirottke (Kano) dev team 2003-12-24 Debian, Knoppix 2007-12-31 Live CD, 桌面
Kiran Linux Kiran Shila Kiran Shila 2008-08-19 Slackware 2008-08-19 桌面, 工作站
Knoppix Klaus Knopper dev team ? pre-2003-01-19 (3.1) Debian 2008-03-27 Live CD
KnoppMyth Cecil Watson dev team ? Debian, Knoppix 2007-09-09 图形, 桌面
Kuki Linux João Ferro kuki bakers ? Ubuntu ? Acer Aspire One
Kurumin Linux Carlos Morimoto GuiadoHardware 2003-01-? Knoppix 2007-02-21 桌面, live CD
Linspire Lindows.com, Inc. Linspire, Inc. 2002-03-? Debian 2007-10-10 桌面
Freespire Lindows.com, Inc. Linspire, Inc. 2002-03-? Debian/Ubuntu(developing) 2007-11-30 桌面
Linux4One ? ? 2009-02-28 Ubuntu 2009-04-06 桌面
Linux Mint Clement Lefebvre dev team 2006-08-27 Ubuntu 2013-05-29 桌面
Lunar Linux Chuck Mead, Lunar Penguin Project Foo-Projects.org 2002-03-? Sorcerer 2007-02-17 桌面, 工作站, 服务器
Mandriva Linux Mandrakesoft S.A. Mandriva S.A. 1998-7-23 (5.1 (venice)) Red Hat Linux 2008-10-09 通用
MontaVista Linux MontaVista Software MontaVista Software 1999-?-? Debian 2007-03-? 嵌入式系统
Mutagenix Dan Barber Dan Barber 2005-7-7 Slackware 2007-08-16 修复, 通用
Musix GNU+Linux Marcos Guglielmetti ? ? Knoppix, Kanotix, Debian 2007-03-05 音频制作
NexusWare Core Performance Technologies, Inc dev team 1998-?-? Debian and others 2008-02-02 嵌入式系统
NimbleX Bogdan Radulescu Bogdan Radulescu 2005-12-? Slackware 2006-12-25 桌面
Nitix Net Integration Technologies, Inc. Net Integration Technologies, Inc. 2001-?-? none 2006-10-18 服务器
Open Enterprise Server on Linux Novell Novell, Inc. dev team 2003 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 2009-03-24 服务器
openSUSE SUSE Linux / Novell Novell, Inc. & openSUSE Project 1994-03-? SUSE Linux 2013-03-13 桌面, 服务器
Paipix António Amorim António Amorim 2004-?-? Debian 2007-10-17 科学
Pardus TUBITAK TUBITAK 2005-?-? none 2008-09-14 通用
Parsix Alan Baghumian Parsix Project 2005-01-25 Kanotix, Debian 2007-10-05 桌面
PCLinuxOS Bill Reynolds dev team 2003-11-? Mandriva 2007-05-21 桌面
Pie Box Enterprise Linux PixExcel PixExcel 2004-04-19 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2006-08-15 通用
Puppy Linux Barry Kauler Puppy Foundation 2002-07-12 (0.4) none 2008-11-03 [2] 便携
QiLinux QiLinux team QiLinux team 2003-10-31 (1.0alpha2) none 2006-08-01 桌面, 服务器
Red Flag Linux Institute of Software, Chinese Academy of Sciences, NewMargin Venture Capital Red Flag Software Co., Ltd. 1999-09-20 Asianux 2005-11-11 通用
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Red Hat Red Hat 2002-03-26 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 AS (Pensacola) Fedora 2013-02-21 商业工作站, 服务器
