伦奎斯特时期美国最高法院案例列表

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这是一个美国最高法院首席大法官威廉·伦奎斯特 (1986年9月26日 - 2005年9月3日)任职期间依时间顺序排列的案例列表


案件名 引用 简介
科罗拉多州诉康奈利案 479 U.S. 157 (1986) the involuntary statement of a criminal suspect uttered during a schizophrenic episode but not coerced by the Government is not precluded from admission in court by the due process clause
格里菲斯诉肯塔基州案 479 U.S. 314 (1987) 被告代理人在案件重审前因新宣布的合宪规则受益
Commissioner v. Groetzinger 479 U.S. 23 (1987) addressed the issue of what qualifies as being either a trade or business under Section 162(a) of the Internal Revenue Code
马里兰诉加里森案 480 U.S. 79 (1987) 搜查令
Asahi Metal Industry Co. v. Superior Court of California 480 U.S. 102 (1987) due process, personal jurisdiction, Minimum contacts
亚利桑那诉希克斯案 480 U.S. 321 (1987) probable cause relating to the plain view doctrine under the Fourth Amendment
美国诉邓恩案 480 U.S. 294 (1987) open fields doctrine
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Cardoza-Fonseca 480 U.S. 421 (1987) Asylum applicants must show "well-founded fear" of persecution to establish their eligibility
Keystone Bituminous Coal Ass'n v. Debenedictus 480 U.S. 470 (1987) substantive due process, the takings clause of the 5th Amendment
O'Connor v. Ortega 480 U.S. 709 (1987) 公职人员的由第十四宪法修正案规定的权利
蒂松诉亚利桑那州案案 481 U.S. 137 (1987) Felony murder and the death penalty: death penalty is constitutional for major participants in felonies who exhibit extreme indifference to human life, even if someone else personally kills the victim
McCleskey v. Kemp 481 U.S. 279 (1987) 种族歧视和死刑
宾夕法尼亚州诉芬利案 481 U.S. 551 (1987) right to counsel in post-conviction proceedings
Saint Francis College v. al-Khazraji 481 U.S. 604 (1987) persons of Arabian ancestry may make claims for race discrimination under 42 U.S.C. § 1981
Hodel v. Irving 481 U.S. 704 (1987) 第五宪法修正案和印第安人领土
美国诉萨莱诺案 481 U.S. 739 (1987) upholding Bail Reform Act of 1984 as not violating Due Process or Excessive Bail clauses
Turner v. Safley 482 U.S. 78 (1987) 言论自由和同监者婚姻
Shearson/American Express Inc. v. McMahon 482 U.S. 220 (1987) Private actions under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are arbitrable
First English Evangelical Lutheran Church v. Los Angeles County 482 U.S. 304 (1987) substantive due process, temporary taking
O'Lone v. Estate of Shabazz 482 U.S. 342 (1987) not a violation of the Free Exercise Clause to deprive an inmate of attending a religious service for "legitimate penological interests."
Board of Airport Commissioners of Los Angeles v. Jews for Jesus, Inc. 482 U.S. 569 (1987) 言论自由禁区范围的合宪性
Edwards v. Aguillard 482 U.S. 578 (1987) constitutionality of mandating teaching of creation science in conjunction with evolution
South Dakota v. Dole 483 U.S. 203 (1987) use of federal funding to encourage changes in state laws—here, raising the drinking age in all states from 18 to 21
Puerto Rico v. Branstad 483 U.S. 219 (1987) 联邦政府强制引渡逃犯
兰金诉麦克弗森案 483 U.S. 378 (1987) 公职人员言论自由权
美国诉史丹利案 483 U.S. 669 (1987) soldier's tort claim related to Project MKULTRA barred
Nollan v. California Coastal Commission 483 U.S. 825 (1987) 宪法第五修正案
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier 484 U.S. 260 (1988) 报纸的言论自由
Hustler Magazine v. Falwell 485 U.S. 46 (1988) 宪法第一修正案
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Abudu 485 U.S. 94 (1988) Federal courts of appeals must review denials of motions to reopen immigration proceedings for abuse of discretion
Basic Inc. v. Levinson 485 U.S. 224 (1988) interpretation of SEC Rule 10b-5, market price manipulation
Lying v. Northwest Indian CPA 485 U.S. 439 (1988) 印第安人的信仰自由和公众利益
南卡罗来纳州诉贝克案 485 U.S. 505 (1988) Federal requirement that state and local bonds be issued in registered form did not violate the Tenth Amendment
Huddleston v. United States 485 U.S. 681 (1988) admissibility of prior "bad acts" under the Federal Rules of Evidence
加利福尼亚州诉格林伍德案 486 U.S. 35 (1988) 4th Amendment; even absent a warrant, the search and seizure of garbage left for collection outside the curtilage of a home
Maynard v. Cartwright 486 U.S. 356 (1988) 酷刑;死刑
韦伯斯特诉多伊案 486 U.S. 592 (1988) ability for CIA firings and hirings to be judicially reviewed
Schweiker v. Chilicky 487 U.S. 412 (1988) no implied cause of action in the Social Security Act
Frisby v. Schultz 487 U.S. 474 (1988) 第一修正案;隐私
Morrison v. Olson 487 U.S. 654 (1988) independent counsel's office
Thompson v. Oklahoma 487 U.S. 815 (1988) 宪法第八修正案;16岁以下儿童监禁
亚利桑那诉布拉德案 488 U.S. 51 (1988) state's failure to preserve evidence in a criminal case, absent bad faith, is not a due process violation
米斯特雷塔诉合众国案 488 U.S. 361 (1989) United States Sentencing Commission, separation of powers
佛罗里达诉莱利案 488 U.S. 445 (1989) aerial surveillance and the Fourth Amendment
City of Richmond v. J.A. Croson Co. 488 U.S. 469 (1989) Affirmative action, constitutionality of minority business set-aside programs for municipal contracts
Bonito Boats, Inc. v. Thunder Craft Boats, Inc. 489 U.S. 141 (1989) state anti-plug molding law struck down under preemption doctrine for interfering with federal patent law
DeShaney v. Winnebago County Department of Social Services 489 U.S. 189 (1989) child welfare department's failure to protect a child from known child abuse does not violate due process
Teague v. Lane 489 U.S. 288 (1989) new constitutional rules do not generally apply retroactively to cases on collateral review
Blanton v. North Las Vegas 489 U.S. 538 (1989) Jury trial is unnecessary for petty offenses
Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives Association 489 U.S. 602 (1989) requiring drug tests for railroad employees is not an unreasonable search under the Fourth Amendment
