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伊斯坦堡機場

坐标41°15′44″N 28°43′40″E / 41.26222°N 28.72778°E / 41.26222; 28.72778
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伊斯坦堡機場
Istanbul Airport

İstanbul Havalimanı
概览
机场类型民用
所有者土耳其國家機場總局 (DHMİ)英语General Directorate of State Airports
營運者IGA (Istanbul Grand Airport) Havalimanı İşletmesi A.Ş.英语S.A. (corporation)
服務城市 土耳其伊斯坦堡
地理位置伊斯坦堡阿爾納武特柯伊區英语Arnavutköy (district)
啟用日期
  • 2018年10月29日,​5年前​(2018-10-29 (開幕典禮)[1]
  • 2019年4月6日,​5年前​(2019-04-06 (旅客營運開始)
  • 2022年2月5日,​2年前​(2022-02-05 (貨運服務開始)
樞紐航空公司
建造日期2014 – 2018
時區TRTUTC+03:00
海拔高度99米(325英尺)
坐標41°15′44″N 28°43′40″E / 41.26222°N 28.72778°E / 41.26222; 28.72778
網址www.istairport.com 編輯維基數據鏈接
地圖
伊斯坦堡機場 Istanbul Airport在伊斯坦堡的位置
伊斯坦堡機場 Istanbul Airport
伊斯坦堡機場
Istanbul Airport
Location of airport
伊斯坦堡機場 Istanbul Airport在土耳其的位置
伊斯坦堡機場 Istanbul Airport
伊斯坦堡機場
Istanbul Airport
伊斯坦堡機場
Istanbul Airport
(土耳其)
伊斯坦堡機場 Istanbul Airport在欧洲的位置
伊斯坦堡機場 Istanbul Airport
伊斯坦堡機場
Istanbul Airport
伊斯坦堡機場
Istanbul Airport
(欧洲)
伊斯坦堡機場 Istanbul Airport在北大西洋的位置
伊斯坦堡機場 Istanbul Airport
伊斯坦堡機場
Istanbul Airport
伊斯坦堡機場
Istanbul Airport
(北大西洋)
跑道
方向 长度 表面
英尺
16L/34R 3,750 12,303 瀝青
16R/34L 3,750 12,303 瀝青
17L/35R 4,100 13,451 瀝青
17R/35L 4,100 13,451 瀝青
18/36 3,060 10,039 瀝青、混凝土
統計數據(2020)
旅客總數23,409,132
國際遊客總數15,994,695
飛機運營185,642
貨物噸位869,289
來源: Turkish AIP at Eurocontrol[2]

伊斯坦堡機場土耳其語İstanbul Havalimanı,英語:Istanbul AirportIATA代码ISTICAO代码LTFM),原稱伊斯坦堡新機場土耳其語İstanbul Yeni Havalimanı,英語:Istanbul New Airport),是土耳其最大城市伊斯坦堡主要的聯外國際機場,亦是來往歐洲、亞洲及非州的重要航空中轉站之一,位於伊斯坦堡歐洲一方中北部的阿爾納武特柯伊英语Arnavutköy (district)Arnavutköy),於2018年10月29日土耳其國慶日局部啟用。2019年4月6日起,所有原伊斯坦堡阿塔圖克機場的客運航班轉移至該機場作業。

歷史

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已隱藏部分未翻譯内容,歡迎參與翻譯
Terminal building exterior
Entrance area
Terminal building interior
Airside area interior

背景

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伊斯坦堡阿塔圖克機場空間不足的問題使得增建跑道變得困難。這限制了機場及其所在城市的發展。因此,土耳其機場管理局無法讓更多的航班、貨物容納於伊斯坦堡阿塔圖克機場。這增加了與空中交通擁擠相關的問題。因此,他們決定建造另一個機場。這個機場旨在服務伊斯坦堡。

由於伊斯坦堡阿塔圖克機場停機位不足,土耳其航空公司的飛機被轉移到薩比哈·格克琴機場。薩比哈·格克琴機場的航站樓已達到最大容量,可為2500萬乘客提供服務。此外,在2015年,該機場已經為2800萬乘客提供了服務。這一現像是由於2013年以來交通增長率平均為20%。

