“猎迷”反潜巡逻机

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猎迷
British Aerospace Nimrod MR.2, United Kingdom - Royal Air Force (RAF) JP506967.jpg
猎迷 MR2
类型 反潜机, 电子情报侦察机, 空中预警机
制造商 霍克·西德利公司
英国宇航系统
首飞 1967年5月23日
服役 1969年10月2日
退役 2011年6月28日[1]
状态 退役
主要用户 英国皇家空军
制造数量 49 (+2 原型机)
发展自 哈維蘭彗星型
衍生型 猎迷R.1
猎迷AEW.3
猎迷MRA.4

“猎迷”反潜巡逻机(英文:Hawker Siddeley Nimrod)是英国的海上巡逻机。該機由全世界第一种喷气式客机哈維蘭彗星型(雖然這種客機並不成功)改装而来。該機最初由德·哈维兰公司及其破产后的继承者霍克·西德利公司英语Hawker Siddeley研发。後期的研發則是由霍克·西德利公司英语Hawker Siddeley的后续公司英國航宇公司英国宇航系统接受。

飞机是为英国皇家空军替换过时的阿弗罗“沙克尔顿”反潜机英语Avro Shackleton。“猎迷”MR1 / MR2 主要用途是固定翼反潜作战飞机。次要用途是反舰作战。从1970年代早期到2010年3月在役。[2] 最后的型号研制MRA4由于严重预算透支、尚有700多飞安问题无钱彻底解决,最终于2010年强行销毁所有试验样机。[3]

1970年代,英国皇家空军还以“猎迷”为基础研制了海上侦察机、电子情报侦察机、空中预警机。但也是由于大量飞安问题无经费解决,全部于1986下马,並改為引進7架E-3空中預警機取代。

技术规格[编辑]

Wooden Nimrod model used for aerodynamic wind tunnel testing
Flight deck of a Nimrod, May 2006
外部圖片链接
Cutaway of Nimrod MR1 XV230 retouched by Flight Global in 2006

资料来源:Wilson[95]

基本信息

  • 飛行員:13
  • 載客量:13,500英磅(6,123公斤)
  • 長度:38.65 m(126 ft 9 in)
  • 翼展35.00 m(114 ft 10 in)
  • 高度:9.14 m(31 ft)
  • 翼面積:197.05 m²(2,121 sq ft)

性能

  • 最高速度:923 km/h (575 mph)
  • 巡航速度787 km/h(490 mph)
  • 航程8,340–9,265 km(5,180–5,755 mi)
  • 實用升限:13,411 m(44,000 ft)

武器

参见[编辑]

相关开发

类似型号

参考文献[编辑]

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ Following evaluation testing by the RAF, the Vickers VC10 had been identified as highly suitable for the task; however an initial version of Comet-based Nimrod could be in service within five years, a more capable Nimrod equipped with the envisioned avionics would follow.[7]
  2. ^ Equipped with the Searchwater radar, a Nimrod could offer an "AWACS-like" capability in the maritime environment.[20]

引用[编辑]