National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab 489 U.S. 656 (1989) requiring drug tests for customs inspectors is not an unreasonable search under the Fourth Amendment
Board of Estimate of City of New York v. Morris 489 U.S. 688 (1989) New York City Board of Estimate representation scheme was held to violate Equal Protection Clause
United States Department of Justice v. Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press 489 U.S. 749 (1989) FBI rap sheets may not be disclosed to third parties under the Freedom of Information Act
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians v. Holyfield 490 U.S. 30 (1989) held that the Indian Child Welfare Act governed the adoption of Indian children, and clarified the jurisdiction of the tribal court
Graham v. Connor 490 U.S. 386 (1989) standard for claims for violations of the Fourth Amendment
Lauro Lines s.r.l. v. Chasser et al. 490 U.S. 495 (1989) interlocutory appeals
Finley v. United States 490 U.S. 545 (1989) pendent party jurisdiction, later overturned by statute
Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio 490 U.S. 642 (1989) standard of evidence for disparate impact employment discrimination cases
Hernandez v. Commissioner 490 U.S. 680 (1989) Scientology courses do not qualify as charitable deductions under the Internal Revenue Code
Community For Creative Non-Violence v. Reid 490 U.S. 730 (1989) 版权;雇用
Martin v. Wilks 490 U.S. 755 (1989) civil procedure in employment affirmative action
Will v. Michigan Dept. of State Police 491 U.S. 58 (1989) States and their officials acting in their official capacity are not persons under Section 1983
Texas v. Johnson 491 U.S. 397 (1989) freedom of speech (flag burning)
Ward v. Rock Against Racism 491 U.S. 781 (1989) 言论自由;噪音
Granfinanciera v. Nordberg 492 U.S. 33 (1989) Seventh Amendment right to jury trials in bankruptcy proceedings
Penry v. Lynaugh 492 U.S. 302 (1989) 宪法第八修正案
Stanford v. Kentucky 492 U.S. 361 (1989) 宪法第八修正案
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services 492 U.S. 490 (1989) state funding for abortion rights
County of Allegheny v. ACLU 492 U.S. 573 (1989) holiday displays and state endorsement of religion
University of Pennsylvania v. EEOC 493 U.S. 182 (1990) peer review privilege not required by Federal Rules of Evidence or First Amendment
Commissioner v. Indianapolis Power & Light Co. 493 U.S. 203 (1990) customer deposits constituting taxable income to a utility company
FW/PBS v. City of Dallas 493 U.S. 215 (1990) regulation of "sexually oriented businesses"
Sullivan v. Zebley 493 U.S. 521 (1990) determination of SSI benefits for children
Washington v. Harper 494 U.S. 210 (1990) permissibility of involuntary treatment of psychotic inmates
United States v. Verdugo-Urquidez 494 U.S. 259 (1990) search and seizure of nonresident alien in foreign country
Chauffeurs, Teamsters, and Helpers Local No. 391 v. Terry 494 U.S. 558 (1990) scope of 7th Amendment right to jury trial in civil cases
Employment Division v. Smith 494 U.S. 872 (1990) religious freedom with respect to drug use
Missouri v. Jenkins 495 U.S. 33 (1990) power of federal courts to order taxation by state or local governments
Osborne v. Ohio 495 U.S. 103 (1990) states have the power to ban possession of child pornography without violating the First Amendment
Stewart v. Abend 495 U.S. 207 (1990) rights of the successor of a copyright interest
Grady v. Corbin 495 U.S. 508 (1990) double jeopardy and subsequent prosecutions
Taylor v. United States 495 U.S. 575 (1990) definition of "burglary" under certain sentence enhancement provisions of the federal criminal code
Burnham v. Superior Court of California 495 U.S. 604 (1990) physical presence as a requirement for personal jurisdiction
Duro v. Reina 495 U.S. 676 (1990) Indian tribes have no jurisdiction over nonmember Indians
Westside School District v. Mergens 496 U.S. 226 (1990) Bible study clubs in schools
United States v. Eichman 496 U.S. 310 (1990) freedom of speech (flag burning)
Perpich v. Department of Defense 496 U.S. 334 (1990) Congressional powers over U.S. National Guard
Eli Lilly & Co. v. Medtronic, Inc. 496 U.S. 661 (1990) premarketing activity conducted to gain approval of a device under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act is exempt from a finding of patent infringement
Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co. 497 U.S. 1 (1990) First Amendment and defamation--no "opinion privilege"
Illinois v. Rodriguez 497 U.S. 177 (1990) Fourth Amendment, "co-occupant consent rule"
Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health 497 U.S. 261 (1990) incompetent persons may not refuse medical treatment under the 14th Amendment
Hodgson v. Minnesota 497 U.S. 417 (1990) requiring parental notification for abortion is constitutional with a judicial bypass provision
Walton v. Arizona 497 U.S. 639 (1990) Capital punishment and sentencing procedure, partially overruled by Ring v. Arizona
Maryland v. Craig 497 U.S. 836 (1990) the right of criminal defendants to confront witnesses
Perry v. Louisiana 498 U.S. 38 (1990) forcibly medicating a death row inmate with a mental disorder in order to make sure he is competent to be executed is impermissible
Cheek v. United States 498 U.S. 192 (1991) mistake of law is a valid defense to criminal tax evasion because of mens rea
Board of Ed. of Oklahoma City Public Schools v. Dowell 498 U.S. 237 (1991) case "hasten[ing] the end of federal court desegregation orders.