伊斯坦堡阿塔圖克機場是歐洲最繁忙的機場之一。自2013年以來,它在客流量方面一直位居歐洲五大繁忙機場之列。在2017年,伊斯坦布爾的兩個機場共處理了超過1億名乘客。[3]就區域機場面積而言,倫敦地區的六個機場每年為超過1.5億名乘客提供服務,而巴黎地區的三個機場每年為大約1億名乘客提供服務。

Location

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有關當局決定在 Arnavutköy, Göktürk, 和 Çatalca, 伊斯坦布爾市中心以北和之間 黑海 的沿岸城鎮 Yeniköy​(土耳其语, Tayakadın 和 Akpınar 道路交叉口建設新機場. 這個區域 7,600-公頃(19,000-英畝) 鄰近 Lake Terkos. 有些 6,172公頃(15,250英畝) 區域是國有林地. 伊斯坦布爾機場和阿塔圖爾克機場之間的距離約為 35 km(22 mi). The area encompassed old open-pit coal mines, which were later filled with soil.[4]

According to the Environmental Impact Assessment (ÇED) report published in April 2013, there were a total of 2,513,341 trees in the area and 657,950 of them would need to be cut indispensably, while 1,855,391 trees would be moved to new places. However, the Ministry of Forest and Water Management claimed the exact number of trees cut and moved would only be revealed after construction was complete.[4]

Construction

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For Istanbul Atatürk Airport, a tender was made for its construction as well as its functioning. The same was held on May 3, 2013. 4 stages of construction were decided for this project. It is said that with the completion of these stages, the airport being constructed could serve many passengers. Their number was estimated to be around 200 million. Considering the time when the airport was being planned, this serving capacity could be the biggest across the globe. It was decided that in a duration of 42 months, stage 1 would be complete. Also, the handing over of land would get over. The project aimed at utilizing around €7 billion. This sum did not include any financing cost.

The government assured a consortium for both construction purposes and operation. Further, passengers in a number of 342 million were assured over a period of 12 years. Grimshaw, based in London, headed this design team. The team had the Nordic Office of Architecture from Norway. In addition, Haptic, based in London, was also a part of the team.

At the bidding session on 3 May 2013, only four out of fifteen Turkish and two foreign companies that were qualified as bidders showed up. The Turkish joint venture consortium of Cengiz-Kolin-Limak-Mapa-Kalyon won the tender and were obliged to pay the government 26.142 billion including value-added tax for a 25-year lease starting from 2018. The completion date of the construction's first stage was officially set for 2018 – 42 months after the finalization of the tender's approval.[4]

The groundbreaking ceremony took place on 7 June 2014,[5] though construction only started in May 2015 after the land was officially handed over.[6]

The inauguration of the airport took place on the planned date of 29 October 2018. It was reported that the first test landing at the airport would take place on 26 February 2018; however, the first landing took place on 20 June 2018.[7] Testing of navigational and electronic systems with DHMİ aircraft had begun on 15 May 2018.[8]

The control tower is in the shape of the Turkish national flower, the tulip.[9]

Project stages

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The construction of the airport is taking place in several stages, expanding the airport and its facilities over time.[10][11][12][13]

The first stage consists of the main terminal, with an annual passenger capacity of 90 million and an area of 1,440,000 m2(15,500,000 sq ft) – making it the world's largest airport terminal building under a single roof,[14] despite Dubai International Airport Terminal 3 having a larger floor area at 1,713,000 m2(18,440,000 sq ft) due to tunnels connecting its two concourses. There will also be two pairs of parallel runways connected to eight parallel taxiways to the west of the main terminal, approximately 4,000,000 m2(43,000,000 sq ft) of apron space, and an indoor car-park with a capacity of 12,000 vehicles. In addition, the airport will feature three technical blocks for repairs, maintenance, and fueling, as well as an air traffic control tower, eight ramp control towers, and hangars for cargo and general aviation aircraft.[15] Several other services are also to be in operation, including hospitals, frequent-flyer and VIP lounges, prayer rooms, convention centers, and hotels; some of these are expected to form part of the Istanbul Airport City project.[16]

The second stage will add a third independent runway to the east of the main terminal, as well as a fourth remote runway with an east–west heading and additional taxiways and apron areas. The third stage is planned to add a second passenger terminal with a capacity of 60 million annual passengers and an estimated area of around 960,000 m2(10,300,000 sq ft), as well as an additional runway and new support facilities area. The final and fourth stage of expansion will, along with adding another runway, allow for the construction of satellite terminals with a combined capacity of 50 million passengers and area of up to 800,000 m2(8,600,000 sq ft) if needed.[15]

