Template:Infobox election

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總統或議會選舉信息框。

用法[编辑]

{{Infobox Election
| box_width = 
| election_name      = 
| country            = 
| flag_year          = 
| type               = 
| ongoing            = 
| party_colour       = 
| previous_election  = 
| previous_year      = 
| next_election      = 
| next_year          = 
| seats_for_election = 
| election_date      = <!-- {{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}} -->
| turnout            = 
| image1             = <!-- 建議使用自由版權的圖像 -->
| colour1            = 
| nominee1           = 
| leader1            = 
| leader_since1      = 
| party1             = <!--用{{!}}分隔條目名稱和簡稱-->
| alliance1          = <!--用{{!}}分隔條目名稱和簡稱-->
| home_state1        = 
| leaders_seat1      = 
| running_mate1      = 
| last_election1     = 
| seats_before1      =
| seats_needed1      = 
| electoral_vote1    = 
| states_carried1    = 
| seats1             = 
| seats_after1       = 
| seat_change1       = 
| popular_vote1      = 
| percentage1        = 
| swing1             = 
| image2             = <!-- 建議使用自由版權的圖像 -->
| colour2            = 
| nominee2           = 
| leader2            = 
| leader_since2      = 
| party2             = <!--用{{!}}分隔條目名稱和簡稱-->
| alliance2          = <!--用{{!}}分隔條目名稱和簡稱-->
| home_state2        = 
| leaders_seat2      = 
| running_mate2      = 
| last_election2     = 
| seats_before2      =
| seats_needed2      = 
| electoral_vote2    = 
| states_carried2    = 
| seats2             = 
| seats_after2       = 
| seat_change2       = 
| popular_vote2      = 
| percentage2        = 
| swing2             = 
| poll1_date         = 
| poll1_source       = 
| poll1_nominee1     = 
| poll1_party1       = 
| poll2_date         = 
| poll2_source       = 
| poll2_nominee1     = 
| poll2_party1       = 
| poll1_date         = 
| poll1_source       = 
| poll1_nominee2     = 
| poll1_party2       = 
| poll2_date         = 
| poll2_source       = 
| poll2_nominee2     = 
| poll2_party2       = 
| map_image          = 
| map_size           = 
| map_caption        = 
| title              = 
| posttitle          =
| before_election    = 
| before_colour      = 
| after_election     = 
| after_colour       = 
| before_party       = 
| after_party        = 
| result             =
| '''Minor Candidates'''
| candidate1         =
| candidate2         =
| candidate3         =
| candidate4         =
| candidate5         =
| party1             =
| party2             =
| party3             =
| party4             =
| party5             =
| votes1             =
| votes2             =
| votes3             =
| votes4             =
| votes5             =
}}
*Non-optional fields.
† only displayed if the election is ongoing.
‡ only displayed if the election has finished.
Field Type Description
election_name * Name given to the election. If this field is left empty the page name is displayed
country 舉行的國家或地區
flag_year For historical elections when an older flag design was in effect, enter the year the flag came into effect (not the election year). Default is to use the current flag.
type * 選舉類型。Must be one of three: presidential, legislative, parliamentary.
ongoing * 填 yes(將進行的選舉)或 no(已完結)。Fields marked with a † are only displayed if the election is ongoing. Fields marked with a ‡ are only displayed if the election is has finished.(預設為 no)。
party_colour Also spelled party_color. To turn off the party colours enter 'no'.
previous_election 前次同類型選舉的條目名稱
previous_year 前次同類型選舉的年份
previous_mps legislative The MPs elected in the last election.
next_election 下次同類型選舉的條目名稱
next_year 下次同類型選舉的年份
next_mps legislative The MPs elected in the next election.
seats_for_election legislative The number of seats for election and the house or chamber the seats are for.
election_date 選舉日期 - use {{Start date}}
image1 Image of Nominee or Party Leader. The number can be changed up to six to display different Nominees or Leaders at the same time.
colour1 Also spelt color1. Enter a hex colour code (without the #) to override the border colour of image1. The number can be changed up to six to display different Nominees or Leaders at the same time.
nominee1 presidential Name of Nominee. When appropriate, candidate1 can be used instead. The number can be changed up to six to display different Nominees at the same time.
leader1 legislative 黨領袖姓名。最多可顯示6個黨(leader1至leader6)。
leader_since1 legislative The date the Leader took office. The number can be changed up to six to display different Parties at the same time.
party1 政黨,用{{!}}分隔條目名稱和簡稱(例如不顯示消歧義括號)
alliance1 政治聯盟,用{{!}}分隔條目名稱和簡稱
home_state1 presidential The state the Nominee represents. The number can be changed up to six to display different Nominees at the same time.
leaders_seat1 legislative The seat the Leader represents. The number can be changed up to six to display different Parties at the same time.
running_mate1 presidential The Nominee's Running mate. The number can be changed up to six to display different Nominees at the same time.
last_election1 legislative 前次選舉取得的議席數目及得票率。最多可顯示6個黨(last_election1至last_election6)。
seats_before1 legislative 選舉前的議席數目。最多可顯示6個黨。
electoral_vote1 presidential The electoral votes obtained by the Nominee. The number can be changed up to six to display different Nominees at the same time.
states_carried1 presidential The states carried or won by the Nominee. The number can be changed up to six to display different Nominees at the same time.
seats1 legislative The seats won at the election. The number can be changed up to six to display different Parties at the same time.
seats_after1 legislative The seat count after the election. The number can be changed up to six to display different Parties at the same time.
seat_change1 legislative The change in the number of seats won at the election compared to the previous election. The number can be changed up to six to display different Parties at the same time.
popular_vote1 The number of votes obtained by the Nominee or Party. The number can be changed up to six to display different Nominees or Parties at the same time.
percentage1 The percentage of the popular vote obtained by the Nominee or Party. The number can be changed up to six to display different Nominees or Parties at the same time.
swing1 legislative The swing or change in popular vote at the election compared to the pervious election. The number can be changed up to six to display different Parties at the same time.
seats_needed1 legislative The seats required to gain an overall majority. The number can be changed up to six to display different Parties at the same time.
poll1_date The date of the opinion poll. The number can be changed up to five to display different polls at the same time.
poll1_source The source or ULR of the opinion poll. The number can be changed up to five to display different polls at the same time.

