兰开斯特里亚号

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RMS Lancastria.jpg
A postcard of RMS Lancastria from 1927
船历
艦名

兰开斯特里亚号

RMS Tyrrhenia (1920年–1924年)
RMS Lancastria(1924–40)
HMT Lancastria(1940)
艦名出處 Tyrrhenia in central Italy (1920–24);
Lancashire in England (1924–40)
所有者 Cunard Line
建造者 William Beardmore and Company
下水 1920
首航 19 June 1922
綽號 as Tyrrhenia her crew called her
"Old Soup Tureen"[1]
结局 sunk by air attack on 17 June 1940
附註 1,738 Known dead[2]
2,477 survivors
技术数据
噸位 16,243 GRT
全長 578 ft(176 m) oa
全寬 70 ft(21 m)
高度 43 ft(13 m)
吃水 31.4 ft(9.6 m)
甲板 7 decks and a shelter deck
動力來源 6 steam turbines, 2,500 nhp
動力輸出 twin screw
最高航速 16.5(31公里每小時;19英里每小時)
載重
  • 1,300 passengers
  • 3 cargo holds:
  • 438,000立方英尺(12,400立方米) Grain Capacity
  • 400,000立方英尺(11,000立方米) Bale Capacity
  • 29,000立方英尺(820立方米) Refigerated
船員 300
備註:

Top stoke on hull was originally black, but painted white pre-war.[1]

Sister ship: RMS Cameronia

兰开斯特里亚(RMS Lancastria)是英国Cunard航运公司旗下的豪华皇家游轮


兰开斯特里亚号于1940年6月17日在法国圣纳泽尔港外海被纳粹德国空军的轰炸机击沉。据推测这次沉没事件导致的罹难人数达4000以上。这次事件是英国航海史上死亡最多的单次事件,也是英国在二战中伤亡最惨重的一次事件。据称兰开斯特里亚号的罹难人数比泰坦尼克号(Titanic)和露西塔尼亚号(Lusitania)罹难人数的总数还多。

来源[编辑]

  • Christophe Francois, History of a secret sinking, Atlantic TV / France 3
  • Brian Crabb The Forgotten Tragedy: The story of the loss of HMT Lancastria ISBN 1-900289-50-4
  • Jonathan Fenby, The Sinking of the "Lancastria": Britain's greatest maritime disaster and Churchill's cover-up, Simon and Schuster 2005 ISBN 0-7432-5930-0
  • "LANCASTRIA'S END TOLD BY SURVIVORS; Italian and Nazi Planes Said to Have Shot at Swimmers and Fired Oily Waters MANY CAUGHT BELOW DECK Rescue Craft Reported Set Ablaze--Victims Include Women and Children" New York Times, Jul 26, 1940, Friday
  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Talbot-Booth, EC. Merchant Ships. London: Sampson-Low and Marston. 1937. 
  2. ^ Lancastria Association Victim List. lancastria.org.uk; retrieved .