乳草

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马利筋屬
Asclepiascommon.JPG
Asclepias syriaca
科学分类 编辑
界: 植物界 Plantae
演化支 被子植物 Angiosperms
演化支 真双子叶植物 Eudicots
演化支 菊类植物 Asterids
目: 龙胆目 Gentianales
科: 夹竹桃科 Apocynaceae
属: 马利筋属 Asclepias
种: 马利筋屬 A.
二名法
Asclepias
Linn.

马利筋屬下的植物通稱乳草,又称乳仔草红乳草细本乳仔草千根草乳汁草-岭南痢疾草-广东细叶飞扬草-广州萹蓄草-台湾,是多年生草本植物的一属,属于夹竹桃科植物,涵括超过140种植物。例子有马利筋金凤花

马利筋物种已经演化出精巧的抵御策略以对抗吃它们叶子的毛虫。这些包括叶子上的毛、其组织中称为心脏干扰素的心脏毒以及来自於植物管状器官的乳白色有毒乳汁,故马利筋又称乳草。

部分種[编辑]

Asclepias-albicans.jpg Asclepias albicans Whitestem milkweed, native to the Mojave and Sonoran deserts
Asclepias amplexicaulis Blue Ridge.jpg Asclepias amplexicaulis Blunt-leaved milkweed, native to central and eastern United States
Asclepias asperula - Antelope Horns.jpg Asclepias asperula Antelope horns, native to American southwest and northern Mexico
Asclepias sp. flowers (Marshal Hedin).jpg Asclepias californica California milkweed, native to central and southern California
Asclepias cordifolia.JPG Asclepias cordifolia Heart-leaf milkweed, native to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range up to 2000 m.
Asclepiascryptoceras.jpg Asclepias cryptoceras Pallid milkweed, native to the western United States.
Asclepias curassavica (Mexican Butterfly Weed) W IMG 1570.jpg Asclepias curassavica Scarlet milkweed, tropical milkweed, bloodflower, bastard ipecacuanha, native to the American tropics, introduced to other continents
Asclepias curtissii (Curtiss milkweed ) (5771618293).jpg Asclepias curtissii Curtiss's milkweed, endemic to sandy areas of Florida
Asclepiaseriocarpa.jpg Asclepias eriocarpa Woollypod milkweed, native to California, Baja California, and Nevada
Asclepias erosa 5.jpg Asclepias erosa Desert milkweed, native to California, Arizona, and Baja California
Asclepias exaltata (2985661678).jpg Asclepias exaltata Poke milkweed, native to eastern North America
Asclepias fascicularis.jpg Asclepias fascicularis Narrow-leaf milkweed, native to Western United States
Asclepias hirtella arkansas.jpg Asclepias hirtella Tall green milkweed
Asclepias humistrata.jpg Asclepias humistrata Sandhill milkweed, native to southeastern United States
Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata Flowers Closeup 2800px.jpg Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, native to wetlands of North America
Asclepias involucrata
Asclepias lanceolata plant.jpg Asclepias lanceolata Lanceolate milkweed (Cedar Hill milkweed), native to coastal plain of eastern United States from Texas to New Jersey
Asclepias linaria.jpg Asclepias linaria Pine needle milkweed, native to Mojave and Sonoran deserts
Asclepias linearis Slim milkweed
Asclepiasmeadii.jpg Asclepias meadii Mead's milkweed, native to midwestern United States
Asclepias nivea
Asclepias nyctaginifolia.jpg Asclepias nyctaginifolia Mojave milkweed, native to the American southwest
Asclepias obovata Pineland milkweed
Purple Milkweed Asclepias purpurascens Head.jpg Asclepias purpurascens Purple milkweed, native to eastern, southern, and midwestern United States
Asclepias quadrifolia.jpg Asclepias quadrifolia Four-leaved milkweed, native to eastern United States and Canada
BB-3386 Asclepias rubra.png Asclepias rubra Red milkweed
Asclepias solanoana.jpeg Asclepias solanoana Serpentine milkweed, native to northern California
R27182818 milkweed img 0312.jpg Asclepias speciosa Showy milkweed, native to western United States and Canada
Asclepias subulata flowers 2.jpg Asclepias subulata Rush milkweed, leafless milkweed, native to southwestern North America
Asclepias subverticillata.jpg Asclepias subverticillata Horsetail milkweed[1]
Asclepias sullivantii.jpg Asclepias sullivantii Sullivant's milkweed
Common milkweed-tracy.jpg Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed
Asclepias texana.jpg Asclepias texana Texas milkweed
Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa Umbel.jpg Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly weed, pleurisy root
Asclepias uncialis lg.jpg Asclepias uncialis Wheel milkweed
Asclepias variegata 2.jpg Asclepias variegata White milkweed
Asclepias verticillata (3197723098).jpg Asclepias verticillata Whorled milkweed
Asclepias vestita Woolly milkweed
Asclepias viridiflora NPS-1.jpg Asclepias viridiflora Green milkweed
Asclepias viridis 1.jpg Asclepias viridis Green antelopehorn, spider milkweed
Asclepias welshii 1.jpg Asclepias welshii Welsh's milkweed

南美洲有A. curassavica等12種。

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Asclepias subverticillata (A. Gray) Vail, USDA PLANTS