- Adkins,Lesley Adkins,Roy A.（1998）. Handbook to Life in Ancient Rome.Oxford University Press,USA.ISBN 9780195123326.
- According to Apollodorus as quoted by Philodemus, Cleanthes was born in Aristophanes' archonship (331/0 BC) and died in Jason's Archonship (230/29 BC). Pseudo-Lucian, Valerius Maximus, and Censorinus say that Cleanthes lived to the age of 99 (although Diogenes Laërtius says he died at the age of 80.) For more information see Tiziano Dorandi, Chapter 2: Chronology, in Algra et al. (1999) The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, page 38. Cambridge. Dorandi prefers an age of 101.
- Diogenes Laërtius, The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, vii （页面存档备份，存于互联网档案馆）.
- Barnes 1988: Hellenistic[页码请求][缺少ISBN]
- Davidson, William Leslie, The Stoic Creed, Clark, 1907
- Hicks, Robert Drew, Stoic and Epicurean, C. Scribner, 1910
- Stock, St. George William Joseph, Stoicism, Constable, 1908
- Hume, David, Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, in which "Cleanthes" is a character
- Meijer P. A., (2008), Stoic theology. Proofs for the existence of the cosmic god and of the traditional gods. Including a commentary on Cleanthes' Hymn on Zeus. Delft, Eburon.
- Pearson, A., (1891), Fragments of Zeno and Cleanthes. Greek/Latin fragments with English commentary.
- Thom, J., (2005), Cleanthes' Hymn to Zeus: Text, Translation, and Commentary. Mohr Siebeck. ISBN 3-16-148660-9.
- Diogenes Laërtius, Life of Cleanthes, translated by Robert Drew Hicks (1925)