Red Hat Linux Red Hat Red Hat 1995-05-13 (1.0) none 2003-03-31 服务器, 工作站
Rxart Pixart SRL Pixart SRL 2000-03-? Debian 2006-04-16 桌面, 工作站, 服务器
Sabayon Linux lxnay Design dev team  ? Gentoo 2012-06-09 桌面
Satux Institute of Technology JRSC (iTJRSC) Institute of Technology JRSC (iTJRSC) 2007-?-? Debian 2007[3] 桌面, 终端用户
Scientific Linux CERN, Fermilab dev team 2004-5-10 RHL/RHEL 2008-06-28 科学
sidux sidux team sidux team 2007-02-21 Debian Sid 2008-12-23 桌面
SimplyMEPIS Warren Woodford MEPIS LLC. 2003-09-05 Debian 2009-02-22 桌面
Slackware Patrick Volkerding dev team 1993-07-16 SLS 2008-05-02 桌面, 工作站, 服务器
SLAX Tomas Matejicek Tomas Matejicek 2002-06-16 Slackware 2008-04-18 live CD
SMS - Slack Mini Server gerasimos_h gerasimos_h 2007-08-10 Slackware 2009-02-28 服务器, live CD
SliTaz GNU/Linux Christophe Lincoln dev team 2008-03-22 none 2008-03-22 live CD
Source Mage GNU/Linux Ryan Abrams, Eric Schabell dev team 2002-06-? Sorcerer 2007-03-27 通用
SUSE Linux SUSE Linux / Novell Novell, Inc. dev team 1994-03-? Slackware, Jurix[4] 2008-05-21 商业桌面, 服务器
Symphony OS Ryan Quinn Ryan Quinn & Jason Spisak ? Debian 2006-12-13 桌面
SYS W.Landgraf W.Landgraf 2007-11-? Slackware 2009-02-04[5] 桌面, 开发, 服务器
Trustix Secure Linux Comodo Group, Inc. Comodo Group, Inc. 2000-02-? Red Hat Linux 2007-03-06 服务器
Ubuntu Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2004-10-20 Debian 2014-07-25 桌面, 服务器
Kubuntu Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2005-04-08 Debian 2014-07-25 桌面
Xubuntu Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2006-06-01 Debian 2014-07-25 桌面
Edubuntu Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2005-10-13 Debian 2014-07-25 计算机实验室
Gobuntu Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2007-10-18 Debian 2008-07-03 桌面
Ubuntu Studio Canonical Ltd. Canonical Ltd. 2007-05-11 Debian 2008-11-30 多媒体
Ututo Diego Saravia, Daniel Olivera UTUTO dev-team 2000-?-? Gentoo Linux 2006-03-04 通用
VectorLinux Robert S. Lange dev team 1999-?-? Slackware 2007-05-17 桌面
Xandros Xandros Corp. Xandros, Inc. 2002-10-22 Corel Linux 2006-06-21 桌面
XBMC Live The XBMC Project Team-XBMC 2008-11-14 Ubuntu 2008-11-14 多媒体
Yellow Dog Linux Terra Soft Solutions Fixstars Solutions 1999 Fedora, CentOS 2008-11-19 桌面, 工作站
Yoper Andreas Giradet The Yoper Team 2003-03-05 none 2007-10-03 桌面, 工作站, 服务器
Zenwalk Linux Jean-Philippe Guillemin dev team 2004-05-21 (as Minislack) Slackware 2009-03-07 桌面, 服务器
发行版 创造者 生产者 首次公开发行日期 (年-月-日) 基础发行版 最近更新日期 目标

