Template:Infobox Drug

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Infobox Drug
識別
ATC編碼  ?
化學性質
化學式  ?
治療考量
懷孕分級  ?
合法狀態  ?
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使用方式

此模板包含各種關於藥物的資料,使用時不需要填入所有參數。編輯條目時,通常放在編輯頁面裡的最頂端。此模板是為方便直接翻譯英文版維基百科資料而設,因此使用與英文版同步的格式。除了這個模板,還有另一個使用中文參數的模板,參見Template:Infobox drug。此外,Template:Drugbox重定向至本模板。

一般使用方式

簡單使用:

{{drugbox
| IUPAC_name        = 
| image             = 
| CAS_number        = 
| ATC_prefix        = 
| ATC_suffix        = 
| PubChem           = 
| DrugBank          = 
| chemical_formula  = 
| molecular_weight  = 
| bioavailability   = 
| protein_bound     = 
| metabolism        = 
| elimination_half-life = 
| excretion         = 
| pregnancy_AU      =  <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_US      =  <!-- A / B            / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_category=  
| legal_AU          =  <!-- Unscheduled / S2 / S3 / S4 / S5 / S6 / S7 / S8 / S9 -->
| legal_CA          =  <!--             / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_UK          =  <!-- GSL         / P       / POM / CD / Class A, B, C -->
| legal_US          =  <!-- OTC                   / Rx-only  / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_status      = 
| routes_of_administration = 
}}

完整使用:

{{drugbox
| IUPAC_name        = 
| image             =  
| width             =  
| image2            = 
| width2            = 
| CAS_number        = 
| CAS_supplemental  =
| ATC_prefix        = 
| ATC_suffix        = 
| ATC_supplemental  = 
| PubChem           = 
| DrugBank          = 
| chemical_formula  = 
| C= | H= | As= | Au= | Br= | Cl= | Co= | F= | Gd= | I= | Mn= | N= | Na= | O= | P= | Pt= | S= | Se= | Tc= | Zn= | charge=
| molecular_weight  = 
| smiles            = 
| synonyms          = 
| density           = 
| melting_point     =
| melting_high      =
| melting_notes     = 
| boiling_point     = 
| boiling_notes     =
| solubility        = 
| specific_rotation = 
| sec_combustion    = 
| bioavailability   = 
| protein_bound     = 
| metabolism        = 
| elimination_half-life = 
| excretion         = 
| licence_EU        =  <!-- EMEA requires brand name --> 
| licence_US        =  <!-- FDA may use generic name -->  
| pregnancy_AU      =  <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_US      =  <!-- A / B            / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_category=  
| legal_AU          =  <!-- Unscheduled / S2 / S3 / S4 / S5 / S6 / S7 / S8 / S9 -->
| legal_CA          =  <!--             / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_UK          =  <!-- GSL         / P       / POM / CD / Class A, B, C -->
| legal_US          =  <!-- OTC                   / Rx-only  / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_status      = 
| dependency_liability = 
| routes_of_administration = 
}}

自動生成工具

除了手工填入之外,還可以先用Wikipedia template filling tool 這個工具來產生一個模板,再複製到相應條目裡。此方法需要DrugBank ID,可從DrugBank search獲得。自動生成模板時,請點選「Fill template vertically」,如此可使每行輸入一個參數,就像上面列出的格式一樣。DrugBank並未收錄所有關於藥物的資訊,例如蛋白質結合一欄。

圖片使用

如果沒有輸入圖片名稱,那麼本模板將會以 File:PAGENAME.png 替代,PAGENAME是條目名稱。width為圖片寬度,預設值是220。需要注意的是,多數圖片名稱是以非中文方式命名,但條目名稱卻大多是中文命名,因此多數條目無法自動生成圖片顯示。關於圖片參數的輸入方式,舉例如下:

 | image            = Aspirin.png
 | width            = 325

還可以再加入第二張圖片,以不同方式展現藥物的化學結構,參數為image2,寬度將會與第一張圖相同,輸入方法如下:

 | image            = Paracetamol-skeletal.png 
 | image2           = Paracetamol-3D.png 

ATC與CAS

4.)Additional ATC or CAS codes may be included with the optional ATC_supplemental & CAS_supplement parameter as a comma-separated lists. CAS or ATC templates may be used to have these additional codes link to the relevant databases:

  | CAS_supplemental ={{CAS|427-51-0}} (acetate)
  | ATC_supplemental ={{ATC|M02|AA15}}, {{ATC|S01|BC03}}  

Adds the following linked codes:

For CAS -  427-51-0  (acetate)
For ATC - M02AA15, S01BC03

依賴可能性

5) An optional parameter of Dependence Liability allows opioids or benzodiazepines to be flagged with the risk of becoming dependent upon them, although in many cases this may be somewhat subjective. Drugs should be rated as Low, Medium, High or Extremely High:

 | dependency_liability=High 

物理性質

6) Additional optional physical proprerties are for Melting point, Boiling point, Specific rotation and Standard enthalpy change of combustion

 | melting_point    =
 | boiling_point    =
 | specific_rotation=
 | sec_combustion   =

化學式輸入方式

7) You can provide the chemical formula as either the default

 | chemical_formula =

or as

 | C= | H= | As= | Au= | Br= | Cl= | Co= | F= | Gd= | I= | Mn= | N= | Na= | O= | P= | Pt= | S= | Se= | Tc= | Zn= | charge=
e.g.   | C=2 | H=6 | O=1
gives  Formula   C2H6O

Irrespective of the order of asigning values to the constituent parameters, the formula is displayed with elements in the above order. The charge parameter, if defined, is shown superscripted.

e.g.   | C=2 | O=1 | H=2 | charge=+   is identical to  | C=2 | H=2 | O=1 | charge=+
giving Formula   C2H6O+

許可資訊

8) Licensing information - There are two major licensing authorities that make drug information easily accessible: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMEA). NB The word "Licence" is the noun in British English, "License" is the verb.