Once fully completed by 2025, the airport will have six sets of runways (eight in total), 16 taxiways, and a total annual passenger capacity of 150 million passengers.[14][17] If fully expanded to a capacity of 200 million, the airport will exhibit four terminal buildings with interconnecting rail access that combine for a total indoor area of 3,200,000 m2(34,000,000 sq ft). The airport will also have a 6,500,000 m2(70,000,000 sq ft) apron with a parking capacity of 500 aircraft, VIP lounges, cargo and general aviation facilities, a state palace, and indoor and outdoor parking that can accommodate up to 70,000 cars. A medical center, aircraft rescue and firefighting stations, hotels, convention centers, power plants, and wastewater treatment facilities will also be built.

Controversies

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The Turkish Chamber of Environmental Engineers (ÇMO) took the project tender to court on grounds that the project violated the existing legislation for the preparation of the Environmental Impact Assessment (ÇED) report.[4] In February 2014, an Istanbul administrative court ordered construction of the airport to be suspended.[18] However, the groundbreaking ceremony still took place a few months later, on 7 June 2014.[5]

A report published in Turkish newspaper Cumhuriyet in February 2018 claimed that more than 400 workers had been killed during the construction of the airport, with accidents killing three to four workers every week, and families of the killed workers being paid to remain silent about the incidents.[19][20] Turkish daily Evrensel also alleged that fatal accidents continued to occur.[20] This prompted opposition MP Veli Ağbaba to submit a written questionnaire to the Turkish parliament on 13 February 2018. In response, the Turkish Ministry of Labour and Social Security claimed that there were only 27 fatalities during the construction of the airport.[21] In October 2019, UK publications Construction News and Architects' Journal published a joint investigation into fatalities at the airport, nicknamed by workers "the cemetery" as so many have died.[22] By this point, the official death toll had risen to 55, h unofficial estimates suggested that the figure could be "higher than 400". Four architects worked on the airport's design, three of them being UK-based: Grimshaw Architects, Scott Brownrigg, and Haptic Architects.[22]

Mass worker protests broke out on 14 September 2018 after a bus carrying workers crashed, injuring 17. Complaints by workers included poor living conditions in "vermin-infested dormitories", issues in transportation that had left them stranded under the rain or on site during holidays, and long delays in payments, among others.[23][24] Police and gendarmerie forces were called in and workers eventually returned to work under alleged threats of arrest or further withholding of wages.[23]

On 19 December 2018, part of the airport construction site was flooded after heavy rainfall.[25]

In January 2020, MP Meral Danış Bestaş demanded an explanation for why the new translation service of 36 languages at Istanbul Airport did not include Kurdish, the biggest minority language and thus second-biggest language overall within Turkey.[26]

Operations

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The opening ceremony took place on 29 October 2018, scheduled so as to coincide with the 95th anniversary of the proclamation of the Turkish Republic.[27] The airport had been unofficially known as 'Istanbul New Airport' during construction - the new official name of 'Istanbul Airport' was announced at the opening ceremony. The first flight from the airport was Turkish Airlines flight TK2124 to the Turkish capital Ankara on 31 October 2018.[28] On 1 November 2018, five daily flights began to arrive and depart from the airport: from Ankara, Antalya, Baku, North Nicosia, and İzmir,[29] followed by Adana and Trabzon starting in December.

Before the full transfer, all flights were operated exclusively by Turkish Airlines. Regularly scheduled flights to all of the new airport's destinations continued to depart from Atatürk and Sabiha Gökçen airports alongside these trial flights. It was originally planned that on 31 December 2018, all equipment from Atatürk Airport would be transferred to the new airport via the O-7 Motorway.[30][31] As of 17 January 2019, the transfer phase was set to start 1 March 2019.[32] However, on 25 February, the transfer phase was moved a fourth time to 5 April 2019.[33]

The full transfer of all scheduled commercial passenger flights from Istanbul Atatürk Airport to the new Istanbul Airport took place on 6 April 2019 between 02:00 and 14:00. Hundreds of trucks carried more than 10,000 pieces of equipment, each weighing about 44 tons were moved to the new airport over 41 hours.[34] Istanbul Atatürk Airport's IATA code IST was also transferred to the new airport.

