倾销

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倾销是一种反竞争商业行为。

倾销的意义有二:传统上,倾销是掠夺性订价predatory pricing)的一种,即以蚀本价卖出货品以打击竞争对手、将对手驱离市场,并以最终提升价格作补偿为目标。

根据世界贸易组织关于实施1994年关税与贸易总协定第6条的协定》(简称《反倾销协定》)第2.1条的规定,若一产品自一国出口至另一国的出口价格低于在正常贸易过程中出口国供消费同类产品的可比价格,即以低于正常价值的价格进入另一国的商业,则该产品被视为倾销[1]

一些觉得自己是第二种倾销的受害者的国内工业人士,试图模糊两种倾销的定义,让人有“外国正在做一些在本国违法的事情”的印象,从而支持如关税等的贸易保护主义措施。

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (Uruguay Round Agreement),Part I Article 2: Determination of Dumping:For the purpose of this Agreement, a product is to be considered as being dumped, i.e. introduced into the commerce of another country at less than its normal value, if the export price of the product exported from one country to another is less than the comparable price, in the ordinary course of trade, for the like product when destined for consumption in the exporting country.