临近恒星列表

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藝術家筆下的紅矮星,也是太陽附近最常見的恆星類型

临近恒星列表是按由近及远顺序排列的离太阳系最近的一部分恒星褐矮星的清单,其中收录的最遠的恒星距離太阳系5秒差距(16.308光年)。在這個距離內,已知的恆星系有50個(包括太阳系),共有65顆恆星和9顆棕矮星。在這些恆星中,只有13%的恆星可以使用肉眼觀測[1]

列於表內的恆星和棕矮星,刷上淺藍色的是視星等大於6.5不能以肉眼直接看見的。恆星和棕矮星的光譜則直接刷上相對應光譜的顏色(這些顏色是光譜呈現的顏色,不是觀測時實際見到的顏色)。有些視差和距離是RECONS測量的結果[2],可能只是初步的測量數據。

恆星距離表[编辑]

# 名稱 恆星
類形
視星等 絕對星等 有效溫度±
K
曆元J2000.0 視差[2][3]±
角秒
距離[4]±
光年
附加
參考
資料
系統 恆星 赤經[2] 赤緯[2]
太陽系 太陽 G2V[2] −26.72[2] 4.85[2]  5,778[5] 180° 0.0000158(3)
(大約8光分
1 半人馬座α
(Rigil Kentaurus; Toliman)
半人馬座比鄰星(V645 Centauri) M5.5Ve 11.09[2] 15.53[2]  3,040[6] 14h 29m 43.0s −62° 40′ 46″ 0.768 87(0 29)″[7][8] 4.2421(16) [9]
半人馬座αA(HD 128620) G2V[2] 0.01[2] 4.38[2]  5,790[6] 14h 39m 36.5s −60° 50′ 02″ 0.747 23(1 17)″[7][10] 4.3650(68)
半人馬座αB(HD 128621) K0V[2] 1.34[2] 5.71[2]  5,260[6] 14h 39m 35.1s −60° 50′ 14″
2 巴納德星(BD+04°3561a) M4.0Ve 9.53[2] 13.22[2]  3,134(102)[11] 17h 57m 48.5s +04° 41′ 36″ 0.546 98(1 00)″[7][8] 5.9630(109)
3 WISE 1049-5319 WISE 1049-5319A L8 10.73 ± 0.03 10h 49m 15.57s −53° 19′ 06″ 496 (37)[12] 6.52(49)
WISE 1049-5319B L9/T0
3 沃夫359(CN Leonis) M6.0V[2] 13.44[2] 16.55[2]  2,800(100)[13] 10h 56m 29.2s +07° 00′ 53″ 0.419 10(2 10)″[7] 7.7825(390)
4 拉蘭德21185(BD+36°2147) M2.0V[2] 7.47[2] 10.44[2]  3,400[14] 11h 03m 20.2s +35° 58′ 12″ 0.393 42(0 70)″[7][8] 8.2905(148)
5 天狼星
(大犬座α)
天狼星A A1V[2] −1.43[2] 1.47[2]  9,940(210)[15] 06h 45m 08.9s −16° 42′ 58″ 0.380 02(1 28)″[7][8] 8.5828(289)
天狼星B DA2[2] 8.44[2] 11.34[2] 25,000(200)[16]
6 魯坦726-8 魯坦 726-8 A(鯨魚座BL) M5.5Ve 12.54[2] 15.40[2]  2,670 01h 39m 01.3s −17° 57′ 01″ 0.373 70(2 70)″[7] 8.7280(631)
魯坦 726-8 B(鯨魚座UV) M6.0Ve 12.99[2] 15.85[2] ~2,600
WISE 1541-2250 11 Y 21.2 15h 41m 51.57s −22° 50′ 25.03″ 0.351″ ± 0.108″[17] 9.3 +4.1/–2.2[17]
7 羅斯154(V1216 Sagittarii) M3.5Ve 10.43[2] 13.07[2]  2,700 18h 49m 49.4s −23° 50′ 10″ 0.336 90(1 78)″[7][8] 9.6813(512)
