Michael Joseph Jackson
Michael Joe Jackson
|唱片公司||摩城唱片、環球唱片、索尼音樂娛樂、EPIC唱片、Legacy Recordings、MJJ Productions|
|相關團體||傑克遜五人組（The Jackson 5）|
麥可·約瑟夫·傑克遜（英語：Michael Joseph Jackson，1958年8月29日 – 2009年6月25日）是一位美國的創作歌手、舞蹈家、商人及慈善家。經常被尊稱為「流行音樂之王」（King of Pop），或者用他名字的縮寫 MJ進行稱呼，傑克遜被金氏世界紀錄確認為有史以來最成功的表演藝術家。他對音樂、舞蹈和時尚的貢獻，以及他備受關注的個人生活，使他成為全球的流行文化的代表人物超過40年。
麥可是傑克遜家族的第八個孩子，他在1964年作為傑克遜五人組的成員和他的兄弟一起在職業音樂舞台上初次登台，並於1971年開始了他的單飛生涯。在20世紀80年代初期，傑克遜成為流行音樂的主導人物。他歌曲的音樂錄像帶，包括「Beat It」、「Billie Jean」以及「Thriller」，對打破種族障礙和將媒體轉化為一種藝術形式和宣傳工具有著巨大貢獻。這些音樂錄像帶的流行促使當時創立不久的電視頻道MTV的出名。隨著「Black or White」和「Scream」等音樂錄像帶的製作，標誌著他在20世紀90年代的持續創新，這一階段的大量巡演讓他在外國同樣名利雙收。通過舞台和視頻的表演，傑克遜普及了一些像「機械步」和他所命名的「太空漫步」等舞蹈技術。他獨特的聲音和風格影響了很多嘻哈音樂、後迪斯科、當代節奏布魯斯、流行音樂及搖滾音樂的藝術家。
傑克遜於1982年所發行的專輯「Thriller」是迄今為止全球銷量最高的專輯。其它的專輯，包括「Off the Wall」（1979年）、「Bad」（1987年）、「Dangerous」（1991年）以及「HIStory」（1995年）也躋身全球銷量最高的專輯行列。傑克遜是為數不多的已兩次入選搖滾名人堂的藝術家之一，他也是首個也是唯一進入舞蹈名人堂的流行藝人。他的其它成就包括了多項金氏世界紀錄；13個格萊美獎以及格萊美傳奇獎和格萊美終身成就獎；26個全美音樂獎，為所有藝人之最，包括「世紀藝術家」和「20世紀80年代藝術家」；在他單飛生涯中，他擁有13個美國冠軍單曲，在Billboard Hot 100中超過其他任何一位男歌手；以及超過4億的全球銷量記錄。[注釋 1]傑克遜贏得了數百個獎項，使他成為流行音樂歷史上獲獎最多的藝人。在2010年8月29日，他成為有史以來下載次數最多的藝術家。傑克遜不斷地在世界各地出席人道主義活動，2000年金氏世界紀錄大全里認證他資助過39個慈善機構。
- 1 個人生涯
- 1.1 1958—74：早期以及傑克遜五人組時期
- 1.2 1975—81：轉簽EPIC唱片以及專輯「Off The Wall」時期
- 1.3 1982–83：專輯「Thriller」以及「Motown 25」時期
- 1.4 1984—85：拍攝廣告受傷、「We Are the World」以及商業時期
- 1.5 1986—90：外貌變化、小報謠言、專輯「Bad」、電影、自傳以及「夢幻莊園」時期
- 1.6 1991–93：專輯「Dangerous」、治癒世界基金會以及第二十七屆超級盃時期
- 1.7 1993–94：第一次被指控虐童以及第一次婚姻
- 1.8 1995–99: 專輯「HIStory」、第二次婚姻以及作為父親的身份
- 1.9 2000–03: 商標糾紛、專輯「Invincible」以及第三個孩子
- 1.10 2003–05：第二次被指控虐童以及宣告無罪
- 1.11 2006–09：關閉「夢幻莊園」、晚年以及「This Is It」演唱會時期
- 2 逝世和紀念
- 3 藝術性
- 4 傳承和影響
- 5 榮譽和獎項
- 6 收入和身價
- 7 唱片
- 8 電影
- 9 巡演
- 10 參見
- 11 注釋
- 12 參考
- 13 延伸閱讀
- 14 外部連結
1964年，麥可和馬龍加入傑克遜兄弟樂隊，樂隊由他們的哥哥傑基、蒂托和傑梅因創立，主要是做和聲，並負責演奏康加鼓和手鼓。傑克遜後來負責伴唱和跳舞。在他8歲時，他與傑梅因成了主唱，樂隊就此更名為傑克遜五人組。1966至1968年間，樂隊在美國中西部巡演，經常在「chitlin' circuit」黑人俱樂部演出，俱樂部中經常有脫衣舞等成人表演。1966年，樂隊憑藉傑克遜主唱的幾首摩城音樂與翻唱詹姆士·布朗的歌曲「I Got You (I Feel Good)」贏得了當地的一個才藝比賽。
傑克遜五人組錄製了幾首歌，包括為當地的唱片公司「鋼鐵城」錄製歌曲「Big Boy」，當時是1967年，次年，樂隊簽約摩城唱片公司。「滾石雜誌」後來形容年輕的麥可是個天才，有「驚人的音樂天賦」會很快「成為主流明星」。樂隊的前四隻單曲都登上熱榜100榜首。 1972到1975年間，傑克遜與摩城唱片合作發行了四張個人專輯，其中的「Got to Be There」和「Ben」都是傑克遜五人組專輯的一部分，其中包括了很多成功的單曲，包括「Got to Be There」、「Ben」以及翻唱鮑比·戴的歌曲「Rockin' Robin」。
1975—81：轉簽EPIC唱片以及專輯「Off The Wall」時期[編輯]
1975年6月，傑克遜五人組與CBS旗下的EPIC唱片簽約並重新命名組合，蘭迪在此期間加入樂隊，傑梅因則選擇留守摩城唱片並單飛。 他們繼續全球巡演，在1976到1984年間又發布了6張專輯。此時，麥可成為了樂隊主創，寫下了諸如「Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)」、「This Place Hotel」和「Can You Feel It」等歌曲。1978年，傑克遜出演音樂劇稻草人，電影新綠野仙蹤，在電影中，他與昆西·瓊斯合作，瓊斯負責電影的音樂製作，並答應傑克遜做他下一張專輯Off the Wall的出品人。在1979年一次舞蹈排練時，傑克遜鼻子受傷，隨後的鼻整形手術並不成功，他總覺得呼吸困難，並認為這會影響他的音樂生涯，傑克遜隨後的鼻部手術都是由史蒂芬·赫夫林主刀。
瓊斯和傑克遜共同出品了專輯「Off the Wall」。專輯中的歌曲由麥可·傑克遜、魯德·坦普爾頓、史提夫·汪達與保羅·麥卡特尼創作。1979年專輯發布後，專輯成為首張誕生了4支美國前十單曲的專輯，單曲中「Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough」和「Rock with You」成為冠軍單曲。專輯登上「公告牌」第三位，全球銷量超過2000萬。1980年，傑克遜獲得三項美國音樂獎。 同年，他也斬獲公告牌年終獎與一項格萊美獎。 傑克遜於1981年再次獲得兩項美國音樂獎。儘管專輯在商業上取得了重大成功，傑克遜認為專輯應該取得更大的影響，於是鼓足幹勁製作下一張專輯。1980年，他依靠版權取得了豐厚利益，專輯利潤的37%來自版稅。
1982年，傑克遜 contributed 歌曲"Someone In the Dark" to the storybook for the 電影E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial; 在1984年這張專輯贏得了格萊美最佳兒童音樂唱片獎。同年他贏得了另外項格萊美獎和八項全美音樂獎(包括最佳新人獎)，使他成為同一夜兩大頒獎典禮上獲獎最多的藝術家。 These awards were thanks to the Thriller album, released in late 1982, 是1983年世界最暢銷專輯 成為美國有史以來最暢銷專輯， as well as the best-selling album of all time worldwide, selling an estimated 65 million copies. The album topped the Billboard 200 chart for 37 weeks and was in the top 10 of the 200 for 80 consecutive weeks. It was the first album to have seven Billboard Hot 100 top 10 singles,包括"Billie Jean", "Beat It", 和 "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'". Thriller was certified for 29 million shipments by the RIAA, giving it Double Diamond status in the United States. The album won also another Grammy for Best Engineered Recording – Non Classical in 1984, awarding Bruce Swedien for his work.