新機場的位置

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新機場位於伊斯坦堡市區往北約35公里的阿爾納武特柯伊市,若從伊斯坦堡市區出發乘搭巴士前往新機場約需40分鐘。

機場設施

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該機場目前有一個為國內和國際航班服務的航站樓和5個正在運行的跑道。 兩條 17/35 跑道的長度均為 4,100 公尺(13,451 英尺),而 16/34 跑道的長度為 3,750 公尺(12,303 英尺)。 17L/35R 和 16R/34L 跑道寬 60 公尺(197 英尺),而 17R/35L 和 16L/34R 跑道寬 45 公尺(148 英尺);所有跑道表面均為瀝青。

大廳

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機場共有5個大廳(航廈),字母排列為 A、B、D、F、G,共有 143 座旅客登機橋。 G大廳位於東南部,專供國內航班使用。 位於 G 大廳以北的 F 大廳的3個旅客登機橋也已分配給國內航班。 大廳 A、B、D 和 F 則用於國際航班使用;C 和 E 大廳直接連接到主航站樓,因此不是獨立的大廳。

安全

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3,500 名保全人員、 1,850 名警察、及 750 名移民官員,為機場提供安全保障。使用地面雷達保護機場周邊,每 60 公尺設置固定閉路監視器,每 360 公尺設置可平移、傾斜、變焦等之高級監視器,每 720 米安裝一光纖傳感熱像儀。 營運中的航站樓使用多達 9,000 個以上閉路監視器。

▲備註:機場設施已由 Laithomas 翻譯完畢,還請更為專業之維基百科使用者協助調整排版及原文所附圖片,感恩~

已隱藏部分未翻譯内容,歡迎參與翻譯
Airport Layout (as of December 2020)

The airport currently has one terminal in service for domestic and international flights and four runways that are currently in operation. The two 17/35 runways are both 4,100 metres (13,451 feet) long, while the 16/34 runways are both 3,750 metres (12,303 feet) long. Runways 17L/35R and 16R/34L are 60 metres (197 feet) wide, while 17R/35L and 16L/34R are 45 metres (148 feet) wide. All runway surfaces are asphalt.[35]

Concourses

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The airport features a total of five concourses lettered A, B, D, F, and G with a total of 143 passenger boarding bridges. Concourse G, which is located in the southeast, is reserved solely for domestic flights. Three passenger boarding bridges of Concourse F which is directly to the north of Concourse G have also been allocated for domestic flights. Concourses A, B, D, and F are used for international flights. The C and E concourses connect directly to the main terminal and are therefore not independent concourses.[36]

Security

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3,500 security personnel and a total of 1,850 police, including 750 immigration officers, provide the airport's security.[37] The site's perimeter is protected using ground radar, fixed CCTV cameras every 60 meters, pan–tilt–zoom cameras every 360 meters, thermal cameras and fiber optic sensors every 720 meters. The active terminal building uses up to 9,000 CCTV cameras.[38]