poll1_nominee1

poll1_nominee1 presidential The percentage poll 1 gave to nominee 1. The poll number can be changed up to five to display different polls at the same time. The nominee number can be changed up to six to display different Nominees at the same time.
poll1_party1 presidential The percentage poll 1 gave to party 1. The poll number can be changed up to five to display different polls at the same time. The party number can be changed up to six to display different Nominees at the same time.
map_image Image of the election map.
map_size Size of image of the election map to be displayed. (Default 300px).
map_caption Caption on image of the election map to be displayed.
title Title decided by the election. (President, Speaker, Government, Prime Minister...)
posttitle Title of the victor of the election (President-elect, Prime Minister-designate, successor, …). If not used, then {{{title}}}-elect will be used.
before_election 是次選舉前的總統、議長、政府或總理
before_colour Also spelt before_color. Enter a hex colour code (without the #) to override the font colour of before_election.
after_election 是次選舉後的總統、議長、政府或總理
after_colour Also spelt after_color. Enter a hex colour code (without the #) to override the font colour of after_election.
before_party 是次選舉前的執政黨
after_party 是次選舉後的執政黨
result Parliamentary or electoral college majority

注意[编辑]

The template can display up to six parties or Nominees at the same time, three on the top row and three on the bottom row. If only four are needed, use the first two on the top and bottom lines. This is done by only using the numbers 1, 2, 4 and 5 on the fields that require a number.

All the fields that work for Legislative will also work for Parliamentary. The only difference between the two is the titles above the images.

The template uses the party fields to display the party colour(黨象徵顏色) in the background of the images and some text. 如果不想使用,填:

| party_colour=no

To override the colour for party1 or nominee1, input:

| colour1=[HEX OF COLOUR MINUS #]

The hex number must be entered without the hash for the field to work. The number (colour1) can be changed up to six for different parties or Nominees. The fields work with both spellings of the word 'colour'.