价格[编辑]

以下发行版完全免费:aLinuxALT LinuxAnnvixArch LinuxArk Linux,Arudius,Asianux,Aurox, BLAG Linux and GNU, CentOS, CRUX, Damn Small Linux, Debian, DeLi Linux, DeMuDi, Devil-Linux, dyne:bolic, Easy Peasy, Edubuntu, EnGarde Secure Linux, Fedora, Finnix, Foresight Linux, Freespire, Frugalware, Gentoo, gNewSense, Gnoppix, gnuLinEx, GoboLinux, Gobuntu, Impi Linux, Kanotix, Knoppix, Knoppmyth, Kubuntu, Kurumin Linux, Linux Mint, Lunar Linux, Musix GNU+Linux, NimbleX, NUbuntu, openSUSE, Paipix, Pardus, Parsix, PCLinuxOS, Puppy Linux, QiLinux, SabayonLinux, Satux, Scientific Linux, sidux, Slackware, SLAX, SliTaz GNU/Linux, Source Mage GNU/Linux, Symphony OS, SYS, Trustix, Ubuntu, Ututo GNU/Linux, Xubuntu, XBMC Live, YoperZenwalk.

以下发行版有不同版本,其中一些免费而另外的则需要付费:Caixa Mágica, Mandriva Linux, MEPISRed Flag Linux.

以下发行版需要付费:Elive, Linspire,[6] Novell Open Enterprise Server,[7] Pie Box Enterprise Linux, Red Hat Enterprise Linux,[8][9] Rxart,[10] SUSE Linux Enterprise.[11]

请注意這裡谈论的是"自由软件"(free software),"free"这个词通常指软件的自由使用,而非免费:对于这个不同的解释,参见自由软件定义

技术[编辑]

各发行版技术方面的信息。

发行版 Linux内核 C编译器 默认文件系统 通常选用的桌面环境X窗口管理器
Alinex 2.6.22 GCC 4.1.2 ext3 GNOME
aLinux 2.6.12 GCC 4.1.1 KDE
ALT Linux 2.6.25 GCC 4.1.2 ext3 KDEXfce
Annvix 2.4.32 GCC 3.4.3
Arch Linux 2.6.29[12] GCC 4.3.3[13] [14] 任何皆可
Archie Xfce
Ark Linux 2.6.22.3 GCC 4.2.1 JFS[15] KDE
Arudius 2.6.13 GCC 3.3.6 ext3 Fluxbox
Asianux 2.6.18 GCC 4.1.1 ext3 KDE
Aurox 2.6.9 GCC 4.1.1 ext3 KDE
BLAG Linux and GNU Based on 2.6.25 GCC 4.1.1 ext3 GNOME
Caixa Mágica ? GCC ? ? ?
CentOS 2.6.18 GCC 4.1.2 ext3 GNOME
CrunchBang Linux 2.6.27 GCC 4.3.1 ext3 Openbox
CRUX 2.6.27.8 GCC 4.3.2 Openbox
Damn Small Linux 2.4.31 GCC 3.3.5、TCC ext3 JWM
Debian 3.2.41 GCC 4.7.2、4.4.5、4.3.2 ext3 GNOMEKDELXDEXfce(依照安裝媒體而定)
DeLi Linux 2.4.32 GCC 2.95 ext3/ext2 IceWM
DeMuDi 2.6.12 GCC 3.3.5 ext3 GNOME
Dreamlinux Xfce
dyne:bolic 2.6.18 GCC 3.4.3 SquashFSext3 Xfce
Easy Peasy ext3 GnomeUbuntu Netbook Remix
Elive 2.6.15/2.6.18.2 GCC 3.4.3 SquashFSReiserFS Enlightenment
EnGarde Secure Linux 2.6.17 ext3
Fedora 2.6.27 GCC 4.3.2 ? GNOMEKDEXfce (depending on spin)
Finnix 2.6.22 GCC 4.1.1 SquashFS
Foresight Linux 2.6.27 GCC 4.1.2 ext3 GNOME
