本高风险模板已獲永久保护以免遭到破坏

Template:Cite news

维基百科,自由的百科全书
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模板簡介

描写维基条目时经常需要参考各种新聞類资源,因此更多地使用这个模板可以将所参考的来源记录下来,以便浏览者以及之后的编写者找到这些来源资料。

本模板是用來列明維基條目中的新聞來源(參見列明来源的關於於維基條目列明的一般注意事項,並參見{{cite web}}學習如何列名非新聞來源)。

模板用法

所有参数都必须使用小写字母。

使用时可以复制下面的空白模板。参数之间以“|”符号分隔。请删除未使用的参数以保持编辑框的整齐。

完整格式(复制下列文字并删除不需要的参数)
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |author= |coauthors= |title= |trans_title= |url= |format= |work= |publisher= |location= |id= |pages= |page= |date= |accessdate=2014-12-22 |language= |quote= |archiveurl= |archivedate= }}
常用参数
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdate=2014-12-22 }}
竖式排列的全部参数
{{cite news
 | first = 
 | last = 
 | authorlink = 
 | author = 
 | coauthors = 
 | title = 
 | trans_title =
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | work = 
 | publisher = 
 | location = 
 | id = 
 | pages = 
 | page = 
 | date = 
 | accessdate = 
 | language = 
 | quote = 
 | archiveurl = 
 | archivedate = 
 }}
  • title:新闻标题(原文)。唯一必需参数,下列其余参数可选。此参数不应以引号,斜体或其他方式标记格式。
    • trans_title:新闻标题的中文翻譯。
  • author: 作者。
    • lastfirst:标识作者的姓名,显示为last, first(主要用于外国名字在前,姓氏在后的情况)。
    • authorlink :作者在维基百科中的条目,而不是外部的網址。
    • coauthors: 合作作者。
  • url: 如果新聞引用項在互聯網上有链接,可以在此輸入其外部鏈接地址,而不应链接至新闻发布者的主页。开头必须带有通讯协议 例如http://或https://。
    • format: 新闻格式,如PDF。默认为HTML格式。
      如该连接不再提供免费浏览,请注明“收费”。
      如该连接到非原发布者提供的全文链接,请注明“再版”。
  • work: 刊登該新聞的出版物名称,如新闻周刊人民日报等,也可以是某個专栏或者副刊的名称。請不要使用斜体。
  • publisher: 发表该新闻的公司、机构或组织,例如新华社綠色和平組織等。
    • location: 新闻来源地,例如香港(南華早報)。
  • id: 以{{ISSN|0028-0836}}之类表明的编号。如果使用此参数,一定要标明编号的类别,而不应只提供一个编号。
  • date: 出版日,建议使用ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD 标准,如“2008-01-01”
  • pagepages: 新闻所在的页数,两者只能使用一个| page = 30 显示为“p. 3”,| pages = 30-40 显示为“pp. 30-40”。
  • accessdate: 查阅日期。
  • language: 新闻来源的语言,如en、zh-cn等。填入{{en}}会导致错误。
  • quote: 被引用的相关原文。
  • archiveurl: 存档的URL地址。
  • archivedate: 存档日期

举例說明

使用lastfirst以标明作者,并使用ISSN作为 id 。
  • {{cite news | first=琼斯 | last=道 | title=新闻标题 | url=http://www.example.org/ | work=世界百科全书 | publisher=新闻集团 | pages= 37–39 | date=2005-11-21 | id={{ISSN|0028-0836}} | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    道, 琼斯. 新闻标题. 世界百科全书 (新闻集团). 2005-11-21: (37–39) [2005-12-11]. ISSN 0028-0836ISSN 0028-0836. 
使用author替代lastfirst
  • {{cite news | author=道琼斯 | title=新闻 | url=http://www.example.org/News.pdf | format=PDF | publisher=新闻集团 | pages= 37–39 | date=2005-11-21 | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    道琼斯. 新闻 (PDF). 新闻集团. 2005-11-21: (37–39) [2005-12-11]. 
使用authorlink以链接到作者的条目。
  • {{cite news | first=琼斯 | last=道 | authorlink=道琼斯 | title=新闻 | url=http://www.example.org/background | format=再版 | publisher=新闻集团 | date=2005-11-21 | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    道, 琼斯. 新闻 (再版). 新闻集团. 2005-11-21 [2005-12-11]. 
使用format参数。
  • {{cite news | title=新闻 | url=http://www.example.org/Archive/News | format=收费 | publisher=新闻集团 | date=2005-11-21 | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    新闻 (收费). 新闻集团. 2005-11-21 [2005-12-11]. 
使用page参数说明页码。
  • {{cite news | first=琼斯 | last=道 | title=FooBar | page=1 }}
    道, 琼斯. FooBar. : (1). 
一个非常简单的引用。
  • {{cite news | title=FooBar | page=1 }}
    FooBar. : (1). 
使用archiveurlarchivedate參數引用被存档网站存档的网页。
  • {{cite news | author=Staff writer | title=新闻 | url=http://www.example.org/News.pdf | format=PDF | publisher=新闻集团 | pages= 37–39 | date=2005-11-21 | accessdate=2005-12-11 | archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20070628082911/http://www.example.org/News.pdf | archivedate=2007-06-28 }}
    Staff writer. 新闻 (PDF). 新闻集团. 2005-11-21: (37–39) [2005-12-11]. (原始内容存档于2007-06-28). 
忽略archivedate参数會造成的错误。
  • {{cite news | author=Staff writer | title=新闻 | url=http://www.example.org/News.pdf | format=PDF | publisher=新闻集团 | pages= 37–39 | date=2005-11-21 | accessdate=2005-12-11 | archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20070628082911/http://www.example.org/News.pdf }}
    Staff writer. 新闻 (PDF). 新闻集团. 2005-11-21: (37–39) [2005-12-11]. (原始内容存档于使用|archiveurl=需要含有|archivedate= (帮助)). 

