別列贊島

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別列贊島(Berezan Island) 位在第聶伯河黑海的出海口,行政區域上屬於烏克蘭尼古拉耶夫州。約900公尺長,320公尺寬,與陸地間被淺水分隔,距離約二公里半。

歷史[编辑]

別列贊島被認為可能是黑海北部最早的希臘殖民地,在公元前7世紀中期就有人居住了,但到了公元前5世紀末,奧里維亞(Olvia)成為了這附近主要的殖民地,於是別列贊島就大半被廢棄了。這些殖民地與斯基泰的小麥貿易相當興盛,古希臘人從奧里維亞與波雷斯廷尼斯(Borysthenes)輸入許多斯基泰人的穀物。

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Krÿzhitskii, Sergei D. "On the Types of Houses on the Island of Berezan", Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia, Vol. 11, Issue 3/4. (2005), pp. 181–197.
  • Thomas Schaub Noonan|Noonan, Thomas S. "The Grain Trade of the Northern Black Sea in Antiquity", American Journal of Philology, Vol. 94, No. 3. (1973), pp. 231–242.
  • Solovyov, Sergei L. Ancient Berezan: The Architecture, History and Culture of the First Greek Colony in the Northern Black Sea (Colloquia Pontica; 4). Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 1999 (hardcover, ISBN 90-04-11569-2).
  • Solovyov, Sergey L. "Berezan Island: The Main Features for Archaeology", Bilkent University. The Department of Archaeology & History of Art Newsletter, No. 3. (2004), pp. 17–19.
  • Solovyov, Sergei L. "Monetary Circulation and the Political History of Archaic Borysthenes", Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia, Vol. 12, Issue 1/2. (2006), pp. 63–75.