傑克遜的 attorney John Branca noted that 傑克遜在音樂產業的那個時代擁有最高的版稅率：大約$2每銷售一張專輯。He was also making record-breaking profits from sales of his recordings. 在幾個月之內紀錄片 The Making of Michael Jackson's Thriller的錄像帶銷售額超過350,000份拷貝。The era saw the arrival of novelties like dolls modeled after Michael Jackson, which appeared in stores in May 1984 at a price of $12. 傳記作家 J. Randy Taraborrelli 寫道，"Thriller stopped selling like a leisure item—像一份雜誌，一個玩具，一張賣座電影的門票—and started selling like a household staple."1985年，The Making of Michael Jackson's Thriller 贏得格萊美最佳錄影帶獎，Longform. 2009年12月，the music video for "Thriller" was selected for the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress, "Thriller"是第一個（也是目前唯一一個）music video ever to be inducted.
Time 如此描述傑克遜在那個時代的影響力 "Star of records, radio, rock video. A one-man rescue team for the music business. A songwriter who sets the beat for a decade. A dancer with the fanciest feet on the street. A singer who cuts across all boundaries of taste and style and color too". The New York Times 寫道， "in the world of pop music, there is Michael Jackson and there is everybody else".
1983年3月25日，Michael Jackson reunited with his brothers for a legendary live performance which was taped for a Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever television special. 這場表演播出於1983年5月16日，to an audience of 47 million viewers, and featured the Jacksons and a number of other Motown stars. It is best remembered for Jackson's solo performance of "Billie Jean" which gave him他第一個艾美獎提名. 穿著一件另類的黑色sequin夾克和高爾夫手套以水鑽作裝飾，他首秀他那標籤一般的舞步，the moonwalk, which former Soul Train dancer and Shalamar member Jeffrey Daniel had taught him 3年前。The performance almost did not happen with Jackson originally turning down the invitation to perform, 但是在Berry Gordy's要求下， 傑克遜同意表演，傑克遜的演出被拿來與 Elvis Presley的和 The Beatles' 在The Ed Sullivan Show作對比. 安娜•基瑟戈夫of The New York Times 後來寫道，"The moonwalk that he made famous is an apt metaphor for his dance style. 他是怎麼做到的？As a technician, he is a great illusionist, a genuine mime. His ability to keep one leg straight as he glides while the other bends and seems to walk requires perfect timing." 貝瑞•高蒂said of the performance, "from the first beat of Billie Jean,我被迷住了and when he did his iconic moonwalk,我驚呆了，it was magic, Michael Jackson went into orbit, and never came down."
1984—85：拍攝廣告受傷、「We Are the World」以及商業時期[編輯]
1984年5月4日，傑克遜受邀到白宮接受隆納·雷根頒發的為表彰他資助致力為人們戒煙戒酒的慈善機構的獎章。在同年的格萊美獎上，傑克遜獲得八項大獎，與他之後的個人專輯不同，專輯Thriller並沒有官方巡演來進行宣傳，但1984年的勝利巡演，向超過兩百萬美國人宣傳了他的新專輯。巡演期間籌集到的大約八百萬的善款最終被捐獻出去。1985年他與萊昂納爾·里奇合作的以關愛美國和非洲的貧困兒童為主題的慈善歌曲「We Are the World」躋身歷史上銷量最高的單曲行列，銷量接近三千萬，兩人決定捐贈數百萬美元以救濟貧困兒童。1986年，兩人因「We Are the World」贏得四項格萊美獎（傑克遜獲得格萊美年度歌曲獎）。美國音樂獎負責人沒有將詞曲列入競獎單元，因為他們認為這並不合適，但傑克遜因作曲獲得榮譽獎項。
專輯「Bad」中有7首歌作為單曲最終在美國發行，其中五隻（「I Just Can't Stop Loving You」、Bad」、「The Way You Make Me Feel」、「Man in the Mirror」以及「Dirty Diana」）最終成為了冠軍單曲，這張專輯也是在Hot 100榜單上擁有冠軍單曲最多的專輯，「Thriller」也沒有取得這樣的成績。 雖然同名單曲的音樂錄影帶與之前歌曲「Beat It」大同小異，「Bad」的音樂錄影帶仍然是傑克遜標誌性作品之一。錄像的主題是對紐約地鐵系統的諷刺，編舞以服裝設計深受西區故事的啟發，截止到2012年，這張專輯在全球銷量約為3000-4500萬。憑藉專輯「Bad」，布魯斯·斯維頓和霍伯特·賈提卡於1988年獲得一項格萊美獎，麥可·傑克遜憑藉「Leave Me Alone」於1989年獲得最佳音樂錄像帶獎。同年，傑克遜憑藉該專輯中有5支冠軍單曲並在25個國家成為冠軍專輯的開創性表現，也因為「Bad」是1987-1988年全球最暢銷專輯而獲得美國音樂獎的成就獎。1988年，歌曲「Bad」獲得美國音樂獎最受歡迎的靈魂節奏布魯斯單曲。
他的成功為他贏得了「流行音樂之王」的稱號。伊莉莎白·泰勒在1989年靈魂列車音樂獎的頒獎典禮上的致辭使這一稱號廣為人知，宣稱他是「流行樂、搖滾樂和靈樂的真正王者」。 喬治·赫伯特·沃克·布希總統為他頒發白宮「十年最佳藝術家」獎。自1985至1990年，他為聯合黑人學院基金會捐款超過50萬美元，通過單曲「Man In The Mirror」取得的收入全部捐獻。傑克遜在小薩米·戴維斯60歲生日上的演奏為他贏得了他第二個艾美獎提名。
In March 1991, Jackson renewed his contract with Sony for $65 million, a record-breaking deal at the time, displacing Neil Diamond's renewal contract with Columbia Records. He released his eighth album, Dangerous, in 1991. The Dangerous album was co-produced with Teddy Riley, who convinced Michael to feature a rapper on his album for the first time. As of 2013, the album has shipped seven million copies in the U.S. and has sold approximately 30 million copies worldwide. In the United States, the album's first single "Black or White" was its biggest hit, reaching number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and remaining there for seven weeks, with similar chart performances worldwide. The album's second single "Remember the Time" spent eight weeks in the top five in the United States, peaking at number three on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart. At the end of 1992, Dangerous was awarded the best-selling album of the year worldwide and "Black or White" was awarded best-selling single of the year worldwide at the Billboard Music Awards. Additionally, he won an award as best-selling artist of the 1980s. In 1993, Jackson performed the song at the Soul Train Music Awards in a chair, saying he had suffered an injury in rehearsals. In the UK and other parts of Europe, "Heal the World" was the biggest hit from the album; it sold 450,000 copies in the UK and spent five weeks at number two in 1992.