航空公司及航點

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客運

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航空公司目的地客運大樓
土耳其 土耳其航空(國際線) 歐洲阿姆斯特丹阿斯特拉罕英语Narimanovo Airport雅典巴塞隆拿巴里英语Bari Karol Wojtyła Airport巴塞爾/米盧斯貝爾格萊德柏林-泰格爾畢爾包比隆伯明翰波隆納波爾多英语Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport不來梅布魯塞爾布加勒斯特布達佩斯卡塔尼亞基希訥烏科隆/波昂康斯坦察英语Mihail Kogălniceanu International Airport哥本哈根第聶伯羅彼得羅夫斯克都柏林杜布羅夫尼克杜塞爾多夫愛丁堡法蘭克福腓特烈港日內瓦熱那亞哥德堡格拉茨漢堡漢諾威赫爾辛基伊萬諾-弗蘭科夫斯克卡爾斯魯厄/巴登-巴登喀山赫爾松基輔-鮑里斯波爾萊比錫/哈雷里斯本盧布爾雅那倫敦-格域倫敦-希斯路盧森堡利維夫英语Lviv Danylo Halytskyi International Airport里昂馬德里馬拉加馬耳他曼徹斯特馬賽米蘭-馬爾彭薩明斯克-國際莫斯科-伏努科沃慕尼黑明斯特/奧斯納布呂克納傑夫英语Al Najaf International Airport納希切萬那不勒斯尼斯紐倫堡敖德薩奧斯陸-加勒穆恩巴黎-戴高樂比薩波德戈里察波爾圖布拉格普里什蒂納里加羅馬-菲烏米奇諾頓河畔羅斯托夫鹿特丹/海牙聖彼得堡薩爾茨堡薩拉熱窩斯科普里索契索菲亞斯塔夫羅波爾英语Stavropol Shpakovskoye Airport斯德哥爾摩-阿蘭達斯圖加特塔林塞薩洛尼基地拉那圖盧茲都靈烏法華倫西亞瓦爾納威尼斯-馬可·波羅維也納維爾紐斯華沙-蕭邦科利佐沃薩格勒布扎波羅熱蘇黎世
亞洲阿布扎比阿瓦士阿拉木圖安曼-阿勒婭王后亞喀巴阿什哈巴德阿斯塔納巴格達巴林巴庫曼谷-蘇凡納布巴斯拉巴統北京-首都貝魯特比什凱克科倫坡達曼德里達卡多哈杜拜-國際杜尚別艾比爾占賈艾卜哈廣州河內胡志明市香港伊斯法罕伊斯蘭堡雅加達-蘇加諾-哈達國吉達喀布爾卡拉奇特里布萬克爾曼沙赫英语Kermanshah Airport苦盞[39]吉隆坡科威特拉合爾馬累馬尼拉[40]馬什哈德馬扎里沙里夫麥地那孟買馬斯喀特尼科西亞托爾馬切沃奧什大阪-關西布吉利雅得撒馬爾罕首爾-仁川上海-浦東設拉子新加坡蘇萊曼尼亞大不里士塔伊夫臺北-桃園塔什干第比利斯德黑蘭-伊瑪目霍梅尼特拉維夫東京-成田烏蘭巴托延布西安-咸陽雅溫得
非洲阿比讓阿布賈[41]阿克拉亞的斯亞貝巴亞歷山大港英语Borg El Arab Airport阿爾及爾塔那那利佛[42]阿斯馬拉巴馬科巴特納英语Mostépha Ben Boulaid Airport開羅開普敦卡薩布蘭卡柯那克里君士坦丁英语Mohamed Boudiaf International Airport波多諾伏達喀爾達累斯薩拉姆自由城樂蜀洪加達吉布提杜阿拉恩德培/坎帕拉約翰內斯堡-奧利弗·坦博朱巴卡諾英语Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport喀土穆基加利乞力馬扎羅金沙薩-恩吉利拉各斯利伯維爾塞舌爾馬普托[43]毛里裘斯米蘇拉塔英语Misrata Airport摩加迪沙蒙巴薩恩賈梅納奈羅比尼亞美努瓦克肖特瓦赫蘭瓦加杜古沙姆沙伊赫特萊姆森英语Zenata – Messali El Hadj Airport突尼斯桑給巴爾英语Abeid Amani Karume International Airport
北美洲/中美洲/加勒比海亞特蘭大[44]波士頓坎昆芝加哥-奧黑爾夏灣拿休斯敦-國際洛杉磯墨西哥城邁亞密[43]蒙特利爾–特魯多紐約-甘迺迪巴拿馬市三藩市[45]多倫多-皮爾遜華盛頓-杜勒斯溫哥華
南美洲/大洋洲波哥大加拉加斯布宜諾斯艾利斯-埃塞薩聖保羅–瓜魯柳斯墨爾本
2