Frugalware 2.6.22.9 GCC 4.2.1
Gentoo 2.6.27 GCC 4.3.3
gnuLinEx 2.6.16 GCC 3.3.5 ext2 GNOME
GoboLinux 2.6.24.4 GCC 4.1.2 ReiserFS KDE
gNewSense 2.6.15.27 GCC 4.0.3 ext3 GNOME
Impi Linux 2.6.11.7 GCC 4.0.1 ? KDE
Kanotix 2.6.22 GCC 4.1.1 ext3 KDE
Knoppix 2.6.24.4 GCC 4.2.2 XFS ?
Kurumin Linux 2.6.18 GCC 4.1.1 ext3 KDE
Linspire 2.6.14 GCC 3.4.3 ReiserFS KDE
Linux Mint 2.6.27 GCC 4.1.2 ext3 GNOMEKDEXfce(依版本而定)
Lunar Linux 2.6.26 GCC 3.4.6
GCC 4.2.4[16]
Mandriva Linux 2.6.27 GCC 4.3.2 ext3 GNOME,KDE
MEPIS 2.6.22.14 GCC ? ReiserFSext3 KDE
Musix GNU+Linux 2.6.16 GCC 4.0.3 ? IceWM
Mutagenix 2.6.18 GCC ? ? KDE
NimbleX 2.6.11 ? SquashFS KDE
Nitix 2.4.21 GCC 3.3.4 ReiserFS
openSUSE 2.6.27.7 GCC 4.3.34 ? GNOMEKDEXfce
Paipix 2.6.14 GCC 4.0.2 KDE
Pardus 2.6.25 GCC 3.4.6 ext3 KDE
Parsix 2.6.23.9 GCC 4.2.2 ext3 GNOME
PCLinuxOS 2.6.16 GCC 3.3.1 KDE
Pie Box Enterprise Linux 2.6.9 GCC 3.4.6 ext3 GNOME
Puppy Linux 2.6.21.7 GCC 3.3.4 SquashFS containing ext2 JWM
QiLinux 2.6.17 GCC 4.0.2 ReiserFS KDE
Red Flag Linux 2.6.9 GCC 3.4.3 ext3 KDE
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.6.18[17] GCC 4.1.2 ext3 GNOME
Rxart Desktop 2.6.11 ? ext3 KDE
Sabayon Linux 2.6.29.1 GCC 4.3.2 ext4[18] KDE
Satux 2.6.22 GCC 4.1.2 ext3 GNOME
Scientific Linux 2.6.18 GCC 4.1.2 ext3 GNOME
sidux 2.6.27.10 GCC 4.3.2 ext3 KDE
Slackware 2.6.24.4 GCC 4.1.2 ext3 [19] KDE
SLAX 2.6.24.4 GCC 4.2.3 SquashFS KDE
SMS - Slack Mini Server 2.6.27.7 GCC 4.2.4 ext3 KDE
SliTaz GNU/Linux 2.6.24.2 GCC 4.2.2 ext3 JWM
Source Mage GNU/Linux any (iso uses 2.6.19) GCC 4.1.2 ext2
SUSE Linux 2.6.27.19 GCC 4.1.3 ext3JFSReiserFSXFS GNOMEKDEXfce
Symphony OS 2.6.16 GCC 4.1.0 ReiserFS Mezzo
SYS 2.6.26.2 (iso) / 2.6.30-rc3 (repository [20], server [21]) GCC 4.2.4 ext3 KDEGNOMEXfce (selectable in kdm)
Ubuntu Edubuntu 2.6.27 GCC 4.1.2 ext4 GNOME
Kubuntu 2.6.27 GCC 4.1.2 ext3 KDE
XBMC Live 2.6.27 GCC 4.1.2 ext3 XBMC Media Center
Xubuntu 2.6.27 GCC 4.1.2 ext3 Xfce
Ututo GNU/Linux 2.6.15 GCC 3.3 ext3 GNOME
VectorLinux 2.6.13 GCC 3.4.6 ? FluxboxIceWMXfce
Xandros Desktop OS 2.6.15 GCC 3.3.5 ReiserFS KDE
Yoper 2.6 GCC 4.0、4.2 ext3 KDE
Zenwalk Linux 2.6.28.7 GCC 4.2.3 ? Xfce
发行版 Linux内核 C编译器 默认文件系统 通常选用的桌面环境X窗口管理器

