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Mac Pro

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Mac Pro
New Mac Pro (12093123884).jpg
2013年新版Mac Pro
研發商 蘋果公司(Apple)
型式 工作站
推出日期 2013年6月10日(當前)
2006年8月7日(首發)
單價 $2,499美元
CPU Intel Xeon E5-2697 v2 十二核心(當前)
Intel Xeon "Woodcrest"(首發)
網站 Apple Mac Pro

Mac Pro(相對於68k MacPPC Mac、也被稱為Intel Mac)是蘋果公司推出的高階桌上型電腦系列產品,搭載英特爾(Intel)「Xeon微處理器以及「PCI Express」架構。蘋果電腦公司在2006年8月7日的「全球研發者大會」(WWDC)上發表了這台電腦,是接替Power Macintosh的系列產品[1]。其外觀的製機殼與Power Mac G5的幾乎相同,但擴充了光碟機的插槽,以及前後重新排列設計的I/O連接埠。不像其他的麥金塔系列產品,Mac Pro並沒有內建可接收Apple Remote訊號的红外线裝置。

以2006年的標準衡量,Mac Pro是高階機種,擁有兩個中央處理器(總共4顆核心)、4個硬碟位置以及8個記憶體RAM)插槽。Mac Pro的主力規格應該是定在搭載2.66GHz處理器的中階機種。在過去,蘋果電腦公司常會使用「起始於…」(starting at)或「從…」(from)來說明基本電腦款式的價格,但是這次在蘋果電腦商店(Apple Store)中,價格的標示為「Mac Pro at $2,799」,這是中階規格的價格。但透過自行選擇Mac Pro的零件,最基本機種從$2,299美元起跳,較為接近以往的雙核心G5機型的價錢,但是相對的也提供了更強大的運算能力。

Mac Pro的其中一項特色在於不需要任何工具即可拆開機殼進行擴充(螺絲起子僅是備用,以防萬一),而硬碟的安裝也是使用「滑入」的方式,同樣也不須任何工具。

蘋果已於2013年6月10日的WWDC上推出最新型號的Mac Pro,外形呈黑色圓筒狀,並於同年12月推出。[2]新一代Mac Pro採用AMD FirePro而不是NVIDIA Quadro是因為前者的OpenCL運算能力較佳,這項技術正是由蘋果公司開發。[3]


規格[编辑]

第一代[编辑]

