五月花号公约

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《五月花号公约》

五月花号公约》(英语:Mayflower Compact)是前往北美洲新英格兰殖民地的102名英国清教徒在上岸之前,其中的41名成年男子于1620年11月11日在五月花号上签订的政治声明,同意创建并服从一个政府

《五月花号公约》创建了一个先例,即政府是基于被管理者的同意而成立的,而且将以法治国。这也是创立美国的主要思想之一,即在同一个社会里的所有公民自由结合的权利,并可以通过制定对大家都有利的法律来管理自己。

文本[编辑]

汉译版

  以上帝的名义,阿门。我们这些签署人是蒙上帝保佑的大不列颠、法兰西和爱尔兰的国王——信仰和捍卫者詹姆斯国王陛下的忠顺臣民。

  为了上帝的荣耀,为了增强基督教信仰,为了提高我们国王和国家的荣誉,我们漂洋过海,在弗吉尼亚北部开发第一个殖民地。我们在上帝面前共同立誓签约,自愿结为一民众自治团体。为了使上述目的能得到更好地实施、维护和发展,将来不时依此而制定颁布的被认为是这个殖民地全体人民都最适合、最方便的法律、法规、条令、宪章和公职,我们都保证遵守和服从。

  据此于耶稣纪元1620年11月11日,于英格兰、法兰西、爱尔兰第十八世国王暨英格兰第五十四世国王詹姆斯陛下在位之年,我们在科德角签名于右。

现代英语版

IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN. We, whose names are underwritten, the Loyal Subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c.

Having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith, and the Honour of our King and Country, a Voyage to plant the first Colony in the northern Parts of Virginia; Do by these Presents, solemnly and mutually, in the Presence of God and one another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick, for our better Ordering and Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid: And by Virtue hereof do enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions, and Officers, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general Good of the Colony; unto which we promise all due Submission and Obedience.

IN WITNESS whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape-Cod the eleventh of November, in the Reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth, Anno Domini; 1620.[1]


參見[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Mayflower Compact : 1620. Agreement Between the Settlers at New Plymouth : 1620. Avalon Project, Yale Law School. [18 February 2018].  Source: The Federal and State Constitutions Colonial Charters, and Other Organic Laws of the States, Territories, and Colonies Now or Heretofore Forming the United States of America Compiled and Edited Under the Act of Congress of June 30, 1906 by Francis Newton Thorpe Washington, DC : Government Printing Office, 1909.
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