架构支持[编辑]

发行版 x86 x86-64 IA-64 ppc ppc64 sparc32 sparc64 arm hppa mips loongson s390 s390x alpha
64 Studio 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
aLinux 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alinex 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
ALT Linux 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Annvix 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Arch Linux 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ark Linux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Arudius 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Asianux 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aurox 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
BLAG Linux and GNU 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Caixa Mágica 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
CentOS 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
CrunchBang Linux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
CRUX 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Damn Small Linux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Debian[22] 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0
DeLi Linux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DeMuDi 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
dyne:bolic 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eagle Linux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Elive 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
EnGarde Secure Linux 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fedora[23] 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 ? 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnix 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Foresight Linux 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Frugalware 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gentoo 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1[24] 1 1[25][26] 0 0 0 1
gnuLinEx 1 1 ? 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GoboLinux[27] 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Impi Linux 1 1 ? ? 0 ? ? 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kanotix 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Knoppix 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kurumin Linux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Linspire 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Linux Mint 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lunar Linux 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandriva Linux 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
MEPIS 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mutagenix 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Musix GNU+Linux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
NimbleX 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nitix 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
OES2-Linux 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
openSUSE[28] 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Paipix 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pardus 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Parsix 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
PCLinuxOS 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pie Box Enterprise Linux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Puppy Linux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
QiLinux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Red Flag Linux 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Red Hat Enterprise Linux[29] 1 1 1 1 ? 0 0 0 0 0 0 0[30] 1 0
Rxart Desktop 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sabayon Linux 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Satux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scientific Linux 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
sidux 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slackware 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slax 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
SMS -Slack Mini Server 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
SliTaz GNU/Linux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Source Mage GNU/Linux 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server [31] 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Symphony OS 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
SYS 1 ? 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ubuntu/Kubuntu/Edubuntu/Xubuntu 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
UTUTO GNU/Linux 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
VectorLinux 1 ? 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Xandros Desktop OS 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
XBMC Live 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yellow Dog Linux 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoper 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Zenwalk Linux 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
发行版 x86 x86-64 IA-64 ppc ppc64 sparc32 sparc64 arm hppa mips loongson s390 s390x alpha

软件包管理和安装[编辑]

发行版的特性信息。软件包数量仅仅是参考。

发行版 预编译的软件包数量 软件包数量 默认包管理工具 包格式 默认安装程序 图形安装过程
Alinex 20300 APT DEB ? 1
aLinux 1200 RPM RPM ? 0
ALT Linux 8300[32] APT (apt-rpm), RPM RPM ? 1
Annvix APT, RPM RPM ?
Arch Linux 15000 Pacman .pkg.tar.xz ? 0
Archie ? ? ?
Ark Linux 4000 RPM, APT RPM ? 1
Arudius ? Slackware Pkgtools tgz ? 0
Asianux ? mlupdater, RPM RPM ? 1
Aurox 3000 RPM, yum RPM ? 1
BLAG 10000 [33] RPM, yum, APT RPM ? 1
Caixa Mágica 16000 urpmi, APT (apt-rpm) RPM ? 1
CrunchBang Linux 23000 APT deb ? 1
CRUX 1155 pkgutils tgz ? 0
CentOS 1660 RPM, yum/up2date RPM ? 1
Damn Small Linux 610 myDSL, APT .dsl, .tar.gz, .uci, .unc, deb ? 0
Debian 37500 12123 APT deb Debian-Installer 1
Desktop Light Linux 150 ? ? ? 0
DeMuDi 875 APT deb ? 1
Dreamlinux 23000 APT deb ? 1
dyne:bolic ? none none ? 1
Elive 20000 APT deb ? 1
EnGarde Secure Linux 500 RPM, APT RPM ? ?
Fedora 8000 yum RPM Anaconda 1
Finnix 350 APT deb ? 0
Foresight Linux 15000 Conary, PackageKit[34] ? 1
Frugalware 3000 Pacman .tar.bz ? 1
Gentoo 80 13000 Portage ebuild ? 1[35]
gnuLinEx 200 APT deb ? 1
GoboLinux 2000 Manager,[36] Compile, InstallPackage recipes,tar.bz2 1
Impi Linux ? ? ? ? 0
Kanotix 1200 APT deb ? 1
KateOS ? ? ? ? ?
Knoppix 3600 APT deb ? 0
Kurumin ? APT deb ? 1
Linspire 2200 CNR "click and run" deb ? 1
Linux Mint 23000 APT, mintInstall deb Ubiquity 1
Lunar 3120 lin source ? 1
Mandriva Linux 20000 urpmi, rpmdrake[37] RPM DrakX 1
MEPIS 20000 APT deb ? 1
Musix GNU+Linux 1300 APT deb ? 1
Mutagenix  ?  ? tgz ? 1
Mythbuntu 26000 APT deb Ubiquity ?
NimbleX 500 none tgz ? 0
Nitix ? SoftUpdate, yum RPM ? 1
openSUSE 22000 YaST, Zypper RPM YaST 1
Paipix 2000 APT deb ? 1
Pardus 1600 PiSi .pisi ? 1
Parsix ? APT deb ? 1
PCLinuxOS 5025 APT, RPM RPM ? 1
Pie Box Enterprise Linux 1500 up2date, yum RPM ? 1
Puppy 300 PupGet, DotPup .pup, .pet ? 1
QiLinux 2500 RPM, APT RPM ? 1[38]
Red Flag ? Red Flag Installer System, RPM RPM ? 1
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3000 RPM, yum RPM ? 1
Rxart 5000 APT deb ? 1
Sabayon Linux 12000 Portage, Entropy ebuild ? 1
SAM Linux ? ? ? ?
Satux ? dpkg,apt-get deb ? 1
Scientific ? APT/yum RPM ? 1
sidux 23000 APT deb ? 1
Slackware 544 installpkg, upgradepkg tgz ? 0
Slax 2050 none .lzm ? ?
SMS - Slack Mini Server 600 installpkg, upgradepkg tgz, .lzm ? 0
SliTaz GNU/Linux 448 Tazpkg .tazpkg ? 1
Source Mage GNU/Linux 5514 Sorcery Package Manager src ? 1
SUSE 22000 YaST, Zypper RPM YaST 1
Symphony OS ? APT, OneClick RPM ? 1
SYS 6000 installpkg, upgradepkg tgz ? 0
Ubuntu,Kubuntu,Xubuntu 26000 APT deb Ubiquity 1
Ututo 5000 UTUTO Package Manager ebuild ? ?
Vector Linux ? slapt-get, gslapt, installpkg tgz ? 1
Xandros Desktop OS ? APT deb ? 1
XBMC Live ? APT deb ? 0
Yoper 2000 Smart RPM ? 0
Zenwalk Linux ? netpkg, installpkg, upgradepkg tgz ? 1
发行版 预编译的软件包数量 软件包数量 默认包管理工具 包格式 默认安装程序 图形安装过程

