俄罗斯护照

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俄羅斯護照
Russian ePassport.jpg
俄羅斯晶片護照封面
首次簽發 1997年 (非晶片護照,手寫)
2000年 (非晶片護照,可機讀護照)
2006年 (晶片護照)
2010年3月1日 (晶片護照,現行版本)
簽發機構 俄羅斯內政部
证件类型 護照
用途 身分識別
签发对象 俄羅斯公民
有效期 10年 (晶片護照), 5年 (非晶片護照)
費用 晶片護照3500盧布、非晶片護照2000盧布

俄羅斯護照 (俄语:Заграничный паспорт гражданина Российской Федерации) 是俄羅斯內政部簽發給該國公民的國際旅行證件。俄國公民在離開和入境俄羅斯聯邦時都必須使用到。俄羅斯護照與俄羅斯內部護照不同,後者是在俄國境內旅遊時的證明文件。

歷史[编辑]

俄羅斯帝國[编辑]

蘇聯[编辑]

俄羅斯聯邦[编辑]

內容[编辑]

免簽[编辑]

俄羅斯護照可以免簽證或落地簽證前往的國家與地區。
  俄羅斯
  免簽證
  落地簽證
                     有限的落地簽證
  電子或線上付費/ eVisa
  需要簽證

根據亨氏簽證限制指數,截至2017年1月1日,俄羅斯公民在106個國家和地區享有免簽證或落地簽證,使俄國護照在旅行自由度排行第51名(與密克羅尼西亞護照相當)。[1]

出國旅遊數據[编辑]

以下為2015年各國的俄羅斯旅客數量 (部分另有註記):[2][3]

  1. ^ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 1.41 1.42 1.43 1.44 1.45 1.46 1.47 1.48 1.49 1.50 1.51 1.52 1.53 Data for 2016
  2. ^ 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 Data for 2014
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Data for 2013
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Data for arrivals by air only.
  6. ^ Data for 2012
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Data for 2009
  8. ^ Total number includes tourists, business travelers, students, exchange visitors, temporary workers and families, diplomats and other representatives and all other classes of nonimmigrant admissions (I-94).

參考[编辑]

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  24. ^ Tourism Statistics Report
  25. ^ Tourism Statistics Edition 2015, table 17
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  32. ^ Anuario de Turismo
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  39. ^ Archived copy. [2016-04-02]. (原始内容存档于2016-04-16). 
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  42. ^ 1,477,000 according to the official Russian statistics. Number of border crossings.
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  45. ^ Nombre de touristas
  46. ^ International arrivals 2016
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  52. ^ TOURISM IN HUNGARY 2016
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  54. ^ [14]
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  56. ^ VISITOR ARRIVALS(1), BY COUNTRY OF CITIZENSHIP, Central Bureau of Statistics
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  58. ^ Monthly Statistical Report December 2016 Vol xxvi No 12
  59. ^ 2016 Foreign Visitors & Japanese Departures, Japan National Tourism Organization
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  61. ^ Туризм Казахстана. 2.4 Количество посетителей по въездному туризму
  62. ^ Tourism in Kyrgyzstan
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  65. ^ 312,000 according to the official Russian statistics. Number of border crossings.
  66. ^ 2013 Arrivals by nationality Table 10.1
  67. ^ Number of guests and overnights in Lithuanian accommodation establishments. '000. All markets. 2015-2016
  68. ^ 743,000 according to the official Russian statistics in 2015. Number of border crossings.
  69. ^ Arrivals by touristic region and country of residence (All types of accommodation)
  70. ^ Macao statistics database
  71. ^ Statistical review: Transport, tourism and other services
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  75. ^ 存档副本 (PDF). [2017-02-04]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2017-02-05). 
  76. ^ Number of visitors by country, 2009
  77. ^ ANNUAIRE 2014
  78. ^ Tourist arrivals by country of residence
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  80. ^ [22]
  81. ^ [23]
  82. ^ Statistics of Tourists to Mongolia. 
  83. ^ Statistical Yearbook of Montenegro 2016 - p.148
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  85. ^ Myanmar Tourism Statistics 2015 (PDF). Central Statistical Organization. Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development. [5 January 2016]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2016年12月29日). 
  86. ^ [25]
  87. ^ Toerisme in perspectief 2016
  88. ^ Statistics of New Zealand. Visitor arrivals by country of residence. Russia.
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  90. ^ [27]
  91. ^ Number of Tourists to Oman 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2015-09-05.
  92. ^ Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2012 20.31
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  94. ^ [29]
  95. ^ [30]
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  98. ^ Tourism in 2015
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  101. ^ Tourist turnover in the Republic of Serbia - December 2016
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  105. ^ Slovenian Tourism in Numbers 2015 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2016-05-12.
  106. ^ page 43
  107. ^ [34]
  108. ^ Entradas de turistas según País de Residencia
  109. ^ TOURIST ARRIVALS BY COUNTRY OF RESIDENCE 2016
  110. ^ Tourist Arrivals By Country Of Residence 2015
  111. ^ Visitor Arrivals by Residence
  112. ^ [35]
  113. ^ International Tourist Arrivals to Thailand By Nationality 2016 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2017-02-18.
  114. ^ [36]
  115. ^ [37]
  116. ^ Foreign citizens who visited Ukraine in 2016 year, by countries. 
  117. ^ Statistics for the Emirates Dubai
  118. ^ Dubai Statistics
  119. ^ 2.10 Number of visits to UK: by country of residence 2011 to 2015
  120. ^ Yearbook of Immigration Statistics
  121. ^ The data obtained on request. The Ministry of tourism of Uruguay, the Department of statistics. 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2016-06-20.
  122. ^ ESTADÍSTICAS BÁSICAS DE LA ACTIVIDAD TURÍSTICA
  123. ^ International visitors to Viet Nam in December and 12 months of 2016

外部連結[编辑]