器官移植

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索
Vitruvian Medicine
医学
其他基础学科参见生物学模板

器官移植(Organ transplant)是将一个器官整体或局部从一个个体手术方式转移到另一个个体的过程。其目的是用来自供体的好的器官替代损坏的或功能丧失的器官。提供器官的一方为器官移植的供体,可以是在世的人,也可以是刚刚去世的人。接受器官的一方为器官移植的受者

类别[编辑]

  • 自身移植
  • 同种异体移植
  • 同系移植
  • 异种移植
  • 劈离式移植
  • “多米诺”(骨牌)式移植(例如病人A需要移植肺脏而心脏健康,病人B需要移植心脏,这时出现捐献者C可以同时捐献心脏和肺脏,由于心肺联合移植成功率更高,所以可以考虑将C的心脏肺脏都移植给A,同时将A的心脏移植给B)

参见[编辑]

文献[编辑]

  • Appel, Jacob M. and Fox, Mark D. (2005) Organ Solicitation on the Internet: Every Man for Himself? Hastings Center Report 35(3):14–15.
  • Lock, M. (2002) Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-22605-4.
  • Morris, PJ. Transplantation — A Medical Miracle of the 20th Century. N Engl J Med 2004;351:2678-80. PMID 15616201.
  • Finn, R. (2000). Organ Transplants: Making the Most of Your Gift of Life. Sebastopol: O'Reilly & Associates. ISBN 1-56592-634-X.
  • Hu, W (2006) A Preliminary Report of Penile Transplantation. Urology Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Taylor, James Stacey (2005) Stakes And Kidneys: Why Markets In Human Body Parts Are Morally Imperative. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 0-7546-4109-0.
  • Köchler, Hans, ed. (2001). Transplantationsmedizin und personale Identität. Medizinische, ethische, rechtliche und theologische Aspekte der Organverpflanzung. (Transplantation Medicine and Personal Identity. Medical, Ethical, Legal and Theological Aspects of Organ Transplantation / German) Frankfurt a. M. etc.: Peter Lang. ISBN 3-631-38363-0
  • Cherry, Mark J. (2005). Kidney For Sale By Owner: Human Organs, Transplantation, And The Market. Georgetown University Press. ISBN 1-58901-040-X.