8 羅斯248(HH Andromedae) M5.5Ve 12.29[2] 14.79[2] ? 23h 41m 54.7s +44° 10′ 30″ 0.316 00(1 10)″[7] 10.322(36)
9 天苑四(BD−09°697) K2V[2] 3.73[2] 6.19[2]  5,100 03h 32m 55.8s −09° 27′ 30″ 0.309 99(0 79)″[7][8] 10.522(27)
10 拉卡伊9352(CD−36°15693) M1.5Ve 7.34[2] 9.75[2]  3,340 23h 05m 52.0s −35° 51′ 11″ 0.303 64(0 87)″[7][8] 10.742(31)
11 羅斯128(FI Virginis) M4.0Vn 11.13[2] 13.51[2]  2,800 11h 47m 44.4s +00° 48′ 16″ 0.298 72(1 35)″[7][8] 10.919(49)
12 宝瓶座EZ
(GJ 866,魯坦 789-6)
EZ Aquarii A M5.0Ve 13.33[2] 15.64[2] ? 22h 38m 33.4s −15° 18′ 07″ 0.289 50(4 40)″[7] 11.266(171)
EZ Aquarii B M? 13.27[2] 15.58[2] ?
EZ Aquarii C M? 14.03[2] 16.34[2] ?
13 南河三
(小犬座α)
南河三 A F5V-IV[2] 0.38[2] 2.66[2]  6,650 07h 39m 18.1s +05° 13′ 30″ 0.286 05(0 81)″[7][8] 11.402(32)
南河三 B DA[2] 10.70[2] 12.98[2]  9,700
14 天鵝座61 61 Cygni A(BD+38°4343) K5.0V[2] 5.21[2] 7.49[2]  4,640 21h 06m 53.9s +38° 44′ 58″ 0.286 04(0 56)″[7][8] 11.403(22)
61 Cygni B(BD+38°4344) K7.0V[2] 6.03[2] 8.31[2]  4,440 21h 06m 55.3s +38° 44′ 31″
15 Struve 2398
(GJ 725, BD+59°1915)
Struve 2398 A(HD 173739) M3.0V[2] 8.90[2] 11.16[2] ? 18h 42m 46.7s +59° 37′ 49″ 0.283 00(1 69)″[7][8] 11.525(69)
Struve 2398 B(HD 173740) M3.5V[2] 9.69[2] 11.95[2] ? 18h 42m 46.9s +59° 37′ 37″
16 Groombridge 34
(GJ 15)
Groombridge 34 A(GX Andromedae) M1.5V[2] 8.08[2] 10.32[2] ? 0h 18m 22.9s +44° 01′ 23″ 0.280 59(0 95)″[7][8] 11.624(39)
Groombridge 34 B(GQ Andromedae) M3.5V[2] 11.06[2] 13.30[2] ?
17 印第安座ε
(CPD−57°10015)
Epsilon Indi A K5Ve[2] 4.69[2] 6.89[2]  4,280 22h 03m 21.7s −56° 47′ 10″ 0.275 84(0 69)″[7][8] 11.824(30)
Epsilon Indi Ba T1.0V >23 >25  1,280 22h 04m 10.5s −56° 46′ 58″
Epsilon Indi Bb T6.0V >23 >25    850
18 巨蟹座DX(G 51-15) M6.5Ve 14.78[2] 16.98[2] ? 08h 29m 49.5s +26° 46′ 37″ 0.275 80(3 00)″[7] 11.826(129)
19 天倉五(BD−16°295) G8Vp[2] 3.49[2] 5.68[2]  5,344 01h 44m 04.1s −15° 56′ 15″ 0.274 39(0 76)″[7][8] 11.887(33)
20 GJ 1061(LHS 1565) M5.5V[2] 13.09[2] 15.26[2] ? 03h 35m 59.7s −44° 30′ 45″ 0.272 01(1 30)″[18] 11.991(57) [19][20]
