歐洲人口

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夜間的歐洲
歐洲人口密度

歐洲的人口約有7.28億人(2005年數據),約佔世界總人口的11%。其平均人口密度居各大洲的第一位。目前歐洲各國多面臨生育率下降及人口老化的問題,而推行各種政策以使人口正常成長。

年份 人口(單位:萬人)
1950 5 4740.5
1960 6 0440.6
1970 6 5586.2
1980 6 9243.5
1990 7 2139.0
2000 7 2846.3
2005 7 2838.9

來源:UNPP:

數據[編輯]

地區[1] 面積
(km²)
人口
(2002年7月1日估計)
人口密度
(人/km²)
首都
東歐:
 白俄羅斯 207,600 10,335,382 49.8 明斯克
 保加利亞[2] 110,910 7,322,858 68.4 索菲亞
 捷克[3] 78,866 10,228,744 129.7 布拉格
 匈牙利[4] 93,030 9,956,108 107 布達佩斯
摩爾多瓦 摩爾多瓦[5] 33,843 4,320,490 127.6 基希訥烏
 波蘭[6] 312,685 38,518,241 123.2 華沙
 羅馬尼亞[7] 238,391 22,276,056 93.4 布加勒斯特
 俄羅斯[8] 3,960,000 143,003,702 26.8 莫斯科
 斯洛伐克[9] 48,845 5,447,502 111.53 布拉迪斯拉發
 烏克蘭[10] 603,700 46,299,862 76.7 基輔
北歐:
 奧蘭群島 1,552 26,008 16.8 瑪麗港
 丹麥 43,094 5,368,854 124.6 哥本哈根
 愛沙尼亞 45,226 1,415,681 31.3 塔林
 法羅群島 1,399 46,011 32.9 托爾斯港
 芬蘭 336,593 5,157,537 15.3 赫爾辛基
 根西島[11] 78 64,587 828.0 聖彼得港
 冰島 103,000 307,261 2.7 雷克雅未克
 愛爾蘭 70,280 4,234,925 60.3 都柏林
 曼島[12] 572 73,873 129.1 道格拉斯
 澤西島[13] 116 89,775 773.9 Saint Helier
 拉脫維亞 64,589 2,366,515 36.6 里加
 立陶宛 65,200 3,601,138 55.2 維爾紐斯
 挪威 324,220 4,525,116 14.0 奧斯陸
挪威 斯瓦爾巴群島 (挪威) 62,049 2,868 0.046 朗伊爾城
 瑞典 449,964 9,090,113 19.7 斯德哥爾摩
 英國 244,820 59,201,000 244.2 倫敦
南歐:
 阿爾巴尼亞[14] 28,748 3,600,523 125.2 地拉那
 安道爾 468 68,403 146.2 安道爾城
 波赫[15] 51,129 4,552,198 89 塞拉耶佛
 克羅埃西亞[16] 56,542 4,493,312 79.5 薩格勒布
 直布羅陀 5.9 27,714 4,697.3 直布羅陀
 希臘[17] 131,940 10,706,291 81.1 雅典
 義大利[18] 301,230 58,147,733 193 羅馬
馬其頓共和國 馬其頓[19] 25,333 2,055,915 81.1 斯科普里
 馬爾他 316 397,499 1,257.9 瓦萊塔
 蒙特內哥羅[20] 13,812 684,736 49.6 波德戈里察
 葡萄牙[21] 91,568 10,084,245 110.1 里斯本
 聖馬利諾 61 27,730 454.6 聖馬利諾
 塞爾維亞[22] 88,361 10,147,398 114.8 貝爾格勒
 斯洛維尼亞[23] 20,273 2,009,245 99.1 盧布爾雅那
 西班牙[24] 498,506 40,077,100 80.4 馬德里
 梵蒂岡 0.44 900 2,045.5 梵蒂岡
西歐:
 奧地利 83,858 8,169,929 97.4 維也納
 比利時 30,510 10,274,595 336.8 布魯塞爾
 法國[25] 547,030 61,538,322 109.3 巴黎
 德國 357,021 83,251,851 233.2 柏林
 列支敦斯登 160 32,842 205.3 瓦杜茲
 盧森堡 2,586 448,569 173.5 盧森堡
 摩納哥 1.95 31,987 16,403.6 摩納哥
 荷蘭[26] 41,526 16,318,199 393.0 阿姆斯特丹
 瑞士 41,290 7,301,994 176.8 伯爾尼
西亞:[27]
 亞塞拜然[28] 86,6 8,581,487 105.7 巴庫
 喬治亞[29] 49,240 2,447,176 49.7 提比里西
 土耳其[30] 24,378 71,044,932 453.1 安卡拉
總計 10,176,246[31] 709,608,850[32] 69.7