Component Intel Xeon (based on Core microarchitecture) Intel Xeon (based on Nehalem microarchitecture) Intel Xeon (based on Nehalem microarchitecture and Westmere microarchitecture)
Model Mid 2006[4] Early 2008[5] Early 2009[6] Mid 2010[7] Mid 2012[8]
Release date August 7, 2006
April 4, 2007 Optional 3.0 GHz Quad-core Xeon "Clovertown"
January 8, 2008 March 3, 2009
December 4, 2009 Optional 3.33 GHz Quad-core Xeon "Bloomfield"
August 9, 2010 June 11, 2012
Model Numbers MA356*/A MA970*/A MB871*/A MB535*/A MC560*/A MC250*/A MC561*/A MD770*/A MD771*/A MD772*/A
Machine Model MacPro1,1
MacPro2,1 Optional 3.0 GHz Quad-core Xeon "Clovertown"
MacPro3,1 MacPro4,1 MacPro5,1 MacPro5,1
EFI Mode EFI32 EFI64
Kernel Default Mode 32-bit 32-bit in Mac OS X (client), 64-bit in Mac OS X Server 64-bit
Chipset Intel 5000X Intel 5400 Intel X58
Processor Two 2.66 GHz (5150) Dual-core Intel Xeon "Woodcrest"
Optional 2.0 GHz (5130), 2.66 GHz or 3.0 GHz (5160) Dual-core or 3.0 GHz (X5365) Quad-core Intel Xeon "Clovertown"
Two 2.8 GHz (E5462) Quad-Core Intel Xeon "Harpertown"
Optional two 3.0 GHz (E5472) or 3.2 GHz (X5482) Quad-core processors or one 2.8 GHz (E5462) Quad-core processor
One 2.66 GHz (W3520) Quad-Core Intel Xeon "Bloomfield" or two 2.26 GHz (E5520) Quad-core Intel Xeon "Gainestown" with 8 MB of L3 cache
Optional 2.93 GHz (W3540) or 3.33 GHz (W3580) Intel Xeon Quad-core Intel Xeon "Bloomfield" processors or two 2.66 GHz (X5550) or 2.93 GHz (X5570) Quad-core Intel Xeon "Gainestown" processors
One 2.8 GHz Quad-Core "Bloomfield" Intel Xeon (W3530) processor with 8 MB of L3 cache or two 2.4 GHz Quad-Core "Gulftown" Intel Xeon (E5620) processors with 12 MB of L3 cache or two 2.66 GHz 6-core "Gulftown" Intel Xeon (X5650) processors with 12 MB of L3 cache
Optional 3.2 GHz Quad-Core "Bloomfield" (W3565) or 3.33 GHz 6-core "Gulftown" (W3680) Intel Xeon processors or two 2.93 GHz 6-core (X5670) Intel Xeon "Gulftown" processors
One 3.2 GHz Quad-Core "Bloomfield" Intel Xeon (W3565) processor with 8 MB of L3 cache or two 2.4 GHz 6-Core "Westmere-EP" Intel Xeon (E5645) processors with 12 MB of L3 cache
Optional 3.33 GHz 6-Core "Gulftown" (W3680), two 2.66 GHz 6-core "Westmere-EP" (X5650), or two 3.06 GHz 6-core "Westmere-EP" (X5675) Intel Xeon processors
System bus 1333 MHz 1600 MHz 4.8 GT/s(Quad-core models only) or 6.4 GT/s 4.8 GT/s (Quad-core models only), 5.86 GT/s(8-core models only) or 6.4 GT/s 4.8 GT/s (Quad-core models only), 5.86 GT/s(12-core models only) or 6.4 GT/s
Front-side bus QuickPath Interconnect
Memory 1 GB (two 512 MB) of 667 MHz DDR2 ECC fully buffered DIMM
Expandable to 16 GB (Apple), 32 GB (Actual)
2 GB (two 1 GB) of 800 MHz DDR2 ECC fully buffered DIMM
Expandable to 64 GB
3 GB (three 1 GB) for UP quad-core or 6 GB (six 1 GB) for DP 8-core of 1066 MHz DDR3 ECC DIMM
Expandable to 16 GB on Quad-core models (although expandable to 48GB using 3rd party 3×16GB DIMMs), and 32 GB in 8-core models (128 GB using 3rd party 8x16GB DIMMs, OSX 10.9/Windows)
3 GB (three 1 GB) for quad- and 6-core models or 6 GB (six 1 GB) for 8- and 12-core models of 1333 MHz ECC DDR3 SDRAM
Expandable to 48 GB on Quad-core models, and 64 GB in 8- and 12-core models (although expandable to 128GB using 3rd party 8×16GB DIMMs, OSX 10.9/Windows)
6 GB (three 2 GB) for quad- and 6-core models or 12 GB (six 2 GB) for 12-core models of 1333 MHz ECC DDR3 SDRAM
Expandable to 48 GB on Quad- and 6-core models, and 64 GB in 12-core models (although expandable to 128GB using 3rd party 8×16GB DIMMs, OSX 10.9/Windows)
Graphics
Expandable to four graphics cards
nVidia GeForce 7300 GT with 256 MB of GDDR3 SDRAM (single-link and dual-link DVI ports)
Optional ATI Radeon X1900 XT with 512 MB GDDR3 SDRAM (two dual-link DVI ports) or nVidia Quadro FX 4500 with 512 MB GDDR3 SDRAM (stereo 3D and two dual-link DVI ports)
ATI Radeon HD 2600 XT with 256 MB of GDDR3 SDRAM (two dual-link DVI ports)
Optional nVidia GeForce 8800 GT with 512 MB GDDR3 SDRAM (two dual-link DVI ports) or nVidia Quadro FX 5600 1.5 GB (stereo 3D, two dual-link DVI ports)
nVidia GeForce GT 120 with 512 MB of GDDR3 SDRAM (one mini-DisplayPort and one dual-link DVI port)
Optional ATI Radeon HD 4870 with 512 MB of GDDR5 SDRAM (one Mini DisplayPort and one dual-link DVI port)
ATI Radeon HD 5770 with 1 GB of GDDR5 memory (two Mini DisplayPorts and one dual-link DVI port)
Optional ATI Radeon HD 5870 with 1 GB of GDDR5 memory (two Mini DisplayPorts and one dual-link DVI port)
Hard drive
7200-rpm unless specified
250 GB Serial ATA with 8 MB cache
Optional 500 GB with 8 MB cache or 750 GB with 16 MB cache
320 GB Serial ATA with 8 MB cache
Optional 500 GB, 750 GB, or 1 TB Serial ATA with 16 MB cache or 300 GB Serial Attached SCSI, 15,000-rpm with 16 MB cache
640 GB Serial ATA with 16 MB cache
Optional 1 TB or 2 TB Serial ATA drives with 32 MB cache
1 TB Serial ATA with 32 MB cache
Optional 1 TB or 2 TB Serial ATA drives with 32 MB cache or 512 GB Solid State Drives
Optical drive 16× SuperDrive with double-layer support (DVD±R DL/DVD±RW/CD-RW) 18× SuperDrive with double-layer support (DVD±R DL/DVD±RW/CD-RW)
AirPort Extreme Optional 802.11a/b/g and draft-n (n disabled by default) Optional 802.11a/b/g and draft-n (n-enabled) Built-in 802.11a/b/g/n
Maximum Supported Operating System OS X 10.7 "Lion"
(Unofficially, can run OS X 10.8 "Mountain Lion" and 10.9 "Mavericks" with an upgrade to a supported graphics card and EFI64 emulation)[9][10]
OS X 10.9 "Mavericks"

