副同源异形基因动物

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副同源异形基因动物
化石时期:605.2–0 Ma
埃迪卡拉纪至今
科学分类 编辑
演化支 單鞭毛生物 Unikonta
演化支 後鞭毛生物 Opisthokonta
总界: 动物总界 Holozoa
演化支 蜷丝动物 Filozoa
演化支 聚胞动物 Apoikozoa
界: 动物界 Animalia
亚界: 真后生动物亚界 Eumetazoa
演化支 副同源异形基因动物 ParaHoxozoa
Ryan et al., 2010
Clades

副同源異形基因動物學名:ParaHoxozoa)是真後生動物的一個演化支,包含扁盤動物門刺胞動物門兩側對稱動物,為栉水母动物门姊妹群[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

特徵[编辑]

副同源異形基因動物因擁有同源异形基因/副同源異形基因英语ParaHox(Hox/ParaHox)而得名,後來雖有研究指出動物演化樹中更早分支的多孔動物門可能也具有此類基因[8][9][10],但原先定義的副同源異形基因動物(不含多孔動物門)應為單系群,此名稱也被持續使用[4]

演化[编辑]

聚胞动物

領鞭毛蟲Cronoflagelado2.svg

后生动物

多孔动物门

真后生动物

栉水母Mertensia ovum.png

副同源異形基因動物

扁盘动物门

刺胞動物門Medusae of world-vol03 fig360 Atolla chuni.jpg

两侧对称动物

異無腔動物

腎管動物

後口動物Cyprinus carpio3.jpg

原口动物

蛻皮動物Acrodipsas brisbanensis.jpg

螺旋動物Loligo forbesii.jpg

(610 mya)
(650 mya)
(680 mya)
(760 mya)
(950 mya)

副同源異形基因動物中,扁盤動物門在演化樹上的位置尚不清楚,有研究認為其為所有其他副同源異形基因動物(合稱浮浪幼蟲樣動物)的姊妹群,也有研究認為其為刺胞動物門的姊妹群[5][7]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Feuda, Roberto; Dohrmann, Martin; Pett, Walker; Philippe, Hervé; Rota-Stabelli, Omar; Lartillot, Nicolas; Wörheide, Gert; Pisani, Davide. Improved Modeling of Compositional Heterogeneity Supports Sponges as Sister to All Other Animals. Current Biology. 2017, 6 (24): 3864–3870.e4. PMID 29199080. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.11.008 (英语). 
  2. ^ Pisani, Davide; Pett, Walker; Dohrmann, Martin; Feuda, Roberto; Rota-Stabelli, Omar; Philippe, Hervé; Lartillot, Nicolas; Wörheide, Gert. Genomic data do not support comb jellies as the sister group to all other animals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 15 December 2015, 112 (50): 15402–15407. Bibcode:2015PNAS..11215402P. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 4687580. PMID 26621703. doi:10.1073/pnas.1518127112 (英语). 
  3. ^ Simion, Paul; Philippe, Hervé; Baurain, Denis; Jager, Muriel; Richter, Daniel J.; Franco, Arnaud Di; Roure, Béatrice; Satoh, Nori; Quéinnec, Éric. A Large and Consistent Phylogenomic Dataset Supports Sponges as the Sister Group to All Other Animals (PDF). Current Biology (Submitted manuscript). 3 April 2017, 27 (7): 958–967. Bibcode:1996CBio....6.1213A. ISSN 0960-9822. PMID 28318975. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.02.031 (英语). 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Giribet, Gonzalo. Genomics and the animal tree of life: conflicts and future prospects. Zoologica Scripta. 1 October 2016, 45: 14–21. ISSN 1463-6409. doi:10.1111/zsc.12215 (英语). 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Laumer, Christopher E; Gruber-Vodicka, Harald; Hadfield, Michael G; Pearse, Vicki B; Riesgo, Ana; Marioni, John C; Giribet, Gonzalo. Support for a clade of Placozoa and Cnidaria in genes with minimal compositional bias. eLife. 2018-10-30, 7. ISSN 2050-084X. PMC 6277202. PMID 30373720. doi:10.7554/elife.36278 (英语). 
  6. ^ Ryan, Joseph F.; Pang, Kevin; Mullikin, James C.; Martindale, Mark Q.; Baxevanis, Andreas D. The homeodomain complement of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi suggests that Ctenophora and Porifera diverged prior to the ParaHoxozoa. EvoDevo. 2010-10-04, 1 (1): 9. ISSN 2041-9139. PMC 2959044. PMID 20920347. doi:10.1186/2041-9139-1-9. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Eitel, Michael; Francis, Warren; Osigus, Hans-Jürgen; Krebs, Stefan; Vargas, Sergio; Blum, Helmut; Williams, Gray Argust; Schierwater, Bernd; Wörheide, Gert. A taxogenomics approach uncovers a new genus in the phylum Placozoa. bioRxiv. 2017-10-13: 202119. doi:10.1101/202119 (英语). 
  8. ^ Fortunato, Sofia A. V.; Adamski, Marcin; Ramos, Olivia Mendivil; Leininger, Sven; Liu, Jing; Ferrier, David E. K.; Adamska, Maja. Calcisponges have a ParaHox gene and dynamic expression of dispersed NK homeobox genes. Nature. 2014-10-30, 514 (7524): 620–623. Bibcode:2014Natur.514..620F. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 25355364. doi:10.1038/nature13881. hdl:10023/6597 (英语). 
  9. ^ Larroux, Claire; Fahey, Bryony; Degnan, Sandie M.; Adamski, Marcin; Rokhsar, Daniel S.; Degnan, Bernard M. The NK Homeobox Gene Cluster Predates the Origin of Hox Genes. Current Biology. 1996, 17 (8): 706–710. Bibcode:1996CBio....6.1213A. PMID 17379523. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.03.008. 
  10. ^ Ryan, Joseph F.; DeBiasse, Melissa B.; Pastrana, Claudia C. Sponges lack ParaHox genes. Genome Biology and Evolution. 2019, 11 (4): 1250–1257. PMC 6486804. PMID 30859199. doi:10.1093/gbe/evz052 (英语).