智庫

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智庫英文:Think tank)又稱智囊團,大多以「研究所」或「學會」為名稱,是對政治商業軍事政策進行調查、分析研究並提供策略的機構,一般由政府政黨或商業公司出資組建,志在為他們的政策尋找感覺上可以立足的理據。

簡介[編輯]

智庫的歷史可追溯至1831年在英國成立的「皇家聯合研究所」(Royal United Services Institute),最初的研究方向為海戰和軍事理論。1916年,布魯金斯學會美國華盛頓特區成立,該機構的宗旨為「促進美國的民主,促進美國的經濟發展、社會福利、社會安全和社會機遇,以及保證一個更加開放、安全、繁榮和合作的世界」[1]。現今世界上大多數智庫位於已開發國家和地區,在冷戰結束之後,智庫的工作以研究全球化為主。

著名智庫[編輯]

歐美[編輯]

東亞[編輯]

延伸閱讀[編輯]

  • Abelson, Donald E. Do Think Tanks Matter? Assessing the Impact of Public Policy Institutes. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2002.
  • Boucher, Stephen, et al, Europe and its think tanks; a promise to be fulfilled. An analysis of think tanks specialised in European policy issues in the enlarged European Union, Studies and Research No 35, October, Paris, Notre Europe, 2004
  • Cockett, Richard, Thinking the unthinkable: think tanks and the economic counter revolution; 1931 - 1983, London: Fontana, 1995
  • Dickson, Paul. "Think Tanks". New York: Ballantine Books, 1972. 397 pages.
  • Goodman, John C. "What is a Think Tank?" National Center for Policy Analysis, 2005.[1]
  • Fan, Maureen. "Capital Brain Trust Puts Stamp on the World", Washington Post(2005-05-16): B01.[2]
  • Patrick DixonFuturewise - Six Faces of Global Change - issues covered by Think Tanks and methodology for reviewing trends, impact on policy 2003): Profile Books
  • Hellebust, Lynn and Kristen Hellebust, editors. Think Tank Directory:A Guide to Independent Nonprofit Public Policy Research Organizations. Topeka, Kansas: Government Research Service, 2006 (2nd edition).
  • Lakoff, GeorgeMoral Politics:What Conservatives Know That Liberals Don't. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
  • Ladi, Stella. Globalisation, Policy Transfer And Policy Research Institutes, Edward Elgar, 2005.
  • McGann, James. The International Survey of Think Tanks. Philadelphia: FPRI, 1999.
  • McGann, James. Think Tanks and Civil Societies: Catalyst for Ideas and Action. Co-edited with Kent B.Weaver. Transaction Publishers, 2000.
  • McGann, James. Comparative Think Tanks, Politics and Public Policy. Edward Elgar, 2005.
  • McGann, James. Think Tanks and Policy Advice in the U.S: Academics, Advisors and Advocates. London: Routledge, 2007.
  • McGann, James. Think Tanks: Catalysts for Democratization and Market Reform. Forthcoming.
  • McGann, James. Global Trends and Transitions: 2007 Survey of Think Tanks. Philadelphia: FPRI, 2008.
  • McGann, James. The Global Go To Think Tanks. Philadelphia: FPRI 2008.
  • Smith, James. A. The Idea Brokers: Think Tanks and the Rise of the New Policy Elite, New York: The Free Press, 1991.
  • Stone, Diane. Capturing the Political Imagination: Think Tanks and the Policy Process, London: Frank Cass, 1996
  • Stone, Diane. 『Garbage Cans, Recycling Bins or Think Tanks? Three Myths about Policy Institutes』,Public Administration, 85(2) 2007: 259-278
  • Stone, Diane, and Andrew Denham, eds. Think Tank Traditions: Policy Research and the Politics of Ideas. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004.
  • Struyk, Raymond J. Managing Think Tanks: Practical Guidance for Maturing Organizations, Budapest, Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative Washington DC., Urban Institute 2002
  • UNDP – United Nations Development Program. Thinking the Unthinkable, Bratislava, UNDP Regional Bureau for Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, 2003

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