21 鯨魚座YZ星(LHS 138) M4.5V[2] 12.02[2] 14.17[2] ? 01h 12m 30.6s −16° 59′ 56″ 0.268 84(2 95)″[7][8] 12.132(133)
22 魯坦星(BD+05°1668) M3.5Vn 9.86[2] 11.97[2] ? 07h 27m 24.5s +05° 13′ 33″ 0.263 76(1 25)″[7][8] 12.366(59)
23 蒂加登星(SO025300.5+165258) M6.5V 15.14[2] 17.22[2] ? 02h 53m 00.9s +16° 52′ 53″ 0.260 63(2 69)″[18] 12.514(129) [20]
24 SCR 1845-6357 SCR 1845-6357 A M8.5V[2] 17.39 19.41 ? 18h 45m 05.3s −63° 57′ 48″ 0.259 45(1 11)″[18] 12.571(54) [20]
SCR 1845-6357 B T6[21] ? ?    950[21] 18h 45m 02.6s −63° 57′ 52″
25 卡普坦星(CD−45°1841) M1.5V[2] 8.84[2] 10.87[2]  3,800 05h 11m 40.6s −45° 01′ 06″ 0.255 27(0 86)″[7][8] 12.777(43)
26 Lacaille 8760(AX Microscopii) M0.0V[2] 6.67[2] 8.69[2]  3,340 21h 17m 15.3s −38° 52′ 03″ 0.253 43(1 12)″[7][8] 12.870(57)
27 Kruger 60
(BD+56°2783)
Kruger 60 A M3.0V[2] 9.79[2] 11.76[2]  3,180 22h 27m 59.5s +57° 41′ 45″ 0.248 06(1 39)″[7][10] 13.149(74)
Kruger 60 B(DO Cephei) M4.0V[2] 11.41[2] 13.38[2]  2,890
28 DEN 1048-3956 M8.5V[2] 17.39[2] 19.37[2] ? 10h 48m 14.7s −39° 56′ 06″ 0.247 71(1 55)″[18] 13.167(82) [22][23]
29 羅斯614
(V577 Monocerotis, GJ 234)
Ross 614A(LHS 1849) M4.5V[2] 11.15[2] 13.09[2] ? 06h 29m 23.4s −02° 48′ 50″ 0.244 34(2 01)″[7][10] 13.349(110)
Ross 614B(LHS 1850) M5.5V 14.23[2] 16.17[2] ?
30 Gl 628(Wolf 1061, BD−12°4523) M3.0V[2] 10.07[2] 11.93[2] ? 16h 30m 18.1s −12° 39′ 45″ 0.236 01(1 67)″[7][8] 13.820(98)
31 范馬南星(Gl 35, LHS 7) DZ7[2] 12.38[2] 14.21[2] ? 00h 49m 09.9s +05° 23′ 19″ 0.231 88(1 79)″[7][8] 14.066(109)
32 格利澤1(CD−37°15492) M3.0V[2] 8.55[2] 10.35[2] ? 00h 05m 24.4s −37° 21′ 27″ 0.229 20(1 07)″[7][8] 14.231(66)
33 沃夫424
(室女座FL,LHS 333, GJ 473)
Wolf 424 A M5.5Ve 13.18[2] 14.97[2] ? 12h 33m 17.2s +09° 01′ 15″ 0.227 90(4 60)″[7] 14.312(289)
Wolf 424 B M7Ve 13.17[2] 14.96[2] ?
34 白羊座TZ(GJ 83.1, Luyten 1159-16) M4.5V[2] 12.27[2] 14.03[2] ? 02h 00m 13.2s +13° 03′ 08″ 0.224 80(2 90)″[7] 14.509(187)