例子[编辑]

Presidential[编辑]

United States presidential election, 2004
 ‹ 2000
美国 2008 › 
2004年11月2日  (2004-11-02)
  George-W-Bush.jpeg John Kerry headshot with US flag.jpg
候選人 George W. Bush John Kerry
政黨 共和黨 民主黨
本家 Texas Massachusetts
競選拍檔 Richard B. Cheney John Edwards
選舉人票 286 251
勝出州/省 31 19+DC
民選得票 62,040,610 59,028,111
得票率 50.7% 48.3%
US presidential election 2004 map.svg
Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Bush/Cheney (31), Blue denotes those won by Kerry/Edwards (19+DC). Light blue is the electoral vote for "John Edwards" (sic) by an undetermined Minnesota "faithless elector". Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.
時任President

George W. Bush
共和黨

當選President

George W. Bush
共和黨

{{Infobox Election
| election_name = United States presidential election, 2004
| country = United States
| type = presidential
| ongoing = no
| previous_election = United States presidential election, 2000
| previous_year = 2000
| next_election = United States presidential election, 2008
| next_year = 2008
| election_date =  {{Start date|2004|11|02}}

<!--        George W. Bush       -->
| image1 = [[File:George-W-Bush.jpeg|150px]]
| nominee1 = [[George W. Bush]]
| party1 = 共和黨 (美國){{!}}共和黨
| home_state1 = [[Texas]]
| running_mate1 = [[Dick Cheney|Richard B. Cheney]]
| electoral_vote1 = 286
| states_carried1 = 31
| popular_vote1 = 62,040,610
| percentage1 = 50.7%

<!--          John Kerry        -->
| image2 = [[File:John Kerry headshot with US flag.jpg|130px]]
| nominee2 = [[John Kerry]]
| party2 = 民主黨 (美國){{!}}民主黨
| home_state2 = [[Massachusetts]]
| running_mate2 = [[John Edwards]]
| electoral_vote2 = 251
| states_carried2 = 19+[[Washington, D.C.|DC]]
| popular_vote2 = 59,028,111
| percentage2 = 48.3%

| map_image = US presidential election 2004 map.svg
| map_size = 350px
| map_caption = Presidential election results map.

| title = President
| before_election = [[George W. Bush]]
| before_party = 共和黨 (美國){{!}}共和黨
| after_election = [[George W. Bush]]
| after_party = 共和黨 (美國){{!}}共和黨
}}


Ongoing presidential[编辑]

United States presidential election, 2008
 ‹ 2004
美国 2012 › 
2008年11月4日  (2008-11-04)
  Hillary Rodham Clinton.jpg Sen. Barack Obama smiles.jpg John Edwards, official Senate photo portrait.jpg
獲提名人 Hillary Clinton Barack Obama John Edwards
政黨 民主黨 民主黨 民主黨
本家 紐約州 伊利諾伊州 North Carolina
民意調查
2007-08-03 [1] 45% 22% 9%
2007-08-01 [2] 46% 23% 12%
2007-08-01 [3] 44% 23% 14%
2007-07-30 [4] 43% 22% 13%
  Rudy Giuliani.jpg Fred Thompson.jpg John McCain official photo portrait.JPG
獲提名人 Rudy Giuliani Fred Thompson John McCain
政黨 共和黨 共和黨 共和黨
本家 紐約州 田納西州 Arizona
民意調查
2007-08-03 [5] 26% 21% 11%
2007-08-01 [6] 32% 20% 13%
2007-08-01 [7] 33% 20% 17%
2007-07-30 [8] 30% 22% 13%
US Electoral College Map.PNG
Presidential electoral votes by state.
現任President

George W. Bush
共和黨

{{Infobox Election
| election_name = United States presidential election, 2008
| country = United States
| type = presidential
| ongoing = yes
| previous_election = United States presidential election, 2004
| previous_year = 2004
| next_election = <!-- United States presidential election, 2012 -->
| next_year = 2012
| election_date =  {{Start date|2008|11|04}}