Jackson founded the Heal the World Foundation in 1992. The charity organization brought underprivileged children to Jackson's ranch to enjoy theme park rides that Jackson had built on the property. The foundation also sent millions of dollars around the globe to help children threatened by war, poverty, and disease. In the same year Jackson published his second book, the bestselling collection of poetry, Dancing the Dream. While it was a commercial success and revealed a more intimate side to Jackson's nature, the collection was mostly critically unacclaimed at the time of release. In 2009, the book was republished by Doubleday and was more positively received by some critics in the wake of Jackson's untimely death. The Dangerous World Tour grossed $100 million. The tour began on June 27, 1992, and finished on November 11, 1993. Jackson performed to 3.5 million people in 70 concerts. He sold the broadcast rights to his Dangerous world tour to HBO for $20 million, a record-breaking deal that still stands.
Following the illness and death of Ryan White, Jackson helped draw public attention to HIV/AIDS, something that was still controversial at the time. He publicly pleaded with the Clinton Administration at Bill Clinton's Inaugural Gala to give more money to HIV/AIDS charities and research. In a high-profile visit to Africa, Jackson visited several countries, among them Gabon and Egypt. His first stop to Gabon was greeted with a sizable and enthusiastic reception of more than 100,000 people, some of them carrying signs that read, "Welcome Home Michael." In his trip to Côte d'Ivoire, Jackson was crowned "King Sani" by a tribal chief. He then thanked the dignitaries in French and English, signed official documents formalizing his kingship and sat on a golden throne while presiding over ceremonial dances.
In January 1993, Jackson made a memorable appearance at the halftime show at Super Bowl XXVII. Because of dwindling interest during halftime in the years before, the NFL decided to seek big-name talent that would keep viewers and ratings high, with Jackson being selected because of his popularity and universal appeal. It was the first Super Bowl where the audience figures increased during the half-time show to more than the game itself. The performance began with Jackson catapulting onto the stage as fireworks went off behind him. As he landed on the canvas, he maintained a motionless "clenched fist, standing statue stance", dressed in a gold and black military outfit and sunglasses; he remained completely motionless for a minute and a half while the crowd cheered. He then slowly removed his sunglasses, threw them away and sang four songs: "Jam", "Billie Jean", "Black or White" and "Heal the World". Jackson's Dangerous album rose 90 places up the album chart. Jackson was given the "Living Legend Award" at the 35th Grammy Awards in Los Angeles. "Black or White" was Grammy-nominated for best vocal performance. "Jam" gained two nominations: Best R&B Vocal Performance and Best R&B Song. The Dangerous album won a Grammy for Best Engineered – Non Classical, awarding the work of Bruce Swedien and Teddy Riley. In the same year, Michael Jackson won three American Music Awards for Favorite Pop/Rock Album (Dangerous), Favorite Soul/R&B Single ("Remember the Time") and was the first to win the International Artist Award, for his global performances and humanitarian concerns. This award will bear his name in the future.
Jackson gave a 90-minute interview to Oprah Winfrey on February 10, 1993, his second television interview since 1979. He grimaced when speaking of his childhood abuse at the hands of his father; he believed he had missed out on much of his childhood years, admitting that he often cried from loneliness. He denied tabloid rumors that he had bought the bones of the Elephant Man, slept in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber, or bleached his skin, stating for the first time that he had vitiligo. Dangerous re-entered the album chart in the top 10, more than a year after its original release.
In the summer of 1993, Jackson was accused of child sexual abuse by a 13-year-old boy named Jordan Chandler and his father, Dr. Evan Chandler, a dentist. The Chandler family demanded payment from Jackson, and the singer initially refused. Jordan Chandler eventually told the police that Jackson had sexually abused him. Dr. Chandler was tape-recorded discussing his intention to pursue charges, saying, "If I go through with this, I win big-time. There's no way I lose. I will get everything I want and they will be destroyed forever ... Michael's career will be over". Jordan's mother was, however, adamant that there had been no wrongdoing on Jackson's part. Jackson later used the recording to argue that he was the victim of a jealous father whose only goal was to extort money from the singer.
In August 1993, Jackson's home was raided by the police who, according to court documents, found books and photographs in his bedroom featuring young boys with little or no clothing. In December 1993, Jackson was strip searched. Jordan Chandler had reportedly given police a description of Jackson's intimate parts, and the strip search revealed that Jordan had correctly claimed Jackson had patchy-coloured buttocks, short pubic hair, and pink and brown marked testicles, but wrongly claimed Jackson was circumcised, and although doctors at the strip search struggled to tell whether Jackson was circumcised his autopsy report confirmed he had not been circumcised and that his foreskin appeared naturally intact and did not appear to have been restored from a circumcision. Reportedly, Jordan had also previously drawn accurate pictures of a dark spot on Jackson's penis only visible when his penis was lifted. This dark spot was corroborated by the sheriff's photographer and the District Attorney in sworn affidavits.
Jackson's friends said he never recovered from the humiliation of the strip search. The investigation was inconclusive and no charges were ever filed. Jackson described the search in an emotional public statement, and proclaimed his innocence. On January 1, 1994, Jackson's insurance carrier settled with the Chandlers out of court for $22 million. A Santa Barbara County grand jury and a Los Angeles County grand jury disbanded on May 2, 1994 without indicting Jackson, after which time the Chandlers stopped co-operating with the criminal investigation around July 6, 1994. The out-of-court settlement's documentation specifically stated Jackson admitted no wrongdoing and no liability; the Chandlers and their family lawyer Larry Feldman signed it without contest. Feldman also explicitly stated "nobody bought anybody's silence". A decade after the fact, during the second round of child abuse allegations, Jackson's lawyers would file a memo stating that the 1994 settlement was done without his consent.
In May 1994, Jackson married the daughter of Elvis Presley, Lisa Marie Presley. They had first met in 1975, when a seven-year-old Presley attended one of Jackson's family engagements at the MGM Grand Hotel and Casino, and were reconnected through a mutual friend. According to a friend of Presley's, "their adult friendship began in November 1992 in L.A." They stayed in contact every day over the telephone. As the child molestation accusations became public, Jackson became dependent on Presley for emotional support; she was concerned about his faltering health and addiction to drugs. Presley explained, "I believed he didn't do anything wrong and that he was wrongly accused and yes I started falling for him. I wanted to save him. I felt that I could do it." She eventually persuaded him to settle the allegations out of court and go into rehabilitation to recover.
Jackson proposed to Presley over the telephone towards the fall of 1993, saying, "If I asked you to marry me, would you do it?" They married in the Dominican Republic in secrecy, denying it for nearly two months afterwards. The marriage was, in her words, "a married couple's life ... that was sexually active". At the time, the tabloid media speculated that the wedding was a ploy to prop up Jackson's public image. The marriage lasted less than two years and ended with an amicable divorce settlement. In a 2010 interview with Oprah, Presley admitted that they spent four more years after the divorce "getting back together and breaking up", until she decided to stop.
In 1995, Jackson merged his ATV Music catalog with Sony's music publishing division creating Sony/ATV Music Publishing. Jackson retained half-ownership of the company, earned $95 million upfront as well as the rights to even more songs. He then released the double album HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I. The first disc, HIStory Begins, was a 15-track greatest hits album, and was later reissued as Greatest Hits: HIStory, Volume I in 2001, while the second disc, HIStory Continues, contained 13 new songs and 2 cover versions. The album debuted at number one on the charts and has been certified for seven million shipments in the US. It is the best-selling multiple-disc album of all-time, with 20 million copies (40 million units) sold worldwide. HIStory received a Grammy nomination for Album of the Year.