Live CDs/DVDs/USBs[编辑]

发行版 大小 (MB) 内存占用 (MB) 从CD光驱启动 从DVD光驱启动 可从Live CD安装 可从USB设备启动
ALT Linux Desktop or Lite 700 1 1 0
Archie 1 1
Ark Linux 700 1 1
Austrumi 50 1 1
BackTrack 700/1533 1 1 1 1
CentOS 700 1 1
Damn Small Linux 50 8 to 16 1 1 1 1
Debian Live 50 to 5120 1 1 1 1
Dreamlinux 700 1 1
dyne:bolic 650 1 1
Elive 700 1 1
Feather Linux 128 48 to 96 1 1
Fedora
Live CD
683 256 to 1024 1 1 1 1
Finnix 100 to 130 28 to 64 1 1 0
Freespire 700 128 to 768 1 0 1
iloog 700 1 0
Inquisitor live CD 210 96 1 1 1
Kanotix 700 1 1
Knoppix CD
edition
700 128 to 320 1 1 0Only DVD edition is maintained
Knoppix DVD
"Maxi" edition
4812.8 0 1
Knoppix STD 497 1 1 0No longer updated
Gnoppix 4812.8 0 1 0No longer updated
gOS 700 1 1 1
Linux Mint 700 256 to 768 1 1 1 1
Mandriva One 700 128 to 768 1 1 1 1
Mandrake
MCNLive 350 1 1
Morphix 700 1 1
Musix 700 1 1
NimbleX 200 96 to 320 1 1
nUbuntu 265 1 1
openGEU 700 192 to 512 1 1
openSUSE 700 128 to 768 1 1 1 1
Oralux 500 1 1 0No longer updated
Parted Magic 30 1 1
PCLinuxOS 130 to 700 96 to 512 1 1 1
Phlak 500 1 1 0No longer updated
Puppy Linux (standard edition) 70 32 to 192 1 1 1
pure:dyne 542 1 1
Red Hat Linux
Sabayon Linux Live CD 695 1 1 1
Sabayon Linux Live DVD 4000 0 1 1
SAM Linux 683 1 1
sidux 400 to 1999 193 1 1 1
SimplyMEPIS 706 128 to 512 1 1 1
SLAX 200 96 to 320 1 1 1
SMS - Slack Mini Server 283 to 950 128 to 786 1 1 1 1
SliTaz GNU/Linux 25 1 1 1
SystemRescueCD 160 1 1 1
Trinity Rescue Kit 104 1 1
Ubuntu 700 384 1 1 1 1
Edubuntu 700 1 1
Kubuntu 700 384 1 1 1 1
XBMC Live 700 256 to 1024 1 0 1 1
Xubuntu 700 256 1 1 1 1
发行版 大小 (MB) 内存占用 (MB) 从CD光驱启动 从DVD光驱启动 可从Live CD安装 可从USB设备启动