Oklahoma Tax Comm'n v. Citizen Band of Potawatomi Tribe of Okla. 498 U.S. 505 (1991) an Indian tribe was not subject to state sales tax for sales to tribal members
Feist Publications v. Rural Telephone Service Co. 499 U.S. 340 (1991) minimal quantum of creativity is required for copyright protection
Cottage Savings Ass'n v. Commissioner 499 U.S. 554 (1991) income tax consequences of mortgage interest exchange, examination of the consequences of the Savings and Loan crisis
Carnival Cruise Lines, Inc. v. Shute 499 U.S. 585 (1991) enforcement of forum selection clauses
County of Riverside v. McLaughlin 500 U.S. 44 (1991) suspects arrested without a warrant must be brought into court for a probable cause determination within 48 hours
Rust v. Sullivan 500 U.S. 173 (1991) government is not required to fund abortion
Hernandez v. New York 500 U.S. 352 (1991) prosecutor may use peremptory challenge against bilingual Latino jurors based on his doubts about the ability of such jurors to defer to the official translation of Spanish-language testimony
Lehnert v. Ferris Faculty Association 500 U.S. 507 (1991) unions may compel contributions from nonmembers only for the costs of performing its duties as exclusive bargaining agent
California v. Acevedo 500 U.S. 565 (1991) police may search a container in a car without a warrant if they have probable cause to believe it contains contraband
Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Company 500 U.S. 614 (1991) Batson's prohibition on race-based use of peremptory challenges applies in civil trials
Connecticut v. Doehr 501 U.S. 1 (1991) Connecticut state statute that authorizes prejudgment attachment of real estate without prior notice or hearing violated the 14th Amendment right to due process
Toibb v. Radloff 501 U.S. 157 (1991) holding that individual debtors may file for bankruptcy under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code
McNeil v. Wisconsin 501 U.S. 171 (1991) differences between the rights secured by the Fifth Amendment and the Sixth Amendment
Florida v. Bostick 501 U.S. 429 (1991) random bus searches routinely conducted pursuant to passenger's consent
Barnes v. Glen Theatre, Inc. 501 U.S. 560 (1991) First Amendment and the restriction of nude dancing
Cohen v. Cowles Media Co. 501 U.S. 663 (1991) First Amendment, freedom of the press
Payne v. Tennessee 501 U.S. 808 (1991) admissibility of victim impact statements, stare decisis could be disregarded where fairness to victim's rights

had priority over the demands of consistency in the common law.

Peretz v. United States 501 U.S. 923 (1991) role of magistrate judges in jury selection in a felony trial
Harmelin v. Michigan 501 U.S. 957 (1991) life imprisonment for cocaine possession
Simon & Schuster v. Crime Victims Board 502 U.S. 105 (1991) holding that New York's Son of Sam law violated the First Amendment
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Doherty 502 U.S. 314 (1992) U.S. Attorney General has broad discretion to reopen deportation proceedings
INS v. Elias-Zacarias 502 U.S. 478 (1992) asylum on account of political opinion must be based on the refugee's political opinion
Lechmere, Inc. v. National Labor Relations Board 502 U.S. 527 (1992) employer can exclude nonemployee union organizers from private company property
Hudson v. McMillian 503 U.S. 1 (1992) excessive force against prison inmates, 8th Amendment
INDOPCO, Inc. v. Commissioner 503 U.S. 79 (1992) Expenditures incurred by a target corporation in the course of a friendly takeover are nondeductible capital expenditures under the Internal Revenue Code
United States v. Felix 503 U.S. 378 (1992) conviction of a defendant for a crime and for a conspiracy to commit the same offense does not create double jeopardy
United States Department of Commerce v. Montana 503 U.S. 442 (1992) formula used for reapportionment
Jacobson v. United States 503 U.S. 540 (1992) entrapment occurs when government creates predisposition to commit offense where it did not exist
Foucha v. Louisiana 504 U.S. 71 (1992) criteria for the continued involuntary commitment of an individual who had been found not guilty by reason of insanity
Riggins v. Nevada 504 U.S. 127 (1992) Forced psychiatric medication during trial violated defendant's rights under Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments
Quill Corp. v. North Dakota 504 U.S. 298 (1992) Requiring out-of-state mail order vendor to collect use tax unconstitutionally burdened interstate commerce
United States v. Thompson-Center Arms Company 504 U.S. 505 (1992) taxation of firearms
Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife 504 U.S. 555 (1992) Standing in a suit to enforce the Endangered Species Act
United States v. Alvarez-Machain 504 U.S. 655 (1992) application of the Ker-Frisbie doctrine
Morgan v. Illinois 504 U.S. 719 (1992) A defendant facing the death penalty may challenge for cause a prospective juror who would automatically vote to impose the death penalty in every case
Georgia v. McCollum 505 U.S. 42 (1992) standard on peremptory challenges from Batson v. Kentucky applied to criminal defendant
Gade v. National Solid Wastes Management Association 505 U.S. 88 (1992) federal preemption of state labor safety laws
Forsyth County, Georgia v. The Nationalist Movement 505 U.S. 123 (1992) 1st Amendment protection and police protection
New York v. United States 505 U.S. 144 (1992) the take title provision of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 violated the 10th Amendment
Wisconsin Department of Revenue v. William Wrigley, Jr., Co. 505 U.S. 214 (1992) permissible scope of taxation of out-of-state corporations doing business within a particular state.
R. A. V. v. City of St. Paul 505 U.S. 377 (1992) fighting words, hate speech
Lee v. Weisman 505 U.S. 577 (1992) First Amendment, establishment of religion (prayer at high school graduations)
Planned Parenthood v. Casey 505 U.S. 833 (1992) abortion; reaffirming the "core holding" of Roe v. Wade
United States v. Fordice 505 U.S. 717 (1992) segregation of colleges and universities
Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council 505 U.S. 1003 (1992) per se rule of takings clause
Commissioner v. Soliman 506 U.S. 168 (1993) "principal place of business" under the Internal Revenue Code
Nixon v. United States 506 U.S. 224 (1993) judicial impeachment, political question doctrine
Bray v. Alexandria Women's Health Clinic 506 U.S. 263 (1993) Civil Rights Act of 1871 could not be used to halt blockades of abortion clinics
Herrera v. Collins 506 U.S. 390 (1993) claim of actual innocence is not grounds for federal habeas corpus relief
Spectrum Sports, Inc. v. McQuillan 506 U.S. 447 (1993) quantum of proof required for a claim of attempted monopolization under § 2 of the Sherman Antitrust Act
Shaw v. Reno 506 U.S. 630 (1993) appropriateness of considering race in redistricting
Reno v. Flores 507 U.S. 292 (1993) procedures for detaining juvenile aliens awaiting deportation
Saudi Arabia v. Nelson 507 U.S. 349 (1993) jurisdiction in an action based upon a "commercial activity" under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act