"Scream/Childhood". "Scream" was a duet, performed with Jackson's youngest sister Janet. The song fights against the media, mainly for what the media made him out to be during his 1993 child abuse allegations. The single had the highest debut on the Billboard Hot 100 at number five, and received a Grammy nomination for "Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals". "You Are Not Alone" was the second single released from HIStory; it holds the Guinness World Record for the first song ever to debut at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. It was seen as a major artistic and commercial success, receiving a Grammy nomination for "Best Pop Vocal Performance". In late 1995, Jackson was rushed to a hospital after collapsing during rehearsals for a televised performance; the incident was caused by a stress-related panic attack. "Earth Song" was the third single released from HIStory, and topped the UK Singles Chart for six weeks over Christmas 1995; it sold a million copies, making it Jackson's most successful single in the UK. The track "They Don't Care About Us" became controversial when the Anti-Defamation League and other groups criticized its allegedly antisemitic lyrics. Jackson quickly put out a revised version of the song without the offending lyrics. In 1996, Jackson won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form for "Scream" and an American Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist.
The album was promoted with the successful HIStory World Tour. The tour began on September 7, 1996, and finished on October 15, 1997. Jackson performed 82 concerts in 58 cities to over 4.5 million fans, and grossed a total of $165 million. The show, which visited five continents and 35 countries, became Jackson's most successful in terms of audience figures. During the tour, Jackson married his longtime friend Deborah Jeanne Rowe, a dermatology nurse, in an impromptu ceremony in Sydney, Australia. Rowe was approximately six months pregnant with the couple's first child at the time. Originally, Rowe and Jackson had no plans to marry, but Jackson's mother Katherine persuaded them to do so. Michael Joseph Jackson Jr (commonly known as Prince) was born on February 13, 1997; his sister Paris-Michael Katherine Jackson was born a year later on April 3, 1998. The couple divorced in 1999, and Jackson got full custody of the children. The divorce was relatively amicable, but a subsequent custody suit was not settled until 2006.Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix, which contained remixes of hit singles from HIStory and five new songs. Worldwide sales stand at 6 million copies, it is the best selling remix album ever released. It reached number one in the UK, as did the title track. In the US, the album was certified platinum, but only reached number 24. Forbes placed his annual income at $35 million in 1996 and $20 million in 1997. Throughout June 1999, Jackson was involved in a number of charitable events. He joined Luciano Pavarotti for a benefit concert in Modena, Italy. The show was in support of the nonprofit organization War Child, and raised a million dollars for the refugees of Kosovo, FR Yugoslavia, as well as additional funds for the children of Guatemala. Later that month, Jackson organized a set of "Michael Jackson & Friends" benefit concerts in Germany and Korea. Other artists involved included Slash, The Scorpions, Boyz II Men, Luther Vandross, Mariah Carey, A. R. Rahman, Prabhu Deva Sundaram, Shobana, Andrea Bocelli and Luciano Pavarotti. The proceeds went to the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, the Red Cross and UNESCO. From August 1999 through 2000, he lived in New York City at 4 East 74th Street.
At the turn of the century, Jackson won an American Music Award as Artist of the 1980s. Throughout 2000 and 2001, Jackson worked in the studio with Teddy Riley and Rodney Jerkins, as well as other collaborators. These sessions would result in the album Invincible, released in October 2001. Invincible was Jackson's first full-length album in six years, and it would be the last album of new material he released while still alive. The release of the album was preceded by a dispute between Jackson and his record label, Sony Music Entertainment. Jackson had expected the licenses to the masters of his albums to revert to him sometime in the early 2000s. Once he had the licenses, he would be able to promote the material however he pleased and keep all the profits. However, due to various clauses in the contract, the revert date turned out to be many years away. Jackson discovered that the attorney who represented him in the deal was also representing Sony. Jackson was also concerned about the fact that for a number of years, Sony had been pressuring him to sell his share in their music catalog venture. Jackson feared that Sony might have a conflict of interest, since if Jackson's career failed, he would have to sell his share of the catalog at a low price. Jackson sought an early exit from his contract. Just before the release of Invincible, Jackson informed the head of Sony Music Entertainment, Tommy Mottola, that he was leaving Sony. As a result, all singles releases, video shootings and promotions concerning the Invincible album were suspended.
In September 2001, two 30th Anniversary concerts were held at Madison Square Garden to mark the singer's 30th year as a solo artist. Jackson appeared onstage alongside his brothers for the first time since 1984. The show also featured performances by Mýa, Usher, Whitney Houston, 'N Sync, Destiny's Child, Monica, Luther Vandross, and Slash, among other artists. The second of the two shows took place the night before the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. After 9/11, Jackson helped organize the United We Stand: What More Can I Give benefit concert at RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C. The concert took place on October 21, 2001, and included performances from dozens of major artists, including Jackson, who performed his song "What More Can I Give" as the finale. Jackson's solo performances were omitted from the televised version of the benefit concert, although he could still be seen singing background vocals. This omission happened because of contractual issues related to the earlier 30th Anniversary concerts: those concerts were boiled down into a two-hour TV special titled Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Celebration which debuted in November 2001.
In spite of the events preceding its release, Invincible came out in October 2001 to much anticipation. Invincible proved to be a hit, debuting atop the charts in 13 countries and going on to sell approximately 13 million copies worldwide. It received double-platinum certification in the U.S. However, the sales for Invincible were lower than those of his previous releases, due in part to a lack of promotion, no supporting world tour and the label dispute. The album also came out at a bad time for the music industry in general. The album cost $30 million to record, not including promotional expenditures. Invincible spawned three singles, "You Rock My World", "Cry" and "Butterflies", the latter without a music video. Jackson alleged in July 2002 that Mottola was a "devil" and a "racist" who did not support his African-American artists, using them merely for his own personal gain. He charged that Mottola had called his colleague Irv Gotti a "fat nigger". Sony refused to renew Jackson's contract, and claimed that a $25 million promotional campaign had failed because Jackson refused to tour in the United States.
In 2002, Michael Jackson won his 22nd American Music Award for Artist of the Century. In the same year, Jackson's third child, Prince Michael Jackson II (nicknamed "Blanket") was born. The mother's identity is unknown, but Jackson has said the child was the result of artificial insemination from a surrogate mother and his own sperm. On November 20 of that year, Jackson brought his infant son onto the balcony of his room at the Hotel Adlon in Berlin, as fans stood below, holding him in his right arm, with a cloth loosely draped over the baby's face. The baby was briefly extended over a railing, four stories above ground level, causing widespread criticism in the media. Jackson later apologized for the incident, calling it "a terrible mistake". Sony released Number Ones, a compilation of Jackson's hits on CD and DVD. In the U.S., the album was certified triple platinum by the RIAA; in the UK it was certified six times platinum for shipments of at least 1.2 million units.
Beginning in May 2002, Jackson allowed a documentary film crew, led by British TV personality Martin Bashir, to follow him around just about everywhere he went. Bashir's film crew was with Jackson during the "baby-dangling incident" in Berlin. The program was broadcast in March 2003 as Living with Michael Jackson, and painted an extraordinarily unflattering portrait of the singer.
In a particularly controversial scene, Jackson was seen holding hands and discussing sleeping arrangements with a young boy. As soon as the documentary aired, the Santa Barbara county attorney's office began a criminal investigation. Jackson was arrested in November 2003, and was charged with seven counts of child molestation and two counts of administering an intoxicating agent in relation to the 13-year old boy shown in the film. Jackson denied the allegations, saying the sleepovers were not sexual in nature. The People v. Jackson trial began on January 31, 2005, in Santa Maria, California, and lasted five months, until the end of May. On June 13, 2005, Jackson was acquitted on all counts. After the trial, in a highly publicized relocation he moved to the Persian Gulf island of Bahrain, as a guest of Sheikh Abdullah. Bahrain was also where the family intended to send Jackson if he was convicted (though Jackson did not know about the plan), according to a statement by Jermaine Jackson printed in The Times of London in September 2011.