35 Gl 687(LHS 450, BD+68°946) M3.0V[2] 9.17[2] 10.89[2] ? 17h 36m 25.9s +68° 20′ 21″ 0.220 49(0 82)″[7][8] 14.793(55)
36 LHS 292(LP 731-58) M6.5V[2] 15.60[2] 17.32[2] ? 10h 48m 12.6s −11° 20′ 14″ 0.220 30(3 60)″[7] 14.805(242)
37 Gl 674(LHS 449) M3.0V[2] 9.38[2] 11.09[2] ? 17h 28m 39.9s −46° 53′ 43″ 0.220 25(1 59)″[7][8] 14.809(107)
38 GJ 1245 GJ 1245 A M5.5V[2] 13.46[2] 15.17[2] ? 19h 53m 54.2s +44° 24′ 55″ 0.220 20(1 00)″[7] 14.812(67)
GJ 1245 B M6.0V[2] 14.01[2] 15.72[2] ? 19h 53m 55.2s +44° 24′ 56″
GJ 1245 C M? 16.75[2] 18.46[2] ? 19h 53m 54.2s +44° 24′ 55″
39 GJ 440(WD 1142-645) DQ6[2] 11.50[2] 13.18[2]  7,500 11h 45m 42.9s −64° 50′ 29″ 0.216 57(2 01)″[7][8] 15.060(140)
40 GJ 1002 M5.5V[2] 13.76[2] 15.40[2] ? 00h 06m 43.8s −07° 32′ 22″ 0.213 00(3 60)″[7] 15.313(259)
41 羅斯780(GJ 876) M3.5V[2] 10.17[2] 11.81[2]  3,480 22h 53m 16.7s −14° 15′ 49″ 0.212 59(1 96)″[7][8] 15.342(141)
42 LHS 288(Luyten 143-23) M5.5V[2] 13.90[2] 15.51[2] ? 10h 44m 21.2s −61° 12′ 36″ 0.208 95(2 73)″[18] 15.610(204) [20]
43 GJ 412 GJ 412 A M1.0V[2] 8.77[2] 10.34[2] ? 11h 05m 28.6s +43° 31′ 36″ 0.206 02(1 08)″[7][8] 15.832(83)
GJ 412 B(WX Ursae Majoris) M5.5V[2] 14.48[2] 16.05[2] ? 11h 05m 30.4s +43° 31′ 18″
44 Groombridge 1618(GJ 380) K7.0V[2] 6.59[2] 8.16[2]  4,000 10h 11m 22.1s +49° 27′ 15″ 0.205 81(0 67)″[7][8] 15.848(52)
45 GJ 388 M3.0V[2] 9.32[2] 10.87[2] ? 10h 19m 36.4s +19° 52′ 10″ 0.204 60(2 80)″[7] 15.942(218)
46 GJ 832 M3.0V[2] 8.66[2] 10.20[2] ? 21h 33m 34.0s −49° 00′ 32″ 0.202 78(1 32)″[7][8] 16.085(105)
47 LP 944-020 M9.0V[2] 18.50[2] 20.02[2] ? 03h 39m 35.2s −35° 25′ 41″ 0.201 40(4 20)″[24] 16.195(338)
48 DEN 0255-4700 L7.5V[2] 22.92[2] 24.44[2] ? 02h 55m 03.7s −47° 00′ 52″ 0.201 37(3 89)″[18] 16.197(313) [23]
49 GJ 682 M4.5V[2] 10.95[2] 12.45[2] ? 17h 37m 03.7s −44° 19′ 09″ 0.199 65(2 30)″[7][8] 16.337(188)
# 系統 恆星 恆星
類型
mV MV Teff
K(±err)
RA[2] Dec[2] Parallax[2][3]
Arcseconds(±err)
距離[4]
光年(±err)
附加
參考資料
名稱 曆元J2000.0

