各國自殺率列表

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2004世界各國自殺率(每年每10萬人中自殺人數)示意圖。[1]
  無數據
  少於3
  3–6
  6–9
  9–12
  12–15
  15–18
  18–21
  21–24
  24–27
  27–30
  30–33
  多於33
匈牙利自殺率(1950-2010), 1984年: 每100,000人46.1個自殺者, 這是人類歷史的最高紀錄. 東歐劇變以後 (1980年代中期開始) 自殺率迅速降低.

各國自殺率列表,數據來自世界衛生組織,國家排名為最近有記錄的一年的總體死亡率,最近的更新在2011年。

數據[編輯]

每年每10萬人中的自殺人數[2]






排名 國家或地區 男性 女性 總體 採集年份
1  格陵蘭[3][4] (更多) 116.9 45.0 83.0 2011[5]
2  立陶宛[6] (更多) 54.7 10.8 31.0 2012
3  南韓[7] (更多) 38.2 18.0 28.1 2012
4  圭亞那 (更多) 39.0 13.4 26.4 2006
5  哈薩克 (更多) 43.0 9.4 25.6 2008
6  斯洛維尼亞[8] 34.6 9.4 21.8 2011
7  匈牙利[9] 37.4 8.5 21.7 2009
8  日本 (更多)[10] 21.7 2012
9  斯里蘭卡 (更多) 34.8 9.24 21.3 2011[11]
10  拉脫維亞 20.8 2010[12]
11  白俄羅斯[13][14] 20.5 2012
12  烏克蘭[15] (更多) 19.8 2012
13  克羅埃西亞[16] 30.2 10.0 19.7 2002
14  俄羅斯[17] (更多) 19.6 2013
15  摩爾多瓦 17.6 2008
16  波蘭 17,5 2013
17  塞爾維亞 24.9 9.0 17.3 2011[18]
18  比利時[note 1][9][note 2] 17 2009[19]
19  烏拉圭[20] 16.5 2012
20  不丹[21](更多) 16.2 2011
21  芬蘭[22] 24.6 7.9 16.0 2012
22  南非[23] 15.4 2005
23  奧地利 23.8 7.1 15.45 2009
24  臺灣[24] 20.5 9.7 15.1 2011
25  愛沙尼亞 27.3 4.5 14.8 2010[12]
26  法國 (更多) 22.8 7.4 14.7 2010[12]
27  蘇里南 23.9 4.8 14.4 2005
28  波赫[25] 13.3 2011
29  捷克 12.8 2010
30  古巴 19.0 5.5 12.3 2008
31  保加利亞 18.8 6.2 12.3 2008
32  香港[26] 10.6 13.8 12.2 2011
33  美國[27] (更多) 19.2 5.5 12.0 2009
34  羅馬尼亞 20.8 3.7 11.9 2009
35  挪威 14.0 5.0 11.9 2012
36  英國 (更多) 18.2 5.1 11.8 2011[28]
37  紐西蘭[29] 17.0 6.4 11.5 2010
38  葡萄牙[9] 11.5 2011[30]
39  加拿大 (更多) 17.9 5.3 11.5 2009[31]
40  丹麥 16.6 6.2 11.3 2010[32]
41  冰島[33] 18.3 4.6 11.3 2009
42  智利 18.2 4.2 11.2 2007
43  瑞典 16.4 5.9 11.1 2010
44  瑞士 16.5 6.2 11.1 2009
45  千里達及托巴哥 17.9 3.8 10.7 2006
46  印度 (更多) 13.0 7.8 10.5 2009
47  愛爾蘭 17.4 3.4 10.3 2013[34]