2006–09：關閉「夢幻莊園」、晚年以及「This Is It」演唱會時期[編輯]
In March 2006, the main house at the Neverland Ranch was closed as a cost-cutting measure. There were numerous reports around that time that Jackson was having financial problems. Jackson had been delinquent on his repayments of a $270 million loan secured against his music publishing holdings, even though those holdings were reportedly making him as much as $75 million a year. Bank of America sold the debt to Fortress Investments. Sony reportedly proposed a restructuring deal which would give them a future option to buy half of Jackson's stake in their jointly owned publishing company (leaving Jackson with a 25% stake). Jackson agreed to a Sony-backed refinancing deal in April 2006, although the exact details were not made public. Jackson did not have a recording contract in place with Sony or any other major record label at the time.
In early 2006, there was an announcement that Jackson had signed a contract with a Bahrain-based startup called Two Seas Records. However, nothing ever came of that deal, and the CEO of Two Seas, Guy Holmes, later stated that the deal had never been finalized. Throughout 2006, Sony repackaged 20 singles from the 1980s and 1990s as the Michael Jackson: Visionary series, which subsequently became a box set. Most of those singles returned to the charts as a result. In September 2006, Jackson and his ex-wife Debbie Rowe confirmed reports that they had settled their long-running child custody suit. The terms were never made public. Jackson continued to be the custodial parent of the couple's two children. In October 2006, Fox News entertainment reporter Roger Friedman said that Jackson had been recording at a studio in rural Westmeath, Ireland. It was not known at the time what Jackson might be working on, or who might be paying for the sessions, since his publicist had recently issued a statement claiming that he had left Two Seas.
In November 2006, Jackson invited an Access Hollywood camera crew into the studio in Westmeath, and MSNBC broke the story that he was working on a new album, produced by will.i.am of The Black Eyed Peas. Jackson performed at the World Music Awards, in London on November 15, 2006, and accepted a Diamond Award for selling over 100 million records. Jackson returned to the United States after Christmas 2006 to attend James Brown's funeral in Augusta, Georgia. He gave one of the eulogies, saying that "James Brown is my greatest inspiration." In the spring of 2007, Jackson and Sony teamed up to buy yet another music publishing company: Famous Music LLC, formerly owned by Viacom. This deal gave him the rights to songs by Eminem, Shakira and Beck, among others. Jackson recorded extensively during this period in New York with songwriter and producer will.i.am and also in Las Vegas with producers Akon and RedOne. In March 2007, Jackson gave a brief interview to the Associated Press in Tokyo, where he said, "I've been in the entertainment industry since I was 6 years old, and as Charles Dickens would say, 'It's been the best of times, the worst of times.' But I would not change my career ... While some have made deliberate attempts to hurt me, I take it in stride because I have a loving family, a strong faith and wonderful friends and fans who have, and continue, to support me."
In March 2007, Jackson visited a U.S. Army post in Japan named Camp Zama to greet 3,000 plus U.S. troops and their families. The hosts presented Jackson with a Certificate of Appreciation for his devotion to U.S. Military troops and their families.
In September 2007, Jackson was reportedly still working with will.i.am, but the album was apparently never completed. However, in 2008, Jackson and Sony released Thriller 25 to mark the 25th anniversary of the original Thriller. This album featured the previously unreleased song "For All Time" (an outtake from the original sessions) as well as remixes, where Jackson collaborated with younger artists who had been inspired by his work. Two of the remixes were released as singles with only modest success: "The Girl Is Mine 2008" (with will.i.am) and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin' 2008" (with Akon). The first single was based on an early demo version, without Paul McCartney. The album itself was a hit, however. In anticipation of Jackson's 50th birthday, Sony BMG released a series of greatest-hits albums called King of Pop. Slightly different versions were released in various countries, based on polls of local fans. King of Pop reached the top 10 in most countries where it was issued, and also sold well as an import in other countries (such as the United States.)Neverland Ranch, which Jackson used as collateral for loans running into many tens of millions of dollars. However, Fortress opted to sell Jackson's debts to Colony Capital LLC. In November, Jackson transferred Neverland Ranch's title to Sycamore Valley Ranch Company LLC, which was a joint venture between Jackson and Colony Capital LLC. This deal cleared Jackson's debt, and he reportedly even gained an extra $35 million from the venture. At the time of his death, Jackson still owned a stake in Neverland/Sycamore Valley, but it is unknown how large that stake was. In September 2008, Jackson entered negotiations with Julien's Auction House to display and auction a large collection of memorabilia amounting to approximately 1,390 lots. The auction was scheduled to take place between April 22 and 25. An exhibition of the lots opened as scheduled on April 14, but the actual auction was eventually cancelled at Jackson's request.
In March 2009, Jackson held a press conference at London's O2 Arena and announced a series of comeback concerts titled This Is It. The shows would be Jackson's first major series of concerts since the HIStory World Tour finished in 1997. Jackson suggested possible retirement after the shows; he said it would be his "final curtain call". The initial plan was for 10 concerts in London, followed by shows in Paris, New York City and Mumbai. Randy Phillips, president and chief executive of AEG Live, stated that the first 10 dates alone would earn the singer approximately £50 million. The London residency was increased to 50 dates after record breaking ticket sales: over one million were sold in less than two hours. Jackson rehearsed in Los Angeles in the weeks leading up to the tour under the direction of choreographer Kenny Ortega. Most of these rehearsals took place at the Staples Center, which was owned by AEG. The concerts would have commenced on July 13, 2009, and finished on March 6, 2010. Less than three weeks before the first show was due to begin in London and with all concerts being sold out, Jackson died after suffering cardiac arrest. Some time before his death, it was widely stated that he was starting a clothing line with Christian Audigier; due to his death, the current status of the label remains unknown.
Jackson's first posthumous song released entirely by his Estate was titled "This Is It" which Jackson cowrote in the 1980s with Paul Anka. It was not on the set lists for the concerts, and the recording was based on an old demo tape. The surviving brothers reunited in the studio for the first time since 1989 to record backing vocals. On October 28, 2009, a documentary film about the rehearsals titled Michael Jackson's This Is It was released. Even though it ran for a limited two-week engagement, it became the highest grossing documentary or concert movie of all time, with earnings of more than $260 million worldwide. Jackson's estate received 90% of the profits. The film was accompanied by a compilation album of the same name. Two versions of the new song appear on the album, which also featured original masters of Jackson's hits in the order in which they appear in the movie, along with a bonus disc with previously unreleased versions of more Jackson hits as well as a spoken-word poem titled "Planet Earth". At the 2009 American Music Awards Jackson won four posthumous awards, two for him and two for his album Number Ones, bringing his total American Music Awards to 26.