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  4. ^ Haddon-Cave 2009, pp. 16–17.
  5. ^ Jefford et al. 2005, p. 87.
  6. ^ Chartres 1986, p. 12.
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Jefford et al. 2005, p. 131.
  8. ^ "Aircraft Decisions: Mr Wilson's Statement"页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆). Flight International, Vol. 87 No. 2918, p. 224.
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  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 Fricker 1972, p. 593.
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 11.2 Neal 1970, p. 119.
  12. ^ Lake Air International July 2001, p. 31.
  13. ^ 13.0 13.1 Fricker 1972, p. 594.
  14. ^ Haddon-Cave 2009, p. 17.
  15. ^ Lake Air International July 2001, pp. 30–31.
  16. ^ Lake Air International July 2001, p. 34.
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  20. ^ Jefford et al. 2005, p. 134.
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  23. ^ 23.0 23.1 23.2 Lake 2005, pp. 53–54.
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  35. ^ 存档副本. [2017年2月9日]. (原始内容存档于2017年2月11日). 
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  37. ^ 37.0 37.1 37.2 Rininger 2006, p. 69.
  38. ^ 38.0 38.1 38.2 Rininger 2006, p. 125.
  39. ^ Haddon-Cave 2009, p. 20.
  40. ^ 40.0 40.1 40.2 Neal 1970, p. 121.
  41. ^ Neal 1970, pp. 127–128.
  42. ^ Armfield, Hugh "Air Force Takes Over as Britain's Watchdog." The Age, 26 October 1971. p. 8.
  43. ^ Neal 1970, p. 122.
  44. ^ 44.0 44.1 Neal 1970, p. 128.
  45. ^ Neal 1970, pp. 122, 126.
  46. ^ Neal 1970, p. 123.
  47. ^ Haddon-Cave 2009, p. 18.
  48. ^ Neal 1970, p. 127.
  49. ^ Friedman 1997, pp. 522, 567.
  50. ^ 50.0 50.1 Jefford et al. 2005, p. 89.
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  52. ^ Jefford et al. 2005, p. 94.
  53. ^ Jefford et al. 2005, pp. 65–66.
  54. ^ Jefford et al. 2005, pp. 100–101.
  55. ^ Burden et al. 1986, p. 401.
  56. ^ Burden et al. 1986, pp. 402–403.
  57. ^ Chant 2001, p. 34.
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  59. ^ Chant 2001, p. 82.
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  61. ^ Burden et al. 1986, p. 403.
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  85. ^ Baldock, Michael. "Aviation Photos: XV257."页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆airliners.net, 23 June 1990. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
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书目[编辑]

  • Brown, David. The Royal Navy and the Falklands War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1987. ISBN 978-0-87021-572-8.
  • Burden, Rodney A., Michael A. Draper, Douglas A. Rough, Colin A. Smith and David Wilton. Falklands: The Air War. Twickenham, UK: British Air Review Group, 1996. ISBN 0-906339-05-7.
  • Chant, Chris. Air War in the Falklands 1982. Osprey Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-8417-6293-8.
  • Chartres, John. BAe Nimrod (Modern Combat Aircraft 24). Shepperton, Surrey, UK: Ian Allan, 1986. ISBN 0-7110-1575-9.
  • Donald, David and Jon Lake. Encyclopedia of World Military Aircraft. London: Aerospace Publishing, Single Volume Edition, 1996. ISBN 1-874023-95-6.
  • "A Face-Lift For The Nimrod". Air International, Volume 21, No 1, July 1981, pp. 7–16. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Fricker, John. MR2 "Nimrod: ASW Specialist." Flight International, 27 April 1972. pp. 593–594.
  • Friedman, Norman. World Naval Weapons Systems, 1997–98. Naval Institute Press, 1997. ISBN 1-5575-0268-4.
  • Future Maritime Surveillance: Fifth Report of Session 2012–13: Volume I, Report together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence. House of Commons Defence Committee. London: HMSO, 5 September 2012.
  • Haddon-Cave, Charles. The Nimrod Review: An Independent Review into the Broader Issues Surrounding the Loss of the RAF Nimrod MR2 Aircraft XV230 in Afghanistan in 2006. London: The Stationery Office, 2009. ISBN 0-10-296265-0.
  • Jefford, C.G (ed.). "Seminar – Maritime Operations." Royal Air Force Historical Society, 2005. ISSN 1361-4231.
  • Lake, Jon. "Nimrod R.1: The RAF's SIGINT Platform Extraordinaire". Air International, Vol. 61, No. 1, July 2001, pp. 29–35. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Lake, Jon. "New Roles for the Mighty Hunter". Air International, Vol. 69, No. 3, September 2005, pp. 52–56. ISSN 0306-5634.
  • Neal, Molly. "Nimrod: Systematic Sub Hunter". Flight International, Vol. 97, No. 3176, 22 January 1970, pp. 119–128.
  • Rininger, Tyson V. Red Flag: Air Combat for the 21st Century. Zenith Imprint, 2006. ISBN 0-760325-30-8.
  • Wilson, Stewart. Combat Aircraft since 1945. London: Aerospace Publications, 2000. ISBN 1-875671-50-1.

外部链接[编辑]