第二代[编辑]

Intel Xeon (Ivy Bridge-EP)
型號 Late 2013[11]
推出日期 2013年12月
Model Numbers A1481
型號識別元 MacPro6,1
EFI EFI64
内核 64-bit
晶片組 Unannounced
CPU One 3.7 GHz Quad-Core Intel Xeon (E5-1620 v2) with 10MB L3 cache or one 3.5 GHz 6-Core Intel Xeon (E5-1650 v2) with 12MB L3 cache
Optional one 3.0 GHz 8-Core Intel Xeon (E5-1680 v2) with 25MB L3 cache or one 2.7 GHz 12-Core Intel Xeon (E5-2697 v2) with 30MB L3 cache
系統總線 DMI 2.0 or 2 x 8.0 GT/s (12-core model only)
記億體 12 GB (three 4 GB) for quad-core model or 16 GB (four 4 GB) for 6-core model of DDR3 ECC at 1866 MHz (up to 60 GB/s)
Optional 16GB for quad-core mode and optional 32GB or 64GB each
顯示卡 Dual AMD FirePro D300 with 2 GB of GDDR5 VRAM each for quad-core model or Dual AMD FirePro D500 with 3 GB of GDDR5 VRAM each for 6-core model
Optional Dual AMD FirePro D500 with 3 GB of GDDR5 VRAM for quad-core mode or Dual AMD FirePro D700 with 6 GB of GDDR5 VRAM each
儲存裝置 256 GB PCIe-based flash storage
Optional 512 GB or 1 TB PCIe-based flash storage
AirPort Extreme Built-in 802.11a/b/g/n/ac (up to 1.3 Gbit/s)

趣事[编辑]

由於 2013 年最新款的 Mac Pro 造型為黑色筒狀,許多人評價造型像極了垃圾桶甚至是骨灰罈。[來源請求]2013 年 12 月 18 日遊戲設計師 Jonathan Hirz 設計了一款 Mac Pro 造型的垃圾桶圖示,提供蘋果用戶置換 Dock 上原本 Mac OS X 內建的垃圾桶圖示。[來源請求]

資料來源[编辑]

  1. ^ 2006年8月7日全球研發者大會WWDC)上的簡報。
  2. ^ Apple - Mac Pro
  3. ^ 2013款Mac Pro初步测评. chip hell. [2013-12-23]. 
  4. ^ Mac Pro – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [March 3, 2009]. 
  5. ^ Mac Pro (Early 2008) – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [March 3, 2009]. 
  6. ^ Mac Pro (Early 2009) – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [March 3, 2009]. 
  7. ^ Mac Pro (Mid 2010) – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [July 27, 2010]. 
  8. ^ Mac Pro (Mid 2012) – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [July 28, 2012]. 
  9. ^ Kessler, Topher. OS X Mountain Lion can run on unsupported Intel Mac Pros | MacFixIt - CNET Reviews. Reviews.cnet.com. July 25, 2012 [November 8, 2012]. 
  10. ^ http://fairerplatform.com/2013/10/original-mac-pro-run-os-x-mavericks/
  11. ^ Mac Pro (Late 2013) – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [June 10, 2013]. 

外部連結[编辑]