冰島人口

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年份 人口
1703 50,358
1762 44,845 −10.9%
1769 46,201 3.0%
1785 40,623 −12.1%
1801 47,240 16.3%
1835 56,035 18.6%
1850 59,157 5.6%
1860 66,987 13.2%
1870 69,763 4.1%
1880 72,444 3.8%
1890 70,927 −2.1%
1901 78,470 10.6%
1910 85,183 8.6%
1920 94,690 11.2%
1930 108,861 15.0%
1940 121,474 11.6%
1950 143,973 18.5%
1960 175,680 22.0%
1970 204,930 16.6%
1981 227,870 11.2%
2011 315,556 38.5%
来源:冰島統計局

冰島93%的人口是冰島人。大多數冰島人都是挪威人和來自愛爾蘭及蘇格蘭的凱爾特人後裔[1]。冰島99%的人口居住在城市地區,60%居住在首都地區。84%的冰島人信仰冰島國教會

1900年以來的人口數據[编辑]

下表是1900年以來的冰島人口數據[2]

年份 平均人口(x 1000) 存活新生兒數 死亡數 自然變動 出生率 死亡率 自然變動率 合計生育率
1900 78 2,237 1,545 692 28.6 19.8 8.9 3.93
1901 78 2,179 1,155 1,024 27.8 14.7 13.1 3.86
1902 79 2,220 1,262 958 28.1 16.0 12.1 3.95
1903 79 2,244 1,324 920 28.3 16.7 11.6 4.00
1904 80 2,293 1,242 1,051 28.7 15.5 13.1 4.09
1905 81 2,271 1,435 836 28.1 17.8 10.4 4.02
1906 82 2,346 1,193 1,153 28.8 14.6 14.1 4.14
1907 83 2,304 1,396 908 27.9 16.9 11.0 4.04
1908 83 2,270 1,594 676 27.3 19.1 8.1 4.01
1909 84 2,283 1,263 1,020 27.2 15.0 12.1 4.00
1910 85 2,171 1,304 867 25.6 15.4 10.2 3.79
1911 85 2,205 1,152 1,053 25.8 13.5 12.3 3.80
1912 86 2,234 1,171 1,063 26.0 13.6 12.4 3.82
1913 87 2,216 1,060 1,156 25.6 12.2 13.3 3.76
1914 88 2,338 1,428 910 26.7 16.3 10.4 3.90
1915 89 2,446 1,376 1,070 27.6 15.5 12.1 4.00
1916 89 2,377 1,322 1,055 26.6 14.8 11.8 3.81
1917 91 2,427 1,111 1,316 26.8 12.3 14.5 3.82
1918 92 2,441 1,518 923 26.6 16.6 10.1 3.78
1919 92 2,342 1,169 1,173 25.4 12.7 12.7 3.62
1920 94 2,627 1,360 1,267 28.1 14.5 13.5 3.96
1921 95 2,601 1,478 1,123 27.4 15.6 11.8 3.87
1922 96 2,546 1,280 1,266 26.6 13.4 13.2 3.72
1923 97 2,612 1,287 1,325 26.9 13.3 13.7 3.77
1924 98 2,525 1,462 1,063 25.7 14.9 10.8 3.62
1925 99 2,554 1,229 1,325 25.7 12.4 13.3 3.59
1926 101 2,676 1,121 1,555 26.5 11.1 15.4 3.71
1927 103 2,642 1,282 1,360 25.8 12.5 13.3 3.59
1928 104 2,542 1,124 1,418 24.4 10.8 13.6 3.40
1929 106 2,644 1,237 1,407 25.0 11.7 13.3 3.47
1930 107 2,808 1,248 1,560 26.1 11.6 14.5 3.59
1931 109 2,804 1,277 1,527 25.7 11.7 14.0 3.53
1932 111 2,696 1,191 1,505 24.4 10.8 13.6 3.31
1933 112 2,531 1,159 1,372 22.5 10.3 12.2 3.07
1934 114 2,597 1,181 1,416 22.8 10.4 12.4 3.10
1935 115 2,551 1,402 1,149 22.1 12.2 10.0 2.99
1936 116 2,557 1,253 1,304 22.0 10.8 11.2 2.98
1937 117 2,397 1,317 1,080 20.4 11.2 9.2 2.78
1938 118 2,374 1,207 1,167 20.1 10.2 9.9 2.71
1939 120 2,363 1,160 1,203 19.8 9.7 10.1 2.68
1940 121 2,480 1,200 1,280 20.5 9.9 10.6 2.75
1941 122 2,634 1,352 1,282 21.6 11.1 10.5 2.91
1942 123 3,005 1,293 1,712 24.4 10.5 13.9 3.26
1943 125 3,173 1,268 1,905 25.4 10.1 15.2 3.36
1944 127 3,213 1,218 1,995 25.3 9.6 15.7 3.34
1945 129 3,434 1,179 2,255 26.6 9.1 17.5 3.55
1946 132 3,434 1,121 2,313 26.1 8.5 17.6 3.47
1947 134 3,703 1,162 2,541 27.6 8.6 18.9 3.67
1948 137 3,821 1,114 2,707 27.8 8.1 19.7 3.72
1949 140 3,884 1,106 2,778 27.8 7.9 19.9 3.73
1950 143 4,093 1,122 2,971 28.7 7.9 20.8 3.86
1951 145 3,999 1,145 2,854 27.5 7.9 19.6 3.72
1952 148 4,075 1,082 2,993 27.5 7.3 20.2 3.79
1953 151 4,254 1,118 3,136 28.1 7.4 20.7 3.94
1954 154 4,281 1,064 3,217 27.7 6.9 20.8 3.91
1955 158 4,505 1,099 3,406 28.5 7.0 21.6 4.07
1956 161 4,603 1,153 3,450 28.5 7.1 21.4 4.14
1957 165 4,725 1,157 3,568 28.6 7.0 21.6 4.20
1958 168 4,641 1,165 3,476 27.5 6.9 20.6 4.09
