亚洲伊斯兰教

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伊斯兰教发源于亚洲,目前是亚洲信徒人数最多的宗教穆斯林占亚洲总人口的25%[1]穆罕默德于7世纪在阿拉伯半岛创立了伊斯兰教,西亚中东)和南亚的许多民众在伊斯兰教建立之初就开始信仰伊斯兰教。据信伊斯兰教在公元615年传入今孟加拉国境内。大部分什叶派穆斯林位于伊朗巴基斯坦印度,以及伊拉克四个亚洲国家中[2]

伊斯兰教在亚洲和佛教有长期的竞争历史[3]

各国穆斯林人口[编辑]

南亚[编辑]

国家 总人口 穆斯林比例 穆斯林人口
 阿富汗 31,575,018 99.0%[4] 31,259,267
 孟加拉国 165,000,000 90.4% 149,100,000
 不丹 727,145 0.2%[5] 10,000
 印度 1,338,270,000 14.2%[6] 189,000,000
 馬爾地夫 378,114 100%[7] 378,114
 尼泊尔 29,218,867 4.4%[8] 1,285,630
 巴基斯坦 212,742,631 96.2%[9] 204,828,605
 斯里蘭卡 21,444,000 9.7%[10] 2,080,068
南亚总计 1,789,309,144 36.39% 651,090,456

中东(不含埃及)[编辑]

国家 总人口 穆斯林比例 穆斯林人口
 巴林 1,496,300 81.2%[11] 1,214,995
 賽普勒斯 854,800 25.4% 217,119
 伊朗 81,871,500 99.4%[12] 81,380,271
 伊拉克 39,339,753 98.0%[13] 38,552,957
 以色列 8,930,680 17.7%[14] 1,580,730
 约旦 10,261,300 94.0%[15] 9,645,622
 科威特 4,226,920 85.0%[16] 3,592,882
 黎巴嫩 6,093,509 54.0% 3,200,000
 阿曼 4,651,706 99.0%[17] 4,605,188
 巴勒斯坦 4,816,503 93.0%,[18] 4,479,347
 卡塔尔 2,561,643 77.5%[19] 1,985,273
 沙烏地阿拉伯 33,413,660 100.0%[20] 33,413,660
 叙利亚 18,284,407 87.0%[21] 15,907,434
 土耳其 80,810,525 99.8%[22] 80,648,903
 阿联酋 9,582,340 80.0% 7,665,872
 葉門 28,915,284 100.0%[23] 28,915,284
中东亚洲部分总计 336,736,760 94.72% 318,874,033

东南亚[编辑]

位于印尼首都雅加达伊斯蒂克拉尔清真寺是东南亚最大的清真寺
国家 总人口 穆斯林比例 穆斯林人口
 文莱 443,593 82.7%[24] 366,851
 柬埔寨 16,204,486 1.9%[25] 312,540
 东帝汶 1,291,358 0.3%[26] 4,000
 印尼 260,580,739 87.2%[27] 227,226,404
 老挝 7,126,706 0.01%[28] 8,000
 马来西亚 31,381,992 61.3%[29] 19,500,000
 緬甸 55,123,814 4.15%[30] 2,300,000
 菲律賓 106,000,000 5-11.0%[31][32][33] 5,300,000 - 10,600,000
 新加坡 5,888,926 15.0%[34] 883,338
 泰國 68,414,135 5.0%[35] 3,420,706
 越南 96,160,163 0.1%[36] 65,000
东南亚总计 641,775,797 41.3% 264,786,839

中亚[编辑]

乌兹别克斯坦境内的一座清真寺
国家 总人口 穆斯林比例 穆斯林人口
 哈萨克斯坦 18,744,548 70.2%[37] 13,158,672
 吉尔吉斯斯坦 6,019,480 86.3%[38] 5,194,811
 塔吉克斯坦 8,734,951 98.0%[39] 8,560,251
 土库曼斯坦 5,851,466 93.3% 5,459,417
 乌兹别克斯坦 32,653,900 96.5%[40] 31,511,013
中亚总计 72,004,345 88.7% 63,884,165

东亚[编辑]

广东怀圣寺是中国境内最古老的一座清真寺
国家 总人口 穆斯林比例 穆斯林人口
 中國 1,394,620,000 1.8-3.6%[41][42][43] 25,000,000 - 50,000,000
 香港 7,448,900 4.1%[44] 305,404
 澳門 658,900 1.5% 10,000[45]
 日本 126,420,000 0.1%[46] 126,420
 朝鲜 25,610,672 0.4% 100,000[47]
 韩国 51,635,256 0.2% 100,000[48]
 蒙古 3,231,200 5.0%[49] 161,560
 臺灣 23,577,488 0.3%[50] 70,732
东亚总计 1,633,202,416 3.13% 51,080,436

北亚[编辑]

国家 总人口 穆斯林比例 穆斯林人口
 俄羅斯 33,765,005 15%[51] 5,064,750
北亚总计 33,765,005 15% 5,064,750

参考资料[编辑]

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