土耳其 土耳其航空(國內線)阿達納英语Adana Şakirpaşa Airport阿德亞曼阿勒加濟帕夏安卡拉安塔利亞巴特曼賓格爾博德魯姆英语Milas–Bodrum Airport恰納卡萊達拉曼代尼茲利迪亞巴克爾埃拉澤埃爾津詹埃爾祖魯姆加濟安泰普英语Gaziantep Airport哈卡里哈塔伊厄德爾伊茲密爾卡赫拉曼馬拉什卡爾斯英语Kars Harakani Airport卡斯塔莫努開塞利科尼亞屈塔希亞英语Zafer Airport馬拉蒂亞馬爾丁阿馬西亞穆什內夫謝希爾奧爾杜-吉雷松英语Ordu-Giresun Airport薩姆松英语Samsun-Çarşamba Airport尚勒烏爾法英语Şanlıurfa GAP Airport舍爾納克錫諾普錫瓦斯特拉布宗凡城 1
土耳其 天鹿航空英语Onur Air 阿達納英语Adana Şakirpaşa Airport安塔利亞加濟帕夏博德魯姆英语Milas–Bodrum Airport達拉曼迪亞巴克爾埃拉澤埃爾祖魯姆加濟安泰普英语Oğuzeli Airport伊茲密爾馬拉蒂亞英语Malatya Erhaç Airport薩姆松英语Samsun-Çarşamba Airport特拉布宗 1
土耳其 奥努爾航空英语Onur Air 阿姆斯特丹柏林-泰格爾杜塞爾多夫埃爾詹法蘭克福敖德薩巴黎-戴高樂斯圖加特[46] 維也納[47] 2
土耳其 飛馬航空 伊茲密爾 1
哈萨克斯坦 阿斯塔納航空 阿拉木圖阿斯塔納阿特勞阿克套 2
哈萨克斯坦 斯卡特航空 阿克套卡拉干達英语Sary-Arka Airport奇姆肯特 2
塔吉克斯坦 索蒙航空 杜尚別 2
塔吉克斯坦 塔吉克航空 杜尚別 2
土库曼斯坦 土庫曼斯坦航空 阿什哈巴德土庫曼巴希 2
乌兹别克斯坦 烏茲別克斯坦航空 塔什干 2
阿塞拜疆 阿塞拜疆航空 巴庫 2
白俄罗斯 白俄羅斯航空 明斯克-國際 2
俄罗斯 俄羅斯航空 莫斯科-謝列梅捷沃 2
俄罗斯 俄羅斯航空
俄羅斯國家航空營運
聖彼得堡 2
俄罗斯 雅庫茨克航空克拉斯諾達爾 2
俄罗斯 北風航空下卡姆斯克英语Begishevo Airport
乌克兰 烏克蘭國際航空 基輔利維夫英语Lviv Danylo Halytskyi International Airport 2
乌克兰 第聶伯航空 第聶伯羅彼得羅夫斯克 2
伊朗 伊朗ATA航空 大不里士[48]德黑蘭 2
伊朗 伊朗航空 大不里士德黑蘭 2
伊朗 馬漢航空 德黑蘭 2
伊朗 梅拉杰航空英语Meraj Airlines 德黑蘭馬什哈德 2
伊朗 格什姆島航空英语Qeshm Airlines 德黑蘭 2
伊朗 扎格羅斯山航空英语Zagros Airlines 德黑蘭 2
伊朗 裏海航空 德黑蘭-伊瑪目霍梅尼 2
阿富汗 阿里亞納阿富汗航空 喀布爾 2
阿拉伯联合酋长国 阿聯酋航空 杜拜-國際 2
阿拉伯联合酋长国 阿提哈德航空 阿布扎比 2
科威特 半島航空科威特 2
科威特 科威特航空 科威特 2
伊拉克 伊拉克航空 巴格達巴斯拉艾比爾 2
伊拉克 扎格羅斯噴射航空英语Zagrosjet 艾比爾 2
黎巴嫩 中東航空 貝魯特 2
卡塔尔 卡塔爾航空 多哈 2
巴林 海灣航空 巴林科威特 2
沙特阿拉伯 沙特阿拉伯航空 達曼吉達麥地那利雅得 2
约旦 皇家約旦航空 安曼-阿勒婭王后 2
摩尔多瓦 摩爾多瓦航空 基希訥烏 2
羅馬尼亞 羅馬尼亞航空 布加勒斯特 2
塞尔维亚 塞爾維亞航空貝爾格萊德 2
希腊 愛琴海航空 雅典 2
希腊 愛琴海航空
奧林匹克航空營運
季節性:雅典 2
波兰 LOT波蘭航空 華沙-蕭邦 2
西班牙 西班牙國家航空 馬德里 2
比利时 捷特飛航空 布魯塞爾沙勒羅瓦 2
荷兰 荷蘭皇家航空 阿姆斯特丹 2
英国 英國航空 倫敦-希斯路 2
德国 漢莎航空 法蘭克福
季節性:慕尼黑
2
法國 朱恩航空 巴黎-戴高樂 2
瑞士 瑞士國際航空 蘇黎世 2
中华人民共和国 中國國際航空 北京-首都 2
中华人民共和国 中國南方航空 北京-大興武汉 2
中华人民共和国 四川航空 成都-天府 2
中华人民共和国 吉祥航空 上海-浦东 2
大韩民国 韓亞航空 首爾-仁川 2
大韩民国 大韓航空 首爾-仁川 2
新加坡 新加坡航空 新加坡 2
利比亚 布拉克航空英语Buraq Air 的黎波里 2
利比亚 泛非航空 貝達英语Al Abraq International Airport的黎波里 2
阿尔及利亚 阿爾及利亞航空 阿爾及爾安納巴君士坦丁英语Mohamed Boudiaf International Airport瓦赫蘭英语Oran Es Sénia Airport 2
埃及 埃及航空 開羅 2
摩洛哥 摩洛哥皇家航空 達爾貝達 2
突尼西亞 突尼斯航空 突尼斯 2