The FDA "Label Information" and the EMEA "Product Information", where available, are very detailed. There is material aimed at the professional and also plain-English consumer information. These are excellent reliable source for article information but also contains much that makes it a worthwhile "External link" since there is no way one can include all the info. Both sites work using of the brand name of the drug but the FDA site also allows searches with the generic name (active ingredient), which lists generic variants where they are licensed.

  | licence_EU =    <!-- EMEA requires brand name --> 
  | licence_US =    <!-- FDA may use generic name -->  

Lists of products and the parameter term to use may be easily searched for:

  • European Public Assessment Reports SiteMap. Authorised Products: EMEA A-F, EMEA G-L, EMEA M-R, EMEA S-Z
    When items are composed of more than one word, licence_EU uses adjoined words (i.e. no spaces); e.g. infanrixpenta for Infanrix Penta.
  • Drugs@FDA Search by Drug Name or Active Ingredient
    Where items are composed of more than one word, licence_US requires an underscore '_' in place of any spaces; e.g. Acyclovir_Sodium.

法律狀況

9) Legal status has been previously declared using just the legal_status parameter with a variety of markup styles used to indicate various countries and their classifications. Alternatively legal_AU, legal_CA, legal_UK and legal_US may be set to the fixed options in the table below. The template will ensure the catagorisation is shown correctly capitalised, use Unicode Rx symbol and add a linked 2-letter country code as per WP:MOS. legal_status may still be used with the country-specific parameters as it is appended afterwards, allowing backwards compatibility for articles that only define this parameter, or for the future with free-text of other information.

Hence | legal_AU     = S2
      | legal_UK     = gsl
      | legal_US     = Rx-only
      | legal_status = Not marketed in Asia
Gives S2(AU) POM(UK) -only(US)  Not marketed in Asia

Note: if a drug is restricted everywhere to prescription-only, please set legal_status = Rx-only rather than similarly define for each and every country ('Rx-only' is specifically recognised by legal_status and shows as Prescription only)

Abbreviation
(options)
Meaning
legal_status Anywhere
Rx-only ℞ Prescription only
legal_AU Australia
(ee SUSDP)
Unscheduled Unscheduled/exempt
S2 Schedule 2 Pharmacy Medicine
S3 Schedule 3 Pharmacist Only Medicine
S4 Schedule 4 Prescription Only Medicine
S5 Schedule 5 Caution
S6 Schedule 6 Poison
S7 Schedule 7 Dangerous Poison
S8 Schedule 8 Controlled Drug
S9 Schedule 9 Prohibited Substance
legal_CA Canada
? Over the counter
? Prescription only. Where known may specify:
Schedule I see Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
Schedule II
Schedule III
Schedule IV
Schedule V
Schedule VI
Schedule VII
Schedule VIII
legal_UK United Kingdom
GSL General Sale List
P Pharmacy Medicine
POM Prescription Only Medicine
CD Controlled Drug. Where known may specify:
Class A see Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
Class B
Class C
legal_US United States
OTC Over the counter
℞-only
Rx-only
Prescription only. Where known may specify:
Schedule I see Controlled Substances Act
Schedule II
Schedule III
Schedule IV
Schedule V

懷孕分級

10) Pregnancy Categorisation has been previously declared using just the pregnancy_category parameter with a variety of markup styles used to indicate various countries and their classifications. Alternatively pregnancy_AU and pregnancy_US may be set to the fixed categories. For Australia values permitted are: A, B1, B2, B3, C, D or X (note if just set to 'B' then B? is shown). For US values permitted are: A, B, C, D or X.

Note the UK does not have official designated categorisations, but has both a variety of standard phrases with explanatory qualifications, plus many individual descriptions. pregnancy_category may still be used with the country-specific parameters as it is appended afterwards, allowing backwards compatibility for articles that only define this parameter, or for the future with free-text of other information.

 Hence | pregnancy_AU = B1
       | pregnancy_US = C
       | pregnancy_category = Used in pregnancy for [[Pregnancy-induced hypertension|PIH]]
Gives B1(AU) C(US) Used in pregnancy for PIH


11) Optional additional Chemical data fields of SMILES and Synonyms are for most drugs not helpful to the wider readership.

 | smiles            = 
 | synonyms          = 

完整的物理資料

12) Physical data - this is an entirely optional section, and for most drugs is not helpful to the wider readership. Only include if information of particular interest for the drug as to its chemical propersites (e.g. in its manufacture or as an important chemical in its own right, e.g. Aspirin). If any of the following optional parameters are defined then a new section header of 'Physical data' is shown.

 | density           = 
 | melting_point     = 
 | boiling_point     = 
 | solubility        = 
 | specific_rotation = 
 | sec_combustion    = 

The template will add the following to the numeric values provided:

  • Density - added 'g/cm3'
  • Melting or Boiling points - added '°C' along with calculated converted value in °F.
  • Solubility - added 'mg/mL (20°C)'
Hence:  | melting_point = 100
gives:  Melting point   100°C (212°F)

In addition, where the melting point occurs over a range of temperatures, use melting_high for the upper value.

Hence:  | melting_point = 100
        | melting_high  = 104
gives:  Melting point   100-104 °C (212-219 °F)

Comments can be added to the melting and boiling point entries using melting_notes and boiling_notes

Hence:  | boiling_point = 100
        | boiling_notes = (sublimes)
gives:  Boiling point   100 °C (212 °F) (sublimes)


13) Don't worry about getting all the fields -- just do your best, and if you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to ask at Template talk:Drugbox.


參見