中古波斯语

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中古波斯語
𐭯𐭠𐭫𐭮𐭩𐭪 (Pārsīk or Pārsīg)
区域Sasanian Empire (224–651)
族群Persian people
年代Evolved into Early New Persian by the 9th century; thereafter used only by Zoroastrian priests for exegesis and religious instruction
語系
印歐語系
早期形式
Old Persian
  • 中古波斯語
文字Pahlavi scripts, Manichaean alphabet, Avestan alphabet, Pazend
語言代碼
ISO 639-2pal
ISO 639-3兩者之一:
pal – Zoroastrian Middle Persian ("Pahlavi")
xmn – Manichaean Middle Persian (Manichaean script)
Glottologpahl1241  Pahlavi[1]
语言瞭望站58-AAC-ca

中古波斯语中古波斯語𐭯𐭠𐭫𐭮𐭩𐭪‎,羅馬化:pārsīg)或稱巴列维語英語:Pahlavi language),是印欧语系伊朗语支的一种语言,主要伊朗西南部的萨珊王朝(公元224年-654年)使用,并由于其声望而在其他地区得以使用。中古波斯语被分为西伊朗语支,发源自古波斯语并演化为现代波斯语

參考文獻[编辑]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. 1986. A concise Pahlavi dictionary. London: OUP
  • Maggi, Mauro and Paola Orsatti. 2018. From Old to New Persian. In: The Oxford Handbook of Persian Linguistics. P. 7-52
  • Nyberg, H. S. (1964): A Manual of Pahlavi I – Texts, Alphabets, Index, Paradigms, Notes and an Introduction, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
  • Skjærvø, Prods Oktor. 1997. On the Middle Persian Imperfect. In Syntaxe des Langues Indoiraniennes anciennes, ed. E. Pirart, AuOrSup 6 (Barcelona), 161–88.
  • Skjærvø, Prods Oktor. 2007. Introduction to Pahlavi. Cambridge, Mass.
  • Skjærvø, Prods Oktor. 2009. Middle West Iranian. In Gernot Windfuhr (ed.), The Iranian Languages, 196-278. London & New York: Routledge.
  • Sundermann, Werner. 1989. Mittelpersisch. In: Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. Herausgegeben von Rudiger Schmidt. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag. P. 138-165.
  • Расторгуева, В. С. 1966. Среднеперсидский язык. Москва: Издательство "Наука"
  • Расторгуева, В. С., Е. К. Молчанова. 1981. Среднеперсидский язык. In: Основы иранского языкознания, т. 2. Москва: Издательство "Наука". P. 6-146

參閲[编辑]

外部連結[编辑]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian (编). Pahlavi. Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 2016.