48  新加坡 13.3 7.3 10.3 2012[35]
49  澳洲[36] 15.3 4.8 10.0 2011
50  斯洛伐克[9] 17.4 2.8 9.9 2011
51  德國[9] 15.6 4.7 9.9 2010
52  中華人民共和國 [37] (更多) 9.8 2011
53  吉爾吉斯 14.1 3.6 8.8 2009
54  荷蘭 [9] 12.0 5.0 8.8 2010
55  土庫曼 13.8 3.5 8.6 1998
56  馬其頓共和國[9] 12.6 3.9 8.0 2009
57  薩爾瓦多 12.9 3.6 8.0 2008
58  辛巴威 10.6 5.2 7.9 1990
59  盧森堡[9] 13.2 2.9 7.8 2008
60  阿根廷 12.6 3.0 7.7 2008
61  西班牙 11.8 3.4 7.6 2012[38]
62  波多黎各 13.2 2.0 7.4 2005
63  厄瓜多爾 10.5 3.6 7.1 2009
64  模里西斯 11.8 1.9 6.8 2008
65  義大利 10.0 2.8 6.3 2007
66  哥斯達黎加 10.2 1.9 6.1 2009
66  泰國 9.5 2.7 6.1 2011[39]
67  以色列[40] 9.9 2.1 5.8 2007
68  尼加拉瓜 9.0 2.6 5.8 2006
69  巴拿馬 9.0 1.9 5.5 2008
70  哥倫比亞 7.9 2.0 4.9 2007
71  巴西 7.7 2.0 4.8 2008
72  伊朗[41][42] 3.9 2.1 4.8 2013
73  烏茲別克 7.0 2.3 4.7 2005
74  柬埔寨 4.6 2008
75  喬治亞 7.1 1.7 4.3 2009
76  阿爾巴尼亞[43] 4.7 3.3 4.0 2003
77  墨西哥 6.8 1.3 4.0 2008
78  宏都拉斯[44] 3.84 2011
79  巴林 4.0 3.5 3.8 2006
80  伯利茲 6.6 0.7 3.7 2008
81  聖文森及格瑞那丁 5.4 1.9 3.7 2008
82  土耳其[45] 3.62 2011
83  巴拉圭 5.1 2.0 3.6 2008
84  塞浦路斯[9] 5.9 1.3 3.6 2009
85  危地馬拉 5.6 1.7 3.6 2008
86  巴巴多斯 7.3 0.0 3.5 2006
87  希臘 6.1 1.0 3.5 2009
88  馬爾他 5.9 1.0 3.4 2008
89  委內瑞拉 5.3 1.2 3.2 2007
90  菲律賓 4.5 1 2.75 2005[46]
91  塔吉克 2.9 2.3 2.6 2001
92  聖盧西亞 4.9 0.0 2.4 2005
93  多米尼加 3.9 0.7 2.3 2005
94  亞美尼亞 2.8 1.1 1.9 2008
95  科威特 1.9 1.7 1.8 2009
96  巴哈馬 1.9 0.6 1.2 2005
97  約旦 0.0 0.0 1.1 2009
98  巴基斯坦 [47] 1.45 0.71 1.10 2012
99  秘魯 1.1 0.6 0.9 2000
100  聖多美和普林西比 0.0 1.8 0.9 1987
101  阿塞拜疆 1.0 0.3 0.6 2007
102  馬爾代夫 0.7 0.0 0.3 2005
103  牙買加 0.3 0.0 0.1 1990
104  敘利亞 0.2 0.0 0.1 1985
105  埃及 0.1 0.0 0.1 2009
106  格瑞那達 0.0 0.0 0.0 2008
107  聖基茨和尼維斯 0.0 0.0 0.0 1995
108  安地卡及巴布達 0.0 0.0 0.0 1995
109  海地 0.0 0.0 0 2003
110  尼泊爾 0.0 0.0 0 2003

