共時性

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索

共时性英文Synchronicity),又译同时性,是瑞士心理学荣格二十世纪二十年代提出的理论,指“有意义的巧合”,用于解释因果律无法解释的现象,如梦境成真,想到某人某人便出现等。荣格认为,这些表面上无因果关系的事件之间有着非因果性、有意义的联系,这些联系常取决于人的主观经验。

1952年荣格在《论共时性(On Synchronicity)》一文中详细定义其所要处理的概念。他认为共时性是一种巧合现象,并不局限于心理的领域,可以从“心灵母体内部”与“我们外在世界”,甚或同时从这两方面跨越进入意识状态。当两者同时发生时便称为“共时性”现象。

舉例[编辑]

  • 1805年,法國詩人Émile Deschamps英语Émile Deschamps[譯名請求]被陌生人Monsieur de Fontgibu[譯名請求]邀請吃乾果布丁。十年後,他在巴黎某餐廳點乾果布丁吃,侍應告訴他最後一個乾果布丁也給了另一個客人。那個客人就是de Fontgibu。
  • 1832年,Deschamps在飯局上吃乾果布丁,跟朋友談起之前的事。一講曹操,曹操就到——此時de Fontgibu[譯名請求]來了。

批評[编辑]

這個概念很難用科學方法證實。

参考文献[编辑]

  • Bernard Beitman, MD,"Connecting with Coincidence--Synchronicity in Practice"[1],Health Communications, Inc.,Publication Date: March, 2016.
  • Aziz, Robert. C.G. Jung's Psychology of Religion and Synchronicity 10. The State University of New York Press. 1990. ISBN 0-7914-0166-9. 
  • Aziz, Robert. Synchronicity and the Transformation of the Ethical in Jungian Psychology. (编) Becker, Carl. Asian and Jungian Views of Ethics. Greenwood. 1999. ISBN 0-313-30452-1. 
  • Aziz, Robert. The Syndetic Paradigm: The Untrodden Path Beyond Freud and Jung. The State University of New York Press. 2007. ISBN 978-0-7914-6982-8. 
  • Aziz, Robert. Foreword. (编) Storm, Lance. Synchronicity: Multiple Perspectives on Meaningful Coincidence. Pari Publishing. 2008. ISBN 978-88-95604-02-2. 
  • Carey, Harriet. Monsieur de Fontgibu and the Plum Pudding. Echoes from the Harp of France. 1869: 174. 
  • Cederquist, Jan. Meaningful Coincidence. Times Publishing Limited. 2010. ISBN 978-0-462-09970-5. 
  • Combs, Allan; Holland, Mark. Synchronicity: Through the Eyes of Science, Myth, and the Trickster. New York: Marlowe. 2001. ISBN 1-56924-599-1. 
  • Franz, Marie-Louise von. On Divination and Synchronicity: The Psychology of Meaningful Chance. Inner City Books. 1980. ISBN 0-919123-02-3. 
  • Jaworski, Joseph. Synchronicity: the inner path of leadership. Berrett-Koehler Publishers Inc. 1996. ISBN 1-881052-94-X. 
  • Gieser, Suzanne. The Innermost Kernel. Depth Psychology and Quantum Physics. Wolfgang Pauli's Dialogue with C.G. Jung. Springer Verlag. 2005. 
  • Haule, John Ryan. Jung in the 21st Century: Synchronicity and science. Routledge. 2010. ISBN 0-203-83360-0. 
  • Koestler, Arthur. The Roots of Coincidence英语The Roots of Coincidence. Vintage. 1973. ISBN 0-394-71934-4. 
  • Main, Roderick. Revelations of Chance: Synchronicity as Spiritual Experience. The State University of New York Press. 2007. ISBN 0-7914-7024-5. 
  • Mardorf, Elisabeth. Das kann doch kein Zufall sei (German). 
  • Mansfield, Victor. Science, Synchronicity and Soul-Making. Open Court Publishing Company. 1995. ISBN 0-8126-9304-3. 
  • Peat, F. David. Synchronicity, The Bridge Between Matter and Mind. Bantam. 1987. ISBN 0-553-34676-8. 
  • Progoff, Ira. Jung, synchronicity, & human destiny: Noncausal dimensions of human experience. New York, Julian Press. 1973. ISBN 0-87097-056-9. OCLC 763819. 
  • Wilhelm, Richard. Lectures on the I Ching: Constancy and Change Bollingen edition. Princeton University Press; Reprint. 1986. ISBN 0-691-01872-3. 
  • Roth, Remo, F., Return of the World Soul, Wolfgang Pauli, C.G. Jung and the Challenge of Psychophysical Reality [unus mundus]. Pari Publishing, 2011

外部連結[编辑]


Template:Jung