<!--        Hillary Rodham Clinton      -->
| image1 = [[File:Hillary Rodham Clinton.jpg|125px]]
| candidate1 = [[Hillary Rodham Clinton|Hillary Clinton]]
| party1 = 民主黨 (美國){{!}}民主黨
| home_state1 = [[紐約州]]
| running_mate1 = 
| electoral_vote1 = 
| states_carried1 = 
| popular_vote1 = 
| percentage1 = 

<!--            Barack Obama           -->
| image2 = [[File:Sen._Barack_Obama_smiles.jpg|125px]]
| candidate2 = [[Barack Obama]]
| party2 = 民主黨 (美國){{!}}民主黨
| home_state2 = [[伊利諾伊州]]
| running_mate2 = 
| electoral_vote2 = 
| states_carried2 = 
| popular_vote2 = 
| percentage2 = 

<!--            John Edwards           -->
| image3 = [[File:John Edwards, official Senate photo portrait.jpg|125px]]
| candidate3 = [[John Edwards]]
| party3 = 民主黨 (美國){{!}}民主黨
| home_state3 = [[North Carolina]]
| running_mate3 = 
| electoral_vote3 = 
| states_carried3 = 
| popular_vote3 = 
| percentage3 = 

<!--            Rudy Giuliani          -->
| image4 = [[File:Rudy Giuliani.jpg|125px]]
| candidate4 = [[Rudy Giuliani]]
| party4 = 共和黨 (美國){{!}}共和黨
| home_state4 = [[紐約州]]
| running_mate4 = 
| electoral_vote4 = 
| states_carried4 = 
| popular_vote4 = 
| percentage4 = 

<!--        Fred Thompson              -->
| image5 = [[File:Fred Thompson.jpg|110px]]
| candidate5 = [[Fred Thompson]]
| party5 = 共和黨 (美國){{!}}共和黨
| home_state5 = [[田納西州]]
| running_mate5 = 
| electoral_vote5 = 
| states_carried5 = 
| popular_vote5 = 
| percentage5 = 

<!--            John McCain            -->
| image6 = [[File:John McCain official photo portrait.JPG|125px]]
| candidate6 = [[John McCain]]
| party6 = 共和黨 (美國){{!}}共和黨
| home_state6 = [[Arizona]]
| running_mate6 = 
| electoral_vote6 = 
| states_carried6 = 
| popular_vote6 = 
| percentage6 = 

<!--      Polls       -->
| poll1_date = 2007-08-03
| poll1_source = http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/election_2008__1/daily_presidential_tracking_polling_history
| poll1_candidate1 = '''45%'''
| poll1_candidate2 = 22%
| poll1_candidate3 = 9%
| poll1_candidate4 = '''26%'''
| poll1_candidate5 = 21%
| poll1_candidate6 = 11%

| poll2_date = 2007-08-01
| poll2_source = http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20109634/site/newsweek/
| poll2_candidate1 = '''46%'''
| poll2_candidate2 = 23%
| poll2_candidate3 = 12%
| poll2_candidate4 = '''32%'''
| poll2_candidate5 = 20%
| poll2_candidate6 = 13%

<!--      Seperate Polls for Dems and GOP       -->
| poll3_date1 = 2007-08-01
| poll3_source1 = http://www.pollingreport.com/wh08dem.htm
| poll3_candidate1 = '''44%'''
| poll3_candidate2 = 23%
| poll3_candidate3 = 14%

| poll3_date2 = 2007-08-01
| poll3_source2 = http://www.pollingreport.com/wh08rep.htm
| poll3_candidate4 = '''33%'''
| poll3_candidate5 = 20%
| poll3_candidate6 = 17%

| poll4_date1 = 2007-07-30
| poll4_source1 = http://www.pollingreport.com/wh08dem.htm
| poll4_candidate1 = '''43%'''
| poll4_candidate2 = 22%
| poll4_candidate3 = 13%

| poll4_date2 = 2007-07-30
| poll4_source2 = http://www.pollingreport.com/wh08rep.htm
| poll4_candidate4 = '''30%'''
| poll4_candidate5 = 22%
| poll4_candidate6 = 13%

| map_image = US Electoral College Map.PNG
| map_size = 350px
| map_caption = Presidential electoral votes by state.