注釋[編輯]

  1. ^ Recently released figures by official Belgian authorities suggest a considerably higher rate of 17.0 persons (total) per 100,000 people per annum in 2009 (5,712 cases in a population of 10,749,000 (=10,666,866 as of 1 January 2008 increasing by 0,77% per annum.) as of 1 January 2009).Toenemend aantal zelfdodingen in Belgie. 2011. 
  2. ^ The number of death in Belgium in 2008 due to suicide "zichzelf schade toebrengen" was reported at 2000 out of a total of 103.760 death. These death comprise 1453 men and 547 women. This puts the suicide rate at about 19 per 100.000. See statbel: http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/binaries/NL%20-%20Tableau%201%2E3_T_2008_tcm325-168456.pdf

參考文獻[編輯]

  1. ^ Mortality and Burden of Disease Estimates for WHO Member States in 2002 (xls). World Health Organization. 2002 [2009-12-13]. 
  2. ^ Unless otherwise stated all statistics are from WHO: Country reports and charts available. WHO website - Mental health. World Health Organization. 2009 [2010-06-01]. 
  3. ^ The Suicide Capital of the World. [13 March 2013]. 
  4. ^ Rising suicide rate baffles Greenland. [13 March 2013]. 
  5. ^ Statistics Greenland. 
  6. ^ Savižudybių statistika;. Valstybinis psichikos sveikatos centras. [2013-09-09]. 
  7. ^ Causes of Death Statistics in 2012 (PDF). Statistics Korea. 2012 [2013-09-25]. 
  8. ^ Unless otherwise stated all statistics are from WHO: Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table). Statistični urad Republike Slovenije. 2011 [2012-01-26]. 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 Death Due To Suicide. Eurostat. European Commission. 2009 [2010-01-10]. 
  10. ^ Nikkei; LEAD: No. Of Suicides Falls Below 30,000 For 1st Time In 15 Years. Nikkei. 2013-01-17 [2013-01-17]. 
  11. ^ Sri Lanka Journal of Psychiatry Vol 3(2) December 2012. 
  12. ^ 12.0 12.1 12.2 http://www.stat.ee/57205
  13. ^ National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus (for 2012);. Belstat. [2012-12-03]. 
  14. ^ The Demographic situation;. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2012 [2013-12-03]. 
  15. ^ Хаустова О. О. Самогубства та побутова смертність в Україні: підсумки 2012 року // Український вісник психоневрології. — 2013. — В. 4 (77). — Т. 21. — С. 12-18.
  16. ^ Hrvatski zavod za zdravstvo. MENTALNE BOLESTI I POREME ĆAJI U REPUBLICI HRVATSKOJ. Statistika HZZJ. Zagreb. [4 December 2012]. 
  17. ^ Rosstat. Rosstat. 2014-01-30 [2014-02-01]. 
  18. ^ Report of Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. [2013-05-27]. 
  19. ^ Eurostat
  20. ^ Grave preocupación por tasa en alza de 16,5 suicidios cada 100.000 habitantes. [2014-07-09]. 
  21. ^ World Suicide Death Rate Rankings (WHO) (PDF). 2011-12-16. 
  22. ^ Causes of death 2012, Statistics Finland. 2013-12-30. 
  23. ^ This data is for urban areas only. Burrows, Stephanie; Lucie Laflamme. Suicide Mortality in South Africa. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. February 2006.  http://www.springerlink.com/content/px7v1186u51k738w The data available for the whole of South Africa in 2007 are: men 1.4, women 0.4, total 0.9 (source: WHO)
  24. ^ Causes of death, Department of Health, Taiwan (XLS). [2013-05-20]. 
  25. ^ SRNA. BiH: Prošle godine ubilo se 507 lica, od čega 16 maloletnika. SRNA. 2012-04-16 [4 December 2012]. 
  26. ^ Statistics. Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention. 2013.
  27. ^ QuickStats: Suicide and Homicide Rates,* by Age Group — United States, 2009. July 20, 2012 [2014-07-09] (英文). 
  28. ^ UK suicide rate rises 'significantly' in 2011. BBC News. 22 January 2013. 
  29. ^ Suicide Facts: Deaths and intentional self-harm hospitalisations 2010 (PDF). [2013-06-06]. 
  30. ^ Crise aumenta número de suicídios em Portugal. [2013-02-10] (Portuguese). 
  31. ^ Suicides and suicide rate, by sex and by age group, Canada. 
  32. ^ Center for Selvmordsforskning, statistikbank. 
  33. ^ 36 died from own hand. Hagstofa Íslands/Statistical Bureau of Iceland. Morgunblaðið. 2010 [2010-09-21]. 
  34. ^ Central Statistics Office. Vital Statistics - Fourth Quarter and Yearly Summary - 2013. 
  35. ^ Samaritians of Singapore. Suicide Statistics in Singapore. 
  36. ^ Overview of suicide in Australia. Mindframe. 2013.
  37. ^ A dramatic decline in suicides: Back from the edge
  38. ^ Suicides and suicide rate, by sex and by age group, Spain. 
  39. ^ Suicide Rates: Thailand. 
  40. ^ Adobe Acrobat - loss_2011.pdf (PDF). [2013-09-09]. 
  41. ^ Iranian Legal Medicine Organization. 2013.  www.lmo.ir
  42. ^ Tehran has the highest rate of suicide in Iran.. 2013.  Bahar Newspaper
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  44. ^ Mortalidad y otros (Mortality and others). IUDPAS. 2011-03-01 [2013-01-22]. 
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  46. ^ http://gulfnews.com/news/world/philippines/suicide-rate-has-steadily-risen-in-philippines-for-21-years-report-1.1049675
  47. ^ Based on a population of 180.4 million in 2012 (Population Reference Bureau), a sex ratio of 1.06 males/female (CIA World Factbook, 2013) and figures from 'State of Human Rights in 2012' by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan: 1,976 persons committed suicide in 2012 across the country of which 626 were women.