人间乐园

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索
人间乐园
艺术家 耶罗尼米斯·博斯
年代 1503年-1504年
类型 木板油彩三联画
大小 220 cm × 389 cm(87 in × 153 in)
位置 马德里普拉多博物馆

人间地狱》(英语The Garden of Earthly Delights),又译为《夏娃的创造》、《娱乐之园》,是早期尼德兰派大师耶罗尼米斯·博斯(约1450年-1516年)的三联画作品,自1939年起为马德里普拉多博物馆馆藏。它作于1490年至1510年间,博斯约为四十多或五十多岁之时[1],是他最负盛名、也是最竭尽心力的作品[2][3]。它展现出博斯时值巅峰的画艺;画作涵义的复杂性以及生动的意象都是他其他作品所无法比拟的[4]

引用[编辑]

  1. ^ 博斯的实际生年不详,约为1450年。Gibson, 15–16
  2. ^ Snyder 1977, 9
  3. ^ Snyder 1977, 96
  4. ^ Bosing, 60

参考资料[编辑]

  • Baldass, Ludwig von. Hieronymus Bosch. New York: H. N. Abrams, 1960.
  • Belting, Hans. Garden of Earthly Delights. Munich: Prestel, 2005. ISBN 3-7913-3320-8.
  • Bosing, Walter. Hieronymus Bosch, C. 1450-1516: Between Heaven and Hell. Berlin: Taschen, September 29, 2000. ISBN 3-8228-5856-0.
  • Cinotti, Mia. The Complete Paintings of Bosch. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1969.
  • De Beatis, Antonio. The Travel Journal of Antonio De Beatis Through Germany, Switzerland, the Low Countries, France and Italy, 1517-18. London: Hakluyt Society, January 31, 1999. ISBN 10-0904-1800-77.
  • De Tolnay, Charles. Hieronymus Bosch. Tokyo: Eyre Methuen, 1975. ISBN 0-413-33280-2.
  • Delevoy, Robert L. Bosch: Biographical and Critical Study. Lausanne: Skira, 1960.
  • Fränger, Wilhelm and Kaiser, Ernst. The Millennium of Hieronymus Bosch. New York: Hacker Art Books, 1951.
  • Gibson, Walter S. Hieronymus Bosch. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1973. ISBN 0-500-20134-X.
  • Glum, Peter. "Divine Judgment in Bosch's 'Garden of Earthly Delights". The Art Bulletin, Volume 58, No. 1, March 1976.
  • Glum, Peter. The key to Bosch's "Garden of Earthly Delights" found in allegorical Bible interpretation, Volume I. Tokyo: Chio-koron Bijutsu Shuppan, 2007. ISBN 978-4-8055-0545-8.
  • Gómez, Isabel Mateo. "Hieronymus Bosch: The Garden of Earthly Delights". In Gaillard, J. and M. Hieronymus Bosch: The Garden of Earthly Delights. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, 1989. ISBN 0-517-57230-3.
  • Harbison, Craig. The Art of the Northern Renaissance. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1995. ISBN 0-297-83512-2.
  • Kleiner, Fred & Mamiya, Christian J. Gardner's Art Through the Ages. California: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning, 2005. ISBN 0-534-64091-5.
  • Koldeweij, A. M. and Vandenbroeck, Paul and Vermet, Bernard. Hieronymus Bosch: The Complete Paintings and Drawings. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2001. ISBN 0-8109-6735-9.
  • Larsen, Erik. Hieronymus Bosch. New York: Smithmark, 1998. ISBN 0-7651-0865-8.
  • Linfert, Carl (tr. Robert Erich Wolf). Bosch. London: Thames and Hudson, 1972. ISBN 0-500-09077-7.
  • Moxey, Keith. "Hieronymus Bosch and the 'World Upside Down': The Case of The Garden of Earthly Delights". Visual Culture: Images and Interpretations. Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 1994, 104–140. ISBN 0-8195-6267-X.
  • Rooth, Anna Birgitta. Exploring the garden of delights: Essays in Bosch's paintings and the medieval mental culture. California: Suomalainen tiedeakatemia, 1992. ISBN 951-41-0673-3.
  • Snyder, James. Hieronymus Bosch. New York: Excalibur Books, 1977. ISBN 0-89673-060-3.
  • Snyder, James. The Northern Renaissance: Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350 to 1575. Second edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2004. ISBN 0-13-150547-5.
  • Veen, Henk Van & Ridderbos, Bernhard. Early Netherlandish Paintings: Rediscovery, Reception, and Research. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2004. ISBN 90-5356-614-7.
  • Hieronymus Bosch. London: Grange Books, 2005. ISBN 1-84013-657-X.

外部链接[编辑]