Cincinnati v. Discovery Network, Inc. 507 U.S. 410 (1993) First Amendment protections against restrictions on distributing handbills
United States Department of Justice v. Landano 508 U.S. 165 (1993) Freedom of Information Act and confidentiality
Mertens v. Hewitt Associates 508 U.S. 248 (1993) Preemption, non-fiduciary liability under ERISA
Wisconsin v. Mitchell 508 U.S. 476 (1993) enhanced sentencing for hate crimes and the First Amendment
Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah 508 U.S. 520 (1993) animal cruelty, freedom of religion
Minnesota v. Dickerson 508 U.S. 366 (1993) seizure of contraband during stop & frisk
Lamb's Chapel v. Center Moriches Union Free School District 508 U.S. 384 (1993) access by religious groups to public school facilities
South Dakota v. Bourland 508 U.S. 679 (1993) an Indian tribes hunting and fishing rights were terminated on land the Federal government acquired for a reservoir
Sale v. Haitian Centers Council 509 U.S. 155 (1993) illegal immigration
Godinez v. Moran 509 U.S. 389 (1993) competency standard for pleading guilty or waiving the right to counsel

is the same as the competency standard for standing trial

Alexander v. United States 509 U.S. 544 (1993) RICO's forfeiture provision does not violate the First Amendment
Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals 509 U.S. 579 (1993) federal judges as gatekeepers for allowing expert witnesses to testify in trials; see also Daubert Standard
Hartford Fire Insurance Co. v. California 509 U.S. 764 (1993) application of Sherman Antitrust Act to foreign companies
Fogerty v. Fantasy 510 U.S. 517 (1994) attorney's fees in copyright litigation
Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. 510 U.S. 569 (1994) copyright, commercial fair use is possible, parody
Oregon Waste Systems, Inc. v. Department of Environmental Quality of Ore. 511 U.S. 93 (1994) Commerce Clause
J.E.B. v. Alabama ex rel. T.B. 511 U.S. 127 (1994) peremptory jury challenges based on sex violate equal protection clause
Central Bank of Denver v. First Interstate Bank of Denver 511 U.S. 164 (1994) private plaintiffs may not maintain an aiding and abetting lawsuit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Landgraf v. USI Film Products 511 U.S. 244 (1994) retroactive application of statutory amendments effective while cases are pending in court
C&A Carbone, Inc v. Town of Clarkstown 511 U.S. 383 (1994) Dormant Commerce Clause
Waters v. Churchill 511 U.S. 661 (1994) Due process rights of public employees in workplace when alleging violations of First Amendment rights
Farmer v. Brennan 511 U.S. 825 (1994) civil liability under the Eighth Amendment for rape of a transgender prison inmate
Dolan v. City of Tigard 512 U.S. 374 (1994) Fifth Amendment takings clause
Turner Broadcasting v. Federal Communications Commission 512 U.S. 622 (1994) upholding must-carry rules against cable television provider's First Amendment challenge
Board of Education of Kiryas Joel Village School District v. Grumet 512 U.S. 687 (1994) school district coinciding with religious community
Madsen v. Women's Health Center, Inc. 512 U.S. 753 (1994) first amendment, restrictions on abortion protests
United Mine Workers of America v. Bagwell 512 U.S. 821 (1994) constitutional limitations on the contempt powers of courts
United States v. Shabani 513 U.S. 10 (1994) elements of criminal conspiracy (i.e., requirement for an overt act)
United States v. X-Citement Video, Inc. 513 U.S. 64 (1994) conviction under federal child pornography laws requires proof that the defendant knew the subjects were minors
Schlup v. Delo 513 U.S. 298 (1995) Standard of proof required for a habeas corpus petition to reopen a case in light of new evidence of innocence
Arizona v. Evans 514 U.S. 1 (1995) Exclusionary rule does not require suppressing evidence obtained through good-faith reliance on a search warrant that contains a clerical error
Qualitex Co. v. Jacobson Products Co., Inc. 514 U.S. 159 (1995) color trademarks are appropriate subject matter under the Lanham Act
Plaut v. Spendthrift Farm, Inc. 514 U.S. 211 (1995) separation of powers and finality of judgments
McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission 514 U.S. 334 (1995) anonymous campaign literature under the First Amendment
United States v. Lopez 514 U.S. 549 (1995) interstate commerce, gun-free school zones
U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton 514 U.S. 779 (1995) preventing states from enacting term limits to the US House and Senate
First Options v. Kaplan 514 U.S. 938 (1995) independent judicial review of arbitration clause
Adarand Constructors v. Peña 515 U.S. 200 (1995) constitutionality of race-based set-asides (strict scrutiny test)
Witte v. United States 515 U.S. 389 (1995) using "relevant conduct", as defined by the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, at sentencing does not violate double jeopardy principles
Hurley v. Irish-American Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Group of Boston 515 U.S. 557 (1995) First Amendment freedom of association as applied to a private parade organizer seeking to exclude a group inconsistent with its stated message
Florida Bar v. Went For It, Inc. 515 U.S. 618 (1995) under the commercial speech doctrine of the First Amendment, states may forbid lawyers from directly soliciting personal injury cases for short periods of time after an accident or a disaster
Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton 515 U.S. 646 (1995) constitutionality of public school drug testing; Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments
Capitol Square Review and Advisory Board v. Pinnette 515 U.S. 753 (1995) display of religious symbols on government property
Rosenberger v. University of Virginia 515 U.S. 819 (1995) discrimination by state universities against student religious organizations
Miller v. Johnson 515 U.S. 900 (1995) racial gerrymandering
Bailey v. United States 516 U.S. 137 (1995) meaning of "use" in federal statute imposing a five-year prison sentence on anyone who "uses" a firearm during or in relation to a drug crime or a crime of violence
Lotus Dev. Corp. v. Borland Int'l, Inc. 516 U.S. 233 (1995) scope of software copyrights
Behrens v. Pelletier 516 U.S. 299 (1996) appeal over ruling on qualified immunity
Hercules, Inc. v. United States 516 U.S. 417 (1996) liability for producing Agent Orange
Bennis v. Michigan 516 U.S. 442 (1996) held that innocent owner defense is not constitutionally mandated by Fourteenth Amendment Due Process in cases of civil forfeiture
Seminole Tribe v. Florida 517 U.S. 44 (1996) Article I and the 11th Amendment
Markman v. Westview Instruments, Inc. 517 U.S. 370 (1996) claim construction of patents
44 Liquormart, Inc. v. State of Rhode Island 517 U.S. 484 (1996) restrictions on commercial speech
BMW of North America, Inc. v. Gore 517 U.S. 559 (1996) whether punitive damages are limited by substantive due process; 14th Amendment
Smiley v. Citibank 517 U.S. 735 (1996) Credit card late fees can be considered interest and thus not subject to regulation by states other than those of bank's location when charged by national banks.