| title = President
| before_election = [[George W. Bush]]
| before_party = 共和黨 (美國){{!}}共和黨
| after_election = 
| after_party = 
}}


Legislative or parliamentary[编辑]

United Kingdom general election, 2005
 ‹ 2001
英国 2010 › 
All 646 seats to the House of Commons
2005年5月5日  (2005-05-05)
多數黨 少數黨 第三黨派
  Tony Blair cropped from defenselink.jpg Michael Howard.jpg Charles Peter Kennedy.jpg
黨領袖 Tony Blair Michael Howard Charles Kennedy
政黨 工党 保守黨 自由民主党
上任期 21 July 1994 6 November 2003 9 August 1999
代表選區 Sedgefield Folkestone and Hythe Ross, Skye and Lochaber
上屆結果 412 seats, 40.7% 166 seats, 31.7% 52 seats, 18.3%
贏得議席 356 198 62
議席差額 -56 +33 +11
民選得票 9,562,122 8,772,598 5,981,874
得票率 35.3% 32.3% 22.1%
游離票率 -5.5% +0.6% +3.7%
時任PM

Tony Blair
工党

當選PM

Tony Blair
工党

{{Infobox Election
| election_name = United Kingdom general election, 2005
| country = United Kingdom
| type = parliamentary
| ongoing = no
| previous_election = United Kingdom general election, 2001
| previous_year = 2001
| previous_mps = MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2001
| next_election = United Kingdom general election, 2010
| next_year = 2010
| next_mps = MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2005
| seats_for_election = All 646 seats to the [[House of Commons of the United Kingdom|House of Commons]]
| election_date = {{Start date|2005|05|05}}

<!--      Labour      -->
| image1 = [[File:Tony Blair cropped from defenselink.jpg|100px]]
| leader1 = [[Tony Blair]]
| leader_since1 = 21 July 1994
| party1 = 工党 (英国){{!}}工党
| leaders_seat1 = [[Sedgefield (UK Parliament constituency)|Sedgefield]]
| last_election1 = 412 seats, 40.7%
| seats1 = 356
| seat_change1 = -56
| popular_vote1 = 9,562,122
| percentage1 = 35.3%
| swing1 = -5.5%

<!--      Conservative     -->
| image2 = [[File:Michael Howard.jpg|120px]]
| leader2 = [[Michael Howard]]
| leader_since2 = 6 November 2003
| party2 = 保守黨 (英國){{!}}保守黨
| leaders_seat2 = [[Folkestone and Hythe (UK Parliament constituency)|Folkestone and Hythe]]
| last_election2 = 166 seats, 31.7%
| seats2 = 198
| seat_change2 = +33
| popular_vote2 = 8,772,598
| percentage2 = 32.3%
| swing2 = +0.6%

<!--      Liberal Democrats      -->
| image3 = [[File:Charles Peter Kennedy.jpg|120px]]
| leader3 = [[Charles Kennedy]]
| leader_since3 = 9 August 1999
| party3 = 自由民主党 (英国){{!}}自由民主党
| leaders_seat3 = [[Ross, Skye and Lochaber (UK Parliament constituency)|Ross, Skye and Lochaber]]
| last_election3 = 52 seats, 18.3%
| seats3 = 62
| seat_change3 = +11
| popular_vote3 = 5,981,874
| percentage3 = 22.1%
| swing3 = +3.7%

| title = PM
| before_election = [[Tony Blair]]
| before_party = 工党 (英国){{!}}工党
| after_election = [[Tony Blair]]
| after_party = 工党 (英国){{!}}工党
}}


Ongoing legislative or parliamentary[编辑]

54th United Kingdom general election
 ‹ 2005
英国 Next › 
All 650 seats to the House of Commons
  Davidcameron.jpg
黨領袖 Gordon Brown David Cameron Nick Clegg
政黨 工党 保守黨 自由民主党
上任期 24 June 2007 6 December 2005 18 December 2007
代表選區 Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath Witney Sheffield Hallam
上屆結果 356 seats, 35.3% 198 seats, 32.3% 62 seats, 22%
執政門檻 -64席 +131席 +264席
民意調查

2007-07-29 [9]