參考[編輯]

  1. ^ Continental regions as per UN categorisations/map. Depending on definitions, various territories cited below may be in one or both of Europe and Asia, Africa, or Oceania.
  2. ^ Data for 2007.
  3. ^ Data for 2007.
  4. ^ Data for 2007.
  5. ^ Includes Transnistria, a region that has declared, and de facto achieved, independence; however, it is not recognised de jure by sovereign states.
    Data for 2007.
  6. ^ Data for 2007.
  7. ^ Data for 2007.
  8. ^ Russia is generally considered a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe (UN region) and Asia, with European territory west of the Ural Mountains and both the Ural and Emba rivers; population and area figures are for European portion only.
  9. ^ Data for 2007.
  10. ^ Data for 2007.
  11. ^ Guernsey is a crown dependency affiliated with the United Kingdom.
  12. ^ Isle of Man is a crown dependency affiliated with the United Kingdom.
  13. ^ Jersey is a crown dependency affiliated with the United Kingdom.
  14. ^ Data for 2007.
  15. ^ Data for 2007.
  16. ^ Data for 2007.
  17. ^ Data for 2007.
  18. ^ Data for 2007.
  19. ^ Data for 2007.
  20. ^ Montenegro declared independence from the union of Serbia and Montenegro on 3 June, 2006.
    Data for 2007.
  21. ^ Figures for Portugal include the Azores west of Portugal but exclude the Madeira Islands, west of Morocco in Africa.
  22. ^ Figures for Serbia include Kosovo and Metohia, a province administrated by the UN (UNMIK) as per Security Council resolution 1244.
    Data from 2007.
  23. ^ Data for 2007.
  24. ^ Figures for Spain exclude the Canary Islands, west of Morocco in Africa, and the exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, which are on the northwest of the African continent.
  25. ^ Figures for France include only metropolitan France: some politically integral parts of France are geographically located outside Europe.
  26. ^ Netherlands population for July 2004. Population and area details include European portion only: Netherlands and two entities outside Europe (Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles, in the Caribbean) constitute the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Amsterdam is the official capital and the administrative (1815-1980 April 30,2011 November 17-), while The Hague is former Queen Beatrix (1938-2011) Regime of the administrative (1980 May 1-2011 November 16) seat.
  27. ^ Armenia and Cyprus are sometimes considered transcontinental countries: both are physiographically in Western Asia but have historical and sociopolitical connections with Europe.
  28. ^ Azerbaijan is often considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia (UN region) and Eastern Europe; population and area figures are for European portion (north of the crest of the Caucasus and the Kura River) out of total. This excludes the exclave of Nakhichevan and Nagorno-Karabakh (a region that has declared, and de facto achieved, independence; however, it is not recognised de jure by sovereign states).
  29. ^ Georgia is often considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia (UN region) and Eastern Europe; population and area figures are for European portion (north of the crest of the Caucasus and the Kura River) out of total. Also includes Abkhazia and South Ossetia, two regions that have declared, and de facto achieved, independence; however, they are not recognised de jure by sovereign states.
  30. ^ Turkey is generally considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia (UN region) and Southern Europe: the region of Rumelia (Trakya) – which includes the provinces of Edirne, Kırklareli, Tekirdağ, and the western parts of the Çanakkale and Istanbul Provinces – is west and north of the Bosporus and the Dardanelles; population and area figures are for European portion (including all of Istanbul) out of total population.
  31. ^ The total area figure includes only European portions of transcontinental countries.
  32. ^ The total population figure includes only European portions of transcontinental countries.