Romer v. Evans 517 U.S. 620 (1996) equal protection limitation on forbidding elimination of discrimination on the basis of homosexuality
Jaffee v. Redmond 518 U.S. 1 (1996) federal evidentiary privilege for medical confidentiality
Gasperini v. Center For Humanities, Inc. 518 U.S. 415 (1996) 7th Amendment, modern interpretation of the Erie doctrine
United States v. Virginia 518 U.S. 515 (1996) separate but equal gender discrimination
Ohio v. Robinette 519 U.S. 33 (1996) informing motorists that a traffic stop has ended and the motorist is "free to go" is not required under the Fourth Amendment
Caterpillar, Inc. v. Lewis 519 U.S. 61 (1996) diversity of citizenship must exist at the time of entry of judgment
M.L.B. v. S.L.J. 519 U.S. 102 (1996) states must provide transcripts to poor litigants wishing to appeal adverse parental termination decisions
Old Chief v. United States 519 U.S. 172 (1996) admitting evidence of prior convictions and the danger of "unfair prejudice" under Rule 403 of the Federal Rules of Evidence
Schenck v. Pro-Choice Network of Western New York 519 U.S. 357 (1997) protesters at abortion clinics
Auer v. Robbins 519 U.S. 452 (1997) FLSA and overtime pay of police officers
Warner-Jenkinson Company, Inc. v. Hilton Davis Chemical Co. 520 U.S. 17 (1997) patent law, doctrine of equivalents
Clinton v. Jones 520 U.S. 681 (1997) Executive privilege and immunity
Agostini v. Felton 521 U.S. 203 (1997) reexamination of Establishment Clause jurisprudence as it applies schools
Kansas v. Hendricks 521 U.S. 346 (1997) procedures for involuntary indefinite civil commitment of dangerous persons
City of Boerne v. Flores 521 U.S. 507 (1997) scope of Congressional enforcement power under § 5 of the 14th Amendment
Washington v. Glucksberg 521 U.S. 702 (1997) constitutionality of state law forbidding assisted suicide
Vacco v. Quill 521 U.S. 793 (1997) right to die and assisted suicide
Raines v. Byrd 521 U.S. 811 (1997) line item veto, legal standing; redirects to Clinton v. City of New York
Printz, Sheriff/Coroner, Ravalli County, Montana v. United States 521 U.S. 898 (1997) background checks before purchasing handguns
Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union 521 U.S. 844 (1997) free speech, obscenity, CDA
State Oil Co. v. Khan 522 U.S. 3 (1997) rule of reason applied to vertical maximum price fixing, overturned Albrecht v. Herald Co.
Alaska v. Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government 522 U.S. 520 (1998) native rights over tribal lands
NCUA v. First National Bank & Trust 522 U.S. 479 (1998) intent of Congress w.r.t. the Federal Credit Union Act of 1934
Lexecon Inc. v. Milberg Weiss Bershad Hynes & Lerach 523 U.S. 26 (1998) pretrial procedures in multi-district litigation
Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services 523 U.S. 75 (1998) applicability of sexual harassment laws to same sex harassment
Quality King Distributors Inc., v. L'anza Research International Inc. 523 U.S. 135 (1998) application of first-sale doctrine of U.S. copyright law to reimported goods
Almendarez-Torres v. United States 523 U.S. 224 (1998) prior convictions used to enhance a sentence need not be proved to a jury beyond a reasonable doubt
Feltner v. Columbia Pictures Television, Inc. 523 U.S. 340 (1998) Seventh Amendment right to jury trial in a copyright infringement case
Breard v. Greene 523 U.S. 371 (1998) criminal defendant could not raise a defense under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations on federal habeas corpus review
Miller v. Albright 523 U.S. 420 (1998) citizenship of a child born outside the United States to a citizen father and an alien mother
Stewart v. Martinez-Villareal 523 U.S. 637 (1998) proper timing of a claim under Ford v. Wainwright, regarding competency to be executed, in federal habeas proceedings
Kiowa Tribe of Okla. v. Manufacturing Technologies, Inc. 523 U.S. 751 (1998) an Indian tribe is entitled to sovereign immunity to contract lawsuits, whether made on or off the reservation
County of Sacramento v. Lewis 523 U.S. 833 (1998) liability of police under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for causing death during high-speed chases
Federal Election Commission v. Akins 524 U.S. 11 (1998) standing conferred by statute
United States v. Bajakajian 524 U.S. 321 (1998) excessive fines
Swidler & Berlin v. United States 524 U.S. 399 (1998) death of an attorney's client does not terminate the attorney-client privilege
Clinton v. City of New York 524 U.S. 417 (1998) constitutionality of the Line Item Veto
Eastern Enterprises v. Apfel 524 U.S. 498 (1998) Substantive Due Process, Economic Liberties
National Endowment for the Arts v. Finley 524 U.S. 569 (1998) 1st amendment, government funding
Bragdon v. Abbott 524 U.S. 624 (1998) application of the Americans with Disabilities Act to an asymptomatic HIV patient
Marquez v. Screen Actors Guild Inc. 525 U.S. 33 (1998) union shop contracts
Pfaff v. Wells Electronics, Inc. 525 U.S. 55 (1998) on-sale bar of United States patent law
Knowles v. Iowa 525 U.S. 113 (1998) search subsequent to a traffic citation without consent
Department of Commerce et al. v. United States House of Representatives et al. 525 U.S. 316 (1999) Census figures adjusted for undercount based on sampling may not be used for Congressional apportionment
Holloway v. United States 526 U.S. 1 (1999) federal carjacking statute applies to carjacking crimes committed by defendants with the "conditional intent" of harming drivers who resist the highjacker.