安全特性[编辑]

发行版 编译时缓冲区检查 强制存取控制 软件执行空间保护 grsecurity RSBAC
Fedora 1 1是 (SELinux[39]) 1是 (Exec Shield[40]) 0 0
Gentoo[41] 未知 自選 (SELinux) 自選 (PaX) 自選 自選
Mandriva 未知 1是 (AppArmor[42]) 未知 未知 1
SUSE 未知 1是 (AppArmor[43]) 未知 未知 未知

参见[编辑]

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ BLAG Linux And GNU - BLAG 90001 (oxygen) Released
  2. ^ http://www.puppylinux.org/downloads/official-releases/puppy-linux-411
  3. ^ satux
  4. ^ [http://ftp1.us.proftpd.org/pub/historic-linux/distributions/jurix/README.txt
  5. ^ http://ftp.tu-chemnitz.de/pub/linux/SYS/
  6. ^ Linspire.com - Products
  7. ^ How to Buy: Novell Open Enterprise Server 2
  8. ^ redhat.com | Red Hat Enterprise Linux
  9. ^ redhat.com | Red Hat Enterprise Linux Desktop Operating Systems
  10. ^ Linux- RXART- Soluciones Linux - Linux Solutions
  11. ^ SUSE Linux Enterprise Operating Systems from Novell
  12. ^ Pkg: kernel26 - Arch Linux Package Details
  13. ^ Pkg: gcc - Arch Linux Package Details
  14. ^ Official Arch Linux Install Guide: Set Filesystem Mountpoints
  15. ^ Installing - ArkWiki
  16. ^ http://foo-projects.org/git/?p=lunar/moonbase.git;a=blob_plain;f=compilers/gcc/DETAILS;hb=HEAD
  17. ^ redhat.com | Knowledgebase
  18. ^ http://forum.sabayonlinux.org/viewtopic.php?f=60&t=16766
  19. ^ Installing Slackware 12 on Linux Software RAID and LVM2
  20. ^ ftp://ftp5.gwdg.de/pub/linux/install/sys/
  21. ^ http://guyane.dyn-o-saur.com/info.php
  22. ^ Debian - Ports
  23. ^ Fedora Architecture Specific Notes
  24. ^ Gentoo Linux ARM Handbook. 
  25. ^ Gentoo Linux/MIPS Frequently Asked Questions. 
  26. ^ Gentoo/MIPS Linux Hardware Requirements. 
  27. ^ GoboLinux - the alternative Linux distribution
  28. ^ openSUSE download page
  29. ^ Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server Version comparison chart
  30. ^ RHEL 4 is the last version to support 31-bit s390. RHEL 5 only supports 64-bit s390x.
  31. ^ SUSE Linux Enterprise Server Tech Specs
  32. ^ http://sisyphus.ru/
  33. ^ BLAG :: View topic - rolling or frozen
  34. ^ Foresight Linux | 1.4.1 Release Notes
  35. ^ Can be installed graphically (GTK+ and ncurses), but traditionally done by command line (install cd, live cd, netboot, and from distributions).
  36. ^ GoboLinux - the alternative Linux distribution
  37. ^ Mandriva 2008 release notes
  38. ^ Ncurses-based first stage and then KDE-based second stage installation GUI.
  39. ^ Mandatory Access Control with SELinux. [2007-12-24]. 
  40. ^ Fedora Core 1 Release Notes - Kernel Notes. [2007-12-24]. 
  41. ^ Hardened Gentoo - 4. Subprojects. [2007-12-24]. 
  42. ^ Mandriva Linux 2008 Release Notes: Apparmor has replaced RSBAC as the in-kernel application security tool.. 
  43. ^ AppArmor. 

外部連結[编辑]