中等強國

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中等強國英语Middle power)是一個於國際關係中使用的一個詞。中等強國是用來描述一些並非超級強國大國地域大國 ,但仍然在國際上有一定影響力的國家 。世上仍未對中等強國的定義有共識。

定義[编辑]

中等強國並沒有統一的定義。某些研究人員以GNP來劃分中等強國。在經濟方面來說,中等強國普遍上是指國家的經濟體系不大,但也不小。但是,經濟並不是劃分中等強國的標準。在原本的定義中,中等強國指一個國家對國際某程度上有一些影響力,但其影響力並不遍佈世界每個角落。但是,這個定義並沒有成為標準。因此,某些中等強國列表中可能包含「大國」或「小國」。

中等強國的外交[编辑]

G-20 的會議。G-20眾國中,大部份國家都是中等強國,只有小部份才是大國。

中等強國外交特點:

  • 通過加入全球性組織或與多個中等強國合作,以增加其影響力。[1]
  • 其外交政策包括人民及社會事務
  • 中等強國會透過「新穎的外交政策」,即提倡和平、注重人類安全保障、尊重國際刑事法院 的決定、參加環保條約(如京都協議書 )等。

中等強國列表[编辑]

藍色的國家是中等強國,而紅色的則是大國

以下是一個中等強國列表,所有被列出的國家皆被學者或專家承認其中等強國的地位。

法國中國英國美國俄羅斯都是大國,而非中等強國,全因其軍事和戰略地位顯赫,以及其有核国家大國聯合國安理會常任理事國的地位。而美國更加是全球唯一的超級大國。有些學者或專家也認為德國日本都是大國,而非中等強國,原因是其卓越的經濟實力,以及在國際間擁有不小的影響力。[2]而中等強國和大國之間的重複國家,以及中等強國和小國之間的重覆國家,證明中等強國的邊界定義模糊。

參見[编辑]

參考[编辑]

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外部連結[编辑]

延伸閱讀[编辑]