Federal Republic of Germany v. United States 526 U.S. 111 (1999) application of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations to death penalty cases
Kumho Tire Co. v. Carmichael 526 U.S. 137 (1999) non-scientists as expert witnesses in federal trials
Minnesota v. Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians 526 U.S. 172 (1999) usufructuary rights of Native Americans on certain lands
Jones v. United States 526 U.S. 227 (1999) subsections of federal carjacking statute define separate crimes subject to Sixth Amendment jury trial requirement
Wyoming v. Houghton 526 U.S. 295 (1999) warrantless search of a passenger's container capable of holding the object of a search for which there is probable cause is not justified under the automobile exception to the Fourth Amendment
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Aguirre-Aguirre 526 U.S. 415 (1999) application of Chevron deference standard to Board of Immigration Appeals actions
Saenz v. Roe 526 U.S. 489 (1999) welfare benefits to new state citizens and the right to travel
Hunt v. Cromartie 526 U.S. 541 (1999) gerrymandering
Chicago v. Morales 527 U.S. 41 (1999) loitering as gang activity
Olmstead v. L.C. 527 U.S. 581 (1999) undue institutionalization of mental patients violates Americans With Disabilities Act
Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense Board v. College Savings Bank 527 U.S. 627 (1999) sovereign immunity of the States
College Savings Bank v. Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense Board 527 U.S. 666 (1999) sovereign immunity of the States
Alden v. Maine 527 U.S. 706 (1999) sovereign immunity of the States
Kimel v. Florida Board of Regents 528 U.S. 62 (2000) Congress's enforcement powers under the Fourteenth Amendment do not extend to the abrogation of state sovereign immunity under the Eleventh Amendment where the discrimination is rationally based on age
Illinois v. Wardlow 528 U.S. 119 (2000) reasonable suspicion for a Terry stop
Reno v. Condon 528 U.S. 141 (2000) upholding the Driver's Privacy Protection Act of 1994 against a Tenth Amendment challenge
Friends of the Earth, Inc. v. Laidlaw Environmental Services, Inc. 528 U.S. 167 (2000) standing, mootness, "voluntary cessation"
Nixon v. Shrink Missouri Government PAC 528 U.S. 377 (2000) campaign contributions to state political parties
Rice v. Cayetano 528 U.S. 495 (2000) race-based voting restrictions for state government offices
FDA v. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. 529 U.S. 120 (2000) administrative agency power over an area heavily regulated by Congress
Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System v. Southworth 529 U.S. 217 (2000) compulsory student fees to support political campus groups; 1st Amendment
Christensen v. Harris County 529 U.S. 576 (2000) county's policy of requiring that employees schedule time off so that they do not accrue time off was not prohibited by the Fair Labor Standards Act
United States v. Morrison 529 U.S. 598 (2000) limits of Congress's power under the commerce clause
United States v. Playboy Entertainment Group 529 U.S. 803 (2000) scrambling of adult material on cable channels; 1st Amendment
United States v. Hubbell 530 U.S. 27 (2000) criminal charges based on subpeonaed documents
Troxel v. Granville 530 U.S. 57 (2000) fundamental rights of parents to raise their children, third-party visitation rights
Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe 530 U.S. 290 (2000) prayer in public schools
Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council 530 U.S. 363 (2000) federal preemption of state foreign trade regulation
Dickerson v. United States 530 U.S. 428 (2000) legislative abrogation of Miranda right
Apprendi v. New Jersey 530 U.S. 466 (2000) Juries must decide all elements of a crime beyond reasonable doubt
California Democratic Party v. Jones 530 U.S. 567 (2000) freedom of association and political primary elections
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale 530 U.S. 640 (2000) right of free association, homosexuality
Stenberg v. Carhart 530 U.S. 914 (2000) "late term" or "partial birth" abortions
City of Indianapolis v. Edmond 531 U.S. 32 (2000) use of dogs at random traffic stops
Eastern Associated Coal Corp. v. Mine Workers 531 U.S. 57 (2000) public policy considerations do not require courts to refuse to enforce an arbitration award ordering an employer to reinstate an employee truck driver who twice tested positive for marijuana
Bush v. Gore 531 U.S. 98 (2000) vote recounts in presidential election, the only court decision to determine the winner of a presidential election
Brentwood Academy v. Tennessee Secondary School Athletic Ass’n 531 U.S. 288 (2001) expansion of state action to include "public entwinement"
Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett 531 U.S. 356 (2001) Eleventh Amendment sovereign immunity and Equal Protection in a disability case
Whitman v. American Trucking Associations, Inc. 531 U.S. 457 (2001) determining the scope of the EPA's power to set air quality standards
Semtek International Inc. v. Lockheed Martin Corp. 531 U.S. 497 (2001) res judicata effect of federal judgments in state court
TrafFix Devices, Inc. v. Marketing Displays, Inc. 532 U.S. 23 (2001) trademark protection for patented designs
Ferguson v. City of Charleston 532 U.S. 67 (2001) private hospitals that test pregnant women for drugs without their consent and then turn the results over to the police violate the Fourth Amendment
Egelhoff v. Egelhoff 532 U.S. 141 (2001) preemption of state law by ERISA
Texas v. Cobb 532 U.S. 162 (2001) Sixth Amendment right to counsel is "offense specific," it does not necessarily extend to offenses that are "factually related" to those that have actually been charged
Easley v. Cromartie 532 U.S. 234 (2001) racial discrimination, gerrymandering
Alexander v. Sandoval 532 U.S. 275 (2001) no private right of action for disparate impact under Title VI of Civil Rights Act of 1964
Atwater v. City of Lago Vista 532 U.S. 318 (2001) -
C & L Enterprises, Inc. v. Citizen Band Potawatomi Tribe of Okla. 532 U.S. 411 (2001) Tribal sovereign immunity, waiver by contract to arbitration
Cooper Industries v. Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. 532 U.S. 424 (2001) The correct standard of review to use on appeals for excessive punitive damages
Rogers v. Tennessee 532 U.S. 451 (2001) due process, "year and a day rule" in murder cases
United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative 532 U.S. 483 (2001) necessity defense under the Controlled Substances Act for medical use of marijuana
Bartnicki v. Vopper 532 U.S. 514 (2001) First Amendment and the Electronic Communications Privacy Act
PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin 532 U.S. 661 (2001) the Americans with Disabilities Act allows reasonable accommodations of handicaps in professional golf
Kyllo v. United States 533 U.S. 27 (2001) defining 'search' under the 4th Amendment with respect to heat sensors
Good News Club v. Milford Central School 533 U.S. 98 (2001) free speech, establishment clause
Saucier v. Katz 533 U.S. 194 (2001) qualified immunity of a police officer to a civil rights case brought through a Bivens action