2009年6月25日，傑克遜在他位於洛杉磯荷爾貝山租賃的住處逝世。他的私人醫生康拉德·墨瑞曾試圖急救但沒有成功。洛杉磯消防隊救護人員於12:22（太平洋時區，19:22 UTC）接到911電話，並於三分鐘後抵達傑克遜的住所。據報導，當時傑克遜已停止了呼吸，救護人員對他進行了心肺復甦術。傑克遜被緊急送往加州大學洛杉磯分校附屬醫療中心急救，於1:13（20:13 UTC）抵達醫院。當地時間2:26（21:26 UTC）麥可·傑克遜被宣告死亡。傑克遜的逝世引發了全球性的悲痛。
瑪麗亞·凱莉、史提夫·汪達、萊昂納爾·里奇、約翰·梅爾、珍妮弗·赫德森、亞瑟小子、傑梅因·傑克遜以及夏恩·賈法戈利上場表演。伯瑞·高迪和斯莫基·羅賓遜獻上了頌詞，奎恩·拉提法朗讀了由馬婭·安傑盧為傑克遜寫的詩「我們曾擁有他」（We had him）。艾爾·夏普頓牧師告訴傑克遜的孩子「你們的父親不是怪物，你們的父親被迫對付的那些東西才是怪物。但是他不得不對付」時，贏得了全場的起立鼓掌和歡呼。追思會最讓人難忘的是傑克遜11歲的女兒帕麗斯·凱瑟琳首次公開發言，她哭著說出「從我出生以來，爸爸一直就是你所能想像出的最好的父親……我只想說我愛他……那麼的愛他。」西奧斯·史密斯牧師做出了最後的祈禱。8月24日，幾個新聞媒體援引匿名的消息來源指出，洛杉磯驗屍官已經決定將傑克遜的死亡看做一起殺人案；這一消息隨後於8月28日由驗屍官證實。在傑克遜死亡的時候已經被施用異丙酚、蘿拉西泮以及咪達唑侖。執法人員對他的私人醫生康拉德·默里就過失殺人進行了調查。2010年2月8日，默里被洛杉磯檢察機指控過失殺人罪。傑克遜於2009年9月3日在加州格倫代爾的森林草坪紀念公園下葬。
2010年6月25日，在傑克遜去世一周年之際，歌迷來到洛杉磯以表達對他的敬意。他們參觀了好萊塢星光大道上的傑克遜星、傑克遜的家以及森林草坪紀念公園。很多歌迷攜帶著向日葵和其他紀念物品。傑克遜的家庭和密友前來瞻仰。凱瑟琳回到了印第安納州加里市揭幕了放置在傑克遜家前院的花崗岩紀念碑。紀念持續成一個燭光守夜活動和進行了「We Are the World」特殊表演。6月26日，人們在洛杉磯警察局前的老帕克中心舉行了抗議遊行，並遞交了要求公正的數千人簽名的請願書。傑克遜家族基金會和VoicePlate製作公司舉辦了一場名為「永遠的麥可」（Forever Michael）的紀念活動，活動集合了傑克遜的家人、名人、歌迷、支持者和社區人士，歌頌並榮耀他一生的成就。活動所得收入的一部分捐獻給了傑克遜最熱衷的慈善事業。凱瑟琳還介紹了她的新書「永不說再見」（Never Can Say Goodbye）。
After his death, Jackson became the best-selling albums artist of 2009. He sold over 8.2 million albums in the United States, and a total of 35 million albums worldwide, in the 12 months that followed his death. Jackson became the first artist to sell one million downloads in a week in download history, with a record-breaking 2.6 million downloads of his songs. After his death three of his albums sold more than any new album which was the first time a catalog album has ever scanned more sales than any new album. Jackson also became the first artist in history to have four of the top 20 best selling albums in a single year in the United States. Following this surge in sales, Sony announced that they had extended their relationship with his material. The distribution rights held by Sony Music were due to expire in 2015. On March 16, 2010, Sony Music Entertainment, in a move spearheaded by its Columbia/Epic Label Group division, signed a new deal with the Jackson estate to extend their distribution rights to his back catalogue until at least 2017, as well as to obtain permission to release ten new albums with previously unreleased material and new collections of released work. On November 4, 2010 Sony announced the release of Michael, the first posthumous album set to be released on December 14, with the promotional single released to the radios on November 8, titled "Breaking News". The deal was unprecedented in the music industry as it is the most expensive music contract pertaining to a single artist in history; it reportedly involved Sony Music paying $250 million for the deal, with the Jackson estate getting the full sum as well as its share of royalties for all works released. Video game developer Ubisoft announced it would release a new dancing-and-singing game featuring Michael Jackson for the 2010 holiday season. The game titled Michael Jackson: The Experience will be among the first to use Kinect and PlayStation Move, the respective motion-detecting camera systems for Microsoft's Xbox 360 and Sony's PlayStation 3 due out later that year.
Michael Jackson was reported to be one of the largest owners of property on the moon. In 2005, he bought a 1,200-英畝 (4.9-平方公里) plot in the Lake of Dreams and owned a smaller parcel in the Sea of Vapours. After his death, a crater on the moon was renamed Michael Joseph Jackson by The Lunar Republic Society in Jackson's honor. The crater, officially named Posidonius J, is located on an area of the moon known as the Lake of Dreams, or Lacus Somniorum. The crater is 22 kilometers across and is situated near Jackson's owned land. A spokesman for the society said: "The official designation of a Lunar crater is a singular honour bestowed upon only a select few luminaries. "Among those receiving this rare tribute over the past century are Leonardo da Vinci, Christopher Columbus, Sir Isaac Newton, Julius Caesar and Jules Verne."
On November 3, 2010, the theatrical performing company Cirque du Soleil announced that it would launch "Michael Jackson: The Immortal World Tour" in October 2011 in Montreal, while a permanent show will reside in Las Vegas. The 90-minute US$57M production will combine Jackson's iconic musical oeuvre and choreography with the Cirque's signature artistry, dance and aerial displays involving 65 artists. The tour was written and directed by Jamie King and centers on Jackson's "inspirational Giving Tree – the wellspring of creativity where his love of music and dance, fairy tale and magic, and the fragile beauty of nature are unlocked." On October 3, 2011, the accompanying compilation soundtrack album Immortal was announced to have over 40 Jackson's original recordings re-produced by Kevin Antunes. A second, larger and more theatrical Cirque show entitled Michael Jackson: One set for residency at the Mandalay Bay resort in Las Vegas was announced on February 21, 2013. This show, whose production was written and directed by Jamie King who produced the Immortal show, is scheduled to begin on May 23, 2013 in a newly renovated theater.
In April 2011, Jackson's longtime friend and billionaire businessman Mohamed Al-Fayed, chairman of Fulham Football Club, unveiled a statue of Jackson outside the club's stadium, Craven Cottage. Fulham fans were however bemused by the statue and failed to understand the relevance of Jackson to the club. Al Fayed however defended the statue and told the fans to "go to hell" if they did not appreciate the statue.
In 2012, in an attempt to end family public feuding, Jackson's brother Jermaine Jackson retracted his signature on a letter made public criticizing executors of Michael Jackson's estate and his mother's advisers concerning the legitimacy of his brothers will. T.J. Jackson, son of Tito Jackson, was given co-guardianship of Michael Jackson's children after false reports surfaced of Katherine Jackson going missing.
Jackson's music took root in R&B, pop and soul. He had been influenced by the work of musicians such as Little Richard, James Brown, Jackie Wilson, Diana Ross, Fred Astaire, Sammy Davis, Jr., Gene Kelly, David Ruffin, The Isley Brothers, the Bee Gees and the West Side Story dancers, to whom he made a tribute in "Beat It" and in the "Bad" video. According to David Winters, who met and befriended Jackson while choreographing the 1971 Diana Ross TV Special "Diana!", (which was also Jackson's first solo debut outside of The Jackson 5), Jackson watched West Side Story almost every week and it was his favorite film. While Little Richard had a substantial influence on Jackson, James Brown was Jackson's greatest inspiration. In reference to Brown, Jackson declared: "Ever since I was a small child, no more than like six years old, my mother would wake me no matter what time it was, if I was sleeping, no matter what I was doing, to watch the television to see the master at work. And when I saw him move, I was mesmerized. I had never seen a performer perform like James Brown, and right then and there I knew that was exactly what I wanted to do for the rest of my life because of James Brown."
The young Michael Jackson owed his vocal technique in large part to Diana Ross. Not only a mother figure to him, she was often observed in rehearsal as an accomplished performer. He later expressed: "I got to know her well. She taught me so much. I used to just sit in the corner and watch the way she moved. She was art in motion. I studied the way she moved, the way she sang – just the way she was." He told her: "I want to be just like you, Diana." She said: "You just be yourself." But Jackson owed part of his enduring style—especially his use of the oooh interjection—to Ross. From a young age, Jackson often punctuated his verses with a sudden exclamation of oooh. Diana Ross had used this effect on many of the songs recorded with The Supremes.