近距離恆星圖[编辑]

下圖是距離太陽在14光年以內的32顆恆星位置圖,雙星和三合星會以實際的數量推疊,但真實的位置是以最靠近中心平面的那一顆為準,顏色則與上面的表相對應。

Nearby Stars (14ly Radius).svg

相關條目[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Weaver, Harold F. The Visibility of Stars Without Optical Aid. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 1947, 59 (350): 232–243. Bibcode:1947PASP...59..232W. doi:10.1086/125956. 
  2. ^ 2.000 2.001 2.002 2.003 2.004 2.005 2.006 2.007 2.008 2.009 2.010 2.011 2.012 2.013 2.014 2.015 2.016 2.017 2.018 2.019 2.020 2.021 2.022 2.023 2.024 2.025 2.026 2.027 2.028 2.029 2.030 2.031 2.032 2.033 2.034 2.035 2.036 2.037 2.038 2.039 2.040 2.041 2.042 2.043 2.044 2.045 2.046 2.047 2.048 2.049 2.050 2.051 2.052 2.053 2.054 2.055 2.056 2.057 2.058 2.059 2.060 2.061 2.062 2.063 2.064 2.065 2.066 2.067 2.068 2.069 2.070 2.071 2.072 2.073 2.074 2.075 2.076 2.077 2.078 2.079 2.080 2.081 2.082 2.083 2.084 2.085 2.086 2.087 2.088 2.089 2.090 2.091 2.092 2.093 2.094 2.095 2.096 2.097 2.098 2.099 2.100 2.101 2.102 2.103 2.104 2.105 2.106 2.107 2.108 2.109 2.110 2.111 2.112 2.113 2.114 2.115 2.116 2.117 2.118 2.119 2.120 2.121 2.122 2.123 2.124 2.125 2.126 2.127 2.128 2.129 2.130 2.131 2.132 2.133 2.134 2.135 2.136 2.137 2.138 2.139 2.140 2.141 2.142 2.143 2.144 2.145 2.146 2.147 2.148 2.149 2.150 2.151 2.152 2.153 2.154 2.155 2.156 2.157 2.158 2.159 2.160 2.161 2.162 2.163 2.164 2.165 2.166 2.167 2.168 2.169 2.170 2.171 2.172 2.173 2.174 2.175 2.176 2.177 2.178 2.179 2.180 2.181 2.182 2.183 2.184 Research Consortium on Nearby Stars, GSU. THE ONE HUNDRED NEAREST STAR SYSTEMS. RECONS. 2007-09-17 [2007-11-06]. 
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  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 From parallax.
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  7. ^ 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29 7.30 7.31 7.32 7.33 7.34 7.35 7.36 7.37 7.38 7.39 7.40 7.41 7.42 General Catalogue of Trigonometric Parallaxes.
  8. ^ 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26 8.27 8.28 Hipparcos Catalogue.
  9. ^ Burgasser et al. 2000
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 10.2 Visual binary orbits and masses post Hipparcos, Staffan Söderhjelm, Astronomy and Astrophysics 341(January 1999),pp. 121–140.
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  12. ^ Luhman, K. L. Discovery of a Binary Brown Dwarf at 2 Parsecs from the Sun. Astrophysical Journal Letters(to be published). 
  13. ^ Ya. V. Pavlenko, H. R. A. Jones, Yu. Lyubchik, J. Tennyson, and D. J. Pinfield. Spectral energy distribution for GJ406. Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2006.February, 447 (2): 709–717. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20052979. 
  14. ^ Carbon monoxide bands in M dwarfs, Y. V. Pavlenko and H. R. A. Jones, Astronomy and Astrophysics 396(December 2002),pp. 967–975. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20021454
  15. ^ Table 2, The physical properties of normal A stars, Saul J. Adelman, pp. 1–11, The A-Star Puzzle, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, edited by J. Zverko, J. Ziznovsky, S. J. Adelman, and W. W. Weiss, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004. doi:10.1017/S1743921304004314
  16. ^ Adopted value, The Age and Progenitor Mass of Sirius B, James Liebert, Patrick A. Young, David Arnett, J.B. Holberg, and Kurtis A. Williams, The Astrophysical Journal 630, #1(September 2005),pp. L69–L72.
  17. ^ 17.0 17.1 Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Cushing; Gelino; Griffith; Skrutskie; Marsh; Wright; Mainzer; Eisenhardt; McLean; Thompson; Bauer; Benford; Bridge; Lake; Petty; Stanford; Tsai; Bailey; Beichman; Bochanski; Burgasser; Capak; Cruz; Hinz; Kartaltepe; Knox; Manohar; Masters; Morales-Calderónn; Prato; Rodigas; Salvato; Schurr; Scoville; Simcoe; Stapelfeldt; Stern; Stock; Vacca. The First Hundred Brown Dwarfs Discovered by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer(WISE). arXiv:1108.4677v1 [astro-ph.SR]. 2011. 
  18. ^ 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 Systems with their first accurate trigonometric parallaxes measured by RECONS
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