United States v. Mead Corp. 533 U.S. 218 (2001) Court declines to extend Chevron doctrine to U.S. Customs Service decisions
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. St. Cyr 533 U.S. 289 (2001) The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act and the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act, and their effect on habeas corpus petitions
New York Times Co. v. Tasini 533 U.S. 483 (2001) copyright in databases
Palazzolo v. Rhode Island 533 U.S. 606 (2001) Fifth Amendment takings clause
Correctional Services Corp. v. Malesko 534 U.S. 61 (2001) civil rights lawsuits against privately run prisons
Chickasaw Nation v. United States 534 U.S. 84 (2001) Indian tribes are liable for Federal taxes on gambling revenue
United States v. Knights 534 U.S. 112 (2001) warrantless searches of probationers
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc. v. Williams 534 U.S. 184 (2002) meaning of the phrase "substantially impairs" under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Kansas v. Crane 534 U.S. 407 (2002) as-applied challenge to Kansas' involuntary indefinite civil commitment of dangerous persons, different result from Kansas v. Hendricks
Owasso Independent School District v. Falvo 534 U.S. 426 (2001) peer grading does not violate the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition 535 U.S. 234 (2002) First Amendment protection for simulated child pornography
Tahoe-Sierra Preservation Council, Inc. v. Tahoe Regional Planning Agency 535 U.S. 302 (2002) substantive due process, takings clause
City of Los Angeles v. Alameda Books 535 U.S. 425 (2002) zoning of adult bookstores
Festo Corp. v. Shoketsu Kinzoku Kogyo Kabushiki Co. 535 U.S. 722 (2002) prosecution history estoppel
McKune v. Lile 536 U.S. 24 (2002) mandatory treatment for imprisoned sex offenders does not violate the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination
Watchtower Society v. Village of Stratton 536 U.S. 150 (2002) door-to-door religious advocacy and the First Amendment
Gonzaga University v. Doe 536 U.S. 273 (2002) Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act does not create a right which is enforceable under 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Atkins v. Virginia 536 U.S. 304 (2002) imposing the death penalty on the mentally retarded; overruling Penry v. Lynaugh
Rush Prudential HMO, Inc. v. Moran 536 U.S. 355 (2002) no preemption of Illinois insurance statute under ERISA
Utah v. Evans 536 U.S. 452 (2002) use of statistical sampling in the decennial census
Harris v. United States 536 U.S. 545 (2002) Sixth Amendment does not require a jury determination of facts necessary to support the minimum punishment for using or carrying a firearm during or in relation to a drug crime or a crime of violence under 美國法典第18卷英语Title 18 of the United States Code第924章
Ring v. Arizona 536 U.S. 584 (2002) Sixth Amendment requires that aggravating factors necessary for eligibility for a death sentence must be found by a jury beyond a reasonable doubt; overruling Walton v. Arizona in part
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris 536 U.S. 639 (2002) constitutionality of school voucher program
Hope v. Pelzer 536 U.S. 730 (2002) use of the hitching post in prisons is prohibited by the Eighth Amendment
Republican Party of Minnesota v. White 536 U.S. 765 (2002) election of state judges, freedom of speech
Board of Education of Independent School District No. 92 of Pottawatomie County v. Earls 536 U.S. 822 (2002) constitutionality of drug testing of high school students who participate in competitive interscholastic activities
Sattazahn v. Pennsylvania 537 U.S. 101 (2003) the Double Jeopardy Clause does not forbid seeking the death penalty after an acquittal on first-degree murder charges
Barnhart v. Peabody Coal Co. 537 U.S. 149 (2003) Social Security benefit assignment for coal industry workers
Eldred v. Ashcroft 537 U.S. 186 (2003) extending the duration of the term of copyright under U.S. law
Scheidler v. National Organization for Women 537 U.S. 393 (2003) applying RICO to activities of abortion clinic protesters
Moseley v. V Secret Catalogue, Inc. 537 U.S. 418 (2003) claims of trademark dilution require proof of actual dilution
United States v. White Mountain Apache Tribe 537 U.S. 465 (2003) the Federal government has a duty to maintain land held in trust for an Indian tribe
United States v. Navajo Nation 537 U.S. 488 (2003) compensation for modification a lease of mining rights to land on an Indian reservation
Connecticut Dept. of Public Safety v. Doe 538 U.S. 1 (2003) holding that Connecticut's sex offender registration statute did not violate due process clause
Ewing v. California 538 U.S. 11 (2003) California's Three strikes law is not cruel and unusual punishment
Lockyer v. Andrade 538 U.S. 63 (2003) California's Three strikes law is not cruel and unusual punishment
史密斯诉多伊案 538 U.S. 84 (2003) retroactive application of sex offender registration program is not an ex post facto law
弗吉尼亚诉布莱克案 538 U.S. 343 (2003) constitutionality of laws forbidding cross burning for purposes of intimidation
State Farm v. Campbell 538 U.S. 408 (2003) due process limits on punitive damages
Nevada Department of Human Resources v. Hibbs 538 U.S. 721 (2003) Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 validly abrogated state sovereign immunity
Dastar Corp. v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp. 539 U.S. 23 (2003) "reverse passing off" and rights to public domain works
Sell v. United States 539 U.S. 166 (2003) Forced psychiatric medication by lower federal courts is permissible under some circumstances
United States v. American Library Association 539 U.S. 194 (2003) Congressional requirement that libraries install web-filtering software held not to violate First Amendment
Gratz v. Bollinger 539 U.S. 244 (2003) racial discrimination, affirmative action, equal protection
Grutter v. Bollinger 539 U.S. 306 (2003) racial discrimination, affirmative action, equal protection
American Insurance Association v. Garamendi 539 U.S. 396 (2003) California state insurance statute struck down for interfering with Presidential foreign policy
威金斯诉史密斯案 539 U.S. 510 (2003) ineffective assistance of counsel at sentencing
劳伦斯诉得克萨斯州案 539 U.S. 558 (2003) 各州政府不得禁止成年人间相互同意进行的同性性行为
McConnell v. FEC 540 U.S. 93 (2003) First Amendment; political speech
Verizon Communications v. Law Offices of Curtis V. Trinko, LLP 540 U.S. 398 (2004) the Sherman Antitrust Act and requirements of telecommunications companies under the Telecommunications Act of 1996
Illinois v. Lidster 540 U.S. 419 (2004) accident investigation checkpoints do not violate the Fourth Amendment
Fellers v. United States 540 U.S. 519 (2004) once judicial proceedings have been initiated against a defendant, police officers cannot elicit information from the defendant without the defendant's counsel present
Doe v. Chao 540 U.S. 614 (2004) governmental violation of privacy rights
洛克诉戴维案 540 U.S. 712 (2004) a religion clauses case upholding a Washington state scholarship program which excluded funding devotional studies.