貨運

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航空公司目的地
加拿大航空货运英语Air Canada Cargo[49][50] 蒙特利尔, 多伦多
ASL法国航空英语ASL Airlines France[51] 格拉斯-奥洛涅巴黎
比利时航空[52] 格拉斯-奥洛涅
敦豪航空[53] 莱比锡/哈雷
以色列航空[54] 特拉维夫
阿联酋货运航空[55] 迪拜伦敦/希思罗
汉莎货运航空[56][57] 法兰克福
卡塔尔航空[58] 多哈
丝绸之路西部航空英语Silk Way West Airlines[59] 巴库基辅
新加坡貨運航空[60][61] 新加坡
香港貨運航空 香港
联合包裹服务航空[62][63] 波恩

啟用狀況

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斤資116億美金興建的新機場,原計劃在2018年10月29日第一期竣工啟用,但由於工程嚴重延誤,新機場只能在2018年10月29日局部啟用,而第一期全面竣工日期延誤至2019年4月6日,而4月6日起,原伊斯坦堡阿塔圖克機場的所有客運航班轉移至此,而當第四期工程在2028年全面竣工後,每年可處理1.5億旅客,4座航廈,還有6條跑道(第一期只有4條跑道),以及500個停機坪(其中143個停機位附有登機橋),每小時可處理19架次升降,第四期竣工後將成為全球最大的機場。

機埸客運航廈的屋頂採用凸孤度設計,由一枝枝小型的支柱支撑着屋頂,可以從外面引入一些自然光線,而航廈上方的屋頂形成了一個個彎曲的三角形,而玻璃最上方形成了彎曲,而屋頂也形成了一個三角形。

事故和事件

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2022年11月 - 有人对飞往机场的俄罗斯航空公司SU2130型飞机发出了炸弹威胁。正因为如此,飞机在14:00降落在伊斯坦布尔机场后被带到了一个安全的停车区以确保安全。飞机停放在安全地点后,警察小组对飞机进行了搜查,确定威胁是假的。[64]

统计

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以下是伊斯坦布尔机场2018-2023年的乘客数据和增减记录[65]

请参阅源Wikidata查询.

伊斯坦布尔机场乘客统计[66]
年份 国内旅客发送量 变化 国际旅客发送量 变化 合计 变化
20181 65,006 30,199 95,205
2019 12,574,641 19243.9% 39,434,579 130482.4% 52,009,220 54528.7%
2020 7,414,437 41% 15,994,695 59.6% 23,409,132 55%
2021 10,590,203 42% 26,586,306 67% 37,176,509 59%
2022 15,894,315 49% 48,591,863 83% 64,486,178 73%
2023(截至2月) 2,396,623 29% 8,371,441 61% 10,768,064 53%

^1 : 2018年的统计数据对应于机场开放以来的2018年最后3个月。

聯外交通

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已隱藏部分未翻譯内容,歡迎參與翻譯

Although currently the airport is only serviced from the city by affordable private Havaist and public İETT buses,[67] it will eventually be linked by two lines of the Istanbul Metro. The new M11 line starting from Gayrettepe station is scheduled to open in late 2021. Another from Halkalı on the Marmaray rail line is expected to be completed in 2022.[68]

上一站 Istanbul Metro 下一站
Template:Istanbul Metro lines

Mainline railway will connect the airport to Halkalı, and via outer city bypass running over the Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge across the Bosporus and connecting with the Asian rail network at Gebze.[69]

Taxi

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Istanbul city taxis are readily available 24 hours a day outside the arrival and departure areas of the airport. A trip to Istanbul city centre by taxi takes approximately 40 minutes.[70]

參考資料

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外部連結

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