Unlike many artists, Jackson did not write his songs on paper. Instead he would dictate into a sound recorder, and when recording he would sing the lyrics from memory. In most of his songs, such as "Billie Jean", "Who Is It", and "Tabloid Junkie", he would beatbox and imitate the instruments using his voice instead of playing the actual instruments, along with other sounds. Jackson noted that it is easier to sing a drum line, or sing a bass, instead of playing a drum line or a bass with an instrument. Several critics have said that Jackson's distinct voice was able to replace any instrument convincingly. Steve Huey of Allmusic said that, throughout his solo career, Jackson's versatility allowed him to experiment with various themes and genres. As a musician, he ranged from Motown's dance fare and ballads to techno and house-edged new jack swing to work that incorporates both funk rhythms and hard rock guitar. Notable tracks included the ballads "The Lady in My Life", "Human Nature" and "The Girl Is Mine"; the funk pieces "Billie Jean" and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'"; and the post-disco set "Baby Be Mine" and "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)". With Thriller, Christopher Connelly of Rolling Stone commented that Jackson developed his long association with the subliminal theme of paranoia and darker imagery. Allmusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine noted this is evident on the songs "Billie Jean" and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'". In "Billie Jean", Jackson sings about an obsessive fan who alleges he has fathered a child of hers. In "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" he argues against gossip and the media. "Beat It" decried gang violence in an homage to West Side Story, and was Jackson's first successful rock cross-over piece, according to Huey. He also observed that the title track "Thriller" began Jackson's interest with the theme of the supernatural, a topic he revisited in subsequent years. In 1985, Jackson co-wrote the charity anthem "We Are the World"; humanitarian themes later became a recurring theme in his lyrics and public persona.
In Bad, Jackson's concept of the predatory lover can be seen on the rock song "Dirty Diana". The lead single "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" is a traditional love ballad, while "Man in the Mirror" is an anthemic ballad of confession and resolution. "Smooth Criminal" was an evocation of bloody assault, rape and likely murder. Allmusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine states that Dangerous presents Jackson as a very paradoxical individual. He comments the album is more diverse than his previous Bad, as it appeals to an urban audience while also attracting the middle class with anthems like "Heal the World". The first half of the record is dedicated to new jack swing, including songs like "Jam" and "Remember the Time". The album is Jackson's first where social ills become a primary theme; "Why You Wanna Trip on Me", for example, protests against world hunger, AIDS, homelessness and drugs. Dangerous contains sexually charged efforts such as the multifaceted love song, "In the Closet". The title track continues the theme of the predatory lover and compulsive desire. The second half includes introspective, pop-gospel anthems such as "Will You Be There", "Heal the World" and "Keep the Faith"; these songs show Jackson opening up about various personal struggles and worries. In the ballad "Gone Too Soon", Jackson gives tribute to his friend Ryan White and the plight of those with AIDS.
HIStory creates an atmosphere of paranoia. Its content focuses on the hardships and public struggles Jackson went through just prior to its production. In the new jack swing-funk-rock efforts "Scream" and "Tabloid Junkie", along with the R&B ballad "You Are Not Alone", Jackson retaliates against the injustice and isolation he feels, and directs much of his anger at the media. In the introspective ballad "Stranger in Moscow", Jackson laments over his "fall from grace", while songs like "Earth Song", "Childhood", "Little Susie" and "Smile" are all operatic pop pieces. In the track "D.S.", Jackson launched a verbal attack against Tom Sneddon. He describes Sneddon as an antisocial, white supremacist who wanted to "get my ass, dead or alive". Of the song, Sneddon said, "I have not—shall we say—done him the honor of listening to it, but I've been told that it ends with the sound of a gunshot". Invincible found Jackson working heavily with producer Rodney Jerkins. It is a record made up of urban soul like "Cry" and "The Lost Children", ballads such as "Speechless", "Break of Dawn" and "Butterflies" and mixes hip-hop, pop and R&B in "2000 Watts", "Heartbreaker" and "Invincible".
Jackson sang from childhood, and over time his voice and vocal style changed noticeably. Between 1971 and 1975, Jackson's voice descended from boy soprano to high tenor. His vocal range as an adult was F2-E♭6. Jackson first used a technique called the "vocal hiccup" in 1973, starting with the song "It's Too Late to Change the Time" from The Jackson 5's G.I.T.: Get It Together album. Jackson did not use the hiccup technique— somewhat like a gulping for air or gasping— fully until the recording of Off the Wall: it can be seen in full force in the "Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)" promotional video. With the arrival of Off the Wall in the late 1970s, Jackson's abilities as a vocalist were well regarded. At the time, Rolling Stone compared his vocals to the "breathless, dreamy stutter" of Stevie Wonder. Their analysis was also that "Jackson's feathery-timbred tenor is extraordinarily beautiful. It slides smoothly into a startling falsetto that's used very daringly". 1982 saw the release of Thriller, and Rolling Stone was of the opinion that Jackson was then singing in a "fully adult voice" that was "tinged by sadness".
A distinctive deliberate mispronunciation of "come on", used frequently by Jackson, occasionally spelled "c'mon", "cha'mone" or "shamone", is also a staple in impressions and caricatures of him. The turn of the 1990s saw the release of the introspective album Dangerous. The New York Times noted that on some tracks, "he gulps for breath, his voice quivers with anxiety or drops to a desperate whisper, hissing through clenched teeth" and he had a "wretched tone". When singing of brotherhood or self-esteem the musician would return to "smooth" vocals. When commenting on Invincible, Rolling Stone were of the opinion that—at the age of 43—Jackson still performed "exquisitely voiced rhythm tracks and vibrating vocal harmonies". Nelson George summed up Jackson's vocals by stating "The grace, the aggression, the growling, the natural boyishness, the falsetto, the smoothness—that combination of elements mark him as a major vocalist".
音樂視頻以及舞蹈[編輯] Steve Huey of Allmusic observed how Jackson transformed the music video into an art form and a promotional tool through complex story lines, dance routines, special effects and famous cameo appearances; simultaneously breaking down racial barriers. Before Thriller, Jackson struggled to receive coverage on MTV, allegedly because he was African American. Pressure from CBS Records persuaded MTV to start showing "Billie Jean" and later "Beat It", leading to a lengthy partnership with Jackson, also helping other black music artists gain recognition. MTV employees deny any racism in their coverage, or pressure to change their stance. MTV maintains that they played rock music, regardless of race. The popularity of his videos on MTV helped to put the relatively young channel "on the map"; MTV's focus shifted in favor of pop and R&B. His performance on Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever changed the scope of live stage show; "That Jackson lip-synced 'Billie Jean' is, in itself, not extraordinary, but the fact that it did not change the impact of the performance is extraordinary; whether the performance was live or lip-synced made no difference to the audience" thus creating an era in which artists re-create the spectacle of music video imagery on stage. Short films like Thriller largely remained unique to Jackson, while the group dance sequence in "Beat It" has frequently been imitated. The choreography in Thriller has become a part of global pop culture, replicated everywhere from Indian films to prisons in the Philippines. The Thriller short film marked an increase in scale for music videos, and has been named the most successful music video ever by the Guinness World Records.