克劳福德诉华盛顿案 541 U.S. 36 (2004) prior testimony exception to hearsay in criminal trials, Sixth Amendment right to confront witnesses; abrogating Ohio v. Roberts
National Archives and Records Administration v. Favish 541 U.S. 157 (2004) availability of death-scene images under the Freedom of Information Act over the objection of family members; investigation into the suicide of Vince Foster
United States v. Flores-Montano 541 U.S. 149 (2004) reasonableness of removing a gas tank from a vehicle crossing the border under the Fourth Amendment
Vieth v. Jubelirer 541 U.S. 267 (2004) justiciability of suit to enjoin gerrymandering
Tennessee v. Lane 541 U.S. 509 (2004) Congress's power under the 14th amendment, section 5; Americans With Disabilities Act
纳尔逊诉坎贝尔案l 541 U.S. 637 (2004) challenging lethal injection protocols under 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Republic of Austria v. Altmann 541 U.S. 677 (2004) retroactive application of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act
Central Laborers' Pension Fund v. Heinz 541 U.S. 739 (2004) an ambiguity in the Employee Retirement Income Security Act
Department of Transportation v. Public Citizen 541 U.S. 752 (2004) Presidential foreign affairs and foreign trade actions
Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow 542 U.S. 1 (2004) validity of “under God” in Pledge of Allegiance; standing to bring suit on another’s behalf
United States v. Dominguez Benitez 542 U.S. 74 (2004) appellate review standard for violations of Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure governing the taking of guilty pleas
Hiibel v. Sixth Judicial District Court of Nevada 542 U.S. 177 (2004) constitutionality of state law requiring citizens to identify themselves to police
Aetna Health Inc. v. Davila 542 U.S. 200 (2004) ERISA's effect on federal jurisdiction of cases involving utilization review
Intel Corp. v. Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. 542 U.S. 241 (2004) foreign tribunals
布莱克利诉华盛顿案 542 U.S. 296 (2004) jury must find all elements of a criminal sentence beyond a reasonable doubt
Schriro v. Summerlin 542 U.S. 348 (2004) retroactively applying the rule set in Ring v. Arizona that a jury must find the aggravating factors in a capital murder case
Rumsfeld v. Padilla 542 U.S. 426 (2004) detention of American citizens
拉苏尔诉布什 542 U.S. 466 (2004) jurisdiction over foreign nationals detained in Guantanamo Bay
Hamdi v. Rumsfeld 542 U.S. 507 (2004) detention of American citizens
密苏里诉塞伯特案 542 U.S. 600 (2004) Missouri's practice of interrogating suspects without reading them a Miranda warning, then reading them the warning and asking them to repeat their confession is unconstitutional
Leocal v. Ashcroft 543 U.S. 1 (2004) DUI is not a "crime of violence" requiring deportation of an alien
Koons Buick, Inc. v. Nigh 543 U.S. 50 (2004) Truth in Lending Act imposes a $1000 limit on statutory damages for violations of the Act involving personal-property loans.
KP Permanent Make-Up, Inc. v. Lasting Impression I, Inc. 543 U.S. 111 (2004) fair use defense to a trademark infringement action does not require proof that there is no likelihood of confusing the marks
美国诉布克案 543 U.S. 220 (2005) applying Blakely v. Washington to the Federal Sentencing Guidelines
克拉克诉马丁内斯案 543 U.S. 371 (2005) detention of aliens awaiting deportation
Illinois v. Caballes 543 U.S. 405 (2005) 4th Amendment search and seizure
Commissioner v. Banks 543 U.S. 426 (2005) Whether or not the portion of a money judgment or settlement paid to a taxpayer's attorney under a contingent-fee agreement is income to the taxpayer for federal income tax purposes.
Johnson v. California 543 U.S. 499 (2005) proper standard for reviewing constitutional race-discrimination claim in sorting prison inmates
罗珀诉西蒙斯案 543 U.S. 551 (2005) imposing the death penalty on juvenile murderers; overruling Stanford v. Kentucky
Cherokee Nation of Okla. v. Leavitt 543 U.S. 631 (2005) a Federal contract with an Indian tribe is binding, even if Congress did not appropriate funds
特尼特诉多伊案 544 U.S. 1 (2005) enforceability of contracts between the government and spies (undercover CIA agents)
谢泼德诉合众国案 544 U.S. 13 (2005) proving prior convictions obtained through guilty pleas under Taylor v. United States
City of Sherrill v. Oneida Indian Nation of N. Y. 544 U.S. 197 (2005) the repurchase of tribal land by an Indian tribe does not restore tribal sovereignty to the land
Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Saudi Basic Industries Corp. 544 U.S. 280 (2005) state court decisions and the application of the Rooker-Feldman doctrine
Dura Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Broudo 544 U.S. 336 (2005) standard for pleading loss causation in a securities fraud claim
Small v. United States 544 U.S. 385 (2005) resolution of split appeals court decisions on inclusion of foreign courts in the term "any court"
Granholm v. Heald 544 U.S. 460 (2005) interstate shipment of wine under the Dormant Commerce Clause
Deck v. Missouri 544 U.S. 622 (2005) shackling a defendant during the penalty phase of a capital murder trial
Arthur Andersen LLP v. United States 544 U.S. 696 (2005) legality of document destruction in the face of likely government investigation
Cutter v. Wilkinson 544 U.S. 709 (2005) religious freedom for prison inmates
托里诉科克伦案 544 U.S. 734 (2005) defamation, enjoinment of speech; continuity of injunction after death
Gonzales v. Raich 545 U.S. 1 (2005) legitimacy of using marijuana as a medicine, and power of the federal government to regulate intrastate activities
Spector v. Norwegian Cruise Line Ltd. 545 U.S. 119 (2005) applicability of the Americans with Disabilities Act to foreign-held companies
Merck KGaA v. Integra Lifesciences I, Ltd. 545 U.S. 193 (2005) applicability of patents in preclinical studies
威尔金森诉奥斯汀案 545 U.S. 209 (2005) due process requirements for placing prisoners in Supermax prisons
Miller-El v. Dretke 545 U.S. 231 (2005) clarification of Batson v. Kentucky standard for peremptory challenges
Kelo v. City of New London 545 U.S. 469 (2005) eminent domain; takings of private property for private development
Van Orden v. Perry 545 U.S. 677 (2005) legality of a Ten Commandments display
Town of Castle Rock v. Gonzales 545 U.S. 748 (2005) liability of police departments under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for failing to respond to domestic violence calls
McCreary County v. ACLU of Kentucky 545 U.S. 844 (2005) constitutionality of a Ten Commandments display; potential reformulation of the Lemon test
MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd. 545 U.S. 913 (2005) Copyright infringement in P2P file-sharing; re-examination of Sony Corp. v. Universal City Studios
National Cable and Telecomm. Assn v. Brand X Internet Services 545 U.S. 967 (2005) allowing small internet service providers to lease bandwidth from privately-owned coaxial cable lines

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