健康環境權

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健康環境權(英語:Right to a healthy environment)是人權與環保組織所提倡的一種人權,旨在保護促進人類健康的環境[1][2][3],與飲用水與衛生設施權力英语Human right to water and sanitation食物權健康權英语Right to health等相關[4]。健康環境權運動者主張政府有責制定與執行環境法令,使人民健康免於受環境問題威脅[5]。1972年的人類環境宣言、1992年的里約環境與發展宣言和2017年的世界环境公约英语Global Pact for the Environment皆是主張健康環境權[1]非洲人權和民族權憲章英语African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights美洲人權公約、拉丁美洲的埃斯卡苏协议與一些其他人權宣言(如兒童權利公約)也有涉及此項人權[6][7],目前已有超過150個國家立法保障健康環境權[4]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 The Case for a Right to a Healthy Environment. Human Rights Watch. 2018-03-01 [2021-02-10]. (原始内容存档于2021-01-20). 
  2. ^ The Time is Now for the UN to Formally Recognize the Right to a Healthy and Sustainable Environment. Center for International Environmental Law. 2018-10-25 [2021-02-10]. (原始内容存档于2020-11-09). 
  3. ^ Knox, John H. Constructing the Human Right to a Healthy Environment. Annual Review of Law and Social Science. 2020-10-13, 16 (1): 79–95 [2021-05-15]. ISSN 1550-3585. doi:10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-031720-074856. (原始内容存档于2021-04-07). 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Good practices on the right to a healthy environment. www.ohchr.org. [2021-02-10]. (原始内容存档于2021-01-27). 
  5. ^ Boyle, Alan. Human Rights and the Environment: Where Next?. European Journal of International Law. 2012-08-01, 23 (3): 613–642 [2021-05-15]. ISSN 0938-5428. doi:10.1093/ejil/chs054. (原始内容存档于2018-06-05). 
  6. ^ Shelton, Dinah. Human Rights, Health & Environmental Protection: Linkages in Law & Practice. Health and Human Rights Working Paper Series No 1. World Health Organization. 2002. 
  7. ^ Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Public Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (PDF). CEPAL. 4 March 2018 [2021-04-20]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2021-02-06).