In the 19-minute music video for "Bad"—directed by Martin Scorsese—Jackson began using sexual imagery and choreography not previously seen in his work. He occasionally grabbed or touched his chest, torso and crotch. When asked by Oprah in the 1993 interview about why he grabbed his crotch, he replied, "I think it happens subliminally" and he described it as something that was not planned, but rather, as something that was compelled by the music. "Bad" garnered a mixed reception from both fans and critics; Time magazine described it as "infamous". The video also featured Wesley Snipes; in the future Jackson's videos would often feature famous cameo roles. For the "Smooth Criminal" video, Jackson experimented with an anti-gravity lean where the performer leans forward at a 45 degree angle, beyond the performer's center of gravity. To accomplish this move live, Jackson and designers developed a special shoe that locks the performer's feet to the stage, allowing them to lean forward. They were granted 美國專利 5,255,452 for the device. Although the music video for "Leave Me Alone" was not officially released in the US, in 1989, it was nominated for three Billboard Music Video Awards; the same year it won a Golden Lion Award for the quality of the special effects used in its production. In 1990, "Leave Me Alone" won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form.
He received the MTV Video Vanguard Award in 1988 and the MTV Video Vanguard Artist of the Decade Award in 1990 to celebrate his accomplishments in the art form in the 1980s; in 1991 the first award was renamed in his honor. "Black or White" was accompanied by a controversial music video, which, on November 14, 1991, simultaneously premiered in 27 countries with an estimated audience of 500 million people, the largest viewing ever for a music video at that time. It featured scenes construed as having a sexual nature as well as depictions of violence. The offending scenes in the final half of the 14-minute version were edited out to prevent the video from being banned, and Jackson apologized. Along with Jackson, it featured Macaulay Culkin, Peggy Lipton and George Wendt. It helped usher in morphing as an important technology in music videos.
"Remember the Time" was an elaborate production, and became one of his longest videos at over nine minutes. Set in ancient Egypt, it featured groundbreaking visual effects and appearances by Eddie Murphy, Iman and Magic Johnson, along with a distinct complex dance routine. The video for "In the Closet" was Jackson's most sexually provocative piece. It featured supermodel Naomi Campbell in a courtship dance with Jackson. The video was banned in South Africa because of its imagery.
The music video for "Scream", directed by Mark Romanek and production designer Tom Foden, is one of Jackson's most critically acclaimed. In 1995, it gained 11 MTV Video Music Award Nominations—more than any other music video—and won "Best Dance Video", "Best Choreography", and "Best Art Direction". The song and its accompanying video are a response to the backlash Jackson received from the media after being accused of child molestation in 1993. A year later, it won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form; shortly afterwards Guinness World Records listed it as the most expensive music video ever made at a cost of $7 million.
"Earth Song" was accompanied by an expensive and well-received music video that gained a Grammy nomination for Best Music Video, Short Form in 1997. The video had an environmental theme, showing images of animal cruelty, deforestation, pollution and war. Using special effects, time is reversed so that life returns, wars end, and the forests re-grow. Released in 1997 and premiering at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival, Michael Jackson's Ghosts was a short film written by Jackson and Stephen King and directed by Stan Winston. The video for Ghosts is over 38 minutes long and holds the Guinness World Record as the world's longest music video.
媒體經常尊稱傑克遜為「流行音樂之王」（King of Pop），因為在他整個演藝生涯中，因為他改變了音樂錄像帶的藝術方式並為現代流行音樂鋪平了道路。每日電訊報作者湯姆·厄特利在2003年稱傑克遜「極度重要」以及「天才」。對於他部分的生涯來講，他對全世界範圍內的年輕一代通過他的音樂和人道主義貢獻有著「無與倫比」的影響。傑克遜的音樂和視頻，例如「Thriller」，在MTV中促進了種族的多元化，幫助將較新的頻道進入公眾意識，將頻道的重點由搖滾樂轉移到流行樂及節奏布魯斯上，並將頻道塑造成一種持久的形式。傑克遜的作品持續的影響著許多嘻哈音樂、搖滾音樂、流行音樂以及節奏布魯斯的音樂家。BET稱傑克遜為「有史以來最偉大的藝術家」以及「創造了革命性的音樂和像太空步一樣的舞蹈傳向世界。傑克遜的聲音、風格、運動以及傳奇將繼續激勵所有流派的藝術家」。
Shortly after Jackson's death, on June 25, 2009, MTV briefly returned to its original music video format to celebrate and pay tribute to his work. The channel aired many hours of Jackson's music videos, accompanied by live news specials featuring reactions from MTV personalities and other celebrities. The temporary shift in MTV's programming culminated the following week in the channel's live coverage of Jackson's memorial service. At the memorial service on July 7, 2009, founder of Motown Records Berry Gordy proclaimed Jackson as "the greatest entertainer that ever lived".
In 2010, two university librarians found that Jackson's influence extended into academia, and has been mentioned in scholarly literature pertaining to a range of subject matter. The two researchers combed through various scholars' writings, and compiled an annotated bibliography of those writings. The bibliography located references to Jackson in research reports concerning music, popular culture, chemistry and an array of other topics.
麥可·傑克遜分別於1980年和1984年以傑克遜五人組成員的身份和個人藝術家的身份登上好萊塢星光大道。在整個演藝生涯中，他獲得了無數的榮譽和獎項，包括世界音樂獎的「千年流行歌曲銷量最高男歌手獎」，全美音樂獎的「世紀歌手獎」以及斑比獎的「千年流行歌手獎」。他兩次入選搖滾名人堂，第一次是1997年作為傑克遜五人組的成員，第二次是2001年以個人的身份入選。傑克遜也入選了其它名人堂，包括1999年進入音樂組合名人堂（作為傑克遜五人組的成員）以及2002年進入作曲家名人堂。2010年，傑克遜進入舞蹈名人堂，他是第一個也是目前為止唯一一個從事流行音樂和搖滾音樂的舞者進入到舞蹈名人堂的藝術家。他獲得的獎項包括很多金氏世界紀錄（在2006年這一年獲得了8個）；13個格萊美獎（以及格萊美傳奇獎和格萊美終身成就獎）；26個全美音樂獎（包括「世紀藝術家」和「20世紀80年代藝術家」）超過其他任何藝術家；單飛生涯中13個全美單曲銷量第一（在Billboard Hot 100中超過其他任何一位男歌手）以及全球銷量超過4億的記錄，[注釋 1]使他成為有史以來銷量最高歌手之一。2009年12月29日，美國電影協會稱傑克遜的逝世是「有意義的時刻」，還稱「麥可·傑克遜在六月份的突然死亡讓全世界流露著悲傷，並且有關他演唱會綵排的電影『就是這樣』是前所未有的世界悼詞」。麥可·傑克遜也獲得了聯合黑人學院基金會的人道文學博士學位和菲斯克大學的人道文學博士榮譽學位。
|2003||5.5億美元 （包括夢幻莊園、恩西諾和拉斯維加斯的房屋以及其它資產為1億美元，4.5億美元包括索尼ATV 50%的控股以及其它音樂出版）||2億美元||3.5億美元||「福布斯」雜誌，2003年11月21日|
|2007||5.676億美元（包括50%和Sony/ATV共享的份額達到3.906億美元，夢幻莊園價值3300萬美元，汽車、古董、收藏品和其他財產價值2000萬美元，以及668,215美元現金）||3.31億美元||2.36億美元||麥可·傑克遜於2007年3月由總部位於華盛頓的湯普森會計師事務所、Cobb、Bazilio & Associates公司編製的，CBS新聞描述的財務狀況聲明）|
- Got to Be There（1972）
- Music & Me（1973）
- Forever, Michael（1975）
- Off the Wall（1979）
- HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I（1995）
|1982||Michael Jackson's Thriller||扮演自己、Werecat、殭屍||John Landis|||
|1986||伊奧船長||伊奧船長||Francis Ford Coppola|||
|2004||漂流女孩與荒島姑娘||扮演自己||Bryan Michael Stoller|||
|2012||Bad 25||扮演自己||Spike Lee|||
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