模板数据

这是一个用于新版可视化编辑器模板数据文档。

Cite news

本模板是用來列明維基條目中的'''新聞來源'''。描写维基条目时经常需要参考各种新聞類资源,因此更多地使用这个模板可以将所参考的来源记录下来,以便浏览者以及之后的编写者找到这些来源资料。

模板参数
参数 说明 类型 默认值 自动值 状态
URL urlURL 如果新聞引用項在互聯網上有链接,可以在此輸入其外部鏈接地址,而不应链接至新闻发布者的主页。开头必须带有通讯协议 例如<nowiki>http://或https://</nowiki>。 string 推荐
Source title title 新闻标题(原文)。'''唯一必需参数''',其余参数可选。此参数不应以引号,斜体或其他方式标记格式。 string 必填
Last name lastauthor author1 authors last1 The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'. unknown 推荐
First name firstfirst1 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'. unknown 推荐
Source date date 出版日,建议使用[[ISO 8601]] YYYY-MM-DD 标准,如“2008-01-01” string 推荐
Work work 刊登該新聞的出版物名称,如[[新闻周刊]]或[[人民日报]]等,也可以是某個专栏或者副刊的名称。請不要使用斜体。 string 推荐
Publisher publisher 发表该新闻的公司、机构或组织,例如[[新华社]]或[[綠色和平組織]]等。 string 可选
Author link authorlinkauthor-link author1-link authorlink1 作者在维基百科中的条目,而不是外部的網址。 wiki-page-name 可选
Last name last2author2 The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'. unknown 可选
First name first2 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink. unknown 可选
Author link authorlink2author2-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author. (Up to nine authors can be listed, 3-9 are toward the end of the parameter list) wiki-page-name 可选
Newspaper newspaper Name of the newspaper; displays after title string 可选
URL access date accessdate The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink string 推荐
Others others Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith' string 可选
Month of publication month Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known string 可选
Year of publication year Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known string 可选
Original year origyear Original year of publication; provide specifics string 可选
Editor last name editor-last The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors' unknown 可选
Editor first name editor-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first' unknown 可选
Editor link editor-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link' wiki-page-name 可选
Issue issue Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically string 可选
Department department Department within the periodical string 可选
Location of publication location Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place' string 可选
Place of publication publication-place Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at' string 可选
Publication date publication-date Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink string 可选
Agency agency The news agency (wire service) that provided the content; examples: Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse string 可选
Edition edition When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.' string 可选
Volume volume For one publication published in several volumes string 可选
Page page Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.' string 可选
Pages pages Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.' string 可选
No pp nopp Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover') string 可选
At at May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient string 可选
Language language 新闻来源的语言,如en、zh-cn等。填入<nowiki>{{en}}</nowiki>会导致错误。 string 可选
Script title script-title For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:... string 可选
Translated title trans-title An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended string 可选
Type type Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case string 可选
Format format Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML string 可选
arXiv identifier arxiv An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers string 可选
AZIN asin Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters string 可选
AZIN TLD asin-tld ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US string 可选
Bibcode bibcode Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters string 可选
DOI doi Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.' string 可选
DOI broken date doi-broken-date The date that the DOI was determined to be broken string 可选
ISBN isbn International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible string 可选
ISSN issn International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen string 可选
jfm code jfm Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code string 可选
JSTOR jstor JSTOR identifier string 可选
LCCN lccn Library of Congress Control Number string 可选
MR mr Mathematical Reviews identifier string 可选
OCLC oclc Online Computer Library Center number string 可选
OL ol Open Library identifier string 可选
OSTI osti Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier string 可选
PMC pmc PubMed Center article number string 可选
PMID pmid PubMed Unique Identifier string 可选
RFC rfc Request for Comments number string 可选
SSRN ssrn Social Science Research Network string 可选
Zbl zbl Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier string 可选
id id A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable string 可选
Archive URL archiveurl 存档的URL地址。 string 可选
Archive date archivedate 存档日期。 string 可选
Dead URL deadurl If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live string 可选
Quote quote 被引用的相关原文。 string 可选
Ref ref An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template string 可选
Separator separator The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string . 可选
Postscript postscript The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined string . 可选
Lay URL layurl URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary' string 可选
Lay source laysource Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash string 可选
Lay date laydate Date of the summary; displays in parentheses string 可选
Last name last3author3 The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'. unknown 可选
First name first3 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink. unknown 可选
Author link authorlink3author3-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author. wiki-page-name 可选
Last name last4author4 The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'. unknown 可选
First name first4 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink. unknown 可选
Author link authorlink4author4-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author. wiki-page-name 可选
Last name last5author5 The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'. unknown 可选
First name first5 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink. unknown 可选
Author link authorlink5author5-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author. wiki-page-name 可选
Last name last6author6 The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'. unknown 可选
First name first6author6-link Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink. unknown 可选
Author link authorlink6 Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author. wiki-page-name 可选
Last name last7author7 The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'. unknown 可选
First name first7 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink. unknown 可选
Author link authorlink7author7-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author. wiki-page-name 可选
Last name last8author8 The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'. unknown 可选
First name first8 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink. unknown 可选
Author link authorlink8author8-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author. wiki-page-name 可选
Last name last9author9 The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author. unknown 可选
First name first9 Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink. unknown 可选
Author link authorlink9author9-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author. wiki-page-name 可选
Author mask author-mask Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead string 可选
Author name separator author-name-separator Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string , 可选
Author separator author-separator Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string ; 可选
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed; alias of 'displayauthors' number 8 可选
Last author ampersand lastauthoramp When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space' string 可选

参见