At the vicinity of where Independence Hall now stands, sixty-six families gathered on April 11, 1909 to conduct a lottery for plots of land in a new Jewish neighborhood, to be known as Ahuzat Bayit. Meir and Zina Dizengoff acquired plot number 43, on which they built their home. Meir Dizengoff served as the head of the new neighborhood council. In 1910, at a general meeting, the residents of Ahuzat Bayit, inspired by Theodor Herzl's Altneuland (English: Old-New Land), unanimously decided to rename their neighborhood Tel Aviv. As the neighborhood grew and became a city, Dizengoff became its first mayor.
1948年5月14日下午4点，英国托管结束8小时前，Vaad Leumi 和Yishuv的领导人在场见证下，本古里安在主礼堂宣布以色列国成立。 本古里安宣读完以色列独立宣言后，Fischman (Maimon) 拉比诵读Shehecheyanu 祝福，独立宣言被签署。仪式以大家歌唱《希望》（Ha-tikva）结束，《希望》现在是以色列国歌。