百老汇剧院

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百老汇剧院是指包括在美国纽约曼克顿剧院区域英语Theater District, New York以及林肯中心一带的剧院,其中有39间大型专业剧院拥有超过500座位。因为剧院大多数皆在百老汇街道附近的地方,故被统称为百老汇剧院。百老汇以演出音乐剧著名,亦常常有戏剧歌剧舞蹈等等的表演,和伦敦的西区剧院(West End)同为英语世界中最著名的剧院区域。

百老汇剧院区域是纽约巿的重要旅游景点。据百老汇联会英语Broadway League统计,百老汇在2009年到2010年的剧季的票房收益大约是$10.2亿美金。

百老汇剧院以地理和受大众欢迎的程度分为三种,分别是百老汇音乐剧(Broadway),外百老汇音乐剧(Off Broadway),外外百老汇音乐剧(Off Off Broadway,或译“第三戏剧(界)”、“先锋派戏剧”)[1]。外外百老汇音乐剧有相当多实验戏剧的形式,也最便宜,如果票房很好,就会被移到外百老汇加强宣传,而只有受到大众欢迎、票房非常好的才会在内百老汇上演。在地理上来说,在纽约百老汇大街上,44街至53街之间的剧院称为内百老汇(也就是百老汇),而百老汇大街41街和56街上的剧院则称为外百老汇。[2]

历史[编辑]

纽约在大约1750年开始建成第一座剧院,二十世纪音乐剧的发展开始蓬勃,直至如今百老汇已经成为剧院林立的区域。虽然其间经历1919年美国演员权益协会英语Actors' Equity Association罢工、1920年代电影业、二次世界大战经济大萧条等的挑战。

演艺人员[编辑]

作品[编辑]

剧院列表[编辑]

剧院 地址 座位数目
Ambassador Theatre 219 West 49th Street 1125
American Airlines Theatre 229 West 42nd Street 740
Brooks Atkinson Theatre 256 West 47th Street 1044
Ethel Barrymore Theatre 243 West 47th Street 1096
Vivian Beaumont Theatre (位于林肯中心) 150 West 65th Street 1080
Belasco Theatre 111 West 44th Street 1018
Booth Theatre 222 West 45th Street 785
Broadhurst Theatre 235 West 44th Street 1186
The Broadway Theatre 1681 Broadway 1752
Circle in the Square Theatre 235 West 50th Street 623
Cort Theatre 138 West 48th Street 1084
Samuel J. Friedman Theatre 261 West 47th Street 650
George Gershwin Theatre 222 West 51st Street英语51st Street (Manhattan) 1933
John Golden Theatre 252 West 45th Street 805
Helen Hayes Theatre 240 West 44th Street 597
Hilton Theatre 213 West 42nd Street 1813
Al Hirschfeld Theatre 302 West 45th Street 1437
Imperial Theatre 249 West 45th Street 1421
Bernard B. Jacobs Theatre 242 West 45th Street 1078
Walter Kerr Theatre 219 West 48th Street 947
Longacre Theatre 220 West 48th Street 109
Lunt-Fontanne Theatre 205 West 46th Street 1475
Lyceum Theatre 149 West 45th Street 924
Majestic Theatre 247 West 44th Street 1655
Marquis Theatre 1535 Broadway 1604
Minskoff Theatre 200 West 45th Street 1710
Music Box Theatre 239 West 45th Street 1010
Nederlander Theatre 208 West 41st Street 1203
New Amsterdam Theatre 214 West 42nd Street 1747
Eugene O'Neill Theatre 230 West 49th Street 1108
Palace Theatre 1564 Broadway 1784
Richard Rodgers Theatre 226 West 46th Street 1368
Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre 236 West 45th Street 1079
Shubert Theatre 225 West 44th Street 1521
Neil Simon Theatre 250 West 52nd Street 1297
St. James Theatre 246 West 44th Street 1623
Studio 54 254 West 54th Street 920
August Wilson Theatre 245 West 52nd Street 1275
Winter Garden Theatre 1634 Broadway 1513

References[编辑]