1959 172 4,837 1,242 3,595 28.1 7.2 20.9 4.24
1960 176 4,916 1,167 3,749 28.0 6.6 21.3 4.29
1961 179 4,563 1,248 3,315 25.5 7.0 18.5 3.88
1962 182 4,711 1,237 3,474 25.9 6.8 19.1 3.98
1963 186 4,820 1,327 3,493 26.0 7.2 18.8 4.02
1964 189 4,787 1,315 3,472 25.3 7.0 18.4 3.87
1965 192 4,721 1,291 3,430 24.6 6.7 17.8 3.73
1966 196 4,692 1,391 3,301 24.0 7.1 16.9 3.60
1967 199 4,404 1,385 3,019 22.2 7.0 15.2 3.28
1968 201 4,227 1,390 2,837 21.0 6.9 14.1 3.06
1969 203 4,218 1,451 2,767 20.8 7.2 13.6 2.99
1970 204 4,023 1,457 2,566 19.7 7.1 12.6 2.79
1971 206 4,277 1,501 2,776 20.8 7.3 13.5 2.86
1972 209 4,676 1,447 3,229 22.3 6.9 15.4 3.09
1973 212 4,598 1,475 3,123 21.7 6.9 14.7 2.95
1974 215 4,276 1,495 2,781 19.9 6.9 12.9 2.66
1975 218 4,384 1,412 2,972 20.1 6.5 13.6 2.71
1976 220 4,291 1,343 2,948 19.5 6.1 13.4 2.53
1977 222 3,996 1,435 2,561 18.0 6.5 11.5 2.32
1978 224 4,162 1,421 2,741 18.6 6.4 12.3 2.36
1979 226 4,475 1,482 2,993 19.8 6.6 13.3 2.49
1980 228 4,528 1,538 2,990 19.8 6.7 13.1 2.49
1981 231 4,345 1,656 2,689 18.8 7.2 11.7 2.33
1982 234 4,337 1,583 2,754 18.5 6.8 11.8 2.26
1983 237 4,371 1,653 2,718 18.4 7.0 11.5 2.24
1984 240 4,113 1,584 2,529 17.2 6.6 10.6 2.08
1985 241 3,856 1,652 2,204 16.0 6.8 9.1 1.93
1986 243 3,881 1,598 2,283 16.0 6.6 9.4 1.92
1987 246 4,193 1,724 2,469 17.0 7.0 10.0 2.05
1988 250 4,673 1,818 2,855 18.7 7.3 11.4 2.20
1989 253 4,560 1,716 2,844 18.0 6.8 11.3 2.17
1990 255 4,768 1,704 3,064 18.7 6.7 12.0 2.30
1991 258 4,533 1,796 2,737 17.6 7.0 10.6 2.19
1992 261 4,609 1,719 2,890 17.7 6.6 11.1 2.21
1993 264 4,623 1,753 2,870 17.5 6.6 10.9 2.22
1994 266 4,442 1,717 2,725 16.7 6.5 10.2 2.14
1995 267 4,280 1,923 2,357 16.0 7.2 8.8 2.08
1996 269 4,329 1,879 2,450 16.1 7.0 9.1 2.13
1997 271 4,151 1,843 2,308 15.3 6.8 8.5 2.04
1998 274 4,178 1,821 2,357 15.2 6.6 8.6 2.04
1999 277 4,100 1,901 2,199 14.8 6.9 7.9 1.99
2000 281 4,315 1,823 2,492 15.3 6.5 8.9 2.06
2001 285 4,091 1,725 2,366 14.4 6.1 8.3 1.95
2002 288 4,049 1,821 2,228 14.1 6.3 7.7 1.94
2003 290 4,143 1,827 2,316 14.3 6.3 8.0 1.99
2004 292 4,234 1,824 2,410 14.5 6.2 8.3 2.04
2005 297 4,280 1,838 2,442 14.4 6.2 8.2 2.05
2006 304 4,415 1,903 2,512 14.5 6.3 8.3 2.07
2007 312 4,560 1,943 2,617 14.6 6.2 8.4 2.09
2008 317 4,835 2,186 2,244 14.2 6.2 7.0 2.14
2009 318 5,026 2,002 3,024 15.7 6.3 9.4 2.22
2010 318 4,907 2,020 2,887 15.5 6.4 9.1 2.20
2011 319 4,492 1,985 2,511 14.1 6.2 7.9 2.02
2012 321 4,533 1,960 2,573 14.2 6.1 8.1 2.04
2013 324 4,326 2,150 2,180 13.4 6.6 6.7 1.93
2014 329 4,375 2,100 2,275 13.5 6.4 7.1 1.93

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ mtDNA and the Islands of the North Atlantic: Estimating the Proportions of Norse and Gaelic Ancestry, Agnar Helgason, Eileen Hickey, Sara Goodacre, Vidar Bosnes, Ka´ri Stefa´nsson, Ryk Ward, and Bryan Sykes, Am. J. Hum. Genet. 68:723–737, 2001, http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/AJHG/journal/issues/v68n3/002146/002146.web.pdf and mtDNA and the Origin of the Icelanders: Deciphering Signals of Recent Population History, Agnar Helgason, Sigrún Sigurðardóttir, Jeffrey R. Gulcher, Ryk Ward, and Kári Stefánsson, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 66:999-1016, 2000, http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/AJHG/journal/issues/v66n3/991226/991226.html
  2. ^ Statistics Iceland