39% 33% 15%
2007-07-25 [10] 41% 32% 16%
2007-07-22 [11] 38% 32% 20%
2007-07-17 [12] 41% 35% 15%
現任PM

Gordon Brown
工党

{{Infobox Election
| election_name = 54th United Kingdom general election
| country = United Kingdom
| type = parliamentary
| ongoing = yes
| previous_election = United Kingdom general election, 2005
| previous_year = 2005
| previous_mps= MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2005
| next_election = <!-- 55th United Kingdom general election -->
| next_year = Next
| next_mps= <!-- MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 55th -->
| seats_for_election = All 650 seats to the [[House of Commons of the United Kingdom|House of Commons]]
| election_date = 

<!--      Labour     -->
| image1 = 
| leader1 = [[Gordon Brown]]
| leader_since1 = 24 June 2007
| party1 = 工党 (英国){{!}}工党
| leaders_seat1 = [[Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath (UK Parliament constituency)|Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath]]
| last_election1 = 356 seats, 35.3%
| seats_needed1 = -64
| states_carried1 = 
| seats1 = 
| seat_change1 = 
| popular_vote1 = 
| percentage1 = 
| swing1 = 

<!--      Conservative     -->
| image2 = [[File:Davidcameron.jpg|120px]]
| leader2 = [[David Cameron]]
| leader_since2 = 6 December 2005
| party2 = 保守黨 (英國){{!}}保守黨
| leaders_seat2 = [[Witney (UK Parliament constituency)|Witney]]
| last_election2 = 198 seats, 32.3%
| seats_needed2 = +131
| states_carried2 = 
| seats2 = 
| seat_change2 = 
| popular_vote2 = 
| percentage2 = 
| swing2 = 

<!--      Liberal Democrats     -->
| image3 = 
| leader3 = [[Nick Clegg]]
| leader_since3 = 18 December 2007
| party3 = 自由民主党 (英国){{!}}自由民主党
| leaders_seat3 = [[Sheffield Hallam (UK Parliament constituency)|Sheffield Hallam]]
| last_election3 = 62 seats, 22%
| seats_needed3 = +264
| states_carried3 = 
| seats3 = 
| seat_change3 = 
| popular_vote3 = 
| percentage3 = 
| swing3 =

<!--      Polls       -->
| poll1_date = 2007-07-29
| poll1_source = http://www.ukpollingreport.co.uk/blog/voting-intention/populus/
| poll1_party1 = '''39%'''
| poll1_party2 = 33%
| poll1_party3 = 15%

| poll2_date = 2007-07-25
| poll2_source = http://www.ukpollingreport.co.uk/blog/voting-intention/yougov/
| poll2_party1 = '''41%'''
| poll2_party2 = 32%
| poll2_party3 = 16%

| poll3_date = 2007-07-22
| poll3_source = http://www.ukpollingreport.co.uk/blog/voting-intention/populus/
| poll3_party1 = '''38%'''
| poll3_party2 = 32%
| poll3_party3 = 20%

| poll4_date = 2007-07-17
| poll4_source = http://www.ukpollingreport.co.uk/blog/voting-intention/mori/
| poll4_party1 = '''41%'''
| poll4_party2 = 35%
| poll4_party3 = 15%

| title = PM
| before_election = [[Gordon Brown]]
| before_party = 工党 (英国){{!}}工党
| after_election = 
| after_party = 
}}


Microformat[编辑]

此模板產生的HTML标记包含了hCalendar微格式,能夠讓電腦解析事件的详情,便于维基百科将该条目归类,或让用户通过浏览器将该事件添加进日历或日记应用程序中。關於微格式的更多使用資訊,請參閱維基百科的微格式專題

日期只会在使用了{{Start date}}或{{End date}}的情况下显示,URL只会在使用了{{Url}}的情况下被包含。

hCalendar使用的HTML class包括:

  • attendee
  • contact
  • description
  • dtend
  • dtstart
  • location
  • organiser
  • summary
  • url
  • vevent

請勿移除或修改這些class,也請勿更改或移除有相關設定之模板及設定。

Note: If no date is entered, then the microformat is not emitted.